John  


John did not present a chronological narrative of the life of Jesus, but sought to show the deity of Jesus.

John was not only seeking to strengthen the faith of second-generation believers and bring about faith in others.

John emphasized Jesus Christ as "the Son of God," fully God and fully man, contrary to the doctrine which saw the "Christ-spirit" as coming upon the human Jesus at His baptism and leaving him at the crucifixion.
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Authorship: (Assumed)Justus Calpurnius Piso, son of Arrius C. Piso (circa 105 AD)

The True Authorship of the New Testament, by Abelard Reuchlin 1986
[source]
Year Written: (Assumed)90-110 AD
Manuscript: (Earliest Available)125-250 AD - Large fragment - Papyrus(5,6,22,28,39,45,52,66,75,80,90,95,106)
Scripture Type:New Testament
The New Testament is the second major part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible. The New Testament discusses the teachings and person of Jesus, as well as events in first-century Christianity. Christians regard both the Old and New Testaments together as sacred scripture.

The New Testament consists of 27 books which serve as a source for Christian theology and morality. It is an anthology, a collection of Christian works written in the Greek language within the first 100-years of Jesus, at different times by various writers, who were early Jewish followers of Jesus.
Further Reading: earlychristianwritings.com/text/john.html
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   VIDEO (142) | JOHN
BIBLE CANONS (5) | JOHN
BIBLE CANON
A list of Texts a particular religious community regard as authoritative scripture
YEAR
1 Marcion Canon
Marcionism was a religious movement based on the teachings of the 2nd-century Marcion of Sinope. Marcions Canon lists 14 books out of the 27 books in the New Testament. More specifically, these were Luke and Paul's 13 writings. Marcion even rejected the entire Old Testament of 39 books.

bible.ca/marcion

John was Rejected (0%) by Marcion Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

140 AD

2 Muratorian Canon
The Muratorian Canon is an ancient list of New Testament books - the oldest such list we have found and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

It is noteworthy that the Muratorian Canon omits several epistles that later did win acceptance in the Christian New Testament such as the books of James and 2 Peter.

gotquestions.org/muratorian

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Muratorian Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

170 AD

3 Apostolic Canon
Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Apostolic Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

300 AD

4 Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
The Cheltenham or Mommsen List is a Latin manuscript discovered by the German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen (published 1886) which probably originated in North Africa in the 4th century.

It has 24-book Old Testament and 24-book New Testament which omits Jude and James, and perhaps Hebrews, and questions the epistles of John and Peter.

bible-researcher.com/cheltenham

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

360 AD

5 Council of Rome
The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, bishop of Rome.

According to a document appended to some manuscripts, the Council of Rome affirmed the authority of the Old and New Testament canon in a decretal or damasine list.

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Council of Rome
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

382 AD

Bible Canon
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'

367 AD

CHURCH FATHERS (17) | JOHN
CHURCH FATHER
Ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, eminent teachers and great bishops
YEAR
1 Clement of Rome

John was Approved (75%) by Clement of Rome
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)

97 AD

2 Ignatius of Antioch

John was Rejected (0%) by Ignatius of Antioch
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

110 AD

3 Barnabas

John was Rejected (0%) by Barnabas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

130 AD

4 Hermas

John was Rejected (0%) by Hermas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

140 AD

5 Papias of Hierapolis

John was Approved (75%) by Papias of Hierapolis
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)

140 AD

6 Polycarp

John was Approved (75%) by Polycarp
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)

150 AD

7 Didache

John was Rejected (0%) by Didache
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

150 AD

8 Diognetus

John was Rejected (0%) by Diognetus
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

150 AD

9 Justin Martyr

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Justin Martyr
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

155 AD

10 Irenaeous

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Irenaeous
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

202 AD

11 Clement of Alexandria

John was Approved (75%) by Clement of Alexandria
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)

215 AD

12 Tertullian

John was Approved (75%) by Tertullian
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)

220 AD

13 Origen

John was Approved (75%) by Origen
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)

254 AD

14 Eusebius of Caesarea

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Eusebius of Caesarea
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

340 AD

15 Athanasius of Alexandria

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Athanasius of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

367 AD

16 Cyril of Jerusalem

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cyril of Jerusalem
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

386 AD

17 Augustine of Hippo

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Augustine of Hippo
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

400 AD

Bible Canon
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'

367 AD

TEXTUAL CRITICISM | JOHN
There was considerable controversy over the Gospel of John in the early church councils. Many bishops felt that it should be rejected from the canon
In these lay a great multitude of impotent folk, of blind, halt, withered, waiting for the moving of the water
Bible Translations: Missing/Disputed Verse
Displayed as above
Missing Verse
Disputed Verse
Textual Criticism The Triumphal Entry: Did Jesus request a donkey, take the donkey himself or return the donkey to its owner later? - Comparing the accounts given in Matthew 21:3, Mark 11:3, Luke 19:31 and John 12:14
E.P. Sanders, The Historical Figure Of Jesus
On the Gospel of John, he said:

It is impossible to think that Jesus spent his short ministry teaching in two such completely different ways, conveying such different contents, and there were simply two traditions, each going back to Jesus, one transmitting 50% of what he said and another one the other 50%, with almost no overlaps. Consequently, for the last 150 or so years scholars have had to choose.

They have almost unanimously, and I think entirely correctly, concluded that the teaching of the historical Jesus is to be sought in the synoptic gospels and that JOHN [Gospel of] represents an advanced theological development, in which meditations on the person and work of Christ are presented in the first person, as if Jesus said them.


E.P. Sanders, The Historical Figure Of Jesus, 1993, Penguin Books, pp. 70-71
SCRIPTURE TEXT (51) | JOHN
John   |   Chapter: 1   |   Verses: 51
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
1 The same was in the beginning with God.
2 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.
3 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
4 And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.
5 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.
6 The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all men through him might believe.
7 He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light.
8 That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.
9 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.
10 He came unto his own, and his own received him not.
11 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:
12 Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
13 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
14 John bare witness of him, and cried, saying, This was he of whom I spake, He that cometh after me is preferred before me: for he was before me.
15 And of his fulness have all we received, and grace for grace.
16 For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
17 No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.
18 And this is the record of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, Who art thou?
19 And he confessed, and denied not; but confessed, I am not the Christ.
20 And they asked him, What then? Art thou Elias? And he saith, I am not. Art thou that prophet? And he answered, No.
21 Then said they unto him, Who art thou? that we may give an answer to them that sent us. What sayest thou of thyself?
22 He said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Esaias.
23 And they which were sent were of the Pharisees.
24 And they asked him, and said unto him, Why baptizest thou then, if thou be not that Christ, nor Elias, neither that prophet?
25 John answered them, saying, I baptize with water: but there standeth one among you, whom ye know not;
26 He it is, who coming after me is preferred before me, whose shoe's latchet I am not worthy to unloose.
27 These things were done in Bethabara beyond Jordan, where John was baptizing.
28 The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.
29 This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man which is preferred before me: for he was before me.
30 And I knew him not: but that he should be made manifest to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water.
31 And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him.
32 And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.
33 And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God.
34 Again the next day after John stood, and two of his disciples;
35 And looking upon Jesus as he walked, he saith, Behold the Lamb of God!
36 And the two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus.
37 Then Jesus turned, and saw them following, and saith unto them, What seek ye? They said unto him, Rabbi, (which is to say, being interpreted, Master,) where dwellest thou?
38 He saith unto them, Come and see. They came and saw where he dwelt, and abode with him that day: for it was about the tenth hour.
39 One of the two which heard John speak, and followed him, was Andrew, Simon Peter's brother.
40 He first findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him, We have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ.
41 And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation, A stone.
42 The day following Jesus would go forth into Galilee, and findeth Philip, and saith unto him, Follow me.
43 Now Philip was of Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter.
44 Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him, We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.
45 And Nathanael said unto him, Can there any good thing come out of Nazareth? Philip saith unto him, Come and see.
46 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and saith of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!
47 Nathanael saith unto him, Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said unto him, Before that Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee.
48 Nathanael answered and saith unto him, Rabbi, thou art the Son of God; thou art the King of Israel.
49 Jesus answered and said unto him, Because I said unto thee, I saw thee under the fig tree, believest thou? thou shalt see greater things than these.
50 And he saith unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Hereafter ye shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man.
John   |   Chapter: 1   |   Verses: 51
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21


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