Shem is one of Noah's three sons, along with Japheth and Ham.
He is a survivior of the great flood. Among Shem's descendants are the Arabs and the Hebrews, and he was the forefather of all the subsequent prophets.
Jewish tradition regarded Shem as the greatest, but youngest son of Noah, who was born circumcised and served as a prophet for 400 years.
Muslim tradition believes that Shem was given the 'middle of the earth' as his land, and he went on to become the father of the Arabs, Persians and Byzantines.
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