The Four Document Hypothesis explains the triple tradition by postulating the existence of a lost "Matthean" document known as M.It is this, rather than Marcan priority, which forms the distinctive feature of the Four Document Hypothesis as against rival theories.
|Year Written: (Assumed)||40-80 AD|
The hypothetical sources provide an explanation for the synoptic problems. One example of this is the pattern of similarities and differences between the three Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. It posits that the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke were based on the Gospel of Mark and a hypothetical sayings collection from the Christian oral tradition called Q.
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