Jesus - Crucifixion in the Gospels  
Christian theology teaches Jesus' death provided the perfect atoning sacrifice for the sins of all humankind
Collectively referred to as the Passion, Jesus' suffering and redemptive death by crucifixion are the central aspects of Christian theology concerning the doctrines of salvation and atonement. Thus making the crucifix, or cross, one of the defining symbols of Christianity.

Many people believe the gospels Mark, Matthew, Luke and John contain the actual words of Jesus. The comparison grid below compares the gospels of Mark, Matthew, Luke and John as they record the same historical event, the crucifixion of Jesus, often with significant textual differences.

  Mark Matthew Luke John
Crucifixion | BEFORE
Pilate asks if Jesus or Barabbas be released? Barabbas
Mark 15:6-7

Matthew 27:15-16

Luke 23:18

John 18:38-40

Crucifixion Jesus handed over

Mark 15:20

Jesus handed over

Matthew 27:31

Jesus handed over

Luke 23:25

Jesus handed over

John 19:16

On way to Golgotha No mention No mention Jesus speaks to women
Luke 23:28-29

No mention
Arrive at Golgotha Jesus arrives

Mark 15:22

Jesus arrives

Matthew 27:33

Jesus arrives

Luke 23:33

Jesus arrives

John 19:17

Who carried the cross? Simon of Cyrene

Mark 15:21

Simon of Cyrene

Matthew 27:32

Simon of Cyrene

Luke 23:26


John 19:17

Crucifixion | AFTER
Inscription on cross "The King Of The Jews"

Mark 15:26

"This Is Jesus The King Of The Jews"

Matthew 27:37

"This is the King Of The Jews"

Luke 23:38

"Jesus Of Nazareth The King Of The Jews"
John 19:19

Crown of thorns placed on Jesus' head? YES
Mark 15:17

Matthew 27:29

No mention YES
John 19:2

Who is present at the crucifixion? Mary Magdalene
Mary, mother of James the less and of Joses

Watch Jesus from afar

Mark 15:40-41

Mary Magdalene
Mary, mother of Jesus
Mother of Zebedee children

Watch Jesus from afar

Matthew 27:56

Women are present, but not named

Watch Jesus from afar

Luke 23:49

Mary Magdalene
Mary, mother of Jesus
Marys sister
Mary, wife of Clopas

Jesus talks to Mary, his mother (contrary to Roman practice)

John 19:25-26

Crucifixion time Third hour (9:00am)

Mark 15:25

Sixth hour

Matthew 27:35

Sixth hour

Luke 23:33

After the Sixth hour

John 19:14

Crucifixion day 15th day of Nissan
First day of Passover

Mark 14:17-25

15th day of Nissan
First day of Passover

Matthew 26:20-30

15th day of Nissan
First day of Passover

Luke 22:14-23

14th day of Nissan
Day before Passover

John 13:1

  Mark, Matthew and Luke insist the Last Supper was a Passover Seder. Therefore the crucifixion occurred on the first day of Passover. Crucifixion occurred on the eve of Passover
Other crucifixions Two thieves on either side. No conversation
Mark 15:27

Two thieves on either side taunt Jesus
Matthew 27:38

Two malefactors
Luke 23:33

Two others
John 19:18

Do thieves mock Jesus? YES
Mark 15:32

Matthew 27:44

One thief mocks Jesus. The other asks to be remembered in his kingdom
Luke 23:39-42

No mention
Do passers-by mock Jesus? YES

Mark 15:29


Matthew 27:39


Luke 23:35

No mention
What drink was Jesus offered? Wine and myrrh. He tastes it, but does not drink
Mark 15:23

Wine and gall. He tastes it, but does not drink
Matthew 27:34

Vinegar (sour wine) offered by soldiers
Luke 23:36

Vinegar (sour wine). He drinks it
John 19:29

What were Jesus' last words? "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?" = "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?"
Mark 15:34

"Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?" = "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
Matthew 27:46

"Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit."
Luke 23:46

"It is finished."
John 19:30

How long was Jesus on cross? 6 hours
Darkness from the sixth to the ninth hour (12 pm to 3 pm)
Mark 15:33

6 hours
Darkness from the sixth to the ninth hour (12 pm to 3 pm)
Matthew 27:45

6 hours
Darkness from the sixth to the ninth hour (12 pm to 3 pm)
Luke 23:44

No mention
What happened at point of his death? Temple veil torn
No earthquake
Mark 15:38

Temple veil torn
Huge earthquake, graves opened, saints resurrected
Matthew 27:51-53

Temple veil torn
No earthquake
Luke 23:45

No mention
Crucifixion | AFTER
What do Roman soldiers say after the crucifixion? "Truly this man was the son of God"
Mark 15:39

"Truly this was the son of God"
Matthew 27:54

"Truly this man was innocent"
Luke 23:47

No mention
What soldiers do to ensure Jesus is dead? No mention No mention No mention A soldier pierces Jesus' side with a spear; legs of others are broken
John 19:31-37

How does Pilate react to Jesus' death? Pilate is surprised to hear that Jesus is dead in 6-hours of being nailed to the cross
Mark 15:44

No mention No mention No mention
How did Jesus die after 6 hours on the cross? Crucifixion was designed as a slow and painful means to death. Normally, a crucified person would take 3 to 7 days to die. The Romans would make a public example of the crucified person and leave them hanging for days or even weeks; so people could witness the ruthless nature of the Roman authorities
Burial In Tomb
Who is present at the burial? Mary Magdalene
Mary, mother of Joses

Mark 15:47

Mary Magdalene
"the other Mary"

Matthew 27:61

Women are present but not named

Luke 23:55-56

No mention

John 19:38-42

Is Mary Magdalene at the burial? YES
Mark 15:47

Matthew 27:61

Luke 23:55

No mention
What happened at the burial? Joseph of Arimathaea asks Pilate for Jesus' body. Joseph wraps the body in a linen cloth, and buries Jesus in his own tomb. A stone is rolled over the door of the tomb Joseph and Nicodemus wrap the body in a linen cloth with spices, and bury Jesus in a tomb

John 19:37-42

Mark 15:42-46

Matthew 27:57-60

Luke 23:50-53

Were guards placed at Tomb? No mention The Jews ask Pilate for guard. He gives a guard and seals Tomb
Matthew 27:62-66

No mention No mention
Who discovers the empty Tomb? 3 Women
Mary Magdalene
Mary, mother of James

Mark 16:1

2 Women
Mary Magdalene
"the other Mary"

Matthew 28:1

3 Women
Mary Magdalene
Mary, mother of James
"others with them"

Luke 24:10-11

1 Woman
Mary Magdalene

John 20:1

1 day ago | 875 views   •   Author: Guest   •   Updated: 06 Oct 2017

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