Bible NT Canons - Church Fathers, Councils & Apocrypha

bible canons

The New Testament Bible was debated for over 300 years following Jesus' Cruxifixion.

The canon of the New Testament is a set of books Christians regard as divinely inspired and constituting the New Testament of the Christian Bible. Historically, there was major disagreement over which books to include and exclude ('Apocrypha') from the New Testament Bible. This conflict raged on in the Church councils and synods between Church fathers.

Diversity in early Christianity meant each church had their own unique version of Christian beliefs and rituals. No single version of Christianity or Christian scripture was universally accepted until much later.

After much debate, the New Testament Bible canon was officially announced in 397 AD at the Council of Carthage (Tunisia); 367 years after Jesus' crucifixion.
W Books_of_the_Bible


SELECT A TAB TO VIEW
NEW TESTAMENT BIBLE CANON
  Muratorian
170 AD
Codex Sinaiticus
360 AD
Peshitta
460 AD
Vulgate
420 AD
King James KJV
1611 AD
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
Acts
Romans
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
Titus
Philemon
Hebrews
James
1 Peter
2 Peter
1 John
2 John
3 John
Jude
Revelation
APOCRYPHA
Apocrypha are texts written of unknown authorship or of doubtful origin. The term 'Apocrypha' commonly appears in Christian religious contexts concerning disagreements about biblical canonicity.
Gospel of Thomas
Gospel of Truth
Gospel of the Twelve
Gospel of Peter
Gospel of Basilides
Gospel of the Egyptians
Gospel of the Hebrews
Gospel of Matthias
Traditions of Matthias
Preaching of Peter
Acts of Andrew
Acts of Paul
Acts of John
Epistle to the Laodiceans
1 Clement
Epistle of Barnabas
Didache
Shepherd of Hermas
Apocalypse of Peter
NEW TESTAMENT CHURCH FATHER (1-6)
Ignatius
35-107 AD
Polycarp
69-155 AD
Marcion
85-160 AD
Valentinus
100-160 AD
Justin Martyr
100-165 AD
Irenaeus
140-202 AD
Mark
Matthew
Luke
John
Acts
Romans
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
Titus
Philemon
Hebrews
James
1 Peter
2 Peter
1 John
2 John
3 John
Jude
Revelation
APOCRYPHA
Apocrypha are texts written of unknown authorship or of doubtful origin. The term 'Apocrypha' commonly appears in Christian religious contexts concerning disagreements about biblical canonicity.
Gospel of Thomas
Gospel of Truth
Gospel of the Twelve
Gospel of Peter
Gospel of Basilides
Gospel of the Egyptians
Gospel of the Hebrews
Gospel of Matthias
Traditions of Matthias
Preaching of Peter
Acts of Andrew
Acts of Paul
Acts of John
Epistle to the Laodiceans
1 Clement
Epistle of Barnabas
Didache
Shepherd of Hermas
Apocalypse of Peter
NEW TESTAMENT CHURCH FATHER (7-12)
  Clement
150-215 AD
Tertullian
155-240 AD
Origen
184-253 AD
Eusebius
260-340 AD
Athanasius 1
296-373 AD
Didymus
313-398 AD
Mark
Matthew
Luke
John
Acts
Romans
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
Titus
Philemon
Hebrews
James
1 Peter
2 Peter
1 John
2 John
3 John
Jude
Revelation
APOCRYPHA
Apocrypha are texts written of unknown authorship or of doubtful origin. The term 'Apocrypha' commonly appears in Christian religious contexts concerning disagreements about biblical canonicity.
Gospel of Thomas
Gospel of Truth
Gospel of the Twelve
Gospel of Peter
Gospel of Basilides
Gospel of the Egyptians
Gospel of the Hebrews
Gospel of Matthias
Traditions of Matthias
Preaching of Peter
Acts of Andrew
Acts of Paul
Acts of John
Epistle to the Laodiceans
1 Clement
Epistle of Barnabas
Didache
Shepherd of Hermas
Apocalypse of Peter
NEW TESTAMENT CHURCH COUNCIL
Apostolic Canon
c. 400 AD
Council Laodicea
c. 364 AD
Council Carthage
c. 397 AD
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
Acts
Romans
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
Tito (Titus)
Philemon
Hebrews
James
1 Peter
2 Peter
1 John
2 John
3 John
Jude
Apocalypsis
1 Epis Cl
2 Epis Cl
1 Clement
2 Clement
3 Clement
4 Clement
5 Clement
6 Clement
7 Clement
8 Clement
Total Books
36
26
27

1 Athanasius' letter is the earliest authoritative statement to fix the Christian New Testament Bible as we know it today. Source: http://www.christianitytoday.com/history/issues/issue-28/367-athanasius-defines-new-testament.html

TABLE KEY
Symbol Opinion of Authority
True; accepted scriptural; or quoted from very approvingly
Possible; approving quotation or allusion
Acceptable but only with changes
Disputed; dubious; or useful for inspiration/spurious (Eusebius)
False; heretical; heterodox; quoted from very disapprovingly
No Mention; not mentioned or quoted from; opinion unknown


CREDIT
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthodox_Tewahedo_biblical_canon
http://www.ntcanon.org/table.shtml
http://www.earlychristianhistory.info/canon.html
http://unveiling-christianity.net/2009/08/23/whose-canon-is-divinely-inspired/
http://www.bible.ca/ef/topical-the-earliest-new-testament-manuscripts.htm
http://www.truthnet.org/Bible-Origins/8_Transmission-of-the-Old-Testament/index.htm
http://www.islamic-awareness.org/Bible/Text/Canon/canonages.html
https://docslide.us/documents/anke-wanger-canon-in-the-eotc.html
  Share Article if you found it useful
2529 views · 7 hrs ago |   Author: Guest   •   Updated: 11 Jun 2019
ALL ARTICLES ARE INTENDED FOR GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY. ALL INFORMATION IS BELIEVED TO BE CORRECT, ACCURATE AND TRUTHFUL. YOU ARE ADVISED TO DO YOUR OWN RESEARCH. ARTICLES ARE LIVE DOCUMENTS AND MAY BE UPDATED WITH NEW CONTENT AT ANY TIME. WHERE AVAILABLE, SOURCES AND REFERENCES ARE CREDITED. IF YOU SPOT ANY ERRORS, OMISSIONS OR GIVE FEEDBACK KINDLY CONTACT US WITH DETAILS
155-bible-canons-nta

23  Videos with 'Bible+canon'
Video: 2:17:40
3022 views · 2 hrs ago | 6 years ago
1 of 23   
Video: 20:01
1465 views · 7 hrs ago | 5 years ago
2 of 23   
Video: 9:42
1467 views · 8 hrs ago | 5 years ago
3 of 23   
Video: 20:01
1502 views · 10 hrs ago | 5 years ago
4 of 23   
Video: 20:01
1422 views · 10 hrs ago | 5 years ago
5 of 23   
Video: 15:20
1764 views · 5 hrs ago | 5 years ago
6 of 23   
Video: 26:21
1535 views · 3 days ago | 5 years ago
7 of 23   
Video: 48:54
1604 views · 19 hrs ago | 5 years ago
8 of 23   
Video: 28:40
1916 views · 2 hrs ago | 5 years ago
9 of 23   
Video: 31:15
1866 views · 3 hrs ago | 5 years ago
10 of 23   
Video: 4:31
2311 views · 4 hrs ago | 4 years ago
11 of 23   
Video: 0:53
1654 views · 2 hrs ago | 4 years ago
12 of 23   
Video: 1:47
1343 views · 3 hrs ago | 4 years ago
13 of 23   
Video: 0:31
1755 views · 4 days ago | 4 years ago
14 of 23   
Video: 1:19
1745 views · 23 hrs ago | 4 years ago
15 of 23   
Video: 1:27
1880 views · 1 day ago | 3 years ago
16 of 23   
Video: 5:42
2485 views · 16 hrs ago | 3 years ago
17 of 23   
Video: 28:18
1800 views · 5 hrs ago | 3 years ago
18 of 23   
Video: 1:36
1049 views · 2 days ago | 3 years ago
19 of 23   
Video: 7:46
1605 views · 3 hrs ago | 3 years ago
20 of 23   
Video: 15:50
875 views · 4 hrs ago | 3 years ago
21 of 23   
Video: 32:55
995 views · 3 days ago | 2 years ago
22 of 23   
Video: 8:35
331 views · 4 days ago | 1 year ago
23 of 23   


News on 'Church father'

Results: 1 News Items
Displayed in Date Order (most recent first)
1.   So You Think You're Smarter Than the Early Church Fathers? - Patheos
Published: 23 May 2016   |   584 views · 4 days ago
Watch Video 
NAVIGATE ARTICLES
ORDER: Article Title A-Z
Articles
All Articles (154)
10 Commandments - Bible vs Quran
13242 views · 3 hrs ago
10 Commandments - Christian vs Muslim
6282 views · 44 mins ago
10 Red Heifers (Cows)
5020 views · 33 mins ago
5 reasons Abraham sacrificed Ishmael
6049 views · 2 hrs ago
Abrahamic Religions
10597 views · 18 mins ago
Angels - 41 Angels from the Abrahamic Religions
9333 views · 55 mins ago
Are you a Muslim?
34946 views · 14 mins ago
Arius vs Bishop Athanasius
9138 views · 1 hr ago
Bible - 12% of New Testament copied from Old Testament
5515 views · 2 hrs ago
Bible - 18 Ego Eimi (I AM) statements, like John 8:58
8215 views · 3 hrs ago
Bible - 27 Verses on Yahweh, Elohim(s) and The Gods
8151 views · 4 hrs ago
Bible - 400 NT Jesus Prophecies copied from OT
3151 views · 47 mins ago
Bible - 75 Verses on drinking Wine & Alcohol
8063 views · 3 hrs ago
Bible - Exodus 3:14 Translations
5163 views · 57 mins ago
Bible - King James (KJV) & 37 'Disputed' Verses
3214 views · 3 hrs ago
Bible - Lost Books of the Bible
4184 views · 1 hr ago
Bible - Mark 16:9-20 Text Analysis
3998 views · 44 mins ago
Bible - Matthew 28:19: Greek vs Hebrew
9843 views · 2 hrs ago
Bible - Pagan Texts in the Bible
3732 views · 13 mins ago
Bible - Revelation, A Forgery
3983 views · 35 mins ago
Bible - Scholars on John's Gospel
3501 views · 3 hrs ago
Bible - The Synoptic Problem
4137 views · 24 mins ago
Bible - Violence & Killings
3727 views · 3 hrs ago
Bible Authors: Who Wrote It?
3727 views · 3 hrs ago
Bible Errors - 672 Variants
3678 views · 4 hrs ago
Bible History - KJV vs NIV
4185 views · 3 hrs ago
Bible NT - 55% of New Testament Papyrus contain under 3% of Biblical Text
2523 views · 4 hrs ago
Bible NT - Codex Sinaiticus exposes 312 year gap since Jesus crucifixion
3352 views · 3 mins ago
Bible NT Canons - Church Fathers, Councils & Apocrypha
2529 views · 7 hrs ago
Bible OT - Dead Sea Scrolls expose a 1303 year gap since Moses life
2607 views · 7 hrs ago
Bible OT Canons - Church Fathers, Councils & Apocrypha
2048 views · 7 hrs ago
Bible Verses - KJV vs NIV
5465 views · 3 hrs ago
Blasphemy Laws in 35 Christian Countries
2058 views · 43 mins ago
Book Burnings in Roman, Catholic and Protestant society
3876 views · 3 hrs ago
Catholic vs Protestant - Bible
3958 views · 4 hrs ago
Catholic vs Protestant - Christianity
4140 views · 14 mins ago
Child Abuse & Grooming Gangs (UK)
2272 views · 50 mins ago
Child Abuse, Sexual Crimes & Prison Figures (UK)
2583 views · 4 hrs ago
Child Marriage - Muhammad married 9-year old Aisha
8373 views · 4 hrs ago
Christian Heresies
3177 views · 7 hrs ago
Christian: 28 Heretical Sects
4336 views · 60 mins ago
Christian: 32 Church Denominations
2242 views · 3 hrs ago
Christianity: Founded by Paul on Road to Damascus, Syria
2763 views · 7 hrs ago
Church Councils
2927 views · 3 hrs ago
Church Fathers - Quotes from 18 Men of God
3377 views · 3 mins ago
Church Fathers on Jesus Divinity
3902 views · 5 hrs ago
Codex Sinaiticus & Vaticanus - Corruption in the KJV Bible books
6870 views · 3 mins ago
Codex Sinaiticus & Vaticanus - Corruption in the KJV Bible verses
5068 views · 2 hrs ago
Constantine and Christianity
5662 views · 41 mins ago
Constantine, Nicaea and History
3904 views · 31 mins ago
Council of Nicaea 325 AD
3562 views · 4 hrs ago
COVID deaths vs Other Causes
1043 views · 20 mins ago
COVID: 7 Medical Studies on why Face Masks fail
956 views · 2 days ago
COVID: Lockdowns & Contact Tracing in 78 Countries
1962 views · 3 hrs ago
COVID: Monthly UK deaths compared over 5 Years (2015-20)
865 views · 15 hrs ago
COVID: Weekly UK deaths compared over 5-Years (2015-20)
892 views · 3 days ago
Did Jesus pray to God or Allah?
9924 views · 4 hrs ago
God (Allah) - His Names & Attributes
7220 views · 1 hr ago
God vs Allah
5259 views · 1 hr ago
God, Evidence For
2753 views · 4 hrs ago
Gods & Roman Emperors
2134 views · 6 hrs ago
Gods - 6 Dying & Rising Mythical Gods
4831 views · 16 mins ago
Gods - 60 Pagan deities in the Bible
13788 views · 2 hrs ago
How do Muslims pray?
6624 views · 1 hr ago
Ishmael and Isaac in Bible and Quran
8528 views · 2 hrs ago
Islam: Biggest Threat to Europe?
1744 views · 17 mins ago
Islamic Countries. Who are they?
1876 views · 2 days ago
Jesus - 91% chance he was a fictitous Mythical-Hero (Raglan Scale)
2475 views · 12 hrs ago
Jesus - 17 'Crucified' Savior Gods
2648 views · 45 mins ago
Jesus - Crucifixion in the Gospels
3438 views · 4 hrs ago
Jesus - Crucifixion Timing
3451 views · 25 mins ago
Jesus - God of 99 Faces
6755 views · 5 hrs ago
Jesus - God with No Face
2003 views · 7 hrs ago
Jesus - Resurrection in the Gospels
3048 views · 2 hrs ago
Jesus - Resurrection Theories
3293 views · 39 mins ago
Jesus - Sons of God
5680 views · 29 mins ago
Jesus and the 12 Disciples
7153 views · 12 hrs ago
Jesus in the Quran
3775 views · 23 mins ago
Jesus on the Cross or Tree?
6239 views · 1 day ago
Jesus the God
5802 views · 1 day ago
Jesus the Jewish Prophet
4749 views · 1 hr ago
Jesus the Muslim
4395 views · 4 hrs ago
Jesus the Son of God
2915 views · 1 day ago
Jesus the Sun-God over 12 Zodiac Star Gods
15258 views · 1 hr ago
Jesus vs Isaac - The Sacrifice
5595 views · 27 mins ago
Jesus vs Jonah & Whale
4387 views · 4 hrs ago
Jesus vs Krishna
6967 views · 2 hrs ago
Jesus vs Paul
5812 views · 4 hrs ago
Jesus vs Romulus - 50 Reasons both are Mythical Gods
4929 views · 4 hrs ago
Jesus vs Zeus
17709 views · 18 mins ago
Jesus was 30, 40 or 50 years old?
5667 views · 6 hrs ago
Jesus, 12 Disciples and Paul Interview
3942 views · 4 hrs ago
Jesus, from Iesous and Yeshua
5722 views · 37 mins ago
Jesus, Serapis & 7 Pagan Gods
17759 views · 2 mins ago
Jewish Laws & Rituals
2524 views · 4 hrs ago
Judaism - Maimonides 13 Principles of Jewish Belief
4746 views · 1 hr ago
Mark, Matthew, Luke and John
6298 views · 4 hrs ago
Messiah - His Aims & Objectives
2550 views · 10 mins ago
Messiah - Jesus?
3049 views · 4 hrs ago
Monotheism vs Polytheism
3459 views · 1 min ago
Muhammad - Most Influential Man in History
4723 views · 4 hrs ago
Muhammad in Bible: He is is altogether lovely - Song 5:16
9909 views · 7 mins ago
Muhammad in Bible: Kedar rejoice and Sela sing - Isaiah 41/42
11097 views · 11 mins ago
Muhammad in Bible: Prophet like unto Moses - Deuteronomy 18:18
14487 views · 9 mins ago
Muhammad in Bible: Select Verses
6392 views · 4 hrs ago
New Age - Alice Bailey's 10 Point Charter
7008 views · 1 hr ago
Nicene Creed - Council of Nicaea 325 AD
3958 views · 1 hr ago
Nicene Creed - Foundation of Christianity
2398 views · 3 hrs ago
Noahide Laws
3808 views · 1 hr ago
Palestine and Creation of Israel in 1948
4627 views · 1 day ago
Paul - 50% of his Writings are Inauthentic Forgeries
2653 views · 57 mins ago
Paul copied 152 Old Testament verses
1694 views · 51 mins ago
Paul vs James
3675 views · 1 hr ago
Prophets - Sinful Beings in the OT Bible
2219 views · 21 mins ago
Prophets of God
45661 views · 16 mins ago
Prophets were Sinners?
6718 views · 22 mins ago
Purpose of Life
4305 views · 4 hrs ago
Quran - 5 Recitations: Hafs, Warsh, Hisham, Qalun & Al-Duri
6255 views · 12 mins ago
Quran - A Mathematical Miracle
10473 views · 3 hrs ago
Quran - Chapter & Verse Miracle
2810 views · 2 hrs ago
Quran - Comparing Hafs & Warsh for 51 textual variants
29982 views · 6 mins ago
Quran and Violence
5331 views · 4 hrs ago
Quran refers to Torah & Gospel
6020 views · 4 hrs ago
Quran vs Science
4590 views · 3 hrs ago
Roman Calendar
5619 views · 6 mins ago
Roman Emperors in Bible
978 views · 2 days ago
Rome, Caesar & Emperors in the Bible
2587 views · 32 mins ago
Sin Atonement: Jesus Blood vs 21 Offerings
1105 views · 3 days ago
Terrorism, the Risk to Americans
2025 views · 3 hrs ago
The Lost Gospels
5947 views · 58 mins ago
The Prophets Prayer
4879 views · 42 mins ago
Timeline of Bible
2487 views · 27 mins ago
Timeline of Church Councils
3107 views · 9 hrs ago
Timeline of Muhammad
2698 views · 2 days ago
Timeline of New Testament Bible
3289 views · 38 mins ago
Timeline of Old Testament Bible
3316 views · 3 hrs ago
Timeline of Prophets
16570 views · 3 hrs ago
Timeline of Quran
7113 views · 30 mins ago
Timeline of Roman Empire
2580 views · 11 hrs ago
Timeline of Trinity
2998 views · 1 hr ago
Torah - Did Moses Write It?
3838 views · 12 hrs ago
Torah - Wellhausen/JEDP Theory
4121 views · 24 mins ago
Trinity - 13 Three God Pagan concepts
4637 views · 3 hrs ago
Trinity - 27 Attributes of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost
7815 views · 23 mins ago
Trinity - 4 Creeds: Apostles, Nicene, Athanasian to Chalcedon over 418 years
5452 views · 4 mins ago
Trinity - Different Views
4097 views · 1 hr ago
Trinity - Three Are One
4693 views · 4 hrs ago
Trinity in the Bible
3211 views · 1 day ago
UN Agenda 21/2030: 17 Sustainable Goals of the New World Order
1010 views · 10 hrs ago
War - 46 Major Conflicts ranked by Religion
3839 views · 7 hrs ago
War - 67 Bloody Christian Conflicts
1931 views · 9 hrs ago
War - From Yinon, 9/11 to Springs, Invasions, ISIS & 6M Dead
4240 views · 1 hr ago
What does LGBTQ+ mean?
1899 views · 49 mins ago
Women in Religion
4982 views · 4 hrs ago

Submit Article


Latest videos  •  5,898 videos  •  0 viewed/24 hour

SCRIPTURE

Torah 5   BOOKS
Psalms 1   BOOK
Old Testament 32   BOOKS
New Testament 27   BOOKS
Apocrypha 1885 14   BOOKS
Gospels/Texts 367   BOOKS
Codex 120   BOOKS
Quran 1   BOOK
Hadith 10   BOOKS
SCRIPTURES   580

NEWS

0 viewed · 24 hour
  COVID-19 Testing & Tracing Action Plan - Rockefeller Foundation
2070 views · 4 hrs ago · 01 Jul
Covid Crisis: Australians returning from India may be jailed for 5 [...] - The Guardian
1079 views · 19 mins ago · 01 May
Coronavirus: Abu Dhabi police urge reports of illegal Ramadhan [...] - The National
1037 views · 4 hrs ago · 25 Apr
Upto 5-years jail for anyone who transmits COVID in public in Saudi [...] - Arab News
1180 views · 8 mins ago · 25 Apr
Pakistan targets 30% Electric Vehicle adoption by 2030 in Climate [...] - Newsweek
991 views · 4 hrs ago · 23 Apr
European Commission Introduces EU-Wide COVID Passports - Technocracy
1015 views · 53 mins ago · 23 Apr
NEWS   1,562
About Us  |  Help/FAQ  |  Contact Us    •    Terms  |  Privacy/Disclaimer
Be Informed on Social :      Facebook Page  |    Twitter  |    Youtube
MuslimProphets.com is an educational website on the Prophets of God: Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad, who established the Abrahamic faiths of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. MuslimProphets.com explores contemporary social themes through Scripture, Evidences, Photo, Video, Maps, Current Affairs, Debate and 'alternative' Views held by Theologians, Apologists, Scholars and Street Preachers. Take a Site Tour

In accordance with Islamic etiquette, all prophet names should be followed with 'Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH)'. This is omitted to minimise text.

DISCLAIMER: All website content is for general information and educational purposes only and available in the public domain. Whilst all information comes from sources believed to be reliable, this cannot be guaranteed. External links are provided as a convenience and for informational purposes only. They do not constitute endorsement or approval for any products, services or comments by organizations or individuals. External links text may be edited to improve internal site and keyword search options. We bear no responsibility for the accuracy, legality, or content found on any external website or its subsequent links. Unless indicated, all images and content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License distributed by Wikipedia, Wikimedia Commons, Pixabay, Pxhere, Pexels, Unsplash or Flickr. All Torah, Psalms, Old and New Testament Bible quotes are from the King James Version (KJV) Holy Bible in the public domain. All Quran quotes are from Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali/Muhsin Khan English Quran translation. You are invited to always conduct your own research. If you spot any mistake, error or omission of information, contact us so we can correct it.
Clustrmaps