And We did certainly give Moses the Torah and followed up after him with messengers. And We gave Jesus, the son of Mary, clear proofs and supported him with the Pure Spirit. But is it [not] that every time a messenger came to you, [O Children of Israel], with what your souls did not desire, you were arrogant? And a party [of messengers] you denied and another party you killed.
God confirms He gave Moses the Torah and followed up with many messengers, one of whom was Jesus sent with clear signs for the people.1
The Quran asks the Israelites with their record of how they treated previous God's messengers. The Israelites' main argument for not accepting Islam was that they were in possession of a great many such teachings that had been given to them by their own prophets. The Quran, however, rejects that claim and exposes the dismissive manner in which they had received those prophets and their teachings.
We have already been told of their encounter with Moses, and here we learn of more prophets coming after him and receiving similar treatment, right up to Jesus, the son of Mary. Jesus came to them with clear evidence of the truth, including the performance of miracles, and was supported by the Holy Spirit, the Archangel Gabriel.
Say, [O believers], "We have believed in God and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him."
Then the Muslims are called upon to acknowledge and declare an overall unity of faith, from that of Abraham right up to that of Jesus and Muhammad. The principle of the unity and universality of faith, and the unity of all prophets and messengers all through the ages, is the cornerstone of Islamic faith.2
It lends legitimacy to the Muslim community's claim to the legacy of Abraham and to the right of trusteeship for God's religion in this world.
Those messengers - some of them We caused to exceed others. Among them were those to whom God spoke, and He raised some of them in degree. And We gave Jesus, the Son of Mary, clear proofs, and We supported him with the Pure Spirit. If God had willed, those [generations] succeeding them would not have fought each other after the clear proofs had come to them. But they differed, and some of them believed and some of them disbelieved. And if God had willed, they would not have fought each other, but God does what He intends.
This verse summarises the essence of the mission of God's messengers, whom it speaks of as a distinct group of human beings. It asserts that God has ranked some of the prophets higher than others.3
Most Quranic references to Jesus describe him as the "Son of Mary", for obvious reasons. When the Quran was being revealed, numerous myths surrounding the birth, sonship, and dual divine-human nature of Jesus had found their way into the culture and folklore of the time. Christian churches and councils of the Byzantine, and the Roman, empires were immersed in endless doctrinal disputes, some of which turned to bloody conflict, over the nature and status of Jesus.
The Quran often makes the point of emphasising the human nature of Jesus, underlining the fact by relating him to his mother, Mary.
In the Quran, the 'holy spirit' always refers to the Archangel Gabriel (Jibrīl), who conveyed God's revelations to human messengers.
[And mention] when the angels said, "O Mary, indeed God gives you good tidings of a word from Him, whose name will be the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary - distinguished in this world and the Hereafter and among those brought near [to God ].
To the human mind, Jesus' birth remains the greatest of all miracles. According to God's will, which is free of all restrictions, it is nothing out of the ordinary.4
We are told that Mary qualified, through purification, devotion and sincere worship, to receive this honour and to be chosen for this great event. Mary is receiving the news for the first time through the angels in this world and in the life to come.
The angels gave Mary the happy news of a word from God whose name was the Christ, Jesus, son of Mary. That piece of news included his sex, name and lineage which revealed that he descended from his mother.
He will speak to the people in the cradle and in maturity and will be of the righteous.
One of the miracles of Jesus will be, "He shall speak to people in his cradle," a glimpse of his future, "and as a grown man," his character and the type of people to whom he belongs: "and shall be of the righteous."5
Jesus spoke 'in childhood' from the cradle. Mary, the pure virgin, whose experience is limited to what is familiar in human life receives that piece of news as any girl would receive it. She appeals to her Lord trying to understand this highly perplexing secret: "Said she: My Lord.' How can I have a son when no man has ever touched me?"
The term "the book", as used in the Arabic original, may be understood to mean "to write", or to mean the Torah and the Gospel.6
"Wisdom" is a certain condition which enables a person to look at things in their right perspective, understand what is right and follow it. To be granted wisdom is to be granted much grace by God. The Torah is the book of Jesus in the same way as the Gospel, for it represents the basis of the religion he preached.
And [make him] a messenger to the Children of Israel, [who will say], 'Indeed I have come to you with a sign from your Lord in that I design for you from clay [that which is] like the form of a bird, then I breathe into it and it becomes a bird by permission of God . And I cure the blind and the leper, and I give life to the dead - by permission of God . And I inform you of what you eat and what you store in your houses. Indeed in that is a sign for you, if you are.
This verse makes it clear that Jesus was given a message to deliver to the Israelites. He was one of their Prophets. Consequently, the Torah revealed to Moses, containing the law to be implemented in the life of the Israelite community and laying down legislation for various aspects of human life, continued to be upheld by Jesus, although it was complemented by the Gospel which places much emphasis on the spiritual aspect of life and the role of human conscience.7
We also note that the Quranic text emphasises, both at the time when the angel gives that happy news to Mary and when these matters came to take place later on, that each of these miracles shown by Jesus to his people was given to him by God.
(I have come to you), to attest the Law which was before me. And to make lawful to you part of what was (Before) forbidden to you; I have come to you with a Sign from your Lord. So fear God, and obey me.
This is the final part of the address made by Jesus to the Israelites. Here, certain basic facts are revealed which concern the nature of Divine religion as outlined in the messages preached by all prophets and messengers.8
When Jesus says: "And I have come to confirm that which has already been sent down of the Torah and to make lawful to you some of the things which were forbidden you," he highlights the nature of true Christianity.
The Torah, which was revealed to Moses, and which contained the legislation to be implemented in the life of the community, according to the needs of that particular time and the special circumstances of the life of the Israelites, is here endorsed by Jesus.
And [I have come] confirming what was before me of the Torah and to make lawful for you some of what was forbidden to you. And I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, so fear God and obey me.
Jesus was conscious that the Israelites had hardened their attitude against the faith and its implementation despite all the miracles he had shown them. Such miracles could not be accomplished by any human being. They provided concrete evidence that they were the work of God, accomplished by His will as a confirmation of the truth told by the messenger who demonstrated them.9
Furthermore, although Jesus was also sent to remove some of the restrictions and reduce some of the obligations which were imposed on the Israelites, they were hardened against his message. At this point, he made his appeal: "Who will be my helpers in the cause of God." Who will help me convey God's message and explain it to people? Who will help me to establish God's method and implement His law?
[Mention] when God said, "O Jesus, indeed I will take you and raise you to Myself and purify you from those who disbelieve and make those who follow you [in submission to God alone] superior to those who disbelieve until the Day of Resurrection. Then to Me is your return, and I will judge between you concerning that in which you used to differ.
How Jesus was gathered and how he ascended to God are matters which lie beyond our human perception. They are unknown except to God. For the whole matter is part of God's own knowledge.10
It is not difficult to explain God's statement that He has placed those who follow Jesus above the unbelievers, and that this elevation will continue until the Day of Resurrection. Those who follow Jesus are the ones who believe in God's true religion, Islam, or surrender to God. Every Prophet is fully aware of the true nature of this religion. Every messenger preached the same religion and everyone who truly believes in the Divine faith believes in it. These believers are indeed far superior to the unbelievers, according to God's measure, and they will continue to be so until the Day of Judgement.
Indeed, the example of Jesus to God is like that of Adam. He created Him from dust; then He said to him, "Be," and he was.
The birth of Jesus is indeed amazing when compared to what is familiar to man. It is, however, far from amazing when it is compared with the creation of Adam, the father of the human race.11
The people did not claim that Adam had any Divine nature. Yet, the very element which made Adam a human being is the same one which caused Jesus to be born without a father: God's spirit was breathed into both Adam and Jesus. There was also the Divine command, "Be", to initiate whatever God wanted to initiate and cause to come into existence.
Say, "We have believed in God and in what was revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Descendants, and in what was given to Moses and Jesus and to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [submitting] to Him.
It is important to note here that the first of these two verses states first the belief in God and what has been revealed to the Muslims, i.e. the Quran, and what has been revealed to all previous messengers.12
Its concluding comment on this encompassing belief is: "To Him do we surrender ourselves."
This acknowledgement of submission to God is very significant. It comes after it has been explained that Islam means total surrender, submission and obedience as well as the implementation of a certain system and a well-defined law.
And [for] their saying, "Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of God ." And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them. And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain.
Having answered this boastful claim, the surah resumes outlining the causes behind their being forbidden certain things which they were previously permitted and the preparation of an even more humiliating punishment for them in the hereafter: "And for their disbelief and the monstrous calumny they utter against Mary, and their boast: 'We have killed the Christ Jesus, son of Mary, God's Messenger.'" (Verses 156-57)13
Again, they are described as unbelievers in conjunction with the falsehood that they circulated against Mary. Essentially, they accused Mary, the pure, of adultery with Joseph the Carpenter.
Indeed, We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], as We revealed to Noah and the prophets after him. And we revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, the Descendants, Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon, and to David We gave the book [of Psalms].
This surah states clearly that revelation to a messenger is not something new or strange. Indeed, it is the normal practice with all messengers since the time of Noah to that of Muhammad. All of them have been sent as messengers bringing happy news and delivering strong warnings.14
This is an aspect of Divine mercy bestowed by God on His servants that they may have no argument to justify their disbelief. They have been amply warned before the Day of Judgement. All these messengers were sent for the same aim, and to convey the same message.
O People of the Scripture, do not commit excess in your religion or say about God except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, was but a messenger of God and His word which He directed to Mary and a soul [created at a command] from Him. So believe in God and His messengers. And do not say, "Three"; desist - it is better for you. Indeed, God is but one God. Exalted is He above having a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And sufficient is God as Disposer of affairs.
That the birth of Jesus without a father seems miraculous and preternatural to human beings is only because it is totally different from what is familiar. We must remember that what is familiar to us is certainly not all that is in the universe. Nor are the natural laws we know the only laws in the universe. We must remember that God creates natural laws and sets them into operation according to His will, which is unrestricted, free, absolute.15
As regards Jesus Christ, God says the following, and what He says is always true: "The Christ Jesus, son of Mary, was no more than a messenger from God and His Word which He gave to Mary and a soul from Him." He is, then, definitely and undoubtedly "a messenger from God". He is the same as the rest of God's messengers, Noah, Abraham, Moses and Muhammad, and the other most honourable servants of God whom He selected to convey His message to mankind at various points in time.
"So believe in God and His messengers and do not say, '(God is] a trinity!' Desist, for that will be better for you." Having given this simple and straightforward explanation, the surah makes this timely call to all mankind to believe in God and His messengers, including Jesus, who was only a messenger of God, and including Muhammad, the last of God's messengers. To do so means to desist from making any false claim or advancing any legend or superstition.
"Infinite He is in His Glory! [To imagine] that He may have a son! To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth." To have a son is only an extension of the existence of someone who dies. It is a sort of survival through offspring. God the Eternal has no need to continue His existence in the shape of mortals.
Never would the Messiah disdain to be a servant of God , nor would the angels near [to Him]. And whoever disdains His worship and is arrogant - He will gather them to Himself all together.
Being God's Prophet and Messenger, Jesus was the best one to recognise the true nature of Divinity and that of servitude and that the two cannot be combined. He knew very well that he was only God's creature and that God's creatures cannot be like God or part of Him.16
Their pride will not stop them being gathered by God who has the total authority of Godhead over His servants. His power over them is the same as His power over those who acknowledge their servitude and surrender themselves to Him.
They have certainly disbelieved who say that God is Christ, the son of Mary. Say, "Then who could prevent God at all if He had intended to destroy Christ, the son of Mary, or his mother or everyone on the earth?" And to God belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them. He creates what He wills, and God is over all things competent.
The message Jesus conveyed as given to him by his Lord was the message of God's absolute oneness which has been given to every messenger. Total submission to God alone as the only God and the Lord of the universe was the attitude adopted by every messenger.17
This clear faith, however, later became distorted after pagans adopted Christianity, retaining some traces of their old pagan beliefs which they were keen to introduce into the faith based on God's oneness. As time passed, these deviant beliefs became an integral part of the Christian faith.
And We sent, following in their footsteps, Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming that which came before him in the Torah; and We gave him the Gospel, in which was guidance and light and confirming that which preceded it of the Torah as guidance and instruction for the righteous.
God gave Jesus, son of Mary, the Gospel so that it may serve as a way of life and a code of law. The Gospel did not present new legislation, but rather introduced a few modifications into the law of the Torah. It thus, confirmed the earlier Jewish law.18
In the Gospel, God gave guidance, light and admonition, but only "to the God-fearing". It is the God-fearing who open their hearts to God's revealed Books and who find in them guidance, light and admonition.
They have certainly disbelieved who say, " God is the Messiah, the son of Mary" while the Messiah has said, "O Children of Israel, worship God , my Lord and your Lord." Indeed, he who associates others with God - God has forbidden him Paradise, and his refuge is the Fire. And there are not for the wrongdoers any helpers.
God, limitless is He in His glory, says that all these assertions are false and represent unbelief. As we have seen, they include the claim that the Christ has a Divine nature, and that God is the third of a Trinity.19
We see how Jesus Christ himself has warned them, but they paid no heed. After he departed from them, they followed the deviant path he warned them against, because it is certain to forbid them entrance into Paradise and make them suffer in the fire of Hell.
They forgot what Christ told them: "Children of Israel, worship God, my Lord and your Lord."
The Messiah, son of Mary, was not but a messenger; [other] messengers have passed on before him. And his mother was a supporter of truth. They both used to eat food. Look how We make clear to them the signs; then look how they are deluded.
The verse describes Mary and Jesus as people who consumed regular food. This was a simple fact in the lives of Jesus Christ and his saintly mother. Eating food is a characteristic of living creatures who need to eat to survive. Without food any living being faces imminent death. Therefore, whoever needs to eat food in order to live surely cannot be a deity.20
God needs no food to support Him because He is the Ever Living. He does not need to have any created thing like food to enter or leave his body. Limitless is He in His glory.
Cursed were those who disbelieved among the Children of Israel by the tongue of David and of Jesus, the son of Mary. That was because they disobeyed and [habitually] transgressed.
When we remember that it was Jesus and David who cursed the Children of Israel, we realise there is a history of disbelief, disobedience and rejection of truth.21
The unbelievers among the Children of Israel were the ones who distorted their revealed Scriptures and refused to abide by the rulings of the Divine Code. They violated their covenant with God in which they pledged themselves to support and follow every messenger He sent: "That was because they rebelled and persisted in their transgression."
[The Day] when God will say, "O Jesus, Son of Mary, remember My favor upon you and upon your mother when I supported you with the Pure Spirit and you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and [remember] when I taught you writing and wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you designed from clay [what was] like the form of a bird with My permission, then you breathed into it, and it became a bird with My permission; and you healed the blind and the leper with My permission; and when you brought forth the dead with My permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from [killing] you when you came to them with clear proofs and those who disbelieved among them said, "This is not but obvious magic."
This verse is a full account of the various aspects of grace bestowed by God on Jesus and his mother, Mary.22
[And remember] when the disciples said, "O Jesus, Son of Mary, can your Lord send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven? [Jesus] said," Fear God , if you should be believers."
The majority of early scholars, however, agree that it was sent down, because God said: "I am sending it down to you." We, therefore, take only what the Quran has stated concerning the Repast (meal).23
Thus, God reminds Jesus, son of Mary, of His favours when he stands in front of his people on the Day of Judgement, with all creatures looking on: "The disciples said: Jesus, son of Mary! Can your Lord send down to us a repast from heaven?'"
The disciples, the closest to Jesus of all his followers, were aware that he was a human being, born to Mary. They address him according to his status, which they knew very well. They knew that he was neither a literal son of God nor a deity, but a servant of God.
They also knew that it was his Lord who accomplished all those miraculous events through him. He himself could not do any of them by his own initiative. Hence, when they requested a further miracle, they did not ask him to accomplish it himself, because they were aware that he could not do so. Their question was: "Jesus, son of Mary! Can your Lord send down to us a repast from heaven?"
Interpretations vary as to the nature of their question. One interpretation is the disciples did not seek to know God's ability, but rather whether He would give them the repast (meal).
Another view considers the question to mean, "would your Lord respond to you if you were to request Him to send down a repast?" And God knows best what the correct interpretation is.
Be that as it may, Jesus warned them against asking for miracles, because believers do not ask for them: "He answered: 'Fear God, if you are truly believers.'"
Said Jesus, the son of Mary, "O God , our Lord, send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven to be for us a festival for the first of us and the last of us and a sign from You. And provide for us, and You are the best of providers."
We note in Jesus's supplication how he makes his address with all the humility of a servant whose Lord has honoured him. Jesus first makes it clear that he recognises Him, saying, "God, our Lord!" Then he states his appeal, requesting Him to give them a repast (meal) that would bring them joy and goodness, so as to be like a festival for everyone of them.24
Jesus fully acknowledges that it would all be provided by God, the best of all providers. Jesus is thus shown to recognise his own status as a servant of God and to recognise God's status as Lord of all the worlds.
And [beware the Day] when God will say, "O Jesus, Son of Mary, did you say to the people, 'Take me and my mother as deities besides God ?'" He will say, "Exalted are You! It was not for me to say that to which I have no right. If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is within myself, and I do not know what is within Yourself. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen.
God is aware what Jesus said to his people. Here, Jesus makes it clear it is not befitting of him to claim Divinity or a part of the Godhead. For any of God's servants to claim to be God, knowing that he is no more than a servant of God, is indeed a vile offence in the judgement of God.25
Hence, his answer is tinged with awe and fear. He starts by glorifying God and follows this immediately with an absolute denial of any such thoughts or of any such claims: "[Jesus] answered: 'Limitless are You in Your glory! I could never have claimed what I have no right to [say]'!"
And Zechariah and John and Jesus and Elias - and all were of the righteous.
The surah goes on to provide us with a glimpse of the procession of the faithful, (verses 84-87) led by the noble messengers, from the time of Noah and Abraham to the last of all prophets and messengers, Muhammad.26
The Jews say, "Ezra is the son of God "; and the Christians say, "The Messiah is the son of God ." That is their statement from their mouths; they imitate the saying of those who disbelieved [before them]. May God destroy them; how are they deluded?
The Christian claim that Jesus Christ is the son of God is well known. This has been their belief ever since Paul distorted the Christian faith.27
The claim by the Jews that Ezra was the son of God is not well known today. What we find today in Jewish religious writings about Ezra is a description which shows him as a skilful scribe of the Torah who dedicated himself to the pursuit of knowledge.
Nevertheless, the fact that the Quran attributes to them this assertion that Ezra was the son of God is irrefutable evidence that at least some of them, particularly the Jews of Madinah, used to believe so and that this was commonly accepted among them.
They have taken their scholars and monks as lords besides God , and [also] the Messiah, the son of Mary. And they were not commanded except to worship one God; there is no deity except Him. Exalted is He above whatever they associate with Him.
According to the Quran and the Prophet's interpretation, worship means the following of the law. The Jews and the Christians did not make their rabbis and monks as Lords in the sense that they treated them as gods or offered worship rituals to them. Yet God describes them in this verse as 'associating partners with Him' and, in a later verse in the surah, as 'unbelievers' as they followed the man-made laws devised by rabbis and monks.28
This alone, regardless of beliefs and rituals, is sufficient to make anyone who does it a person who associates partners with God, which takes him out of faith altogether and puts him in the category of unbelievers.
He said, "I am only the messenger of your Lord to give you [news of] a pure boy."
We can only imagine what Mary, a young, pure devout virgin would have gone through in the moment she was approached by a young perfect man (angel) in her place of privacy.29
The man tells her something: "'I am but a messenger of your Lord,' he said, '[and have come] to give you [news of] a pure boy.'
She said, "How can I have a boy while no man has touched me and I have not been unchaste?"
Mary is all alone with him, and does not know how he will give her a child. Nor does it make matters any easier that he has declared himself to be God's emissary.30
Nothing that he says about that pure boy is sufficient to reassure her at this stage, and so Mary asks him how this will be possible?
He said, "Thus [it will be]; your Lord says, 'It is easy for Me, and We will make him a sign to the people and a mercy from Us. And it is a matter [already] decreed.' "
"He answered: Thus did your Lord speak. That is easy for Me. We will make him a sign for mankind and an act of grace from Us." This miraculous event that Mary cannot even begin to imagine is easy for God to accomplish whether it is accomplished according to natural laws that are familiar to man or in some other fashion.31
Thus ends the dialogue between the trusted angel and the Virgin Mary. The angel said to Mary about the birth of her son is a matter that has been settled and finalized. "It is a matter [We have] decreed.".
The Quran does not mention how she conceived Jesus or the length of her pregnancy. It gives no details about whether it was an ordinary pregnancy, with the breathing of spirit into Mary starting the life process within the egg, which then goes through the nine-month growth process, with the implantation of the conceived egg that becomes a germ-cell then a morsel, to which bones are then added before they are covered with flesh.32
Equally possible in this special case is that the female egg took a different course so as to reduce the nine-month stages of growth, and ensure the development of the foetus so rapidly that the period of pregnancy was made much shorter. There is nothing in the text of the surah to indicate this is what happened.
Then she brought him to her people, carrying him. They said, "O Mary, you have certainly done a thing unprecedented.
Mary was known to be be exemplary in her purity ahd chastity. She was indeed a virgin dedicated to worship in the temple; but here she was with a baby in her arms. Hence their exclamation: "O Mary, you have certainly done a thing unprecedented!33
[Jesus] said, "Indeed, I am the servant of God . He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet.
Whereupon he said: I am a servant of God. He has given to me revelations and made me a prophet, and made me blessed wherever I may be.34
Thus Jesus declared his status: a servant of God. He is not God's son, as some claim; nor was he divine as claimed by others, nor of a Trinity constituting one God while being three, as claimed by others.
Jesus declared that God has made him a prophet, which means that he was neither God's son nor partner. God has blessed him and enjoined him to keep his prayers and be charitable throughout his life.
And He has made me blessed wherever I am and has enjoined upon me prayer and zakah as long as I remain alive.
Thus Jesus declared his status: a servant of God.35
And [made me] dutiful to my mother, and He has not made me a wretched tyrant.
He is also enjoined to be kind towards his mother and to show humility to his people.36
And peace is on me the day I was born and the day I will die and the day I am raised alive."
This means that he has a limited life duration, he will die and be resurrected. God has bestowed on him peace, security and reassurance on the day of his birth, the day of his death and the day of his resurrection.37
That is Jesus, the son of Mary - the word of truth about which they are in dispute.
This is the whole truth about Jesus. It has nothing of the claims advanced by those who assign to him a divine nature, or those who make false accusations against his mother. What God states here is the complete truth, giving details of his origin and birth.38
The Arab idolaters of the past used to claim that the angels were God's daughters, while the unbelievers among the Jews claimed that Ezra was the son of God, and the unbelievers among the Christians made the same claim for Jesus. The whole universe shudders as such false claims are alleged, because monotheism is inherent in the nature of the whole universe.39
The universe is created and functions on the basis of the basic principle of God's oneness.40
And it is not appropriate for the Most Merciful that He should take a son.
The Quran tells us it is "not appropriate" for God to have a son.41
And [mention] the one who guarded her chastity, so We blew into her [garment] through Our angel [Gabriel], and We made her and her son a sign for the worlds.
Thus (Mary) is the one "who guarded her chastity," keeping herself pure of all sexual contact. Normally, this expression of guarding one's chastity is used to refer to marriage, because it protects against sin. Here it refers to its primary meaning, which is purity of all contact, whether legitimate or not.42
Thus, Mary is held innocent of all accusations levelled by the Jews against her and against Joseph the carpenter, who was with her in the service of the temple.
The Gospels now in circulation claim that he married her but did not consummate the marriage and she remained a virgin.
And We made the son of Mary and his mother a sign and sheltered them within a high ground having level [areas] and flowing water.
There are a number of different reports about the "high ground" hill described here as a 'lofty place' and its exact location.43
Was it in Egypt, Damascus or Jerusalem? These were the places where Mary went with her son during his childhood and youth, as mentioned in Christian Scriptures.
But knowing the exact location is not of vital importance. It is more important to know that God gave them both a goodly abode where fine plants grew and clear water was plentiful. Thus, they felt that God took care of them both.
And [mention, O Muhammad], when We took from the prophets their covenant and from you and from Noah and Abraham and Moses and Jesus, the son of Mary; and We took from them a solemn covenant.
The surah refers to His (God's) covenant with prophets which commits them to deliver God's message containing His code for human life, and to implement and advocate it among the communities to which they were sent.44
When they have done so, people will be responsible for their own actions towards divine guidance, and for their belief or disbelief.
He has ordained for you of religion what He enjoined upon Noah and that which We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and what We enjoined upon Abraham and Moses and Jesus - to establish the religion and not be divided therein. Difficult for those who associate others with God is that to which you invite them. God chooses for Himself whom He wills and guides to Himself whoever turns back [to Him].
A specific reference to the Messenger who received the Quran and whose message is addressed to all mankind then follows: "from you, [Muhammad'," and then makes mention of other messengers endowed with strong and firm resolve.45
These were the ones entrusted with the major divine messages prior to Muhammad, the last one: "and from Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus son of Mary."
Then the surah describes the covenant itself: "From all did We accept a weighty, solemn pledge." - a pledge between God and the individuals He chose to receive His revelations, deliver His messages and establish His code.
And when the son of Mary was presented as an example, immediately your people laughed aloud.
This verse states that Jesus was mocked by the people around him. They, the Jews chose to disbelieve in him and his message. These actions are confirmed in the reported biblical accounts, court trials under Ponti,and eventual demise he faced.46
And indeed, Jesus will be [a sign for] knowledge of the Hour, so be not in doubt of it, and follow Me. This is a straight path.
God is informing us that Jesus is indeed a sign of the Last Day. As such, we have no choice but to follow him and his way of monotheism.47
And when Jesus brought clear proofs, he said, "I have come to you with wisdom and to make clear to you some of that over which you differ, so fear God and obey me.
The clear signs granted were many, the breathing into the dead to give it life. He was to bring the dead back to life, to heal the one who was born blind, to heal the leper.48
All were undisputable miracles and signs for the people to fear God.
Then We sent following their footsteps Our messengers and followed [them] with Jesus, the son of Mary, and gave him the Gospel. And We placed in the hearts of those who followed him compassion and mercy and monasticism, which they innovated; We did not prescribe it for them except [that they did so] seeking the approval of God . But they did not observe it with due observance. So We gave the ones who believed among them their reward, but many of them are defiantly disobedient.
Towards the end of the line, Jesus was sent with his message: "We sent other messengers to follow in their footsteps. After these We sent Jesus, son of Mary."49
He, Jesus followed in the footsteps of earlier messengers from among the descendants of Noah and Abraham, making the divine message a continuous chain, with one coming after another, up to his own time.
At this point, the surah mentions a prominent characteristic of those who followed Jesus: "We gave him the Gospel and put compassion and mercy in the hearts of those who truly follow him."
These are the natural fruits of his message that emphasize spiritual purity. Indeed such compassion and mercy are clearly noticed among those who truly believe in Jesus' message today and who properly follow him (i.e. the Muslims).
And [mention] when Jesus, the son of Mary, said, "O children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of God to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad." But when he came to them with clear evidences, they said, "This is obvious magic".
Jesus did not say to them that he was God, the son of God or a manifestation of God. He was simply a messenger sent.50
Jesus gave the news of the impending arrival of Ahmad (i.e. prophet Muhammad), this is absolutely confirmed by this verse, regardless of the Gospels mention it or not.
Jesus came to give the news of the last Prophet (Muhammad) and the last religion (Islam).
O you who have believed, be supporters of God , as when Jesus, the son of Mary, said to the disciples, "Who are my supporters for God ?" The disciples said, "We are supporters of God ." And a faction of the Children of Israel believed and a faction disbelieved. So We supported those who believed against their enemy, and they became dominant.
The disciples were Jesus Christ's pupils. They were 12 men who were close to him and who dedicated themselves to learning from him.51
They continued to spread his message and commandments after his term was over. They were chosen for this task and earned this honour.
Ultimate victory is assured for believers who support God's cause and believe in all his prophets and messengers.
|11 hrs ago | 839 views • Author: Guest • Updated: 02 May 2018|