Quran - 5 Recitations: Hafs, Warsh, Hisham, Qalun & Al-Duri

quran

Historically, the Quran was read in various recitations.

The Quran's recitation or Qiraat is the manner of pronounciation of the Quran. The various recitations do not alter the message of the Quran or prove that 'different versions' of the Quran exist.


1 Muhammad receives revelation from God through the Angel Gabrial
2 Muhammad recites the revelation back to this companions, who memorise it
3 The companions verify what they memorised by reciting back the revelation to Muhammad
4 Muhammad allows for minor variations in pronounciations, so long as the original meaning does not change
5 Later, the companions write down the 'memorised' revelation and compile it into a single book, the Quran

The flexibility in the Quran's recitation enriched God's revelation and it enabled Arab tribes, with their own dialects, accent and 'tribal' styles to better understand God's message.
A native American man reads a story to a British man from UK. Both men read the story differently in their own accents, yet both men understand the same story in the English language

The table below lists the five main Quran recitations, in % popularity order.

Hafs
1 of 5
NAME Abu Bakr 'Asim, Kufah, Iraq
DATE 158 AH / 778 AD
TRANSMISSION Ibn Ayyash
USAGE 95% of all Muslims*
Majority of Muslim world
Warsh
2 of 5
NAME Nafi Bin Abdulrahman, Medina, Saudi Arabia
DATE 169 AH / 785 AD
TRANSMISSION Unknown
USAGE 3% of all Muslims
Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia (part), West Africa and Sudan
Hisham
3 of 5
NAME Ibn 'Amir, Basra, Iraq
DATE 118 AH / 736 AD
TRANSMISSION Ibn Dhakwan
USAGE 1% of all Muslims
Yemen (part)
Qalun
4 of 5
NAME Nafi Bin Abdulrahman, Medina, Saudi Arabia
DATE 169 AH / 785 AD
TRANSMISSION Unknown
USAGE 0.7% of all Muslims
Libya, Tunisia and Qatar (part)
Al-Duri
5 of 5
NAME Abu 'Amr al-Ala, Damascus, Syria,
DATE 153 AH / 770 AD
TRANSMISSION Al-Suri
USAGE 0.3% of all Muslims
Sudan (part) and West Africa


To see the word variations between the Hafs and Warsh Quran, click here

* Popularity, percentage usage in Muslim world

CREDIT
http://www.qurantext.org/qiraat.html
http://www.free-minds.org/which-quran
http://answering-islam.org/Green/seven.htm#appendix_4
http://quransmessage.com/articles/seven%20readings%20FM3.htm
https://refutingansweringislam.wordpress.com/2015/02/17/textual-integrity-the-different-seven-versions-of-quran/
The Concise Encyclopedia of Islam, Cyril Glasse, p324
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News on 'Quran'

Results: 20 News Items
Displayed in Date Order (most recent first)
2.   Austria passes resolution banning distribution of Quran, use of full-face veil - IB Times
Published: 18 May 2017   |   1054 views · 5 days ago
3.   Queen's chaplain resigns after criticising church for allowing Quran reading - Independent
Published: 22 Jan 2017   |   1105 views · 2 days ago
4.   The Bible And Quran Are More Similar Than You May Think - Huffington
Published: 08 Mar 2016   |   1774 views · 23 hrs ago
5.   Comparing Violence in the Quran & Bible - Islam21c
Published: 29 Feb 2016   |   1798 views · 10 hrs ago
6.   The American Quran Pissing Off the Saudis - Daily Beast
Published: 29 Feb 2016   |   1044 views · 9 hrs ago
7.   Pope Francis - Quran and Holy Bible are the same - USA Politics Today
Published: 23 Feb 2016   |   1026 views · 2 days ago
8.   Study Finds Bible More Angry, Violent Than The Quran - CBS
Published: 19 Feb 2016   |   885 views · 15 hrs ago
10.   'Violence more common' in Bible than Quran, text analysis reveals - Independent
Published: 09 Feb 2016   |   1011 views · 5 days ago
11.   The Old Testament Bible is twice as violent as the Quran, text analysis reveals - Independent
Published: 09 Feb 2016   |   962 views · 12 hrs ago
12.   The Quran is proof that Islam is a peaceful religion - Independent
Published: 01 Feb 2016   |   1080 views · 7 hrs ago
13.   The Quran Would Condemn ISIS, not Support it - Huffington
Published: 25 Nov 2015   |   1107 views · 5 days ago
16.   Quran verses dating from seventh century go on view in Birmingham - The Guardian
Published: 02 Oct 2015   |   1864 views · 3 hrs ago
17.   Discovery of 'oldest' Quran fragments could resolve history of holy text - CNN
Published: 23 Jul 2015   |   2092 views · 6 hrs ago
18.   Pope Francis: The Quran and Holy Bible are the same - Moorish Harem
Published: 04 Jun 2015   |   1155 views · 5 days ago
19.   Pope says Quran is a book of peace and Islam is a peaceful religion - Mail Online
Published: 16 Mar 2015   |   1266 views · 10 hrs ago
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