The 12 disciples were Jesus' closest followers and primary teachers of the Jewish-Christian gospel.
James D. Tabor (born 1946)
Professor in the Department of Religious Studies, University of North Carolina, Charlotte USA
The original apostles and followers of Jesus, led by James
and assisted by Peter
, continued to live as religious Jews
, observing the Torah and worshiping in the Temple at Jerusalem, or in their local synagogues, while remembering and honoring Jesus as their martyred Teacher and Messiah.
They [the disciples] neither worshipped nor divinized Jesus as the Son of God
, or as a Dying-and-Rising Savior, who died for the sins of humankind. They practiced no ritual of baptism into Christ, nor did they celebrate a sacred meal equated with 'eating the body and drinking the blood' of Christ as a guarantee of eternal life.