John 21  

John did not present a chronological narrative of the life of Jesus, but sought to show the deity of Jesus.

John was not only seeking to strengthen the faith of second-generation believers and bring about faith in others.

John emphasized Jesus Christ as "the Son of God," fully God and fully man, contrary to the doctrine which saw the "Christ-spirit" as coming upon the human Jesus at His baptism and leaving him at the crucifixion.
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Authorship: (Assumed)
Justus Calpurnius Piso, son of Arrius C. Piso (circa 105 AD)

The True Authorship of the New Testament, by Abelard Reuchlin 1986
[source]
Year Written: (Assumed)
90-110 AD
Manuscript: (Earliest Available)
125-250 AD - Large fragment - Papyrus(5,6,22,28,39,45,52,66,75,80,90,95,106)
Scripture Type:
New Testament
The New Testament is the second major part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible. The New Testament discusses the teachings and person of Jesus, as well as events in first-century Christianity. Christians regard both the Old and New Testaments together as sacred scripture.

The New Testament consists of 27 books which serve as a source for Christian theology and morality. It is an anthology, a collection of Christian works written in the Greek language within the first 100-years of Jesus, at different times by various writers, who were early Jewish followers of Jesus.
Further Reading:
earlychristianwritings.com/text/john.html
earlychristianwritings.com/john.html
www.openbible.info/geo/preview/john
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   VIDEO (213 ) | JOHN
BIBLE CANONS (5) | JOHN
BIBLE CANON
A list of Texts a particular religious community regard as authoritative scripture
1 Marcion Canon (140 AD)
Marcionism was a religious movement based on the teachings of the 2nd-century Marcion of Sinope. Marcions Canon lists 14 books out of the 27 books in the New Testament. More specifically, these were Luke and Paul's 13 writings. Marcion even rejected the entire Old Testament of 39 books.

bible.ca/marcion

John was Rejected (0%) by Marcion Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2 Muratorian Canon (170 AD)
The Muratorian Canon is an ancient list of New Testament books - the oldest such list we have found and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

It is noteworthy that the Muratorian Canon omits several epistles that later did win acceptance in the Christian New Testament such as the books of James and 2 Peter.

gotquestions.org/muratorian

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Muratorian Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
3 Apostolic Canon (300 AD)
Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Apostolic Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
4 Cheltenham/ Mommsen List (360 AD)
The Cheltenham or Mommsen List is a Latin manuscript discovered by the German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen (published 1886) which probably originated in North Africa in the 4th century.

It has 24-book Old Testament and 24-book New Testament which omits Jude and James, and perhaps Hebrews, and questions the epistles of John and Peter.

bible-researcher.com/cheltenham

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
5 Council of Rome (382 AD)
The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, bishop of Rome.

According to a document appended to some manuscripts, the Council of Rome affirmed the authority of the Old and New Testament canon in a decretal or damasine list.

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Council of Rome
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
CHURCH FATHERS (17) | JOHN
CHURCH FATHER
Ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, eminent teachers and great bishops
1 Clement of Rome (97 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Clement of Rome
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
2 Ignatius of Antioch (110 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Ignatius of Antioch
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
3 Barnabas (130 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Barnabas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
4 Hermas (140 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Hermas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
5 Papias of Hierapolis (140 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Papias of Hierapolis
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
6 Polycarp (150 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Polycarp
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
7 Didache (150 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Didache
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
8 Diognetus (150 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Diognetus
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
9 Justin Martyr (155 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Justin Martyr
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
10 Irenaeous (202 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Irenaeous
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
11 Clement of Alexandria (215 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Clement of Alexandria
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
12 Tertullian (220 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Tertullian
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
13 Origen (254 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Origen
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
14 Eusebius of Caesarea (340 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Eusebius of Caesarea
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
15 Athanasius of Alexandria (367 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Athanasius of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
16 Cyril of Jerusalem (386 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cyril of Jerusalem
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
17 Augustine of Hippo (400 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Augustine of Hippo
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
TEXTUAL CRITICISM | JOHN
There was considerable controversy over the Gospel of John in the early church councils. Many bishops felt that it should be rejected from the canon
In these lay a great multitude of impotent folk, of blind, halt, withered, waiting for the moving of the water

Bible Translations: Missing/Disputed Verse
Displayed as above
Missing Verse
Disputed Verse
Textual Criticism
The Triumphal Entry: Did Jesus request a donkey, take the donkey himself or return the donkey to its owner later? - Comparing the accounts given in Matthew 21:3, Mark 11:3, Luke 19:31 and John 12:14
E.P. Sanders, The Historical Figure Of Jesus
On the Gospel of John, he said:

It is impossible to think that Jesus spent his short ministry teaching in two such completely different ways, conveying such different contents, and there were simply two traditions, each going back to Jesus, one transmitting 50% of what he said and another one the other 50%, with almost no overlaps. Consequently, for the last 150 or so years scholars have had to choose.

They have almost unanimously, and I think entirely correctly, concluded that the teaching of the historical Jesus is to be sought in the synoptic gospels and that JOHN [Gospel of] represents an advanced theological development, in which meditations on the person and work of Christ are presented in the first person, as if Jesus said them.


E.P. Sanders, The Historical Figure Of Jesus, 1993, Penguin Books, pp. 70-71
SCRIPTURE TEXT (25) | JOHN
John   |   Chapter: 21   |   Verses: 25
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
1 There were together Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didymus, and Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, and two other of his disciples.
2 Simon Peter saith unto them, I go a fishing. They say unto him, We also go with thee. They went forth, and entered into a ship immediately; and that night they caught nothing.
3 But when the morning was now come, Jesus stood on the shore: but the disciples knew not that it was Jesus.
4 Then Jesus saith unto them, Children, have ye any meat? They answered him, No.
5 And he said unto them, Cast the net on the right side of the ship, and ye shall find. They cast therefore, and now they were not able to draw it for the multitude of fishes.
6 Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved saith unto Peter, It is the Lord. Now when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he girt his fisher's coat unto him, (for he was naked,) and did cast himself into the sea.
7 And the other disciples came in a little ship; (for they were not far from land, but as it were two hundred cubits,) dragging the net with fishes.
8 As soon then as they were come to land, they saw a fire of coals there, and fish laid thereon, and bread.
9 Jesus saith unto them, Bring of the fish which ye have now caught.
10 Simon Peter went up, and drew the net to land full of great fishes, an hundred and fifty and three: and for all there were so many, yet was not the net broken.
11 Jesus saith unto them, Come and dine. And none of the disciples durst ask him, Who art thou? knowing that it was the Lord.
12 Jesus then cometh, and taketh bread, and giveth them, and fish likewise.
13 This is now the third time that Jesus shewed himself to his disciples, after that he was risen from the dead.
14 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs.
15 He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
16 He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
17 Verily, verily, I say unto thee, When thou wast young, thou girdedst thyself, and walkedst whither thou wouldest: but when thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and carry thee whither thou wouldest not.
18 This spake he, signifying by what death he should glorify God. And when he had spoken this, he saith unto him, Follow me.
19 Then Peter, turning about, seeth the disciple whom Jesus loved following; which also leaned on his breast at supper, and said, Lord, which is he that betrayeth thee?
20 Peter seeing him saith to Jesus, Lord, and what shall this man do?
21 Jesus saith unto him, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? follow thou me.
22 Then went this saying abroad among the brethren, that that disciple should not die: yet Jesus said not unto him, He shall not die; but, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee?
23 This is the disciple which testifieth of these things, and wrote these things: and we know that his testimony is true.
24 And there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen.
John   |   Chapter: 21   |   Verses: 25
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21


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