Christian Heresies  


Heresy (/ˈhɛɹəsi/) is a false teaching in contradiction to established beliefs or customs

In Early Christianity, the crime of Heresy did not exist. Small Christian communities believed what they wanted, and worshiped as they chose.

  • No central authority
  • No set rituals
  • No agreed canon of scripture
  • No Church hierarchy
  • No established body of doctrine

Roman Catholicism made Heresy a Crime

Initially, heresy related to crimes of a religious nature, i.e. people who disagreed with Roman Catholicism. Later on, heresy was extended to include many aspects of daily life, like a 'SOCIAL CONTROL' mechanism.
W Heresy

Heresy carried the Death Penalty

In 380 AD, Emperor Theodosius ordered Christians to embrace the term 'Catholic Christians'. The rest were judged to be demented, insane and followers of heretical dogmas ... 'they shall be smitten first by divine vengeance'
From 430 AD, virtually all Christian theologians agreed heretics should be PERSECUTED and KILLED. Heresy was explicitly identified as as akin to leprosy. A disease that threatened to destroy a healthy body of believers, if they strayed from [Rome] Church's view of religious orthodoxy Augustine of Hippo, 354-430 AD
Thomas thought it virtuous to burn heretics, and favoured the option of burning them alive Thomas Aquinas, 1225-1274 AD

The table below lists Christian Heresies, which would have led to excommunication, imprisonment or death by the Roman authorities.

Crimes of Heresy
1 of 49 Adoptionism
Belief that, God granted Jesus powers and then adopted him as a Son.
2 of 49 Albigenses/Catharism
Belief in, Reincarnation and two gods: one good and other evil.
3 of 49 Apollinarianism
Belief that, Jesus' divine will overshadowed and replaced the human will.
4 of 49 Arianism
Belief that, Jesus was a lesser, created being.
5 of 49 Docetism
Belief that, Jesus was divine but only seemed to be human.
6 of 49 Donatism
Belief that, validity of sacraments depends on character of the minister.
7 of 49 Eutychianism
Belief that, Jesus' finite human nature is swallowed up in His infinite divine nature.
8 of 49 Gnosticism
Belief in, dualism of good and bad and special knowledge for salvation.
In 385 AD, the first recorded executions for heresy involved Priscillian, Bishop of Ávila who was charged with witchcraft, though his real crime seems to have been agreeing with Gnosticism.
Emperor Maimus, 385 AD
In 450 AD, Pope Leo the Great commended the Emperor Justinian for torturing and executing heretics on behalf of the Christian Church.
Emperor Justinian, 450 AD
9 of 49 Kenosis
Belief that, Jesus gave up some divine attributes while on earth.
10 of 49 Marcionism
Belief that, God of the Old Testament is evil, and God of the New Testament is good.
11 of 49 Modalism/Sabellianism
Belief that, in God is one person in three modes.
12 of 49 Monarchianism
Belief that, God is one person.
13 of 49 Monophysitism
Belief that, Jesus had only one nature: divine.
14 of 49 Nestorianism
Belief that, Jesus was two persons.
15 of 49 Patripassionism
Belief that, the Father suffered on the cross.
16 of 49 Pelagianism
Belief that, Man is unaffected by the fall and can keep all of God's laws.
17 of 49 Semi-Pelagianism
Belief that, Man and God co-operate to achieve man's salvation.
18 of 49 Socinianism
Belief in, denial of the Trinity. Also, Jesus is a deified man.
19 of 49 Subordinationism
Belief that, the Son is lesser than the Father in essence and attributes.
20 of 49 Tritheism
Belief that, the Trinity is really three separate gods.
21 of 49 Unitarianism
Belief that, Jesus was a normal human being and not a deity or God incarnate
In 1612, Unitarians were executed in London, Lichfield and in Dumfries.
Other Heresies
22 of 49 Call for Social Reform
Anabaptists (known as Baptists today) call for Social Reform, to favour adult baptism over infant baptism, and to embrace pacifism - they would not kill, condone capital punishment or serve in armies. The Anabaptist leaders died in various ways:
In 1525, Thomas Münzer was burned at the stake.
In 1526, Feliz Manz was drowned (drowning was a favourite way of executing Anabaptists because of their views on baptism).
In 1527, Michael Sattler had his tongue cut off, was mutilated by red-hot pincers, and was burned alive.
In 1530, a town, Münster, converted to Anabaptism in the 1530s, the Anabaptist leaders were publicly tortured to death with red-hot pincers and their bodies hung in cages outside a church, where they remained for years.
23 of 49 Seperate Church and State
In 1592, Henry Barrow and John Greenwood, who preached congregationalism, were hanged at Tyburn for "obstinately refusing to come to church". Their real crime seems to have been to advocate the separation of Church and State.
In 1243, following the apostolic commands of Pope Innocent IV, the Archbishop of Narbonne had 200 heretics burned alive.
24 of 49 Belief that Church power and wealth was un-Christian
In 1155, Arnold held that the wealth and power of the Church was un-christian. He led a movement to establish a Roman republic and return the clergy to apostolic poverty. He was hanged and then burned as a heretic by Pope Adrian IV.
Arnold of Brescia, a pupil of Abelard, 1155 AD
25 of 49 Deny authority of priests
In 1184, the Waldensians, or Vaudois denied the authority of Christian priests and objected to Church papal corruption. They were ex-communicated as heretics in 1184 AD at the Council of Verona.
In 1393, 150 heretics were burned at Grenoble in a single day.
26 of 49 Reject authority of Archbishop of Bremen
In 1229, Pope Gregory declared it the duty of every Christian Catholic to persecute heretics. He preached a crusade against the Stedingers, a Germanic people for rejecting the authority of the Archbishop of Bremen. An army of 40,000 under the bishops of Ratzebourg, Lubeck, Osnabrück, Munster and Minden slaughtered nearly 11,000 Stedingers in battle. Many were drowned in the Weser along with women, children and old men. The whole population was exterminated.
Pope Gregory IX, 1229 AD
27 of 49 Criticise the Archbishop
In 1633, William Prynne, a Puritan lawyer, published criticisms of Archbishop Laud. As punishment, his ears hacked off by the public hangman.
In 1637, William Prynne was charged and tried again by the Star Chamber. As Prynne still had stumps left on the side of his head, these were severed off. Prynne was branded on the cheeks, and then imprisoned for life.
28 of 49 Criticise a cleric
29 of 49 Imitate Jesus' Apostles
In 1300, the Apostlicals, a Christian sect tried to live like the apostles. The sect's founder was burned at the stake. His successor, Dulcino of Novara was publicly torn to pieces with hooks, as was his wife.
30 of 49 Calculate Jesus' birthdate using Astrology
In 1327, Cecco d'Ascoli, an Italian scientist, was burned at the stake for having calculated the date of Jesus' birth using the stars.
31 of 49 Claim Jesus and disciples did not own property
Under Pope John, spiritual heretics were burned to death for claiming Jesus and his disciples had not owned property, preaching absolute poverty, wearing traditional hoods and habits and refusing to lay up stores of food.
Pope John XXII
32 of 49 Translate or Print the Bible in another language
Translating the bible or helping with the printing of such a bible was heresy according to the Roman Church. In general, the punishment was women were buried alive, and men were burned alive.
In 1536, William Tyndale translated the Greek Bible into English. He was arrested in the Netherlands, and was duly executed.
One printer in Paris was burned on a pyre of his own books.
33 of 49 Cite inappropriate Bible verses
In 1676, a Protestant writing master from Toledo was burned at the stake for having decorated a room with the verses of the Ten Commandments.
34 of 49 Read the Bible
35 of 49 Speak the Greek language
36 of 49 Reject Infant Baptism
37 of 49 Refuse to take an Oath
38 of 49 Deny money lending is Sinful
39 of 49 Deny dead will be resurrected
In 1531, Martin Luther started advocating the death penalty for heretics and blasphemers. He thought it should be a capital offence to deny the resurrection of the dead
Martin Luther, 1531 AD
40 of 49 Deny existence of Heaven and Hell
In 1531, Martin Luther started advocating the death penalty for heretics and blasphemers. He thought it should be a capital offence to deny the reality of heaven and Hell
Martin Luther, 1531 AD
41 of 49 Deny the Eucharist
In 1546, Anne Askew was burned at Smithfield because of her beliefs about the Eucharist.
42 of 49 Refuse to attend Mass
Any person in Villaro who refused to attend the Roman Catholic mass was executed in one of the following ways::

  • Crucified upside down
  • Maimed and left to die of starvation
  • Strips of flesh cut off their bodies until they bled to death
  • Stoned to death
  • Impaled alive upon stakes or hooks
  • Dragged along the ground until there flesh was scraped away
  • Their mouths stuffed with gun-powder which was then ignited
  • Even children were killed in various ways before the eyes of their parents
  • Daniel Rambaut had his toes and fingers cut off in sections: one joint being amputated each day in an attempt to make him recant and accept the Roman Catholic faith.
    Paolo Garnier of Roras was castrated, then skinned alive.
    Waldensians Heresy, Peter Waldo of Lyon, 1184 AD
    43 of 49 Belief Mass attendees receive Bread and Wine
    44 of 49 Refuse to pay Church contributions/taxes
    45 of 49 Not thinking like a Catholic
    Around 1520, the Diocese of Lincoln was convicting over 100 people a year for the crime of "not thinking like a Catholic".
    46 of 49 Deny Free-Will
    In 1528, Patrick Hamilton was burned at St Andrews for holding heretical opinions, notably a denial of the freedom of will.
    47 of 49 Refuse to kill Chickens
    In 1051, a group of Christians who declined to kill chickens were executed for heresy.
    Goslar, Germany 1051 AD
    48 of 49 Become a vegetarian
    Only eating vegetables, and never meat
    49 of 49 Consume meat on Friday

    924 views · 8 hrs ago |   Author: Guest   •   Updated: 11 Jun 2019

    1  videos similar to 'Heresies'

    Video: Early Heresies and Christian Apologists - Ryan Reeves 37:09
    365 views · 2 days ago | 2 years ago
    1 of 1

    Watch Video 
    ORDER: Article Title A-Z
    All Articles (144)
    10 Commandments - Bible vs Quran
    7558 views · 3 hrs ago
    10 Commandments - Christian vs Muslim
    2246 views · 12 hrs ago
    10 Red Heifers (Cows)
    619 views · 10 hrs ago
    Abrahamic Religions
    7556 views · 1 hr ago
    Angels - 41 Angels from the Abrahamic Religions
    2530 views · 2 hrs ago
    Are you a Muslim?
    19469 views · 1 hr ago
    Arius vs Bishop Athanasius
    4132 views · 33 secs ago
    Bible - 12% of New Testament copied from Old Testament
    1187 views · 1 day ago
    Bible - 18 Ego Eimi (I AM) statements, like John 8:58
    1929 views · 27 mins ago
    Bible - 27 Verses on Yahweh, Elohim(s) and The Gods
    176 views · 11 hrs ago
    Bible - 75 Verses on drinking Wine & Alcohol
    233 views · 2 hrs ago
    Bible - Exodus 3:14 Translations
    1129 views · 14 hrs ago
    Bible - Jesus in the Old Testament
    869 views · 2 days ago
    Bible - King James (KJV) Missing Verses
    671 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible - Lost Books of the Bible
    1007 views · 2 days ago
    Bible - Mark 16:9-20 Longer Ending
    922 views · 2 hrs ago
    Bible - Matthew 28:19: Greek vs Hebrew
    3906 views · 10 hrs ago
    Bible - Pagan Texts in the Bible
    1048 views · 18 hrs ago
    Bible - Revelation, A Forgery
    872 views · 10 hrs ago
    Bible - Scholarship on Gospel of John
    306 views · 12 hrs ago
    Bible - The Synoptic Problem
    1037 views · 19 hrs ago
    Bible - Violence & Killings
    974 views · 2 hrs ago
    Bible Authors: Who Wrote It?
    991 views · 17 hrs ago
    Bible Errors - 672 Variants
    1474 views · 2 hrs ago
    Bible History - KJV vs NIV
    1410 views · 1 day ago
    Bible NT - 55% of New Testament Papyrus contain under 3% of Biblical Text
    91 views · 6 hrs ago
    Bible NT - Codex Sinaiticus exposes 312 year gap since Jesus crucifixion
    934 views · 1 day ago
    Bible NT Canons - Church Fathers, Councils & Apocrypha
    476 views · 3 hrs ago
    Bible OT - Dead Sea Scrolls expose a 1303 year gap since Moses life
    607 views · 2 hrs ago
    Bible OT Canons - Church Fathers, Councils & Apocrypha
    402 views · 7 hrs ago
    Bible Verses - KJV vs NIV
    3096 views · 1 day ago
    Blasphemy Laws alive in 35 Christian Countries
    200 views · 8 hrs ago
    Book Burnings in Roman, Catholic and Protestant society
    395 views · 2 hrs ago
    Catholic vs Protestant - Bible
    1407 views · 18 hrs ago
    Catholic vs Protestant - Christianity
    1869 views · 2 hrs ago
    Child Abuse & Grooming Gangs (UK)
    433 views · 2 hrs ago
    Child Abuse, Sexual Crimes & Prison Figures (UK)
    745 views · 24 mins ago
    Child Marriage - Muhammad married 9-year old Aisha
    4357 views · 1 hr ago
    Christian Heresies
    924 views · 8 hrs ago
    Christian Sects
    2219 views · 11 hrs ago
    Christianity began with Paul on the Road to Damascus, Syria
    427 views · 7 hrs ago
    Church Councils
    787 views · 3 hrs ago
    Church Fathers - Quotes from 18 Men of God
    194 views · 16 mins ago
    Church Fathers on Jesus Divinity
    951 views · 2 hrs ago
    Codex Sinaiticus & Vaticanus - Corruption in the KJV Bible books
    1084 views · 18 hrs ago
    Codex Sinaiticus & Vaticanus - Corruption in the KJV Bible verses
    645 views · 2 hrs ago
    Constantine and Christianity
    2684 views · 5 hrs ago
    Constantine, Nicaea and History
    1596 views · 22 hrs ago
    Council of Nicaea 325 AD
    539 views · 12 hrs ago
    Did Jesus pray to God or Allah?
    5581 views · 2 hrs ago
    God (Allah) - His Names & Attributes
    4408 views · 7 hrs ago
    God vs Allah
    2801 views · 1 hr ago
    God, Evidence For
    1050 views · 2 hrs ago
    Gods & Roman Emperors
    193 views · 2 hrs ago
    Gods - 6 Dying & Rising Mythical Gods
    869 views · 9 hrs ago
    Gods - 60 Pagan deities in the Bible
    295 views · 5 hrs ago
    How do Muslims pray?
    4083 views · 2 hrs ago
    Ishmael and Isaac in Bible and Quran
    3502 views · 2 hrs ago
    Islam: Biggest Threat to Europe?
    123 views · 2 hrs ago
    Islamic Countries. Who are they?
    141 views · 2 hrs ago
    Jesus - 91% chance he was a fictitous Mythical-Hero (Raglan Scale)
    570 views · 8 hrs ago
    Jesus - 1 of 17 Dying & Rising Savior Gods
    627 views · 16 hrs ago
    Jesus - Crucifixion in the Gospels
    1464 views · 2 days ago
    Jesus - Crucifixion Timing
    1753 views · 11 hrs ago
    Jesus - God of 99 Faces
    1984 views · 10 hrs ago
    Jesus - God with No Face
    212 views · 7 hrs ago
    Jesus - Resurrection in the Gospels
    1202 views · 10 hrs ago
    Jesus - Resurrection Theories
    1362 views · 19 hrs ago
    Jesus - Sons of God
    3156 views · 2 hrs ago
    Jesus and the 12 Disciples
    2072 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus in the Quran
    1420 views · 27 secs ago
    Jesus on the Cross or Tree?
    4016 views · 2 mins ago
    Jesus the God
    3654 views · 2 days ago
    Jesus the Jewish Prophet
    2238 views · 2 hrs ago
    Jesus the Muslim
    2266 views · 2 hrs ago
    Jesus the Son of God
    1184 views · 8 hrs ago
    Jesus the Sun-God over 12 Zodiac Star Gods
    4930 views · 2 hrs ago
    Jesus vs Isaac - The Sacrifice
    1494 views · 10 hrs ago
    Jesus vs Jonah & Whale
    1907 views · 2 hrs ago
    Jesus vs Krishna
    1513 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus vs Paul
    3433 views · 13 hrs ago
    Jesus vs Romulus - 50 Reasons both are Mythical Gods
    73 views · 2 days ago
    Jesus vs Yeshua
    2984 views · 10 hrs ago
    Jesus vs Zeus
    6233 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus was 30, 40 or 50 years old?
    1048 views · 21 hrs ago
    Jesus, 12 Disciples and Paul Interview
    1386 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus, Serapis & 7 Pagan Gods
    6003 views · 3 hrs ago
    Jewish Laws & Rituals
    359 views · 1 day ago
    Judaism - Maimonides 13 Principles of Jewish Belief
    2554 views · 2 hrs ago
    Mark, Matthew, Luke and John
    2933 views · 9 hrs ago
    Messiah - His Aims & Objectives
    578 views · 2 hrs ago
    Messiah - Jesus?
    1166 views · 4 hrs ago
    Monotheism vs Polytheism
    1545 views · 2 hrs ago
    Muhammad - Most Influential Man in History
    2491 views · 13 hrs ago
    Muhammad in Bible: He is is altogether lovely - Song 5:16
    4842 views · 11 hrs ago
    Muhammad in Bible: Kedar rejoice and Sela sing - Isaiah 41/42
    2708 views · 2 hrs ago
    Muhammad in Bible: Prophet like unto Moses - Deuteronomy 18:18
    7918 views · 6 hrs ago
    Muhammad in Bible: Select Verses
    3312 views · 8 mins ago
    New Age Movement and Alice Bailey
    821 views · 8 hrs ago
    Nicene Creed - Council of Nicaea 325 AD
    1077 views · 3 hrs ago
    Nicene Creed - Foundation of Christianity
    400 views · 19 hrs ago
    Noahide Laws
    848 views · 2 hrs ago
    Palestine and Creation of Israel in 1948
    1370 views · 9 hrs ago
    Paul - 50% of his Writings are Inauthentic Forgeries
    385 views · 5 hrs ago
    Paul vs James
    1323 views · 9 hrs ago
    Prophets - Sinful Beings in the OT Bible
    350 views · 56 mins ago
    Prophets of God
    42834 views · 6 hrs ago
    Prophets were Sinners?
    2582 views · 20 hrs ago
    Purpose of Life
    2838 views · 22 hrs ago
    Quran - 5 Recitations: Hafs, Warsh, Hisham, Qalun & Al-Duri
    445 views · 1 min ago
    Quran - A Mathematical Miracle
    5564 views · 59 mins ago
    Quran - Chapter & Verse Miracle
    427 views · 2 days ago
    Quran - Comparing Hafs & Warsh for 51 textual variants
    8455 views · 3 hrs ago
    Quran and Violence
    3332 views · 2 days ago
    Quran refers to Torah & Gospel
    468 views · 1 day ago
    Quran vs Science
    2514 views · 2 hrs ago
    Roman Calendar
    3259 views · 10 hrs ago
    Rome, Caesar & Emperors in the Bible
    515 views · 2 hrs ago
    Sin Atonement: Jesus Blood vs 21 Offerings
    37 views · 3 hrs ago
    Terrorism, the Risk to Americans
    459 views · 3 hrs ago
    The Lost Gospels
    3788 views · 10 mins ago
    The Prophets Prayer
    3147 views · 13 hrs ago
    Timeline of Bible
    306 views · 2 hrs ago
    Timeline of Church Councils
    315 views · 2 hrs ago
    Timeline of Muhammad
    391 views · 1 day ago
    Timeline of New Testament Bible
    368 views · 21 hrs ago
    Timeline of Old Testament Bible
    338 views · 3 hrs ago
    Timeline of Prophets
    1148 views · 2 mins ago
    Timeline of Quran
    550 views · 45 mins ago
    Timeline of Roman Empire
    338 views · 9 hrs ago
    Timeline of Trinity
    320 views · 2 hrs ago
    Torah - Did Moses Write It?
    570 views · 6 hrs ago
    Torah - Wellhausen/JEDP Theory
    773 views · 10 hrs ago
    Trinity - 13 Three God Pagan concepts
    1386 views · 7 hrs ago
    Trinity - 27 Attributes of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost
    1460 views · 1 hr ago
    Trinity - 4 Creeds: Apostles, Nicene, Athanasian to Chalcedon over 418 years
    1803 views · 1 day ago
    Trinity - Different Views
    1445 views · 10 mins ago
    Trinity - Three Are One
    2810 views · 16 hrs ago
    Trinity in the Bible
    1358 views · 6 hrs ago
    Wars - 67 Conflicts inspired by Christianity
    124 views · 2 hrs ago
    Wars - From Yinon, 9/11 to Springs, Invasions, ISIS & 6M Dead
    932 views · 10 mins ago
    Wars on Terror
    1445 views · 6 hrs ago
    Who did Abraham sacrifice?
    3007 views · 24 hrs ago
    Women in Religion
    3366 views · 1 day ago

    Submit Article

    Latest videos  •  3,944 videos  •  0 viewed/24 hour
    About Us  |  Help/FAQ  |  Contact Us    •    Terms  |  Privacy/Disclaimer
    Be Informed on Social :      Facebook Page  |    Twitter  |    Youtube is an educational website focused on the fundamental teachings of the 'Prophets of God': Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad, who established the Abrahamic faiths of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. explores contemporary social themes through Scripture, Evidences, Photo, Video, Maps, Current Affairs, Debate and 'alternative' Views held by Theologians, Apologists, Scholars and Street Preachers. Take a Site Tour

    In accordance with Islamic etiquette, all prophet names should be followed with 'Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH)'. This is omitted to minimise text.

    DISCLAIMER: All website content is for general information and educational purposes only. Whilst all information comes from sources believed to be reliable, this cannot be guaranteed. External links are provided as a convenience and for informational purposes only. They do not constitute endorsement or approval for any products, services or comments by organizations or individuals. External links text may be edited to improve internal site and keyword search options. We bear no responsibility for the accuracy, legality, or content found on any external website or its subsequent links. Unless indicated, all images and content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License distributed by Wikipedia, Wikimedia Commons, Pixabay, Pxhere, Pexels or Flickr. All Torah, Psalms, Old and New Testament Bible quotes are from the King James Version (KJV) Holy Bible in the public domain. All Quran quotes are from Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali/Muhsin Khan English Quran translation. You are invited to always conduct your own research. If you spot any mistake, error or omission of information, contact us so we can correct it.