3 John  


John writes to commend and encourage his beloved co-worker, Gaius, in his ministry of hospitality to the messengers who were going out to preach the Gospel of Christ.

Second, he indirectly warns and condemns the behavior of one Diotrephes, a dictatorial leader who had taken over one of the churches in the province of Asia, and whose behavior was directly opposed to all that the apostle and his Gospel stood for.

Third, he commends the example of Demetrius who was reported as having a good testimony from all.
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Authorship: (Assumed)Julius Calpurnius Piso, son of Arrius Calpurnius Piso (circa 110-115 AD)

The True Authorship of the New Testament, by Abelard Reuchlin 1986
[source]
Year Written: (Assumed)90-110 AD
Manuscript: (Earliest Available)350 AD - Complete - Codex Sinaiticus
Scripture Type:Letters - Other
An epistle (or letter) is a writing directed or sent to a person or group of people, usually an elegant and formal didactic letter. Other epistles are known as catholic (or general) epistles.
Further Reading:
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   VIDEO (29) | 3 JOHN
BIBLE CANONS (5) | 3 JOHN
BIBLE CANON
A list of Texts a particular religious community regard as authoritative scripture
YEAR
1 Marcion Canon
Marcionism was a religious movement based on the teachings of the 2nd-century Marcion of Sinope. Marcions Canon lists 14 books out of the 27 books in the New Testament. More specifically, these were Luke and Paul's 13 writings. Marcion even rejected the entire Old Testament of 39 books.

bible.ca/marcion

3 John was Rejected (0%) by Marcion Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

140 AD

2 Muratorian Canon
The Muratorian Canon is an ancient list of New Testament books - the oldest such list we have found and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

It is noteworthy that the Muratorian Canon omits several epistles that later did win acceptance in the Christian New Testament such as the books of James and 2 Peter.

gotquestions.org/muratorian

3 John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Muratorian Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

170 AD

3 Apostolic Canon
Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons

3 John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Apostolic Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

300 AD

4 Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
The Cheltenham or Mommsen List is a Latin manuscript discovered by the German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen (published 1886) which probably originated in North Africa in the 4th century.

It has 24-book Old Testament and 24-book New Testament which omits Jude and James, and perhaps Hebrews, and questions the epistles of John and Peter.

bible-researcher.com/cheltenham

3 John was Disputed (50%) by Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
(Dubious; useful for inspiration)

360 AD

5 Council of Rome
The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, bishop of Rome.

According to a document appended to some manuscripts, the Council of Rome affirmed the authority of the Old and New Testament canon in a decretal or damasine list.

3 John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Council of Rome
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

382 AD

Bible Canon
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'

367 AD

CHURCH FATHERS (17) | 3 JOHN
CHURCH FATHER
Ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, eminent teachers and great bishops
YEAR
1 Clement of Rome

3 John was Rejected (0%) by Clement of Rome
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

97 AD

2 Ignatius of Antioch

3 John was Rejected (0%) by Ignatius of Antioch
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

110 AD

3 Barnabas

3 John was Rejected (0%) by Barnabas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

130 AD

4 Hermas

3 John was Rejected (0%) by Hermas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

140 AD

5 Papias of Hierapolis

3 John was Rejected (0%) by Papias of Hierapolis
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

140 AD

6 Polycarp

3 John was Rejected (0%) by Polycarp
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

150 AD

7 Didache

3 John was Rejected (0%) by Didache
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

150 AD

8 Diognetus

3 John was Rejected (0%) by Diognetus
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

150 AD

9 Justin Martyr

3 John was Rejected (0%) by Justin Martyr
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

155 AD

10 Irenaeous

3 John was Rejected (0%) by Irenaeous
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

202 AD

11 Clement of Alexandria

3 John was Rejected (0%) by Clement of Alexandria
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

215 AD

12 Tertullian

3 John was Rejected (0%) by Tertullian
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

220 AD

13 Origen

3 John was Disputed (50%) by Origen
(Dubious; useful for inspiration)

254 AD

14 Eusebius of Caesarea

3 John was Disputed (50%) by Eusebius of Caesarea
(Dubious; useful for inspiration)

340 AD

15 Athanasius of Alexandria

3 John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Athanasius of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

367 AD

16 Cyril of Jerusalem

3 John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cyril of Jerusalem
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

386 AD

17 Augustine of Hippo

3 John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Augustine of Hippo
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

400 AD

Bible Canon
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'

367 AD

SCRIPTURE TEXT (14) | 3 JOHN
3 John   |   Chapter: 1   |   Verses: 14
Chapter:
1
1 Beloved, I wish above all things that thou mayest prosper and be in health, even as thy soul prospereth.
2 For I rejoiced greatly, when the brethren came and testified of the truth that is in thee, even as thou walkest in the truth.
3 I have no greater joy than to hear that my children walk in truth.
4 Beloved, thou doest faithfully whatsoever thou doest to the brethren, and to strangers;
5 Which have borne witness of thy charity before the church: whom if thou bring forward on their journey after a godly sort, thou shalt do well:
6 Because that for his name's sake they went forth, taking nothing of the Gentiles.
7 We therefore ought to receive such, that we might be fellowhelpers to the truth.
8 I wrote unto the church: but Diotrephes, who loveth to have the preeminence among them, receiveth us not.
9 Wherefore, if I come, I will remember his deeds which he doeth, prating against us with malicious words: and not content therewith, neither doth he himself receive the brethren, and forbiddeth them that would, and casteth them out of the church.
10 Beloved, follow not that which is evil, but that which is good. He that doeth good is of God: but he that doeth evil hath not seen God.
11 Demetrius hath good report of all men, and of the truth itself: yea, and we also bear record; and ye know that our record is true.
12 I had many things to write, but I will not with ink and pen write unto thee:
13 But I trust I shall shortly see thee, and we shall speak face to face. Peace be to thee. Our friends salute thee. Greet the friends by name.
3 John   |   Chapter: 1   |   Verses: 14
Chapter:
1


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