The Codex Vaticanus is one of the oldest extant manuscripts of the Greek Bible (Old and New Testament).
The Codex is named after its place of conservation in the Vatican Library, where it has been kept since at least the 15th century. It is written on 759 leaves of vellum in uncial letters and has been dated palaeographically to the 4th century.
Most current scholars consider the Codex Vaticanus to be one of the best Greek texts of the New Testament. The most widely sold editions of the Greek New Testament are largely based on the text of the Codex Vaticanus.
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A codex is a book constructed of a number of sheets of paper, vellum, papyrus, or similar materials, with hand-written contents. The book is usually bound by stacking the pages and fixing one edge, and using a cover thicker than the sheets. The Romans developed the form from wooden writing tablets. The codex's gradual replacement of the scroll, the dominant book form in the ancient world has been called the most important advance in book making before the invention of printing. The codex transformed the shape of the book itself, and offered a form that lasted for centuries.
Further Reading: www.csntm.org/Manuscript/View/GA_03
WARNING: Before You Read The Torah, Bible, Quran etc.
All SCRIPTURE TEXT has Context and Background. Text should never be read literally or in isolation. Always seek clarification from religious scholars and teachers. In general, to study Text requires four principles:
1. Literal Meaning - What the Text says
2. Historical Setting - The story events; how the Text was understood in its time
3. Grammar - The surrounding sentence and paragraph; textual context
4. Synthesis - A comparison with similar Texts to give a better contextual understanding