Pistis Sophia is a Gnostic text discovered in 1773 which relates one Gnostic group's teachings of the transfigured Jesus to the assembled disciples (including his mother Mary, Mary Magdalene, and Martha).
In this text, the risen Jesus had spent eleven years speaking with his disciples, teaching them only the lower mysteries. After eleven years, he receives his true garment and is able to reveal the higher mysteries revered by this group. The prized mysteries relate to complex cosmologies and knowledge necessary for the soul to reach the highest divine realms.
Much of the first two books of the manuscript are dedicated to outlining the myth of the fall and restoration of the figure known as Pistis Sophia, in particular giving detailed parallels between her prayers of repentance and particular Psalms and Odes of Solomon.
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Year Written: (Assumed)200-300 AD
Scripture Type:Gnostic Dialogue
Gnosticism is a modern term categorizing a collection of pre-Christian ancient religions whose adherents shunned the material world which they viewed as created by the demiurge; and instead embraced the spiritual world. Gnostic dialogue takes the form of sayings, conversation and correspondence of a Gnostic nature.
Further Reading: earlychristianwritings.com/text/pistis.html
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All SCRIPTURE TEXT has Context and Background. Text should never be read literally or in isolation. Always seek clarification from religious scholars and teachers. In general, to study Text requires four principles:
1. Literal Meaning - What the Text says
2. Historical Setting - The story events; how the Text was understood in its time
3. Grammar - The surrounding sentence and paragraph; textual context
4. Synthesis - A comparison with similar Texts to give a better contextual understanding