4 Maccabees  


4 Maccabees is a philosophic discourse praising the supremacy of pious reason over passion.

It is not in the Bible for most churches, but is an appendix to the Greek Bible, and in the canon of the Georgian Orthodox Bible. It is no longer printed in the Romanian Bibles today.

The suffering and martyrdom of the Maccabees is seen by the author to be vicarious for the Jewish nation, and the author portrays martyrdom in general as bringing atonement for the past sins of the Jews.
W 4_Maccabees
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Authorship: (Assumed)Josephus
Year Written: (Assumed)218 BC
Scripture Type:Apocrypha
Apocrypha are works, usually written works, that are of unknown authorship, or of doubtful authenticity, or spurious, or not considered to be within a particular canon. The Old Testament Apocrypha are ancient Jewish writings that were not accepted into the Old Testament.
Further Reading: www.hti.umich.edu/bin/rsv-idx
earlyjewishwritings.com/4maccabees.html
wesley.nnu.edu/sermons-essays-books/noncanonical-literature/noncanonical-literature-ot-apocrypha/4-maccabees/
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