Bible - The Synoptic Problem  

bible300

The similarities between the Synoptic Gospels have caused the 'Synoptic Problem'. The solution lies in the numerous theories and hypothesis

Matthew, Mark and Luke are commonly called the Synoptic Gospels. The Synoptic Gospels are very similar to each other. In fact, their similarities have led to one of the most debated subjects amongst New Testament Bible scholars - 'The Synoptic Problem' (i.e. who copied who?)

Mark Matthew Luke John
60-80 AD 70-100 AD 93 AD 125 AD

Winged Lion

Winged Man

Winged Ox

Eagle
Synoptic Problem
Synoptic
Synoptic
Synoptic
Not Synoptic
  • Mark's Gospel is almost universally accepted as the first gospel to be written
  • Mark is the shortest and simplest of the three Synoptic gospels
  • Large portions of Mark are found in Matthew and Luke
  • Matthew and Luke share over 200 verses not found in Mark
  • Shared content includes stories, wording, and chronology of events
  • Triple tradition - Text found in all three Synoptic Gospels
  • Double tradition, or "Q" Source - Text found in both Matthew and Luke
  • M tradition - Text found exclusively in Matthew
  • L tradition - Text found exclusively in Luke
  • John's content, chronology and wording is distinctly different to the Synoptics.
    Hebrew Gospel Hypothesis
    Hebrew Gospel Hypothesis involves a lost gospel in Hebrew, Aramaic or even Greek as the primary source behind the Synoptic gospels.

    * Stein, Synoptic Problem, p.48
    ** Evidence suggests Matthew and Luke did not copy from each other
    Other Hypothesis'
    1.   Augustinian Hypothesis
    Both Irenaeus and Origen, predecessors of Augustine, also held to the same order of composition. Later advocates of this theory include Hugo Grotius, HG Jameson, Basil Christopher Butler and John Wenham.
    2.   Two-Gospel Hypothesis (Griesbach)
    This theory is supported by Henry Owen, JJ Griesbach, William R Farmer, and TRW Longstaff et al.
    3.   Two-Source Hypothesis
    This theory is supported by the majority of New Testament scholars today.
    4.   Three-Source Hypothesis
    This theory is supported by Heinrich Julius Holtzmann, Eduard Simons, Hans Hinrich Wendt, Edward Y Hincks, Robert Morgenthaler and Robert H. Gundry.
    5.   Four-Document Hypothesis
    This is a variation of the Two-Source Hypothesis and so is highly favored among Bible scholars today.
    6.   Farrer Hypothesis (Mark without Q)
    This theory is supported by JH Ropes, AM Farrer, MD Goulder and Mark Goodacre
    7.   Hebrew Gospel Hypothesis (or Proto-Gospel)
    This theory is based on the proposition that a lost gospel in Hebrew or Aramaic lies behind the Synoptic gospels. (outlined above)

    CREDIT
    http://www.humanreligions.info/gospels.html
    http://www.bowness.demon.co.uk/gosp1.htm
    http://megasociety.org/noesis/138/synoptic.html
    https://www.tms.edu/m/tmsj13b.pdf
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hebrew_Gospel_hypothesis
      Share Article if you found it useful
    1063 views · 1 hr ago |   Author: Guest   •   Updated: 11 Jun 2019
    ALL ARTICLES ARE INTENDED FOR GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY. ALL INFORMATION IS BELIEVED TO BE CORRECT, ACCURATE AND TRUTHFUL. YOU ARE ADVISED TO DO YOUR OWN RESEARCH. ARTICLES ARE LIVE DOCUMENTS AND MAY BE UPDATED WITH NEW CONTENT AT ANY TIME. WHERE AVAILABLE, SOURCES AND REFERENCES ARE CREDITED. IF YOU SPOT ANY ERRORS, OMISSIONS OR GIVE FEEDBACK KINDLY CONTACT US WITH DETAILS
    bible-synoptic-problem

    0  Videos with 'Synoptic+problem'



    NAVIGATE ARTICLES
    ORDER: Article Title A-Z
    Watch Video 
    Articles
    All Articles (144)
    10 Commandments - Bible vs Quran
    7612 views · 1 hr ago
    10 Commandments - Christian vs Muslim
    2293 views · 22 secs ago
    10 Red Heifers (Cows)
    659 views · 1 hr ago
    Abrahamic Religions
    7577 views · 1 hr ago
    Angels - 41 Angels from the Abrahamic Religions
    2584 views · 59 secs ago
    Are you a Muslim?
    19559 views · 14 mins ago
    Arius vs Bishop Athanasius
    4172 views · 14 mins ago
    Bible - 12% of New Testament copied from Old Testament
    1212 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible - 18 Ego Eimi (I AM) statements, like John 8:58
    1982 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible - 27 Verses on Yahweh, Elohim(s) and The Gods
    202 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible - 400 NT Jesus Prophecies copied from OT
    899 views · 31 secs ago
    Bible - 75 Verses on drinking Wine & Alcohol
    256 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible - Exodus 3:14 Translations
    1151 views · 1 min ago
    Bible - King James (KJV) Missing Verses
    695 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible - Lost Books of the Bible
    1033 views · 53 mins ago
    Bible - Mark 16:9-20 Longer Ending
    946 views · 17 secs ago
    Bible - Matthew 28:19: Greek vs Hebrew
    3961 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible - Pagan Texts in the Bible
    1068 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible - Revelation, A Forgery
    893 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible - Scholarship on Gospel of John
    333 views · 31 mins ago
    Bible - The Synoptic Problem
    1063 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible - Violence & Killings
    1002 views · 8 secs ago
    Bible Authors: Who Wrote It?
    1016 views · 2 mins ago
    Bible Errors - 672 Variants
    1494 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible History - KJV vs NIV
    1437 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible NT - 55% of New Testament Papyrus contain under 3% of Biblical Text
    116 views · 14 mins ago
    Bible NT - Codex Sinaiticus exposes 312 year gap since Jesus crucifixion
    960 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible NT Canons - Church Fathers, Councils & Apocrypha
    500 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible OT - Dead Sea Scrolls expose a 1303 year gap since Moses life
    629 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible OT Canons - Church Fathers, Councils & Apocrypha
    430 views · 22 mins ago
    Bible Verses - KJV vs NIV
    3114 views · 52 mins ago
    Blasphemy Laws alive in 35 Christian Countries
    217 views · 1 hr ago
    Book Burnings in Roman, Catholic and Protestant society
    420 views · 1 hr ago
    Catholic vs Protestant - Bible
    1432 views · 1 hr ago
    Catholic vs Protestant - Christianity
    1890 views · 1 hr ago
    Child Abuse & Grooming Gangs (UK)
    455 views · 1 hr ago
    Child Abuse, Sexual Crimes & Prison Figures (UK)
    774 views · 1 hr ago
    Child Marriage - Muhammad married 9-year old Aisha
    4401 views · 1 hr ago
    Christian Heresies
    950 views · 48 mins ago
    Christian Sects
    2254 views · 1 min ago
    Christianity began with Paul on the Road to Damascus, Syria
    454 views · 19 mins ago
    Church Councils
    818 views · 1 hr ago
    Church Fathers - Quotes from 18 Men of God
    219 views · 2 mins ago
    Church Fathers on Jesus Divinity
    976 views · 53 mins ago
    Codex Sinaiticus & Vaticanus - Corruption in the KJV Bible books
    1135 views · 1 hr ago
    Codex Sinaiticus & Vaticanus - Corruption in the KJV Bible verses
    691 views · 1 hr ago
    Constantine and Christianity
    2713 views · 1 hr ago
    Constantine, Nicaea and History
    1620 views · 1 hr ago
    Council of Nicaea 325 AD
    571 views · 1 hr ago
    Did Jesus pray to God or Allah?
    5620 views · 1 hr ago
    God (Allah) - His Names & Attributes
    4434 views · 1 hr ago
    God vs Allah
    2821 views · 2 mins ago
    God, Evidence For
    1063 views · 1 hr ago
    Gods & Roman Emperors
    222 views · 1 hr ago
    Gods - 6 Dying & Rising Mythical Gods
    901 views · 1 hr ago
    Gods - 60 Pagan deities in the Bible
    345 views · 1 hr ago
    How do Muslims pray?
    4100 views · 1 min ago
    Ishmael and Isaac in Bible and Quran
    3549 views · 49 mins ago
    Islam: Biggest Threat to Europe?
    141 views · 1 hr ago
    Islamic Countries. Who are they?
    166 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus - 91% chance he was a fictitous Mythical-Hero (Raglan Scale)
    608 views · 49 mins ago
    Jesus - 1 of 17 Dying & Rising Savior Gods
    654 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus - Crucifixion in the Gospels
    1489 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus - Crucifixion Timing
    1772 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus - God of 99 Faces
    2028 views · 24 mins ago
    Jesus - God with No Face
    232 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus - Resurrection in the Gospels
    1223 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus - Resurrection Theories
    1383 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus - Sons of God
    3181 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus and the 12 Disciples
    2115 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus in the Quran
    1443 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus on the Cross or Tree?
    4035 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus the God
    3678 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus the Jewish Prophet
    2253 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus the Muslim
    2286 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus the Son of God
    1202 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus the Sun-God over 12 Zodiac Star Gods
    5000 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus vs Isaac - The Sacrifice
    1530 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus vs Jonah & Whale
    1934 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus vs Krishna
    1542 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus vs Paul
    3458 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus vs Romulus - 50 Reasons both are Mythical Gods
    96 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus vs Yeshua
    3011 views · 4 secs ago
    Jesus vs Zeus
    6360 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus was 30, 40 or 50 years old?
    1075 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus, 12 Disciples and Paul Interview
    1414 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus, Serapis & 7 Pagan Gods
    6107 views · 33 mins ago
    Jewish Laws & Rituals
    384 views · 1 hr ago
    Judaism - Maimonides 13 Principles of Jewish Belief
    2579 views · 1 hr ago
    Mark, Matthew, Luke and John
    2962 views · 1 hr ago
    Messiah - His Aims & Objectives
    597 views · 1 hr ago
    Messiah - Jesus?
    1185 views · 1 hr ago
    Monotheism vs Polytheism
    1562 views · 1 hr ago
    Muhammad - Most Influential Man in History
    2518 views · 1 hr ago
    Muhammad in Bible: He is is altogether lovely - Song 5:16
    4905 views · 1 hr ago
    Muhammad in Bible: Kedar rejoice and Sela sing - Isaiah 41/42
    2809 views · 1 hr ago
    Muhammad in Bible: Prophet like unto Moses - Deuteronomy 18:18
    7960 views · 12 mins ago
    Muhammad in Bible: Select Verses
    3337 views · 1 hr ago
    New Age Movement and Alice Bailey
    850 views · 2 mins ago
    Nicene Creed - Council of Nicaea 325 AD
    1109 views · 1 hr ago
    Nicene Creed - Foundation of Christianity
    423 views · 51 mins ago
    Noahide Laws
    873 views · 2 mins ago
    Palestine and Creation of Israel in 1948
    1403 views · 1 hr ago
    Paul - 50% of his Writings are Inauthentic Forgeries
    410 views · 1 min ago
    Paul vs James
    1346 views · 2 mins ago
    Prophets - Sinful Beings in the OT Bible
    367 views · 1 hr ago
    Prophets of God
    42860 views · 26 secs ago
    Prophets were Sinners?
    2601 views · 1 hr ago
    Purpose of Life
    2852 views · 1 hr ago
    Quran - 5 Recitations: Hafs, Warsh, Hisham, Qalun & Al-Duri
    498 views · 1 hr ago
    Quran - A Mathematical Miracle
    5627 views · 1 hr ago
    Quran - Chapter & Verse Miracle
    440 views · 1 hr ago
    Quran - Comparing Hafs & Warsh for 51 textual variants
    8648 views · 28 mins ago
    Quran and Violence
    3358 views · 1 hr ago
    Quran refers to Torah & Gospel
    494 views · 29 mins ago
    Quran vs Science
    2536 views · 45 secs ago
    Roman Calendar
    3292 views · 1 hr ago
    Rome, Caesar & Emperors in the Bible
    544 views · 1 hr ago
    Sin Atonement: Jesus Blood vs 21 Offerings
    48 views · 1 hr ago
    Terrorism, the Risk to Americans
    475 views · 1 hr ago
    The Lost Gospels
    3805 views · 1 hr ago
    The Prophets Prayer
    3173 views · 1 hr ago
    Timeline of Bible
    335 views · 1 hr ago
    Timeline of Church Councils
    331 views · 1 hr ago
    Timeline of Muhammad
    419 views · 1 hr ago
    Timeline of New Testament Bible
    396 views · 2 hrs ago
    Timeline of Old Testament Bible
    360 views · 2 hrs ago
    Timeline of Prophets
    1281 views · 1 min ago
    Timeline of Quran
    593 views · 2 hrs ago
    Timeline of Roman Empire
    370 views · 1 hr ago
    Timeline of Trinity
    346 views · 1 hr ago
    Torah - Did Moses Write It?
    598 views · 1 hr ago
    Torah - Wellhausen/JEDP Theory
    804 views · 1 hr ago
    Trinity - 13 Three God Pagan concepts
    1410 views · 1 hr ago
    Trinity - 27 Attributes of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost
    1493 views · 1 hr ago
    Trinity - 4 Creeds: Apostles, Nicene, Athanasian to Chalcedon over 418 years
    1830 views · 1 hr ago
    Trinity - Different Views
    1464 views · 1 hr ago
    Trinity - Three Are One
    2828 views · 1 hr ago
    Trinity in the Bible
    1378 views · 1 hr ago
    Wars - 67 Conflicts inspired by Christianity
    141 views · 1 hr ago
    Wars - From Yinon, 9/11 to Springs, Invasions, ISIS & 6M Dead
    971 views · 1 hr ago
    Wars on Terror
    1472 views · 1 hr ago
    Who did Abraham sacrifice?
    3033 views · 1 hr ago
    Women in Religion
    3384 views · 1 hr ago

    Submit Article


    Latest videos  •  3,965 videos  •  0 viewed/24 hour

    ARTICLES   (144)

    0 viewed · 24 hour
    Are you a Muslim?
    3 mins | Online Test
    Bible - The Synoptic Problem
    1064 views · 0 secs ago
    Jesus vs Yeshua
    3011 views · 5 secs ago
    Bible - Violence & Killings
    1002 views · 9 secs ago
    Bible - Mark 16:9-20 Longer Ending
    946 views · 18 secs ago
    10 Commandments - Christian vs Muslim
    2293 views · 23 secs ago

    SCRIPTURE   (580)

    Torah 5   BOOKS
    Psalms 1   BOOK
    Old Testament 32   BOOKS
    New Testament 27   BOOKS
    Apocrypha 1885 14   BOOKS
    Gospels/Texts 367   BOOKS
    Codex 120   BOOKS
    Quran 1   BOOK
    Hadith 10   BOOKS

    NEWS   (856)

    0 viewed · 24 hour
    Are Arabs turning their backs on religion? - BBC News
    14 views · 59 mins ago · 24 Jun
    Hamas: Palestine has enough power to undermine Israel - MEMO
    13 views · 59 mins ago · 22 Jun
    Khan: All Morsi wanted was Electricity for the Egyptians - MEMO
    15 views · 59 mins ago · 22 Jun
    Why are young Americans leaving the Church? - LifeSite
    13 views · 59 mins ago · 21 Jun
    Mohammed Morsi was murdered by US imperialism - MEMO
    13 views · 59 mins ago · 21 Jun
    About Us  |  Help/FAQ  |  Contact Us    •    Terms  |  Privacy/Disclaimer
    Be Informed on Social :      Facebook Page  |    Twitter  |    Youtube
    MuslimProphets.com is an educational website focused on the fundamental teachings of the 'Prophets of God': Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad, who established the Abrahamic faiths of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. MuslimProphets.com explores contemporary social themes through Scripture, Evidences, Photo, Video, Maps, Current Affairs, Debate and 'alternative' Views held by Theologians, Apologists, Scholars and Street Preachers. Take a Site Tour

    In accordance with Islamic etiquette, all prophet names should be followed with 'Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH)'. This is omitted to minimise text.

    DISCLAIMER: All website content is for general information and educational purposes only. Whilst all information comes from sources believed to be reliable, this cannot be guaranteed. External links are provided as a convenience and for informational purposes only. They do not constitute endorsement or approval for any products, services or comments by organizations or individuals. External links text may be edited to improve internal site and keyword search options. We bear no responsibility for the accuracy, legality, or content found on any external website or its subsequent links. Unless indicated, all images and content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License distributed by Wikipedia, Wikimedia Commons, Pixabay, Pxhere, Pexels or Flickr. All Torah, Psalms, Old and New Testament Bible quotes are from the King James Version (KJV) Holy Bible in the public domain. All Quran quotes are from Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali/Muhsin Khan English Quran translation. You are invited to always conduct your own research. If you spot any mistake, error or omission of information, contact us so we can correct it.
    Clustrmaps