|JEDP Theory / 'Graf-Wellhausen'|
|Deuteronomy (most)||Leviticus (most)
A Judean Source written during the United Monarcy period (1030-920 BCE).
Written in the South, just before the South split from the North in 922 BC.
Interest in territory of the Kingdom of Judah, and individuals connected with its history.
Written in the North at the time when the North broke away from South (870-840 BCE).
Writing reflects literary style/ theology prevalent at the time of Josiah's reform (621 BCE).
After the fall of Jerusalem (587 BCE), Israelite priests were exiled in Babylon.
Text contains Southern geographical references and propoganda i.e. David's line
Capital: Samaria (Shomron)
Northern tribes and Ephraim, so its suppoused it was.
Prophet over King (Northern concern then)
During a period of religious reform.
May have originated in the Northern Kingdom
Jewish priests were exiled in Babylon.
Writing at a time of great loneliness and despair; God far away.
Elohim used until Exodus 3-6;
a human-like God
Yahweh used after Exodus 3 (burning bush incident) when Elohim reveals himself as Yahweh
Other El combinations
Yahweh walks and talks. He makes personal visits.
Elohim speaks through dreams, prophets and angels; not personal appearances.
Elohim is remote, distant, and unmerciful. He appears on a quest for glory.
Someone from Tribe of Ephraim or a North Israelite source
Reflects style and religious attitudes of Josiah's reform (c.621)
A literary corpus, marked by the style and cultic interests of the priestly circle of Jerusalem
Israelite priests retrieved, revised and 'redacted' Torah text
|KEY POINTS||Southern Propoganda
Ancient stories i.e. Creation of mankind, flood, Babel etc.
Yahweh close to His people
Elohim is distant and away from His people.
Kingdom of Israel and on Shiloh priesthood.
God's love dominates Israel's history and law.
|Obedience to Covenant
Priestly concerns, legal and cultic aspects
Lists of genealogies, dates, numbers and laws.
|MOUNT SINAI||Place of Mosaic covenant. Emphasis on term 'Sinai'||Horeb is mountain where covenant takes place||Idea of a central sanctuary
Abrahamic promise of land, descendants and blessing
|Exodus 24 ceremony
Establishment of the tent of meeting
Israel's rebellion at Sinai with worship of the golden calf
|Sabbath and circumcision|
|ISRAEL||Israel's faith in Yahweh and their leaders||Explicitly religious: to be "a kingdom of priests and a holy nation"|| Elohim grants his presence to the people "who know his name."
Israel's role in salvation
|PEOPLE||Moses father-in-law is Reuel||Begins story with Abraham||Some connections to E; Horeb, prophecy.||Normally starts with "These are the generations"|
Often combined with J, to create J+E
referenced in 2 Kings 22:8. The "book of the law" found by King Josiah in the Temple in Jerusalem (621 BC)
Some scholars believe 'D' is an independent text
|Some scholars believe P is a redactor (revision of pre-existing texts)
Others believe 'P' shows signs of a seperate, independent text
|1664 views · 8 mins ago | Author: Guest • Updated: 11 Jun 2019|
Documentary Hypothesis (JEDP Theory/Wellhausen): Evidence of multiple Old Testament Bible authors & writers - Blake Campbell
Torah is a result of 500 years of literary activity in Israel's history (JEDP Theory/Wellhausen) - Christine Hayes (Yale University)
Moses' Torah Authorship claim explored in JEDP Theory, Graf-Wellhausen & Documentary Hypothesis - Dan Clanton