Gods & Roman Emperors  

roman emperor

Romans are known for the great number of Gods they honored.

The Romans thought of themselves as a highly religious people, and attributed their success as a world power to their maintaining good relations with their many gods.

As the Roman Empire expanded, migrants to the capital brought with them their own religions and Gods. Christianity too was brought into the Roman empire, and it triumphed over others to became the most successful of all religions.

In 380 AD, Christianity became the official state religion of Rome.

The table below lists key Roman Emperors who reigned between 27 BC to 457 AD, with their religious convictions.

12 Roman Gods (Dii Consentes-Pagan)
753 BC - 600 AD


The Dii Consentes is a list of 12 major Roman Gods, six gods and six goddesses, in the pantheon of Ancient Rome. These were arranged into 6 Male-Female pairs:
  1. Jupiter-Juno
  2. Neptune-Minerva
  3. Mars-Venus
  4. Apollo-Diana
  5. Vulcan-Vesta
  6. Mercury-Ceres
Also, a Trinity of the Godhead ('Capitoline Triad') was formed: Jupiter + Juno + Minerva.
W Portico_Dii_Consentes

Forum Romanum

A number of monuments in the Forum Romanum include Temples, Basilicas, Arches and memorials dedicated to the Roman Gods.

The Porticus Deorum Consentium, an ancient structure in Rome, Italy is believed to have been built to honor the 12 major Gods of Rome. These pagan monuments were active for 1400 years, or c.753 BC to 600 AD; with a 200 year overlap with Christianity the state religion.
W Roman_Forum
W List_of_monuments_of_the_Roman_Forum


Julio-Claudians dynasty
27 BC-68 AD
1
Emperor Augustus Caesar PAGAN 27 BC-14 AD Early in his reign, Halley's Comet passed over Rome. Augustus claimed it was the spirit of Julius Caesar entering heaven. If Caesar was a god then, as his heir, Augustus was the son of a god.

At his death, Augustus, the 'son of a god', was himself declared a god.
2
Emperor Tiberius PAGAN 14-37 AD In ancient Greek religion and mythology, Pan is the god of the wild, shepherds and flocks, nature of mountain wilds, rustic music and impromptus, and companion of the nymphs. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat, in the same manner as a faun or satyr. During the reign of Tiberius, the news of Pan's death came to one Thamus.
3
Emperor Caligula PAGAN 37-41 AD Caligula reverted back to primitive Roman paganism. Caligula not only believed in it but had himself elected as a god.
4
Emperor Claudius PAGAN 41-54 AD
5
Emperor Nero PAGAN 54-68 AD Nero became infamous for his personal debaucheries and extravagances and, on doubtful evidence, for his burning of Rome and persecutions of Christians.
The Flavians dynasty
68-96 AD
1
Emperor Galba PAGAN 68-69 AD
2
Emperor Otho PAGAN 69-69 AD
3
Emperor Vitellius PAGAN 69-69 AD
4
Emperor Vespasian PAGAN 69-79 AD
5
Emperor Titus PAGAN 79-81 AD
6
Emperor Domitian PAGAN 81-96 AD
Nerva-Antonines dynasty
96-192 AD
1
Emperor Nerva PAGAN 96-98 AD
2
Emperor Trajan PAGAN 98-117 AD
3
Emperor Hadrian PAGAN 117-138 AD
4
Emperor Antonius Pius PAGAN 138-161 AD
5
Emperor Lucius Verus PAGAN 161-169 AD
6
Emperor Marcus Aurelius PAGAN 161-180 AD
7
Emperor Commodus PAGAN 180-192 AD
Severans ('Soldier Emperors') dynasty
193–235 AD
1
Emperor Septimius Severus PAGAN 193-211 AD
2
Emperor Caracalla PAGAN 211-217 AD
3
Emperor Macrinus PAGAN 217-218 AD
4
Emperor Elagabalus PAGAN 218-222 AD
5
Emperor Alexander Severus PAGAN 222-235 AD
Gordian dynasty
235-285 AD
1
Emperor Maximinus Thrax PAGAN 235-238 AD
2
Emperor Gordian I & II PAGAN 238-238 AD
3
Emperor Pupienus & Balbinus PAGAN 238-238 AD
4
Emperor Gordian III PAGAN 238-244 AD
5
Emperor Philip the Arab CHRISTIAN? 244-249 AD
6
Emperor Illyrian Decius PAGAN 249-251 AD
7
Emperor Trebonianus Gallus PAGAN r. 251–253 AD
8
Emperor Aemilianus PAGAN r. 253 AD
9
Emperor Valerian PAGAN 253-260 AD
10
Emperor Gallienus PAGAN 253-268 AD
11
Emperor Claudius Gothicus PAGAN r. 268–270 AD
12
Emperor Aurelian PAGAN 270-275 AD
13
Emperor Tacitus PAGAN r. 275–276 AD
14
Emperor Florianus PAGAN
15
Emperor Probus PAGAN r. 276–282 AD
16
Emperor Carus PAGAN r. 282–283 AD
17
Emperor Carinus PAGAN r. 283–284 AD
18
Emperor Numerianus PAGAN r. 283-306 AD
Tetrarchy dynasty
284-306 AD
1
Emperor Diocletian PAGAN 284-305 AD
2
Emperor Maximian PAGAN 286-305 AD Maximian was viewed by Christians as a persecutor of their religion. Maximian obediently executed in his empire the first edict of Diocletian, which ordered the burning of Scriptures and closure of churches.
3
Emperor Galerius PAGAN 305-311 AD Galerius, a staunch pagan, he persuaded the emperor to initiate the persecution of the Christians at Nicomedia in 303 AD.
5
Emperor Constantine I ('the Great') PAGAN/MITHRAS 306-337 AD All emperors who followed Constantine were Christians

Successively, the power tried to control the new religion without repressive or persecutory methods. In the III century, when Christianity increased its power by gathering believers among the powerful, the "pax romana" favored the expansion of the religion.

After a long period of persecution and illegalities, Constantine with the Edict in Milan (313 AD) gave official recognition to Christianity. It is written Constantine accepted Christianity on his deathbed.

Rome is still the principal seat of Christianity: The Vatican is the State inside the city with today's believers exceeding 1 billion worldwide.
6
Emperor Constantius II CHRISTIAN 337-361 AD
7
Emperor Constans I CHRISTIAN (ORTHODOX) 337-350 AD Constans I was an ardent orthodox Christian, he was known as a vigorous opponent of Arianism (a doctrine that affirmed the created, finite nature of Christ) and paganism and supporter of Athanasius of Alexandria, of Trinitarian doctrine.
8
Emperor Julian 'the Apostate' PAGAN 361-363 AD Roman emperor, nephew of Constantine the Great, and noted scholar and military leader. An ardent enemy of Christianity, Julian announced his conversion to paganism, thus acquiring the title 'the Apostate'.
9
Emperor Jovian CHRISTIAN 363-364 AD As a Christian, Jovian disapproved of paganism. Magical practices were forbidden and gifts to the Churches restored.
Valentinian dynasty
364-379 AD
1
Emperor Valentinian I CHRISTIAN (MODERATE) 364-375 AD Valentian, an energetic patriot was a moderate Christian.
2
Emperor Valens ARIAN CHRISTIAN 364-378 AD Valens, Eastern Roman emperor was the younger brother of Valentinian I, who assumed the throne upon the death of the emperor Jovian in 364 AD. Valens was an Arian Christian who persecuted Catholics while interfering little with the pagans.
3
Emperor Gratian CHRISTIAN 378-379 AD
Theodosian dynasty
379-457 AD
1
Emperor Theodosius I CHRISTIAN 379-395 AD On 27 February 380, together with Gratian and Valentinian II, Theodosius issued the decree "Cunctos populos", the so-called Edict of Thessalonica.

This declared the Nicene Trinitarian Christianity to be the only legitimate imperial religion and the only one entitled to call itself Catholic.

In 393 AD, Theodosius ended state support for any public non-Christian, polytheist religions and customs.
2
Emperor Honorius CHRISTIAN
3
Emperor Arcadius CHRISTIAN 395-408 AD Arcadius was born in Spain in either 377 or 378. He parents were Theodosius I and Aelia Flavia Flaccilla. His younger brother Honorius, born 384, became the emperor of the western part of the Roman Empire.

Arcadius portrayed himself a pious Christian emperor and concerned himself with the issues heresy and paganism by forced closure of pagan temples.
4
Emperor Theodosius II CHRISTIAN 408-450 AD Flavius Theodosius was born in April 401, the eldest son of Aelia Eudoxia and Eastern Roman Emperor Arcadius. Theodosius' elder sister, Pulcheria influenced his life greatly, by pushing him towards Orthodox Christianity.
5
Emperor Marcian CHRISTIAN 450-457 During Marcian's reign was the fourth ecumenical council assembled by Marcian at Chalcedon in 451 AD. This council upheld the orthodox Christian doctrine that Christ had two natures, divine and human, and rejected Monophysitism, which maintained that Christ had one divine nature.


CREDIT
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_ancient_Rome
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Roman_emperors
https://www.thoughtco.com/coins-of-the-12-caesars-4126834
https://www.pbs.org/empires/romans/empire/augustus_religion.html
http://www.answers.com/Q/What_was_the_Religion_of_each_Roman_Emperor
https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/roem/hd_roem.htm
https://www.britannica.com
https://orthodoxwiki.org
146 views · 1 day ago |   Author: Guest   •   Updated: 08 Mar 2019
ALL ARTICLES ARE INTENDED FOR GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY. ALL INFORMATION IS BELIEVED TO BE CORRECT, ACCURATE AND TRUTHFUL. YOU ARE ADVISED TO DO YOUR OWN RESEARCH. ARTICLES ARE LIVE DOCUMENTS AND MAY BE UPDATED WITH NEW CONTENT AT ANY TIME. WHERE AVAILABLE, SOURCES AND REFERENCES ARE CREDITED. IF YOU SPOT ANY ERRORS, OMISSIONS OR GIVE FEEDBACK KINDLY CONTACT US WITH DETAILS
roman-emperor-gods

4   videos similar to 'Roman Emperor'



Watch Video 
NAVIGATE ARTICLES
ORDER: Article Title A-Z
Articles
All Articles (144)
10 Commandments - Bible vs Quran
7389 views · 1 hr ago
10 Commandments - Christian vs Muslim
2120 views · 3 hrs ago
10 Red Heifers (Cows)
496 views · 52 mins ago
Abrahamic Religions
7450 views · 3 hrs ago
Angels
2367 views · 1 hr ago
Are you a Muslim?
19102 views · 1 hr ago
Arius vs Bishop Athanasius
4028 views · 5 hrs ago
Bible - 12% of New Testament copied from Old Testament
1125 views · 36 mins ago
Bible - 18 Ego Eimi (I AM) statements, like John 8:58
1805 views · 2 hrs ago
Bible - 27 Verses on Yahweh, Elohim(s) and The Gods
94 views · 36 mins ago
Bible - 75 Verses on drinking Wine & Alcohol
183 views · 3 days ago
Bible - Exodus 3:14 Translations
1062 views · 6 hrs ago
Bible - Jesus in the Old Testament
823 views · 1 day ago
Bible - King James (KJV) Missing Verses
618 views · 10 hrs ago
Bible - Lost Books of the Bible
943 views · 22 hrs ago
Bible - Mark 16:9-20 Longer Ending
855 views · 7 hrs ago
Bible - Matthew 28:19: Greek vs Hebrew
3745 views · 9 hrs ago
Bible - Pagan Texts in the Bible
994 views · 12 hrs ago
Bible - Revelation, A Forgery
810 views · 9 hrs ago
Bible - Scholarship on John's Gospel
249 views · 6 hrs ago
Bible - The Synoptic Problem
988 views · 17 hrs ago
Bible - Violence & Killings
906 views · 17 hrs ago
Bible Authors: Who Wrote It?
938 views · 14 hrs ago
Bible Errors - 672 Variants
1425 views · 4 hrs ago
Bible History - KJV vs NIV
1344 views · 10 hrs ago
Bible NT - 55% of New Testament Papyrus contain under 3% of Biblical Text
36 views · 24 mins ago
Bible NT - 97% Accurate due to 3,912 'doubtful' Words
59 views · 54 mins ago
Bible NT - Codex Sinaiticus exposes 312 year gap since Jesus' crucifixion
883 views · 40 mins ago
Bible NT Canons - Church Fathers, Councils & Apocrypha
407 views · 1 day ago
Bible OT - Dead Sea Scrolls expose a 1303 year gap since Moses' life
545 views · 6 hrs ago
Bible OT Canons - Church Fathers, Councils & Apocrypha
348 views · 2 days ago
Bible Verses - KJV vs NIV
3051 views · 14 hrs ago
Blasphemy Laws alive in 35 Christian Countries
163 views · 1 day ago
Book Burnings in Roman, Catholic and Protestant society
338 views · 7 hrs ago
Catholic vs Protestant - Bible
1354 views · 13 mins ago
Catholic vs Protestant - Christianity
1811 views · 5 hrs ago
Child Abuse & Grooming Gangs (UK)
369 views · 3 hrs ago
Child Abuse, Sexual Crimes & Prison Figures (UK)
673 views · 28 mins ago
Child Marriage - Muhammad married 9-year old Aisha
4251 views · 14 hrs ago
Christian Heresies
867 views · 16 hrs ago
Christian Sects
2151 views · 2 days ago
Christianity began with Paul on the Road to Damascus, Syria
358 views · 1 day ago
Church Councils
735 views · 15 hrs ago
Church Fathers - Quotes from 18 Men of God
142 views · 3 hrs ago
Church Fathers on Jesus' Divinity
878 views · 1 day ago
Codex Sinaiticus & Vaticanus - Corruption in the KJV Bible books
929 views · 55 mins ago
Codex Sinaiticus & Vaticanus - Corruption in the KJV Bible verses
570 views · 5 hrs ago
Constantine and Christianity
2624 views · 21 hrs ago
Constantine, Nicaea and History
1550 views · 6 hrs ago
Council of Nicaea 325 AD
457 views · 2 hrs ago
Did Jesus pray to God or Allah?
5491 views · 10 hrs ago
God (Allah) - His Names & Attributes
4322 views · 5 hrs ago
God vs Allah
2761 views · 8 hrs ago
God, Evidence For
1008 views · 2 hrs ago
Gods & Roman Emperors
146 views · 1 day ago
Gods - 6 Dying & Rising 'Mythical' Gods
776 views · 28 mins ago
Gods - 60 Pagan deities in the Bible
199 views · 54 mins ago
How do Muslims pray?
4025 views · 12 hrs ago
Ishmael and Isaac in Bible and Quran
3378 views · 4 hrs ago
Islam: 'Biggest Threat' to Europe?
68 views · 43 mins ago
Islamic Countries. Who are they?
95 views · 53 mins ago
Jesus - 91% chance he was a fictitous Mythical-Hero (Raglan Scale)
517 views · 53 mins ago
Jesus - 1 of 17 'Dying & Rising' Savior Gods
565 views · 8 hrs ago
Jesus - Crucifixion in the Gospels
1418 views · 12 hrs ago
Jesus - Crucifixion Timing
1700 views · 1 day ago
Jesus - God of 99 Faces
1825 views · 9 hrs ago
Jesus - God with No Face
169 views · 14 hrs ago
Jesus - Resurrection in the Gospels
1155 views · 4 hrs ago
Jesus - Resurrection Theories
1312 views · 10 hrs ago
Jesus - Sons of God
3080 views · 7 hrs ago
Jesus and the 12 Disciples
1973 views · 12 hrs ago
Jesus in the Quran
1372 views · 14 hrs ago
Jesus on the Cross or Tree?
3948 views · 13 hrs ago
Jesus the God
3607 views · 4 hrs ago
Jesus the Jewish Prophet
2164 views · 44 mins ago
Jesus the Muslim
2219 views · 1 day ago
Jesus the Son of God
1151 views · 22 hrs ago
Jesus the Sun-God over 12 Zodiac Star Gods
4734 views · 13 hrs ago
Jesus vs Isaac - The Sacrifice
1416 views · 1 day ago
Jesus vs Jonah & Whale
1847 views · 9 hrs ago
Jesus vs Krishna
1417 views · 2 hrs ago
Jesus vs Paul
3388 views · 15 hrs ago
Jesus vs Romulus - 50 Reasons both are Mythical Gods
20 views · 2 days ago
Jesus vs Yeshua
2931 views · 11 hrs ago
Jesus vs Zeus
5942 views · 25 mins ago
Jesus was 30, 40 or 50 years old?
998 views · 1 hr ago
Jesus, 12 Disciples and Paul Interview
1334 views · 17 hrs ago
Jesus, Serapis & 7 Pagan Gods
5727 views · 4 hrs ago
Jewish Laws & Rituals
297 views · 19 hrs ago
Judaism - Maimonides' 13 Principles of Jewish Belief
2502 views · 9 hrs ago
Mark, Matthew, Luke and John
2842 views · 7 hrs ago
Messiah - His Aims & Objectives
539 views · 13 hrs ago
Messiah - Jesus?
1124 views · 9 hrs ago
Monotheism vs Polytheism
1492 views · 1 day ago
Muhammad - Most Influential Man in History
2442 views · 14 hrs ago
Muhammad in Bible: He is is altogether lovely - Song 5:16
4702 views · 9 hrs ago
Muhammad in Bible: Kedar rejoice and Sela sing - Isaiah 41/42
2242 views · 38 mins ago
Muhammad in Bible: Prophet like unto Moses - Deuteronomy 18:18
7784 views · 17 hrs ago
Muhammad in Bible: Select Verses
3246 views · 1 hr ago
New Age Movement and Alice Bailey
752 views · 14 hrs ago
Nicene Creed - Council of Nicaea 325 AD
1015 views · 20 hrs ago
Nicene Creed - Foundation of Christianity
350 views · 5 hrs ago
Noahide Laws
775 views · 7 hrs ago
Palestine and Creation of Israel in 1948
1273 views · 11 hrs ago
Paul - 50% of his Writings are Inauthentic Forgeries
322 views · 1 day ago
Paul vs James
1274 views · 17 hrs ago
Prophets - Sinful Beings in the OT Bible
299 views · 5 hrs ago
Prophets of God
42685 views · 6 hrs ago
Prophets were Sinners?
2537 views · 23 hrs ago
Purpose of Life
2799 views · 2 days ago
Quran - 5 Recitations: Hafs, Warsh, Hisham, Qalun & Al-Duri
328 views · 14 hrs ago
Quran - A Mathematical Miracle
5435 views · 4 hrs ago
Quran - Chapter & Verse Miracle
396 views · 12 hrs ago
Quran - Comparing Hafs & Warsh for 51 textual variants
7965 views · 13 mins ago
Quran and Violence
3292 views · 1 day ago
Quran refers to Torah & Gospel
405 views · 14 hrs ago
Quran vs Science
2464 views · 4 hrs ago
Roman Calendar
3193 views · 7 hrs ago
Rome, Caesar & Emperors in the Bible
437 views · 3 hrs ago
Terrorism, the Risk to Americans
430 views · 3 days ago
The Lost Gospels
3737 views · 1 day ago
The Prophets Prayer
3101 views · 1 day ago
Timeline of Bible
257 views · 14 hrs ago
Timeline of Church Councils
269 views · 6 hrs ago
Timeline of Muhammad
335 views · 10 hrs ago
Timeline of New Testament Bible
304 views · 53 mins ago
Timeline of Old Testament Bible
282 views · 1 day ago
Timeline of Prophets
829 views · 14 hrs ago
Timeline of Quran
447 views · 1 hr ago
Timeline of Roman Empire
285 views · 1 hr ago
Timeline of Trinity
258 views · 33 mins ago
Torah - Did Moses Write It?
505 views · 19 hrs ago
Torah - Wellhausen/JEDP Theory
675 views · 42 mins ago
Trinity - 13 Three God Pagan concepts
1326 views · 6 hrs ago
Trinity - 27 Attributes of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost
1380 views · 4 hrs ago
Trinity - 4 Creeds: Apostles, Nicene, Athanasian to Chalcedon over 418 years
1744 views · 33 mins ago
Trinity - Different Views
1385 views · 6 hrs ago
Trinity - Three Are One
2776 views · 2 hrs ago
Trinity in the Bible
1320 views · 2 hrs ago
Wars - 67 Conflicts inspired by Christianity
87 views · 18 hrs ago
Wars - From Yinon, 9/11 to Springs, Invasions, ISIS & 6M Dead
824 views · 11 hrs ago
Wars on Terror
1389 views · 6 hrs ago
Who did Abraham sacrifice?
2969 views · 13 hrs ago
Women in Religion
3324 views · 2 hrs ago

Submit Article


Be Informed on Social :      Facebook Page  |    Twitter  |    Youtube
About Us  |  Help/FAQ  |  Contact Us    •    Terms  |  Privacy/Disclaimer
MuslimProphets.com is an educational website focused on the fundamental teachings of the 'Prophets of God': Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad, who established the Abrahamic faiths of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. MuslimProphets.com explores contemporary social themes through Scripture, Evidences, Photo, Video, Maps, Current Affairs, Debate and 'alternative' Views held by Theologians, Apologists, Scholars and Street Preachers. Take a Site Tour

In accordance with Islamic etiquette, all prophet names should be followed with 'Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH)'. This is omitted to minimise text.

DISCLAIMER: All website content is for general information and educational purposes only. Whilst all information comes from sources believed to be reliable, this cannot be guaranteed. External links are provided as a convenience and for informational purposes only. They do not constitute endorsement or approval for any products, services or comments by organizations or individuals. External links text may be edited to improve internal site and keyword search options. We bear no responsibility for the accuracy, legality, or content found on any external website or its subsequent links. Unless indicated, all images and content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License distributed by Wikipedia, Wikimedia Commons, Pixabay, Pxhere, Pexels or Flickr. All Torah, Psalms, Old and New Testament Bible quotes are from the King James Version (KJV) Holy Bible in the public domain. All Quran quotes are from Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali/Muhsin Khan English Quran translation. You are invited to always conduct your own research. If you spot any mistake, error or omission of information, contact us so we can correct it.