James  


A particular view called antinomianism, held that through faith in Jesus one is completely free from all Old Testament law, all legalism, all secular law, and all the morality of a society.

The Book of James is directed to Jewish Christians scattered among all the nations.

While Pauline teachings concentrate on our justification with God, James' teachings concentrate on the works that exemplify that justification. James was writing to Jews to encourage them to continue growing in this new Christian faith.

James emphasizes that good actions will naturally flow from those who are filled with the Spirit and questions whether someone may or may not have a saving faith if the fruits of the Spirit cannot be seen.
W Epistle_of_James
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Authorship: (Assumed)Justus C. Piso (circa 110 AD)

The True Authorship of the New Testament, by Abelard Reuchlin 1986
[source]
Year Written: (Assumed)90-140 AD
Manuscript: (Earliest Available)250-300 AD - Fragment - Papyrus(20,23,100)
Scripture Type:Letters - Other
An epistle (or letter) is a writing directed or sent to a person or group of people, usually an elegant and formal didactic letter. Other epistles are known as catholic (or general) epistles.
Further Reading: earlychristianwritings.com/text/james.html
earlychristianwritings.com/james.html
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   VIDEO (60) | JAMES
BIBLE CANONS (5) | JAMES
BIBLE CANON
A list of Texts a particular religious community regard as authoritative scripture
YEAR
1 Marcion Canon
Marcionism was a religious movement based on the teachings of the 2nd-century Marcion of Sinope. Marcions Canon lists 14 books out of the 27 books in the New Testament. More specifically, these were Luke and Paul's 13 writings. Marcion even rejected the entire Old Testament of 39 books.

bible.ca/marcion

James was Rejected (0%) by Marcion Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

140 AD

2 Muratorian Canon
The Muratorian Canon is an ancient list of New Testament books - the oldest such list we have found and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

It is noteworthy that the Muratorian Canon omits several epistles that later did win acceptance in the Christian New Testament such as the books of James and 2 Peter.

gotquestions.org/muratorian

James was Rejected (0%) by Muratorian Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

170 AD

3 Apostolic Canon
Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons

James was Fully Accepted (100%) by Apostolic Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

300 AD

4 Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
The Cheltenham or Mommsen List is a Latin manuscript discovered by the German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen (published 1886) which probably originated in North Africa in the 4th century.

It has 24-book Old Testament and 24-book New Testament which omits Jude and James, and perhaps Hebrews, and questions the epistles of John and Peter.

bible-researcher.com/cheltenham

James was Rejected (0%) by Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

360 AD

5 Council of Rome
The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, bishop of Rome.

According to a document appended to some manuscripts, the Council of Rome affirmed the authority of the Old and New Testament canon in a decretal or damasine list.

James was Fully Accepted (100%) by Council of Rome
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

382 AD

Bible Canon
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'

367 AD

CHURCH FATHERS (17) | JAMES
CHURCH FATHER
Ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, eminent teachers and great bishops
YEAR
1 Clement of Rome

James was Approved (75%) by Clement of Rome
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)

97 AD

2 Ignatius of Antioch

James was Rejected (0%) by Ignatius of Antioch
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

110 AD

3 Barnabas

James was Rejected (0%) by Barnabas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

130 AD

4 Hermas

James was Approved (75%) by Hermas
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)

140 AD

5 Papias of Hierapolis

James was Rejected (0%) by Papias of Hierapolis
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

140 AD

6 Polycarp

James was Rejected (0%) by Polycarp
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

150 AD

7 Didache

James was Rejected (0%) by Didache
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

150 AD

8 Diognetus

James was Rejected (0%) by Diognetus
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

150 AD

9 Justin Martyr

James was Rejected (0%) by Justin Martyr
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

155 AD

10 Irenaeous

James was Rejected (0%) by Irenaeous
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

202 AD

11 Clement of Alexandria

James was Rejected (0%) by Clement of Alexandria
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

215 AD

12 Tertullian

James was Rejected (0%) by Tertullian
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

220 AD

13 Origen

James was Rejected (0%) by Origen
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

254 AD

14 Eusebius of Caesarea

James was Disputed (50%) by Eusebius of Caesarea
(Dubious; useful for inspiration)

340 AD

15 Athanasius of Alexandria

James was Fully Accepted (100%) by Athanasius of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

367 AD

16 Cyril of Jerusalem

James was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cyril of Jerusalem
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

386 AD

17 Augustine of Hippo

James was Fully Accepted (100%) by Augustine of Hippo
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

400 AD

Bible Canon
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'

367 AD

TEXTUAL CRITICISM | JAMES
Textual Criticism
SCRIPTURE TEXT (27) | JAMES
James   |   Chapter: 1   |   Verses: 27
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5
1 My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations;
2 Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
3 But let patience have her perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing.
4 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.
5 But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed.
6 For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord.
7 A double minded man is unstable in all his ways.
8 Let the brother of low degree rejoice in that he is exalted:
9 But the rich, in that he is made low: because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away.
10 For the sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it withereth the grass, and the flower thereof falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade away in his ways.
11 Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him.
12 Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man:
13 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed.
14 Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.
15 Do not err, my beloved brethren.
16 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.
17 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.
18 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath:
19 For the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God.
20 Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.
21 But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.
22 For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like unto a man beholding his natural face in a glass:
23 For he beholdeth himself, and goeth his way, and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was.
24 But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed.
25 If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, this man's religion is vain.
26 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world.
James   |   Chapter: 1   |   Verses: 27
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5


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