Jesus on the Cross or Tree?

jesus cross

Christians love and respect the Cross

The Cross is believed to represent the Crucifixion of Jesus, but the history is not so straightforward.

1. The Cross
In contemporary Christianity, the cross is a symbol of the atonement and reminds Christians of God's love in sacrificing his own son for humanity.

It represents Jesus' victory over sin and death, since it is believed that through his death and resurrection he conquered death itself.
2. Tree or Cross?
The Greek word for "Cross" is stauros. This translates as an upright pale or stake.

Bible writers use another word for the instrument of Jesus' death. It is the Greek word xy╩╣lon which means "timber, a stick, club or tree".

Linguistically, in the Greek text, Jesus was crucified on an upright Tree-like pole or stick, not a Cross. Many English Bible versions read Jesus' crucifixion was on a Tree.
3. Bible reads Tree
The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree.
And we are witnesses of all things which he did both in the land of the Jews, and in Jerusalem; whom they slew and hanged on a tree:
And when they had fulfilled all that was written of him, they took him down from the tree, and laid him in a sepulchre.
Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:
Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.
4. Crux Simplex
The Bible points to hanging on a Tree-like post. The Crux Simplex (also known as a stipe, pole, post, stake and phallic symbol) was used to crucify criminals.

  • The Crux Simplex evolved from a tree dedicated to the Gods of the nether world
  • Type of tree: Infelix lignum/Arbor infelix
  • Non-fruit bearing
  • Unproductive with no value
  • Cheap to mass produce
  • Ideal for crucifying criminals
Trees were not often available at the locations chosen for public execution. A simple beam was sunk into the ground. On to this, the outlaws with their hands raised up and their feet were bound or nailed.

A simple beam was sunk into the ground. The criminals hands were raised upward and were bound and nailed Das Kreuz und die Kreuzigung (The Cross and the Crucifixion)
Hermann Fuldaa
5. Emperor Constantine
Constantine Chose The Cross
In 312 AD, Emperor Constantine's famous vision of the Cross superimposed on the Sun is cited as the key life-changing event.

The vision persuaded Constantine that choosing the Cross as the official Christian religious symbol was best. From thereon, historical evidence proves that Constantine merged various pagan Sun-God worship practises into Christianity.
From its simplicity of form, the cross has been used both as a religious symbol and as an ornament, from the dawn of man's civilization.

Various objects, dating from periods long anterior to the Christian era, have been found, marked with crosses of different designs, in almost every part of the old world. India, Syria, Persia and Egypt have all yielded numberless examples, while numerous instances, dating from the later Stone Age to Christian times, have been found in nearly every part of Europe.

The use of the cross as a religious symbol in pre-Christian times, and among non-Christian peoples, may probably be regarded as almost universal, and in very many cases it was connected with some form of nature worship [i.e. pagan Sun God?]. The Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th ed., 1910, Vol. 7, pg. 506
6. Cross Emerges Triumphant
After 300 years, the Cross was introduced
For 300 years following Jesus' death, the Christians did not use the Cross in their worship.

The Early Jewish-Christians believed the Cross symbol was a reminder of the torture used to crucify Jesus. The concepts of torture, suffering and death were viewed in a positive light by the pagans.

After 300 years, attitudes changed. The suffering of Jesus became central to Christianity. The Cross now became the perfect symbol to identify with Jesus' pain and suffering.
4th Century, Emperor Constantine, a pagan converted to Christianiity (disputed) and established Christianity across the Roman Empire. He promoted the Cross as the official religious symbol.

6th Century onwards, the Crucifix (a cross with the image of Jesus) gained widespread acceptance.
7. Types of Cross
Constantine had a wide selection of Crosses from which to choose. Each Cross was unique in design, styling and competing with another Cross for religious followers. A few Cross variations include:
8. Tau Cross
The Tau Cross (T-shaped) was adopted to encourage Pagans to convert to Christianity.

The Tau Cross was brought into the Christian church by Constantine. It has since been adored with all the homage due only to God.

The Tau Cross
  • An emblem of immortality and life
  • A phallic symbol
  • A pagan symbol of the mystic Tau of the Chaldeans
  • A pagan symbol of the Egyptians
  • A pagan symbol of Mithras, the Roman God
  • A pagan symbol of Attis, the Greek God
  • A pagan symbol of Tammuz, the Sumerian solar god, consort of the goddess Ishtar
  • Located the place where pagans worshipped crucified saviors hanging on a cross (Tertullian)
The cross symbol pre-dates Christianity and goes back to a very remote period of human civilization. Various authorities linked the Cross with nature worship and pagan sex rites.

The cross is found in both pre-Christian and non-Christian cultures.
New Catholic Encyclopedia
9. Tau Cross with 4 Corners
The Tau Cross (T-shaped) was chosen for its 4 Corners.

After 300 years, the Cross was chosen as the preferred Christian religious symbol as it was a shape with 4 corners.

  • The Cross has 4 corners
  • The observance of the "Crossing" and resurrection of the Sun (Sun-God) at the Vernal Equinox (Easter) uses the 4 seasons
  • Irenaeus, a 2nd century bishop of Lyon in Roman Gaul believed the number 4 to be important
  • Irenaeus declared the 4 gospels (Mark, Matthew, Luke, John). He reasoned their were 4 directions, 4 winds and so their should be 4 gospels
  • The Tree (Crux Simplex) has two corners, and so was not a suitable symbol
10. Uses of Tau Cross
1. Sunday Sabbath
In 321 AD, Sunday was designated as the "venerable day of the Sun", as the edict read, is proof of Constantine's continued allegiance to Sol Invictus the Sun-God.
2. Monetary Currency
The Sun-God worship by Constantine can be evidenced through the use of images of the Sun-deity on coins that were issued by him up to the year 323 AD.
3. Baptism
During baptism ceremonies, the cross was marked on the foreheads by the pagan priest.
4. Conversion
Even after converting to Christianity, Constantine continued to worship the Sun-God and its symbol, the cross. Many scholars doubted Constantine's "conversion to Christianity" as he continued his wicked deeds and requested to be baptized on his death-bed years later in 337 AD.
5. Bible
The "Sun-God and Cross" vision which Constantine had is not mentioned in the Bible.
Even after 314 AD. the coins of Constantine show an even-armed cross as a symbol for the Sun-God
Johannes Geffcken, The Last Days of Greco-Roman Paganism, p.319
11. 19th Century Writings
Writers during the 19th century acknowledged the pagan origin of the Cross. Consequently, authors and writers reflected on the 'paganism' that had crept into Christianity in their texts:

Of medieval images of monsters: "The disembodied phallus is also formed into a cross, which, before it became for Christianity the symbol of salvation, was a pagan symbol of fertility " David Williams
Crosses were used as symbols of the Babylonian Sun-God. It should be stated that Constantine was a Sun-God worshipper. The evidence is thus complete, that the Lord was put to death upon an upright stake, and not on two pieces of timber placed at any angle. Dr Bullinger, in the Companion Bible, appx. 162
The cross was used by worshipers of Tammuz, an Ancient Near East deity of Babylonian origin who had the cross-shaped taw (tau) as his symbol. W.E. Vine   Conservapedia
This Pagan symbol. The Tau, the sign of the cross, the indisputable sign of Tammuz, the false Messiah, the mystic Tau of the Cladeans (Babylonians) and Egyptians - the true original form of the letter T the initial of the name of Tammuz. the Babylonian cross was the recognised emblem of Tammuz. Rev Alexander Hislop, The Two Babylons, pp. 197-205
The Teutonic (Germanic) tribes had their idol Thor, symbolised by a hammer. The Roman Christians had their crux (cross). It was thus somewhat easier for the Teutons to accept the Roman Cross.Jacob Grimm, in his Deutsche Mythologie
12. Idolatory
Or what does a believer have in common with an unbeliever? What agreement is there between the temple of God and idols?
You shall not make for yourself an image in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me
So, my dear friends, flee from the worship of idols
Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.

Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;
Accursed is every man hung upon a stake [a tree]
If someone guilty of a capital offense is put to death and their body is exposed on a pole, you must not leave the body hanging on the pole overnight. Be sure to bury it that same day, because anyone who is hung on a pole is under God's curse
This verse clearly refers to a stake, not a Cross. Since such a means of execution made the person "a curse,". It is wrong for Christians today to decorate their homes with images of Jesus on a Cross.

Devotion to any pagan symbol is clearly condemned in the Bible
13. Crucifixion
And [for] their saying, "Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah ." And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them. And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain.
Muslims believe Jesus was not crucified. God saved him and raised him up. Instead, a man 'like' Jesus was crucified in his place.

A minority of Muslims believe, Jesus may have been put on the Cross, but he did not die as a result of the crucifixion. Islamic texts allows for this interpretation.


  Share Article if you found it useful
5046 views · 13 mins ago |   Author: Guest   •   Updated: 10 Aug 2019

20  Videos with 'Jesus+cross'
Video: 2:56:24
1758 views · 10 hrs ago | 5 years ago
1 of 20   
Video: 8:15
1808 views · 3 days ago | 4 years ago
2 of 20   
Video: 24:57
1097 views · 1 day ago | 4 years ago
3 of 20   
Video: 24:05
994 views · 1 day ago | 4 years ago
4 of 20   
Video: 59:04
690 views · 15 hrs ago | 4 years ago
5 of 20   
Video: 20:10
944 views · 22 hrs ago | 4 years ago
6 of 20   
Video: 19:24
622 views · 1 day ago | 4 years ago
7 of 20   
Video: 2:54:58
702 views · 6 hrs ago | 3 years ago
8 of 20   
Video: 11:20
824 views · 37 mins ago | 3 years ago
9 of 20   
Video: 14:17
711 views · 9 hrs ago | 3 years ago
10 of 20   
Video: 8:31
744 views · 2 hrs ago | 2 years ago
11 of 20   
Video: 1:17
611 views · 1 day ago | 2 years ago
12 of 20   
Video: 1:06
648 views · 2 days ago | 2 years ago
13 of 20   
Video: 0:49
731 views · 23 hrs ago | 2 years ago
14 of 20   
Video: 1:44
970 views · 9 hrs ago | 2 years ago
15 of 20   
Video: 1:05
621 views · 9 hrs ago | 2 years ago
16 of 20   
Video: 48:46
403 views · 12 hrs ago | 2 years ago
17 of 20   
Video: 14:17
972 views · 35 mins ago | 2 years ago
18 of 20   
Video: 34:09
566 views · 12 hrs ago | 1 year ago
19 of 20   
Video: 1:04
376 views · 2 days ago | 12 months ago
20 of 20   
Watch Video 
ORDER: Article Title A-Z
All Articles (153)
10 Commandments - Bible vs Quran
10403 views · 1 day ago
10 Commandments - Christian vs Muslim
4162 views · 1 hr ago
10 Red Heifers (Cows)
2646 views · 3 hrs ago
5 reasons Abraham sacrificed Ishmael
4177 views · 13 hrs ago
Abrahamic Religions
8897 views · 3 hrs ago
Angels - 41 Angels from the Abrahamic Religions
5337 views · 2 hrs ago
Are you a Muslim?
31389 views · 24 mins ago
Arius vs Bishop Athanasius
6400 views · 9 hrs ago
Bible - 12% of New Testament copied from Old Testament
3038 views · 46 mins ago
Bible - 18 Ego Eimi (I AM) statements, like John 8:58
4926 views · 1 hr ago
Bible - 27 Verses on Yahweh, Elohim(s) and The Gods
3630 views · 7 hrs ago
Bible - 400 NT Jesus Prophecies copied from OT
1770 views · 4 hrs ago
Bible - 75 Verses on drinking Wine & Alcohol
3910 views · 33 mins ago
Bible - Exodus 3:14 Translations
2807 views · 14 hrs ago
Bible - King James (KJV) & 37 'Disputed' Verses
1705 views · 20 hrs ago
Bible - Lost Books of the Bible
2335 views · 15 hrs ago
Bible - Mark 16:9-20 Text Analysis
2301 views · 1 hr ago
Bible - Matthew 28:19: Greek vs Hebrew
6299 views · 11 hrs ago
Bible - Pagan Texts in the Bible
2084 views · 10 hrs ago
Bible - Revelation, A Forgery
2070 views · 15 hrs ago
Bible - Scholars on John's Gospel
1584 views · 20 hrs ago
Bible - The Synoptic Problem
2171 views · 22 mins ago
Bible - Violence & Killings
2117 views · 1 hr ago
Bible Authors: Who Wrote It?
2174 views · 7 hrs ago
Bible Errors - 672 Variants
2651 views · 11 hrs ago
Bible History - KJV vs NIV
2624 views · 20 hrs ago
Bible NT - 55% of New Testament Papyrus contain under 3% of Biblical Text
1269 views · 1 hr ago
Bible NT - Codex Sinaiticus exposes 312 year gap since Jesus crucifixion
2023 views · 5 hrs ago
Bible NT Canons - Church Fathers, Councils & Apocrypha
1601 views · 9 hrs ago
Bible OT - Dead Sea Scrolls expose a 1303 year gap since Moses life
1535 views · 18 mins ago
Bible OT Canons - Church Fathers, Councils & Apocrypha
1239 views · 8 hrs ago
Bible Verses - KJV vs NIV
3945 views · 1 hr ago
Blasphemy Laws in 35 Christian Countries
1123 views · 17 hrs ago
Book Burnings in Roman, Catholic and Protestant society
1840 views · 1 day ago
Catholic vs Protestant - Bible
2573 views · 7 hrs ago
Catholic vs Protestant - Christianity
2857 views · 11 hrs ago
Child Abuse & Grooming Gangs (UK)
1347 views · 1 day ago
Child Abuse, Sexual Crimes & Prison Figures (UK)
1767 views · 3 hrs ago
Child Marriage - Muhammad married 9-year old Aisha
6090 views · 10 hrs ago
Christian Heresies
1883 views · 10 hrs ago
Christian: 28 Heretical Sects
3280 views · 1 day ago
Christian: 32 Church Denominations
931 views · 11 hrs ago
Christianity: Founded by Paul on Road to Damascus, Syria
1601 views · 8 hrs ago
Church Councils
1898 views · 7 hrs ago
Church Fathers - Quotes from 18 Men of God
1679 views · 3 hrs ago
Church Fathers on Jesus Divinity
2290 views · 17 hrs ago
Codex Sinaiticus & Vaticanus - Corruption in the KJV Bible books
3768 views · 54 mins ago
Codex Sinaiticus & Vaticanus - Corruption in the KJV Bible verses
2617 views · 3 hrs ago
Constantine and Christianity
4094 views · 37 mins ago
Constantine, Nicaea and History
2568 views · 2 hrs ago
Council of Nicaea 325 AD
1783 views · 53 mins ago
COVID deaths vs Other Causes
290 views · 2 days ago
COVID: 7 Medical Studies on why Face Masks fail
32 views · 9 hrs ago
COVID: Lockdowns & Contact Tracing in 78 Countries
267 views · 12 mins ago
COVID: Monthly UK deaths compared over 5 Years (2015-20)
181 views · 1 day ago
COVID: Weekly UK deaths compared over 5-Years (2015-20)
113 views · 1 day ago
Did Jesus pray to God or Allah?
7468 views · 35 mins ago
God (Allah) - His Names & Attributes
5789 views · 7 hrs ago
God vs Allah
3792 views · 1 hr ago
God, Evidence For
1815 views · 7 hrs ago
Gods & Roman Emperors
1106 views · 9 hrs ago
Gods - 6 Dying & Rising Mythical Gods
2324 views · 11 hrs ago
Gods - 60 Pagan deities in the Bible
5690 views · 13 mins ago
How do Muslims pray?
5227 views · 16 mins ago
Ishmael and Isaac in Bible and Quran
6236 views · 4 hrs ago
Islam: Biggest Threat to Europe?
888 views · 5 hrs ago
Islamic Countries. Who are they?
997 views · 14 hrs ago
Jesus - 91% chance he was a fictitous Mythical-Hero (Raglan Scale)
1579 views · 1 hr ago
Jesus - 17 'Crucified' Savior Gods
1552 views · 11 hrs ago
Jesus - Crucifixion in the Gospels
2319 views · 19 hrs ago
Jesus - Crucifixion Timing
2490 views · 48 mins ago
Jesus - God of 99 Faces
4523 views · 4 hrs ago
Jesus - God with No Face
1021 views · 16 hrs ago
Jesus - Resurrection in the Gospels
1996 views · 5 hrs ago
Jesus - Resurrection Theories
2189 views · 16 hrs ago
Jesus - Sons of God
4312 views · 1 hr ago
Jesus and the 12 Disciples
4338 views · 39 mins ago
Jesus in the Quran
2581 views · 2 hrs ago
Jesus on the Cross or Tree?
5046 views · 13 mins ago
Jesus the God
4667 views · 9 hrs ago
Jesus the Jewish Prophet
3313 views · 2 days ago
Jesus the Muslim
3078 views · 1 hr ago
Jesus the Son of God
1924 views · 1 day ago
Jesus the Sun-God over 12 Zodiac Star Gods
9695 views · 46 mins ago
Jesus vs Isaac - The Sacrifice
3200 views · 2 hrs ago
Jesus vs Jonah & Whale
3210 views · 23 mins ago
Jesus vs Krishna
4484 views · 32 mins ago
Jesus vs Paul
4465 views · 10 hrs ago
Jesus vs Romulus - 50 Reasons both are Mythical Gods
1940 views · 8 hrs ago
Jesus vs Zeus
12094 views · 3 hrs ago
Jesus was 30, 40 or 50 years old?
2794 views · 16 hrs ago
Jesus, 12 Disciples and Paul Interview
2365 views · 44 mins ago
Jesus, from Iesous and Yeshua
4147 views · 12 hrs ago
Jesus, Serapis & 7 Pagan Gods
11862 views · 45 mins ago
Jewish Laws & Rituals
1445 views · 10 hrs ago
Judaism - Maimonides 13 Principles of Jewish Belief
3614 views · 39 mins ago
Mark, Matthew, Luke and John
4362 views · 4 hrs ago
Messiah - His Aims & Objectives
1480 views · 3 days ago
Messiah - Jesus?
2002 views · 8 hrs ago
Monotheism vs Polytheism
2414 views · 1 day ago
Muhammad - Most Influential Man in History
3496 views · 3 hrs ago
Muhammad in Bible: He is is altogether lovely - Song 5:16
7365 views · 6 hrs ago
Muhammad in Bible: Kedar rejoice and Sela sing - Isaiah 41/42
7117 views · 2 hrs ago
Muhammad in Bible: Prophet like unto Moses - Deuteronomy 18:18
10318 views · 2 hrs ago
Muhammad in Bible: Select Verses
4595 views · 4 hrs ago
New Age - Alice Bailey's 10 Point Charter
3684 views · 1 hr ago
Nicene Creed - Council of Nicaea 325 AD
2381 views · 19 hrs ago
Nicene Creed - Foundation of Christianity
1381 views · 19 hrs ago
Noahide Laws
2183 views · 2 hrs ago
Palestine and Creation of Israel in 1948
2775 views · 26 mins ago
Paul - 50% of his Writings are Inauthentic Forgeries
1447 views · 17 hrs ago
Paul copied 152 Old Testament verses
864 views · 17 hrs ago
Paul vs James
2325 views · 8 hrs ago
Prophets - Sinful Beings in the OT Bible
1201 views · 10 hrs ago
Prophets of God
44322 views · 8 hrs ago
Prophets were Sinners?
3572 views · 14 hrs ago
Purpose of Life
3553 views · 11 hrs ago
Quran - 5 Recitations: Hafs, Warsh, Hisham, Qalun & Al-Duri
3000 views · 3 hrs ago
Quran - A Mathematical Miracle
8184 views · 31 mins ago
Quran - Chapter & Verse Miracle
1401 views · 36 mins ago
Quran - Comparing Hafs & Warsh for 51 textual variants
17975 views · 16 mins ago
Quran and Violence
4196 views · 35 mins ago
Quran refers to Torah & Gospel
2571 views · 28 mins ago
Quran vs Science
3485 views · 11 hrs ago
Roman Calendar
4334 views · 6 hrs ago
Roman Emperors in Bible
326 views · 22 hrs ago
Rome, Caesar & Emperors in the Bible
1520 views · 18 hrs ago
Sin Atonement: Jesus Blood vs 21 Offerings
626 views · 15 hrs ago
Terrorism, the Risk to Americans
1218 views · 5 hrs ago
The Lost Gospels
4716 views · 2 hrs ago
The Prophets Prayer
4059 views · 1 day ago
Timeline of Bible
1496 views · 6 hrs ago
Timeline of Church Councils
1465 views · 3 hrs ago
Timeline of Muhammad
1491 views · 1 hr ago
Timeline of New Testament Bible
1725 views · 5 hrs ago
Timeline of Old Testament Bible
1712 views · 8 hrs ago
Timeline of Prophets
9144 views · 50 mins ago
Timeline of Quran
3639 views · 20 mins ago
Timeline of Roman Empire
1498 views · 25 mins ago
Timeline of Trinity
1519 views · 9 hrs ago
Torah - Did Moses Write It?
2160 views · 11 hrs ago
Torah - Wellhausen/JEDP Theory
2410 views · 6 hrs ago
Trinity - 13 Three God Pagan concepts
2743 views · 19 mins ago
Trinity - 27 Attributes of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost
4364 views · 6 hrs ago
Trinity - 4 Creeds: Apostles, Nicene, Athanasian to Chalcedon over 418 years
3605 views · 50 mins ago
Trinity - Different Views
2621 views · 1 day ago
Trinity - Three Are One
3605 views · 15 hrs ago
Trinity in the Bible
2199 views · 5 hrs ago
War - 46 Major Conflicts ranked by Religion
2580 views · 7 hrs ago
War - 67 Bloody Christian Conflicts
1001 views · 1 day ago
War - From Yinon, 9/11 to Springs, Invasions, ISIS & 6M Dead
2785 views · 4 hrs ago
What does LGBTQ+ mean?
883 views · 14 hrs ago
Women in Religion
4111 views · 53 mins ago

Submit Article

Latest videos  •  5,166 videos  •  0 viewed/24 hour
About Us  |  Help/FAQ  |  Contact Us    •    Terms  |  Privacy/Disclaimer
Be Informed on Social :      Facebook Page  |    Twitter  |    Youtube is an educational website on the primary teachings of the 'Prophets of God': Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad, who established the Abrahamic faiths of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. explores contemporary social themes through Scripture, Evidences, Photo, Video, Maps, Current Affairs, Debate and 'alternative' Views held by Theologians, Apologists, Scholars and Street Preachers. Take a Site Tour

In accordance with Islamic etiquette, all prophet names should be followed with 'Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH)'. This is omitted to minimise text.

DISCLAIMER: All website content is for general information and educational purposes only and available in the public domain. Whilst all information comes from sources believed to be reliable, this cannot be guaranteed. External links are provided as a convenience and for informational purposes only. They do not constitute endorsement or approval for any products, services or comments by organizations or individuals. External links text may be edited to improve internal site and keyword search options. We bear no responsibility for the accuracy, legality, or content found on any external website or its subsequent links. Unless indicated, all images and content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License distributed by Wikipedia, Wikimedia Commons, Pixabay, Pxhere, Pexels, Unsplash or Flickr. All Torah, Psalms, Old and New Testament Bible quotes are from the King James Version (KJV) Holy Bible in the public domain. All Quran quotes are from Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali/Muhsin Khan English Quran translation. You are invited to always conduct your own research. If you spot any mistake, error or omission of information, contact us so we can correct it.