Quran - 5 Recitations: Hafs, Warsh, Hisham, Qalun & Al-Duri

quran

Historically, the Quran was read in various recitations.

The Quran's recitation or Qiraat is the manner of pronounciation of the Quran. The various recitations do not alter the message of the Quran or prove that 'different versions' of the Quran exist.


1 Muhammad receives revelation from God through the Angel Gabrial
2 Muhammad recites the revelation back to this companions, who memorise it
3 The companions verify what they memorised by reciting back the revelation to Muhammad
4 Muhammad allows for minor variations in pronounciations, so long as the original meaning does not change
5 Later, the companions write down the 'memorised' revelation and compile it into a single book, the Quran

The flexibility in the Quran's recitation enriched God's revelation and it enabled Arab tribes, with their own dialects, accent and 'tribal' styles to better understand God's message.
A native American man reads a story to a British man from UK. Both men read the story differently in their own accents, yet both men understand the same story in the English language

The table below lists the five main Quran recitations, in % popularity order.

Hafs
1 of 5
NAME Abu Bakr 'Asim, Kufah, Iraq
DATE 158 AH / 778 AD
TRANSMISSION Ibn Ayyash
USAGE 95% of all Muslims*
Majority of Muslim world
Warsh
2 of 5
NAME Nafi Bin Abdulrahman, Medina, Saudi Arabia
DATE 169 AH / 785 AD
TRANSMISSION Unknown
USAGE 3% of all Muslims
Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia (part), West Africa and Sudan
Hisham
3 of 5
NAME Ibn 'Amir, Basra, Iraq
DATE 118 AH / 736 AD
TRANSMISSION Ibn Dhakwan
USAGE 1% of all Muslims
Yemen (part)
Qalun
4 of 5
NAME Nafi Bin Abdulrahman, Medina, Saudi Arabia
DATE 169 AH / 785 AD
TRANSMISSION Unknown
USAGE 0.7% of all Muslims
Libya, Tunisia and Qatar (part)
Al-Duri
5 of 5
NAME Abu 'Amr al-Ala, Damascus, Syria,
DATE 153 AH / 770 AD
TRANSMISSION Al-Suri
USAGE 0.3% of all Muslims
Sudan (part) and West Africa


To see the word variations between the Hafs and Warsh Quran, click here

* Popularity, percentage usage in Muslim world

CREDIT
http://www.qurantext.org/qiraat.html
http://www.free-minds.org/which-quran
http://answering-islam.org/Green/seven.htm#appendix_4
http://quransmessage.com/articles/seven%20readings%20FM3.htm
https://refutingansweringislam.wordpress.com/2015/02/17/textual-integrity-the-different-seven-versions-of-quran/
The Concise Encyclopedia of Islam, Cyril Glasse, p324
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