Abrahamic Religions  
Judaism, Christianity and Islam are three of the most influential world religions in history.
These religions are sometimes called ther "Abrahamic religions" because they trace their history back to Abraham.

The chart below compares key features of the three religions. It presents the various similarities and differences between them, along with statistics, origins, history and religious beliefs.




Prophet Moses/Abraham Jesus (4 BC - 30 AD) Muhammad (570 - 632 AD)
Adherents Jews Christians Muslims
Founded (Date) 7 BCE 33 CE 622 CE
Founded (Place) Palestine Palestine Saudi Arabia
Early Expansion Little expansion; mostly confined to Palestine Within 60 years, churches in major cities in Palestine, Turkey, Greece and Rome; entire Roman Empire by 4th century Within 12 years, entire Arabian peninsula; within 100 years, Muslim world stretched from the Atlantic to China
Main Locations Israel, Europe, USA Europe, North and South America, Africa Middle East, Southeast Asia
Population (Today) 14 Million 2200 Million 1500 Million
Population (Rank) 12th 1st (largest) 2nd
Main Sects Hasidic, Conservative, Reform, Ashkenazi and Sephardi Jews Orthodox, Protestant and Roman Catholic Sunni and Shia
Worship Place Synagogue, Temple Church, Chapel, Cathederal Mosque
Holy Day Saturday Sunday Friday
Scripture Old Testament
Torah (Law), Nevi'im (Prophets) and Ketuvim (Writings)
New Testament
Bible (Gospels): written by men inspired by God
Quran revealed to Muhammed
Original Language Hebrew Aramaic Arabic
Books 39 In Protestant Old Testaments; 51 In Catholic Old Testaments; 55 In Orthodox Bibles; 57 In Coptic Bibles 27 Books 1 Book, Hadith Books (secondary source)
Vocabulary 5,800 words 4,800 words  
Text The Old Testament provides the basis of the present day Judeo-Christian faith. It talks about the history of how the world was created, exodus of Israelites, and the Ten Commandments given to Moses by God, and also includes real life stories. The function of this text is to teach people through the experiences of people throughout history. Several books also foretell the arrival of the Messiah and the end of the world. The New Testament, on the other hand, focuses more on the life and teachings of Jesus and the Christian church. The stories are narrated through gospels and emphasize the importance of the sacrifice of Jesus. The function of the New Testament is to lead people to follow the example of Jesus more closely. The other books, written by various authors also talk about the end of the world and last battle between good and evil.  
Content The Old Testament explains the history of the creation of the World, the exodus of Israelites, and the Ten Commandments given to Moses by God. The New Testament focuses more on the life and teachings of Jesus and the Christian church.  
What is it Old Testament is the first division of the Christian Bible. The New Testament is the second major division of the Christian Bible.  
Language Hebrew and Aramaic Greek Arabic
Religious Law Halakhah Canon Law Sharia
Theism Strict Monotheism Trinitarian Monotheism Strict Monotheism
God One God One God (Trinity, 3-in-1): Father, Son and Holy Spirit One God
God (Name) Yahweh, Elohim Yahweh, The Holy Trinity Allah
God's identity The Lord is the only God (is 42:8; Is 44:6) Trinity of God. (God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Allah is one. There is none like Him
View on God The God of the Old Testament was a god of law, justice, wrath, condemnation, and punishment. The God of Jesus was the god of gospel, mercy, love, forgiveness, and salvation.  
Revered Humans Prophets Saints, Church Fathers Prophets, Imams (Shia)
Clergy Rabbi Priest, Minister, Pastor, Bishop Imam
Spiritual Beings Angels, Demons Angels, Demons Angels, Demons, Jinn
Universal Believe in God's prophets, except Jesus and Muhammad Believe in God's prophets, except Muhammad Believe in all of God's prophets
Moses Prophet Prophet Prophet
Muhammad False Prophet False Prophet Prophet
Jesus False Prophet, bastard child Divine, of the Trinity. Son of God, God incarnate, Messiah, Savior of the world Prophet of God, whose message has been corrupted
Jesus (Birth) Normal birth Virgin birth Virgin birth
Jesus (Mission) Rejected To reconcile Man to God, through his death as a sacrifice for the sins of mankind To encourage monotheism and worship of the Father
Jesus (Death) Crucified for divinity claim/Normal death Crucified for our sins/Spiritual suffering Not crucified, raised to Heaven by God
Jesus (Resurrection) Denied Affirmed Denied
Jesus (Return) Denied Affirmed Affirmed
Abrahamic Religions Islam and Christianity are false interpretations and extensions of Judaism Judaism is a true religion, but with incomplete revelation. Islam is a false religion Jews and Christians are respected as 'People of the Book'. Today they have wrong beliefs and partial/ corrupted revelation
Holy Spirit Divine power given to Prophets Part of Trinity, with the Father and Son he is worshipped Angel Gabriel
Human Nature Two equal impulses, good and bad "Original sin" inherited from Adam - tendency towards evil Equal ability to do good or evil
Sin No original sin. Atonement for sins through forgiveness from God in repentance All humans from Adam are inherently sinful. Jesus atoned for our sins through his death on the Cross All humans are born sinless, but our weakness leads to sin
Forgiveness You have to bring a lamb as a sacrifice for your sin to be forgiven. All you have to do is to repent and you're forgiven automatically.  
Salvation By good works, prayers and grace of God By faith in Jesus Christ By good works, and belief in true monotheism
Salvation (God's Role) Predestination Predestination, various forms of grace Divine revelation and forgiveness
End Times God (YHWH/Adonai) will send a messenger to bring salvation on earth. Jesus came to save the Earth  
Heaven Views vary: either heaven or no afterlife Eternal heaven Eternal paradise
Hell Views vary: sinners may suffer temporary punishment, but certain sins merit eternal punishment; reincarnation or no afterlife Eternal hell. Everlasting punishment for the unrighteous Eternal hell. A place of torment and fire
17 hrs ago | 5586 views   •   Author: Guest   •   Updated: 06 Oct 2017

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