The Republic is a Socratic dialogue, written by Plato around 380 BC, concerning the definition of justice, the order and character of the just city-state and the just man.
It is Plato's best-known work, and has proven to be one of the world's most influential works of philosophy and political theory, both intellectually and historically. In it, Socrates along with various Athenians and foreigners discuss the meaning of justice and examine whether or not the just man is happier than the unjust man; the theory of forms, the immortality of the soul, and the roles of the philosopher and of poetry in society.
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Year Written: (Assumed)380 BC
Nag Hammadi Library, Egypt 1945
The Nag Hammadi Library is a collection of 13 ancient books containing over 50 texts. This important discovery includes a number of primary "Gnostic Gospels" – texts which were assumed to have been destroyed during the early Christian conflicts.
All the texts discovered at Nag Hammadi can be viewed in the Gnostic Society Library website.
WARNING: Before You Read The Torah, Bible, Quran etc.
All SCRIPTURE TEXT has Context and Background. Text should never be read literally or in isolation. Always seek clarification from religious scholars and teachers. In general, to study Text requires four principles:
1. Literal Meaning - What the Text says
2. Historical Setting - The story events; how the Text was understood in its time
3. Grammar - The surrounding sentence and paragraph; textual context
4. Synthesis - A comparison with similar Texts to give a better contextual understanding