Bible NT Canons - Church Fathers, Councils & Apocrypha

bible canons

The New Testament Bible was debated for over 300 years following Jesus' Cruxifixion.

The canon of the New Testament is a set of books Christians regard as divinely inspired and constituting the New Testament of the Christian Bible. Historically, there was major disagreement over which books to include and exclude ('Apocrypha') from the New Testament Bible. This conflict raged on in the Church councils and synods between Church fathers.

Diversity in early Christianity meant each church had their own unique version of Christian beliefs and rituals. No single version of Christianity or Christian scripture was universally accepted until much later.

After much debate, the New Testament Bible canon was officially announced in 397 AD at the Council of Carthage (Tunisia); 367 years after Jesus' crucifixion.
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NEW TESTAMENT BIBLE CANON
  Muratorian
170 AD
Codex Sinaiticus
360 AD
Peshitta
460 AD
Vulgate
420 AD
King James KJV
1611 AD
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
Acts
Romans
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
Titus
Philemon
Hebrews
James
1 Peter
2 Peter
1 John
2 John
3 John
Jude
Revelation
APOCRYPHA
Apocrypha are texts written of unknown authorship or of doubtful origin. The term 'Apocrypha' commonly appears in Christian religious contexts concerning disagreements about biblical canonicity.
Gospel of Thomas
Gospel of Truth
Gospel of the Twelve
Gospel of Peter
Gospel of Basilides
Gospel of the Egyptians
Gospel of the Hebrews
Gospel of Matthias
Traditions of Matthias
Preaching of Peter
Acts of Andrew
Acts of Paul
Acts of John
Epistle to the Laodiceans
1 Clement
Epistle of Barnabas
Didache
Shepherd of Hermas
Apocalypse of Peter
NEW TESTAMENT CHURCH FATHER (1-6)
Ignatius
35-107 AD
Polycarp
69-155 AD
Marcion
85-160 AD
Valentinus
100-160 AD
Justin Martyr
100-165 AD
Irenaeus
140-202 AD
Mark
Matthew
Luke
John
Acts
Romans
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
Titus
Philemon
Hebrews
James
1 Peter
2 Peter
1 John
2 John
3 John
Jude
Revelation
APOCRYPHA
Apocrypha are texts written of unknown authorship or of doubtful origin. The term 'Apocrypha' commonly appears in Christian religious contexts concerning disagreements about biblical canonicity.
Gospel of Thomas
Gospel of Truth
Gospel of the Twelve
Gospel of Peter
Gospel of Basilides
Gospel of the Egyptians
Gospel of the Hebrews
Gospel of Matthias
Traditions of Matthias
Preaching of Peter
Acts of Andrew
Acts of Paul
Acts of John
Epistle to the Laodiceans
1 Clement
Epistle of Barnabas
Didache
Shepherd of Hermas
Apocalypse of Peter
NEW TESTAMENT CHURCH FATHER (7-12)
  Clement
150-215 AD
Tertullian
155-240 AD
Origen
184-253 AD
Eusebius
260-340 AD
Athanasius 1
296-373 AD
Didymus
313-398 AD
Mark
Matthew
Luke
John
Acts
Romans
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
Titus
Philemon
Hebrews
James
1 Peter
2 Peter
1 John
2 John
3 John
Jude
Revelation
APOCRYPHA
Apocrypha are texts written of unknown authorship or of doubtful origin. The term 'Apocrypha' commonly appears in Christian religious contexts concerning disagreements about biblical canonicity.
Gospel of Thomas
Gospel of Truth
Gospel of the Twelve
Gospel of Peter
Gospel of Basilides
Gospel of the Egyptians
Gospel of the Hebrews
Gospel of Matthias
Traditions of Matthias
Preaching of Peter
Acts of Andrew
Acts of Paul
Acts of John
Epistle to the Laodiceans
1 Clement
Epistle of Barnabas
Didache
Shepherd of Hermas
Apocalypse of Peter
NEW TESTAMENT CHURCH COUNCIL
Apostolic Canon
c. 400 AD
Council Laodicea
c. 364 AD
Council Carthage
c. 397 AD
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
Acts
Romans
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
Tito (Titus)
Philemon
Hebrews
James
1 Peter
2 Peter
1 John
2 John
3 John
Jude
Apocalypsis
1 Epis Cl
2 Epis Cl
1 Clement
2 Clement
3 Clement
4 Clement
5 Clement
6 Clement
7 Clement
8 Clement
Total Books
36
26
27

1 Athanasius' letter is the earliest authoritative statement to fix the Christian New Testament Bible as we know it today. Source: http://www.christianitytoday.com/history/issues/issue-28/367-athanasius-defines-new-testament.html

TABLE KEY
Symbol Opinion of Authority
True; accepted scriptural; or quoted from very approvingly
Possible; approving quotation or allusion
Acceptable but only with changes
Disputed; dubious; or useful for inspiration/spurious (Eusebius)
False; heretical; heterodox; quoted from very disapprovingly
No Mention; not mentioned or quoted from; opinion unknown


CREDIT
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthodox_Tewahedo_biblical_canon
http://www.ntcanon.org/table.shtml
http://www.earlychristianhistory.info/canon.html
http://unveiling-christianity.net/2009/08/23/whose-canon-is-divinely-inspired/
http://www.bible.ca/ef/topical-the-earliest-new-testament-manuscripts.htm
http://www.truthnet.org/Bible-Origins/8_Transmission-of-the-Old-Testament/index.htm
http://www.islamic-awareness.org/Bible/Text/Canon/canonages.html
https://docslide.us/documents/anke-wanger-canon-in-the-eotc.html
  Share Article if you found it useful
656 views · 14 hrs ago |   Author: Guest   •   Updated: 11 Jun 2019
ALL ARTICLES ARE INTENDED FOR GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY. ALL INFORMATION IS BELIEVED TO BE CORRECT, ACCURATE AND TRUTHFUL. YOU ARE ADVISED TO DO YOUR OWN RESEARCH. ARTICLES ARE LIVE DOCUMENTS AND MAY BE UPDATED WITH NEW CONTENT AT ANY TIME. WHERE AVAILABLE, SOURCES AND REFERENCES ARE CREDITED. IF YOU SPOT ANY ERRORS, OMISSIONS OR GIVE FEEDBACK KINDLY CONTACT US WITH DETAILS
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