Jesus, Serapis & 7 Pagan Gods  

Was Jesus Christ, a Christian God invented by Rome to replace multiple Pagan Gods worshipped at the time?

A comparison between Jesus Christ, Serapis Christus and multiple Pagan gods highlight the potential for a transitory relationship between the various gods. This was highly likely given the Roman Emperors with there political influence, god-like persona and desire to unify and control their subjects.

Pagan
GODS
Graeco-Egyptian
GODS
Jesus
GOD
Pagan Gods (7)
Osiris, Apis, Zeus, Dionysus, Helios, Hades and Asclepius
3000 BC - 305 BC
Graeco-Egyptian Gods
Serapis
Christus

305 BC - 325 AD
Christian God
Jesus Christ
(formerly Iesous Christos)
325 AD - Today
Paganism is a term first used in the 4th century, by the early Christian community, for populations of the Roman world who worshipped many gods.

Amongst the many pagan gods worshipped across the world were seven: Osiris, Apis, Zeus, Dionysus, Helios, Hades and Asclepius.
Serapis Christus (Σέραπις, Attic/Ionian Greek) or Sarapis (Σάραπις, Doric Greek) is a Graeco-Egyptian God

Serapis was a combination of the traditional Egyptian gods Osiris and Apis, sprinkled with the attributes of the Hellenistic gods Zeus, Helios, Dionysus, Hades and Asklepius.
Iesous Christos (Christian God of Triune, equal, subordinate Jesus (/ˈdʒiːzəs/ JEE-zuss; Greek: Ἰησοῦς, translit. Iesous; Hebrew: ישוע‎, translit. Yēšū́aʿ‎;

In 1524 AD, the letter J was invented and Iesous Christos was renamed to Jesus Christ.
Creation
The original pagans were followers of an ancient religion that worshiped several gods (polytheistic). Often the gods were in the form of idols and statues. In 283 BC, Ptolemy I Soter became the first European Pharaoh of Egypt through military force led by Alexander the Great.

Ptolemy I had to take measures to solidify his rulership, authority and unite the Greek and Egyptian people and the many gods into one.

In 305 BC*, Ptolemy I created Serapis, a Greco-Egyptian god, Greek in appearance, but with Egyptian features to be worshipped by both Greeks and Egyptians.
Definition: Soteriology
Soteriology (/səˌtɪəriˈɒlədʒi/; Greek: σωτηρία sōtēria "salvation" from σωτήρ sōtēr "savior, preserver" and λόγος logos "study" or "word") is the study of religious doctrines of Salvation. In particular, the study of salvation through belief in Jesus Christ.
* Although there is evidence Serapis pre-existed 305 BC, Ptolemy I was the first ruler to officially recognize and glorify Serapis at state level.
Jesus, a Jewish preacher and religious leader who later became the central figure of Christianity lived between 4 BC - 33 AD.
Appearance
The worship of idols or statues constitutes idolatory. This includes worship to cult images of the deity, an outdoor altar, statues, animals, nature and votive offerings to the gods, and even nature such as sacred trees, springs, seasons, sun, moon etc. Greek images of Serapis depict a man with an elaborate Greek hairstyle wearing Greek style robes and a long beard.

Serapis often wears a corn modius or sheaf on his head. He is seated on a throne with the three-headed dog of Hades, Cerberus, at his feet.

Egyptian images of Serapis show him as a mummified human with the bead of a bull. He is crowned with the crescent moon and two plumes.
Jesus is depicted as a caucasian man, with long hair, short beard.

He often wears a woven crown of thorns on his head (from his crucifixion) and has a 'Sun Disc' or sun-like Halo behind his head.
Partner
Pagan Gods were often partnered with a female counterpart. This introduced balance to the godhead. Serapis consort was Isis, the wife of Osiris and the most popular goddess during the Ptolemaic Period. Jesus' consort was his mother, Mary. Today, Roman Catholics deify Mary as the 'Mother of God' much like a Roman goddess.
Future
Today, Modern Paganism or Neopaganism are groups of new religious movements influenced by the various historical pagan beliefs of pre-modern Europe, North Africa and the Near-East. The Serapis god was later forced on the black people across Africa. This process was initiated by Ptolemy but continued after him. The Roman (Catholics) forced Jesus the God-Man on people and nations across the world through violent crusades, wars and missionary activity.
Council of Nicaea 325 AD
At the Council of Nicaea, under Emperor Constantine and Bishop Hosius of Corduba, Serapis Christus, the Greaco-Egyptian god became Iesous Christos, the Christian god (In 1524 AD, Iesous Christos was renamed to Jesus Christ).

It was officially declared that Jesus Christ was equal to God, from the substance of God, begotten, god from god; and the new undeclared replacement for Serapis Christus.
 
From Pagan Gods to Jesus
1. OSIRIS
EGYPTIAN
2000 BC - 305 BC


Osiris is an Egyptian god, identified as the god of the afterlife, the underworld, and the dead, but more appropriately as the god of transition, resurrection and regeneration.

Dying & Rising Gods
Biblical, Greco-Roman mythology and Christianity cite gods who die and later return to life. Examples include Osiris, Dionysus, Jesus Christ, Tammuz, Adonis and Attis.
SERAPIS
GRAECO-EGYPTIAN
305 BC - 325 AD


Serapis was a supreme god of divine majesty and united the minor gods:
  • Zeus and Helios (sun)
  • Dionysos (fertility)
  • Hades, Apis, Osiris (underworld, afterlife)
  • Asklepius (healing)


  • JESUS
    CHRISTIAN
    325 AD - Today


    Jesus' Crucifixion
    Christian doctrine requires belief that Jesus:
  • died on the cross (death) for the sins of humanity
  • went into a state of transition; Jesus was in the Tomb for a period of three days and three nights
  • was resurrected on the third day
  • reappeared in a regenerated form of an 'Angel', like a white light

  • Dying & Rising Gods
    Biblical, Greco-Roman mythology and Christianity cite gods who die and later return to life. Examples include Osiris, Dionysus, Jesus Christ, Tammuz, Adonis and Attis.
    2. APIS
    EGYPTIAN
    3100 BC - 305 BC


    Apis was a sacrificial bull of Memphis, who was annually sacrificed for the sins of Egypt.
    SERAPIS
    GRAECO-EGYPTIAN
    305 BC - 325 AD


    Serapis was a supreme god of divine majesty and united the minor gods:
  • Zeus and Helios (sun)
  • Dionysos (fertility)
  • Hades, Apis, Osiris (underworld, afterlife)
  • Asklepius (healing)
  • JESUS
    CHRISTIAN
    325 AD - Today


    Sacrificial Lamb
    Jesus is the sacrificial lamb. Jesus' crucifixion (sacrifice) is annually celebrated during the Easter period.
    3. ZEUS
    GREEK
    1200 BC - 305 BC


    Zeus (/ˈzjuːs/;[3] Greek: Ζεύς Zeús [zdeǔ̯s])[4] is the sky and thunder god in ancient Greek religion, who ruled as king of the gods of Mount Olympus.

    King of the gods, God of the sky, lightning, thunder, law, order, and justice.
    SERAPIS
    GRAECO-EGYPTIAN
    305 BC - 325 AD


    Serapis was a supreme god of divine majesty and united the minor gods:
  • Zeus and Helios (sun)
  • Dionysos (fertility)
  • Hades, Apis, Osiris (underworld, afterlife)
  • Asklepius (healing)
  • JESUS
    CHRISTIAN
    325 AD - Today


    The Christian Trinity reinforces that Jesus is equal to God, of the same substance of God, and was created before 'time' itself.

    Christianity declares Jesus as having absolute sovereignty over all previous gods (Greek, Egyptian or otherwise)
    4. DIONYSUS
    GREEK
    1500 BC - 305 BC


    Dionysus (/daɪ.əˈnaɪsəs/; Greek: Διόνυσος Dionysos) is the god of the grape harvest, wine-making and wine, of ritual madness, fertility, theatre and religious ecstasy in ancient Greek religion and myth.

    Wine played an important role in Greek culture, and the cult of Dionysus was the main religious focus for its unrestrained consumption.
    SERAPIS
    GRAECO-EGYPTIAN
    305 BC - 325 AD


    Serapis was a supreme god of divine majesty and united the minor gods:
  • Zeus and Helios (sun)
  • Dionysos (fertility)
  • Hades, Apis, Osiris (underworld, afterlife)
  • Asklepius (healing)
  • JESUS
    CHRISTIAN
    325 AD - Today


    Eucharist/Holy Communion
    Jesus' Eucharist /ˈjuːkərɪst/ (also called Holy Communion or the Lord's Supper) is a Christian rite that is considered a sacrament in most churches.

    Jesus Christ in his Last Supper gave his disciples bread and wine during the Passover mea and commanded to "do this in memory of me"; the bread as "my body and wine as my blood.
    5. HELIOS
    GREEK
    450 BC - 305 BC


    Helios (/ˈhiːli.ɒs/; Ancient Greek: Ἥλιος Hēlios; Latinized as Helius; Ἠέλιος in Homeric Greek) was the personification of the Sun.

    Helios was described as a handsome Titan crowned with the shining aureole of the Sun, who drove the chariot of the sun across the sky.
    SERAPIS
    GRAECO-EGYPTIAN
    305 BC - 325 AD


    Serapis was a supreme god of divine majesty and united the minor gods:
  • Zeus and Helios (sun)
  • Dionysos (fertility)
  • Hades, Apis, Osiris (underworld, afterlife)
  • Asklepius (healing)
  • JESUS
    CHRISTIAN
    325 AD - Today


    Sun of God
    Sol Invictus was the sun god of the Roman Empire. The birthday of the Sun-god, Sol Invictus was celebrated on 25 December.

    Jesus inherited numerous Sun god features including the label 'Son of God', shining Sun halo behind his head in images, and the pagan festival Christmas to mark his birth date.
    6. HADES
    GREEK
    470 BC - 305 BC


    Hades (/ˈheɪdiːz/; Greek: ᾍδης Háidēs) was the ancient Greek chthonic god of the underworld.

    Hades was the oldest son of Cronus and Rhea. He and his brothers Zeus and Poseidon defeated their father's generation of gods, the Titans, and claimed rulership over the cosmos.

    Hades received the underworld, Zeus the sky, and Poseidon the sea, with the solid earth.
    SERAPIS
    GRAECO-EGYPTIAN
    305 BC - 325 AD


    Serapis was a supreme god of divine majesty and united the minor gods:
  • Zeus and Helios (sun)
  • Dionysos (fertility)
  • Hades, Apis, Osiris (underworld, afterlife)
  • Asklepius (healing)
  • JESUS
    CHRISTIAN
    325 AD - Today


    Eschatology
    The Christian doctrine of the afterlife requires Christians to believe in Jesus Christ who came to live and die for our sins.

    Jesus is the God of absolute salvation in the Hereafter.

    The Afterlife is the ultimate destination for anyone who believes in Jesus Christ as their God and saviour.
    7. ASCLEPIUS
    GREEK
    800 BC - 305 BC


    Asclepius (/æsˈkliːpiəs/; Greek: Ἀσκληπιός, Asklēpiós [asklɛːpiós]; Latin: Aesculapius) was a hero and god of medicine. He represents the healing aspect of the medical arts.
    SERAPIS
    GRAECO-EGYPTIAN
    305 BC - 325 AD


    Serapis was a supreme god of divine majesty and united the minor gods:
  • Zeus and Helios (sun)
  • Dionysos (fertility)
  • Hades, Apis, Osiris (underworld, afterlife)
  • Asklepius (healing)
  • JESUS
    CHRISTIAN
    325 AD - Today


    Jesus' Healing
    In the Bible, Jesus performs 40 individual healing events. These include healing the sick, blind, leper and raising the dead



    Evidence linking Serapis Christus to Jesus Christ
    Egypt, which you commended to me, my dearest Servianus, I have found to be wholly fickle and inconsistent, and continually wafted about by every breath of fame. The worshipers of Serapis (here) are called Christians, and those who are devoted to the god Serapis (I find), call themselves Bishops of Christ. Emperor Hadrian correspondence to Servanius 134 AD refers to Alexandrian worshippers of Serapis
    Quoted by Dr Giles vol. ii p.86
    They are there [in Egypt] Christians who worship Serapis and devoted to Serapis are those who call themselves Bishops of Christ. Hebrew and Christian Records, Giles vol. ii p.86. London 1877
    The Egyptians describe themselves as Christians, and Christian worship by those claiming to worship Serapis, worshiping the Sun In His Name by E. Christopher Reyes p.88
    The land of Egypt, the praises of which you have been recounting to me, my dear Servanius, I have found to be wholly light-minded, unstable and blown about by every breath of rumour. There those who worship Serapis are, in fact, Christians, and those who call themselves Bishops of Christ are, in fact, devotees of Serapis Augustan History, Firmus et al. 8
    Flavius Josephus mentions there was a Sacred Temple of Isis in Rome, at the time of Pontius Pilate: In Plutarch's own town [Chaeronea, Boeotia] .. Have been found two dedications to Serapis, Isis and Anubis. Frank C. Babbit
    Under the foundations of the Temple of Serapis at Alexandria, Egypt are discovered a Cross and various phallic emblems which cause the shocking murder of Hypatia by Saint Cyril's monks. In His Name by E. Christopher Reyes p.125


    CREDIT
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-35120965
    http://www.ancient.eu/Ptolemy_I/ http://www.egyptianmyths.net/serapis.htm
    http://www.touregypt.net/serapis.htm
    http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/serapis.htm
    http://www.ancientegyptonline.co.uk/serapis.html
    http://www.ancient-origins.net/myths-legends-africa/serapis-god-fertility-and-afterlife-united-greeks-and-egyptians-004084
    2 hrs ago | 2445 views   •   Author: Guest   •   Updated: 02 May 2018
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