Bible - Pagan Texts in the Bible


In Paul's letters, Greek Pagan texts are frequently referenced.

The table below lists the Greek pagan texts which appear to have been plagarized and copied into the New Testament Bible.

1. Aeschylus | 456 BC
And when we were all fallen to the earth, I heard a voice speaking unto me, and saying in the Hebrew tongue, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? it is hard for thee to kick against the pricks
' ... kicks against the pricks'
Aeschylus, Agamemnon 1624
2. Aratus | 240 BC
For in him we live, and move, and have our being; as certain also of your own poets have said, For we are also his offspring
' ... for we are indeed his offspring'
Aratus, Phenomenae / Phainomena 1-5
Aratus, a Cilician Stoic philosopher ascribes origins of humanity to Zeus
Paul confronts idol-worship. He argues if humans are 'God's Offspring', then god must be alive, not a statue. He uses the quote from Aratus to discredit Zeus and idol-worship in general, before introducing his own version of God.

Gangel, Kenneth O. Acts. Vol. 5. Holman New Testament Commentary. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1998.
Paul quoted "the first half of the fifth line, word for word, of an astronomical poem of Aratus, a Greek countryman of the apostle, and his predecessor by about three centuries. But, as he hints, the same sentiment is to be found in other Greek poets. They meant it doubtless in a pantheistic sense; but the truth which it expresses the apostle turns to his own purpose—to teach a pure, personal, spiritual Theism."

Jamieson, Robert, A. R. Fausset, and David Brown. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1997
3. Enoch, book of | 100 BC
And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,

To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.
NOTE: A direct quote from the Book of Enoch which is not a pagan text, but an Apocryphal text (extra-Biblical).
4. Epimenides | 600 BC
For in him we live, and move, and have our being; as certain also of your own poets have said, For we are also his offspring
' ... for in thee we live and move and have our being'
Cretan philosopher writes poem about Zeus

Paul warns Titus about the moral failings of the people he is living amongst on Crete, quoting the poet Epimenides:
One of Crete's own prophets has said it: "Cretans are always liars, evil brutes, lazy gluttons"
' ... the Cretans, always liars, evil beasts, idle bellies ...'
Epimenides, Cretica
The people of Crete believed Zeus was mortal. Cretan philosopher, Epimenides wrote a poem scolding the Cretans for making Zeus a Tomb as Zeus was NOT mortal, but eternal.   biblegateway
"Epimenides of Phaestus, or Gnossus, in Crete, about 600. He was sent for to purify Athens from its pollution occasioned by Cylon. He was regarded as a diviner and prophet. The words here are taken probably from his treatise "concerning oracles."

Jamieson, Robert, A. R. Fausset, and David Brown. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1997
"A prophet of their own; viz. Epimenides, a native either of Phæstus or of Cnossus in Crete, the original author of this line, which is also quoted by Callimachus. Epimenides is here called a prophet, not simply as a poet, but from his peculiar character as priest, bard, and seer; called by Plato θεῖος ἀνήρ and coupled by Cicero with Bacis the Boeotian prophet, and the sibyl (Bishop Ellicott); described by other ancient writers as a prophet (Alford)."7

Spence-Jones, H. D. M., ed. Titus. The Pulpit Commentary. London; New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1909.
5. Euripedes, Aiolos | 406 BC
Do not be misled: "Bad company corrupts good character."
'Bad company ruins good morals'
Euripedes, A line from a play, Aiolos
Dionysus discards his divine nature and walks in the human world in disguise; the god disguised in human form, tells him that his efforts to resist the new movement will be completely worthless; he is not contending against flesh and blood, but against a god.

A. N. Wilson, Paul:The Mind of the Apostle (W. W. Norton & Co., N.Y., 1997), pp. 75-76
6. Euripedes, Bacchae | 406 BC .
And when we were all fallen to the earth, I heard a voice speaking unto me, and saying in the Hebrew tongue, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? it is hard for thee to kick against the pricks
'You are mortal, he is a god. If I were you, I would control my rage and sacrifice to him, rather than kick against the pricks'
Euripides, Bacchae
7. Festus | 62 AD.
He fell to the ground and heard a voice say to him, "Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?"
Paul had his final hearing before Porcius Festus. Festus sought to induce Paul to go to Jerusalem for trial; Paul appealed to the Roman official. Was Paul trying to impress Festus, the pagan Roman official?
8. Menander, Thais | 290 BC
Do not be misled: "Bad company corrupts good character."
'Bad company ruins good morals'
Menander, Greek Poet wrote a play, Thais   biblegateway
Menander probably took this line from Euripides [Socrates, Ecclesiastical History, 3.16]

Jamieson, Robert, A. R. Fausset, and David Brown. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1997
"The words "Bad company ruins good morals" are found in a play by Menander (4th-3rd century B. C.) but may well have become a common saying by Paul's time."4

Ellingworth, Paul, Howard Hatton, and Paul Ellingworth. A Handbook on Paul's First Letter to the Corinthians. UBS Handbook Series. New York: United Bible Societies, 1995.
"Evil communications corrupt good manners. An iambic line from the 'Thais' of Menander, and perhaps taken by Menander from a play of Euripides. More accurately it means "evil associations corrupt excellent morals."5

Spence-Jones, H. D. M., ed. 1 Corinthians. The Pulpit Commentary. London; New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1909.
9. Philo | 50 AD.
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God
'Now the image of God is the Word, by which all the world was made'
Philo, The Special Laws, I

Philo was himself undoubtedly influenced by ancient notions of Hermes Trismegistos ('thrice greatest' Hermes), a Hellenized version of the Egyptian god Thoth – a god of wisdom and a guide to the afterlife.
It is held the New Testament Bible authors had access to and copied texts from the writings of Philo.
10. Seneca | 65 AD
Lucius Annaeus Seneca was a prodigious writer. His legacy includes satires, tragedies, several books on natural phenomena, and at least 124 insightful letters (Epistulae morales) and essays on philosophy, life, human destiny, clemency and virtue.

  • In On Clemency, Seneca describes the prince who safeguards the lives of his subjects as "god like".
  • In On Tranquility of Mind, Seneca urges a contentment gained from thrift rather than a ceaseless passion for wealth.
  • In De superstitione, Seneca ridiculed popular conceptions of the gods.
  • In Hercules Furens ("The Madness of Hercules"), one character laments crime masquerading as virtue and the triumph of might over right; another warns bloodied tyrants that they will one day face judgement.
  • In Thyestes, the protagonists mirror the behaviour of Rome's own leaders, scheming for power and destroying each other's children in the process. Kingship is linked to a sacrificial lamb and human flesh is eaten ("Thyestian Feast").
  • It is believed the New Testament Bible may have some content copied from the writings of Seneca.
    11. Publius Terentius Afer | 159 BC
    But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God
    'But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to show piety at home'
    Andria Act IV pp 34-44   Andria: P. Terenti: For Schools by Freeman and..
    12. Thucydides | 400 BC
    Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us,
    Even as they delivered them unto us, which from the beginning were eyewitnesses, and ministers of the word;
    It seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent Theophilus,
    [3] The tribute they received from all the barbarian nations and from the cities of Greece, in the reign of Seuthes (who reigned after Sitalces and made the most of it), was in gold and silver, by estimation, four hundred talents by year. And presents of gold and silver came to as much more, besides vestures, both wrought and plain, and other furniture presented not only to him but also to all the men of authority and Odrysian nobility about him.

    [4] For they had a custom, which also was general to all Thrace contrary to that of the kingdom of Persia, to receive rather than to give; and it was there a greater shame to be asked and deny than to ask and go without. Nevertheless they held this custom long by reason of their power, for without gifts there was nothing to be gotten done amongst them. So that this kingdom arrived thereby to great power.

    [5] For of all the nations of Europe that lie between the Ionian Gulf and the Euxine Sea, it was, for revenue of money and other wealth, the mightiest; though indeed for strength of an army and multitudes of soldiers, the same be far short of the Scythians.

    [6] For there is no nation, not to say of Europe but neither of Asia, that are comparable to this, or that as long as they agree, are able, one nation to one, to stand against the Scythians. And yet in matter of counsel and wisdom in the present occasions of life, they are not like to other men.'
    Thucydides, a famous Greek historian. History of the Peloponnesian War
    Thomas Hobbs, Ed. London: 1843 at II.97
    NOTE: The above Thucydides evidence is unclear and confusing. It has been included for completeness purposes. If you can elaborate on it, kindly contact us with details

      Share Article if you found it useful
    1606 views · 6 hrs ago |   Author: Guest   •   Updated: 10 Aug 2019

    5  Videos with 'Bible+pagan'

    Video: 24:14
    559 views · 1 day ago | 3 years ago
    1 of 5   
    Video: 27:30
    634 views · 1 day ago | 3 years ago
    2 of 5   
    Video: 15:46
    943 views · 12 hrs ago | 3 years ago
    3 of 5   
    Video: 11:25
    700 views · 35 mins ago | 2 years ago
    4 of 5   
    Video: 25:42
    368 views · 2 days ago | 1 year ago
    5 of 5   

    ORDER: Article Title A-Z
    Watch Video 
    All Articles (148)
    10 Commandments - Bible vs Quran
    8994 views · 1 hr ago
    10 Commandments - Christian vs Muslim
    3294 views · 1 hr ago
    10 Red Heifers (Cows)
    1609 views · 2 hrs ago
    5 reasons Abraham sacrificed Ishmael
    3631 views · 3 hrs ago
    Abrahamic Religions
    8275 views · 7 hrs ago
    Angels - 41 Angels from the Abrahamic Religions
    3768 views · 3 hrs ago
    Are you a Muslim?
    24399 views · 30 mins ago
    Arius vs Bishop Athanasius
    5283 views · 5 hrs ago
    Bible - 12% of New Testament copied from Old Testament
    1980 views · 6 hrs ago
    Bible - 18 Ego Eimi (I AM) statements, like John 8:58
    3529 views · 23 mins ago
    Bible - 27 Verses on Yahweh, Elohim(s) and The Gods
    1443 views · 28 mins ago
    Bible - 400 NT Jesus Prophecies copied from OT
    1376 views · 15 hrs ago
    Bible - 75 Verses on drinking Wine & Alcohol
    1796 views · 14 mins ago
    Bible - Exodus 3:14 Translations
    1958 views · 3 hrs ago
    Bible - King James (KJV) & 37 'Disputed' Verses
    1251 views · 21 hrs ago
    Bible - Lost Books of the Bible
    1702 views · 6 hrs ago
    Bible - Mark 16:9-20 Text Analysis
    1673 views · 6 hrs ago
    Bible - Matthew 28:19: Greek vs Hebrew
    5195 views · 3 hrs ago
    Bible - Pagan Texts in the Bible
    1606 views · 6 hrs ago
    Bible - Revelation, A Forgery
    1460 views · 6 hrs ago
    Bible - Scholars on John's Gospel
    1011 views · 4 hrs ago
    Bible - The Synoptic Problem
    1628 views · 6 hrs ago
    Bible - Violence & Killings
    1595 views · 6 hrs ago
    Bible Authors: Who Wrote It?
    1657 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible Errors - 672 Variants
    2134 views · 5 hrs ago
    Bible History - KJV vs NIV
    2046 views · 6 hrs ago
    Bible NT - 55% of New Testament Papyrus contain under 3% of Biblical Text
    808 views · 5 hrs ago
    Bible NT - Codex Sinaiticus exposes 312 year gap since Jesus crucifixion
    1534 views · 15 hrs ago
    Bible NT Canons - Church Fathers, Councils & Apocrypha
    1142 views · 2 hrs ago
    Bible OT - Dead Sea Scrolls expose a 1303 year gap since Moses life
    1138 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible OT Canons - Church Fathers, Councils & Apocrypha
    890 views · 3 hrs ago
    Bible Verses - KJV vs NIV
    3526 views · 11 hrs ago
    Blasphemy Laws in 35 Christian Countries
    721 views · 5 hrs ago
    Book Burnings in Roman, Catholic and Protestant society
    1192 views · 2 hrs ago
    Catholic vs Protestant - Bible
    2015 views · 21 hrs ago
    Catholic vs Protestant - Christianity
    2411 views · 18 hrs ago
    Child Abuse & Grooming Gangs (UK)
    963 views · 23 mins ago
    Child Abuse, Sexual Crimes & Prison Figures (UK)
    1321 views · 1 day ago
    Child Marriage - Muhammad married 9-year old Aisha
    5247 views · 16 mins ago
    Christian Heresies
    1463 views · 3 hrs ago
    Christian: 28 Heretical Sects
    2837 views · 9 hrs ago
    Christian: 32 Church Denominations
    491 views · 8 hrs ago
    Christianity: Founded by Paul on Road to Damascus, Syria
    1112 views · 1 day ago
    Church Councils
    1411 views · 1 hr ago
    Church Fathers - Quotes from 18 Men of God
    791 views · 3 hrs ago
    Church Fathers on Jesus Divinity
    1672 views · 2 hrs ago
    Codex Sinaiticus & Vaticanus - Corruption in the KJV Bible books
    2482 views · 2 hrs ago
    Codex Sinaiticus & Vaticanus - Corruption in the KJV Bible verses
    1689 views · 11 hrs ago
    Constantine and Christianity
    3410 views · 3 hrs ago
    Constantine, Nicaea and History
    2131 views · 2 hrs ago
    Council of Nicaea 325 AD
    1147 views · 31 mins ago
    Did Jesus pray to God or Allah?
    6515 views · 21 mins ago
    God (Allah) - His Names & Attributes
    5173 views · 3 hrs ago
    God vs Allah
    3324 views · 10 hrs ago
    God, Evidence For
    1473 views · 10 hrs ago
    Gods & Roman Emperors
    716 views · 9 hrs ago
    Gods - 6 Dying & Rising Mythical Gods
    1609 views · 14 hrs ago
    Gods - 60 Pagan deities in the Bible
    2129 views · 1 hr ago
    How do Muslims pray?
    4663 views · 45 mins ago
    Ishmael and Isaac in Bible and Quran
    4941 views · 11 hrs ago
    Islam: Biggest Threat to Europe?
    571 views · 21 hrs ago
    Islamic Countries. Who are they?
    605 views · 2 hrs ago
    Jesus - 91% chance he was a fictitous Mythical-Hero (Raglan Scale)
    1165 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus - 17 'Crucified' Savior Gods
    1171 views · 21 hrs ago
    Jesus - Crucifixion in the Gospels
    1971 views · 3 hrs ago
    Jesus - Crucifixion Timing
    2183 views · 9 hrs ago
    Jesus - God of 99 Faces
    3483 views · 13 hrs ago
    Jesus - God with No Face
    650 views · 15 hrs ago
    Jesus - Resurrection in the Gospels
    1651 views · 54 mins ago
    Jesus - Resurrection Theories
    1801 views · 19 mins ago
    Jesus - Sons of God
    3797 views · 14 hrs ago
    Jesus and the 12 Disciples
    3012 views · 16 mins ago
    Jesus in the Quran
    2070 views · 6 hrs ago
    Jesus on the Cross or Tree?
    4583 views · 4 hrs ago
    Jesus the God
    4217 views · 6 hrs ago
    Jesus the Jewish Prophet
    2856 views · 4 hrs ago
    Jesus the Muslim
    2706 views · 18 hrs ago
    Jesus the Son of God
    1579 views · 15 hrs ago
    Jesus the Sun-God over 12 Zodiac Star Gods
    7072 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus vs Isaac - The Sacrifice
    2379 views · 56 mins ago
    Jesus vs Jonah & Whale
    2621 views · 4 hrs ago
    Jesus vs Krishna
    3075 views · 32 mins ago
    Jesus vs Paul
    4014 views · 21 hrs ago
    Jesus vs Romulus - 50 Reasons both are Mythical Gods
    892 views · 51 mins ago
    Jesus vs Zeus
    9403 views · 3 hrs ago
    Jesus was 30, 40 or 50 years old?
    1873 views · 2 hrs ago
    Jesus, 12 Disciples and Paul Interview
    1931 views · 9 hrs ago
    Jesus, from Iesous and Yeshua
    3632 views · 2 mins ago
    Jesus, Serapis & 7 Pagan Gods
    8682 views · 1 hr ago
    Jewish Laws & Rituals
    950 views · 11 hrs ago
    Judaism - Maimonides 13 Principles of Jewish Belief
    3154 views · 6 hrs ago
    Mark, Matthew, Luke and John
    3812 views · 5 hrs ago
    Messiah - His Aims & Objectives
    1049 views · 23 hrs ago
    Messiah - Jesus?
    1634 views · 11 hrs ago
    Monotheism vs Polytheism
    2025 views · 9 hrs ago
    Muhammad - Most Influential Man in History
    3003 views · 6 hrs ago
    Muhammad in Bible: He is is altogether lovely - Song 5:16
    6154 views · 1 hr ago
    Muhammad in Bible: Kedar rejoice and Sela sing - Isaiah 41/42
    5002 views · 1 hr ago
    Muhammad in Bible: Prophet like unto Moses - Deuteronomy 18:18
    9057 views · 8 hrs ago
    Muhammad in Bible: Select Verses
    3934 views · 8 hrs ago
    New Age - Alice Bailey's 10 Point Charter
    2062 views · 43 mins ago
    Nicene Creed - Council of Nicaea 325 AD
    1751 views · 3 hrs ago
    Nicene Creed - Foundation of Christianity
    938 views · 7 hrs ago
    Noahide Laws
    1565 views · 1 hr ago
    Palestine and Creation of Israel in 1948
    2138 views · 6 hrs ago
    Paul - 50% of his Writings are Inauthentic Forgeries
    959 views · 9 hrs ago
    Paul copied 152 Old Testament verses
    397 views · 2 hrs ago
    Paul vs James
    1848 views · 8 hrs ago
    Prophets - Sinful Beings in the OT Bible
    838 views · 18 hrs ago
    Prophets of God
    43593 views · 6 hrs ago
    Prophets were Sinners?
    3077 views · 2 hrs ago
    Purpose of Life
    3262 views · 7 hrs ago
    Quran - 5 Recitations: Hafs, Warsh, Hisham, Qalun & Al-Duri
    1697 views · 26 mins ago
    Quran - A Mathematical Miracle
    6943 views · 3 hrs ago
    Quran - Chapter & Verse Miracle
    905 views · 5 hrs ago
    Quran - Comparing Hafs & Warsh for 51 textual variants
    12682 views · 23 mins ago
    Quran and Violence
    3828 views · 8 hrs ago
    Quran refers to Torah & Gospel
    1299 views · 10 hrs ago
    Quran vs Science
    3040 views · 12 hrs ago
    Roman Calendar
    3839 views · 2 mins ago
    Roman Emperors in Bible
    95 views · 19 hrs ago
    Rome, Caesar & Emperors in the Bible
    1110 views · 9 hrs ago
    Sin Atonement: Jesus Blood vs 21 Offerings
    401 views · 2 days ago
    Terrorism, the Risk to Americans
    903 views · 6 hrs ago
    The Lost Gospels
    4304 views · 18 mins ago
    The Prophets Prayer
    3699 views · 5 hrs ago
    Timeline of Bible
    952 views · 3 hrs ago
    Timeline of Church Councils
    871 views · 5 hrs ago
    Timeline of Muhammad
    1009 views · 23 hrs ago
    Timeline of New Testament Bible
    1090 views · 8 hrs ago
    Timeline of Old Testament Bible
    1052 views · 9 hrs ago
    Timeline of Prophets
    4402 views · 24 mins ago
    Timeline of Quran
    1878 views · 2 hrs ago
    Timeline of Roman Empire
    997 views · 9 hrs ago
    Timeline of Trinity
    937 views · 9 hrs ago
    Torah - Did Moses Write It?
    1437 views · 2 hrs ago
    Torah - Wellhausen/JEDP Theory
    1690 views · 8 hrs ago
    Trinity - 13 Three God Pagan concepts
    2101 views · 13 hrs ago
    Trinity - 27 Attributes of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost
    2783 views · 3 hrs ago
    Trinity - 4 Creeds: Apostles, Nicene, Athanasian to Chalcedon over 418 years
    2738 views · 3 hrs ago
    Trinity - Different Views
    2082 views · 24 mins ago
    Trinity - Three Are One
    3275 views · 18 hrs ago
    Trinity in the Bible
    1838 views · 6 hrs ago
    Wars - 67 Bloody Christian Conflicts
    640 views · 11 hrs ago
    Wars - From Yinon, 9/11 to Springs, Invasions, ISIS & 6M Dead
    1986 views · 9 hrs ago
    Wars: 46 Major Conflicts ranked by Religion
    2105 views · 3 hrs ago
    What does LGBTQ+ mean?
    412 views · 3 hrs ago
    Women in Religion
    3808 views · 5 hrs ago

    Submit Article

    Latest videos  •  4,463 videos  •  0 viewed/24 hour
    About Us  |  Help/FAQ  |  Contact Us    •    Terms  |  Privacy/Disclaimer
    Be Informed on Social :      Facebook Page  |    Twitter  |    Youtube is an educational website on the primary teachings of the 'Prophets of God': Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad, who established the Abrahamic faiths of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. explores contemporary social themes through Scripture, Evidences, Photo, Video, Maps, Current Affairs, Debate and 'alternative' Views held by Theologians, Apologists, Scholars and Street Preachers. Take a Site Tour

    In accordance with Islamic etiquette, all prophet names should be followed with 'Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH)'. This is omitted to minimise text.

    DISCLAIMER: All website content is for general information and educational purposes only and available in the public domain. Whilst all information comes from sources believed to be reliable, this cannot be guaranteed. External links are provided as a convenience and for informational purposes only. They do not constitute endorsement or approval for any products, services or comments by organizations or individuals. External links text may be edited to improve internal site and keyword search options. We bear no responsibility for the accuracy, legality, or content found on any external website or its subsequent links. Unless indicated, all images and content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License distributed by Wikipedia, Wikimedia Commons, Pixabay, Pxhere, Pexels or Flickr. All Torah, Psalms, Old and New Testament Bible quotes are from the King James Version (KJV) Holy Bible in the public domain. All Quran quotes are from Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali/Muhsin Khan English Quran translation. You are invited to always conduct your own research. If you spot any mistake, error or omission of information, contact us so we can correct it.