Jesus - Resurrection in the Gospels  
The resurrection is the Christian belief that, after being put to death, Jesus rose again from the dead
In fact, the resurrection of Jesus is central to Christian theology. If Jesus was not 'Resurrected', Christianity would cease to exist. Paul confirms this fact in his writings:

And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins
1Corinthians 15:17

The table below compares Jesus' Resurrection narrative across the gospels of Mark, Matthew, Luke and John.

  Mark Matthew Luke John
Mark 16:1-8

Matthew 28:1-10

Luke 24:1-11

John 20:1-18

How was Jesus shrouded? 1 cloth 1 cloth 1 cloth 2+ cloths
John 20:5-7

Mary visits Tomb
Who went to the Tomb on Easter Sunday?
3 persons

Mary Magdalene, Salome and Mary
Mark 16:1

2 persons

Mary Magdalene and Mary
Matthew 28:1

5+ persons

Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary, 2 or more
Luke 24:10

1 person

Mary Magdalene
John 20:1

When did Mary go to the Tomb?
Early morning. At the rising of the sun
Mark 16:2

Before dawn
Matthew 28:1

Early dawn
Luke 24:1

Still dark
John 20:1

Was the Tomb open or closed?
Open Tomb

Mary finds stone rolled away from Tomb entrance
Mark 16:4

Closed Tomb

Mary is met by Angel who rolls away stone from Tomb and sits on it
Matthew 28:2

Open Tomb

Mary finds stone rolled away from Tomb entrance
Luke 24:2

Open Tomb

Mary finds stone rolled away from Tomb entrance
John 20:1

Did an earthquake occur? No mention According to Mary, a great earthquake occurs
Matthew 28:2

No mention No mention
Does Mary enter the Tomb? Mary enters Tomb to investigate
Mark 16:5

Mary does not enter Tomb until the angel invites her in
Matthew 28:6

Mary enters Tomb to find it empty
Luke 24:3

Mary runs back to tell Peter that someone has taken Jesus
John 20:2

When did Mary prepare the spices to anoint Jesus? After the Sabbath
Mark 16:1

No mention Before the Sabbath
Luke 23:56

Before the Sabbath (Nicodemus, not Mary)
John 19:39

Roman soldiers guard the Tomb No mention YES
Roman soldiers guarding tomb are terrified by angel's descent and 'become dead'
Matthew 28:4

No mention

(Luke had access to Matthew and would have known the story of the guards at the Tomb, Yet he does not include it in his gospel?)
No mention
Roman soldiers take bribe from Jewish priests No mention YES
Roman soldiers receive large sum of money to claim disciples stole Jesus during the night
Matthew 28:11

No mention No mention
Mary meets Messenger(s)
One young man wearing long white robe sitting on right
Mark 16:5

One angel in white descends from heaven
Matthew 28:3

Two men in shining garments
Luke 24:4

No angels on first visit.

Two angels are inside sepulchre on second visit
John 20:12

Messenger(s) position Sitting
Mark 16:5

Matthew 28:2

Luke 24:4

John 20:12

Messenger(s) location Inside Tomb
On the right side, inside the tomb
Mark 16:5

Outside Tomb
Then go inside and sits on the stone he rolled away from the Tomb
Matthew 28:2

Inside Tomb
Luke 24:4

Inside Tomb
One angel at the head and one at the feet
John 20:12

Where do Messenger(s) say Jesus will return? Jesus is risen
Go tell Peter and Jesus will appear in Galilee
Mark 16:6-7

Jesus is risen
Go tell disciples, Jesus is risen from dead and will appear in Galilee
Matthew 28:6-7

Jesus is risen
Go tell disciples
Son of Man was to be crucified and will rise on 3rd day.
Stay in Jerusalem
Luke 24:5-7

Luke 24:49

No mention of Jesus has risen or his return.

They ask Mary why she weeps and then Jesus appears
John 20:13

Mary meets Jesus
How does Mary react to seeing Jesus? Affrighted (fear, terrified)
Mark 16:5

Fear, then great joy
Matthew 28:8

Fear, so they bow their faces to earth
Luke 24:5

Weeps (no fear is mentioned)
John 20:11

Does Mary meet Jesus or the disciples first? Jesus first, then disciples
Mark 16:9

Jesus first, then disciples
Matthew 28:9

Disciples first
Luke 24:4-10

Mary revealed all to the disciples before meeting Jesus
Jesus first, then disciples
John 20:14

Does Mary tell the disciples anything? NO
Mary tells no one as she is too afraid
Mark 16:8

Matthew 28:8

Mary tells the disciples who at first, do not believe her
Luke 24:9

Mary tells the disciples, she has seen the Lord
John 20:18

Is Mary permitted to touch Jesus? No mention YES
Mary touches Jesus' feet and worships him
Matthew 28:9

Mary touches Jesus' hands and feet
Luke 24:39

Mary is told not to touch Jesus, as he is to ascend to the Father
John 20:17

To whom does Jesus make his first appearance? Only Mary Magdalene Mary Magdalene and Mary Cleopas and another Only Mary Magdalene
Where does Jesus appear? Unknown location, but occurs sometime after Mary fled the tomb.
Mark 16:8-9

On the way to Jerusalem, after leaving the tomb
Matthew 28:9

On the road to Emmaus
Luke 24:15

At the tomb
John 20:16

Who was Mary?
Who was Mary in the Bible? Based on Bible accounts, Mary was completely overcome with a serious illness, but the nature of the illness is unspecified; later writers linked Mary's illness, her 'demons', with her sexuality; and a few went further and even suggest a mental-disorder type illness; but Jesus healed her of all these.
How did Pope Gregory view Mary? In 591 AD, Pope Gregory "the Great" introduced the idea to the Roman Church that Mary Magdalene was so sinful that she was possessed by seven literal demons. The idea was that she was a harlot (prostitute or promiscuous woman) and the term Magdalene was closely related to a similar word that meant "one with plaited hair", a symbol of harlotry (prostitution)
Guide to the Gospels – H.P. Mansfield
Was Mary possesed of the devil? YES
Jesus had cast out seven devils from Mary
Mark 16:9

No mention YES
Jesus had been healed of evil spirits; from whom went seven devils
Luke 8:2

No mention
Was Mary present at the crucifixion? YES, FAR OFF

Mark 15:40


Matthew 27:56

Mary is not named; women are present
Luke 23:49


John 19:25

How disciples react
How do disciples react to Jesus' resurrection? They do not believe it

Mark 16:11

Some do not believe it. Others worship him

Matthew 28:17

They do not believe it. Seems like nonsense.

Luke 24:11

No mention
What disciples do after hearing Messenger(s) instructions Go to Galilee (90 miles)

Mark 16:7

Mark 16:6-7
Go to Galilee (90 miles)

Matthew 28:16

Matthew 28:10

Matthew 28:16-18 , we are told they see Jesus in Galilee, not in or near Jerusalem
Stay in Jerusalem to form the new Jerusalem church

Luke 24:49

Luke 24:33, 47, 49
Acts 1:4
No mention
Jesus' Appearance
3 appearances

2 appearances

2 appearances

4 appearances
Appearance 1 Mary Magdalene
After fleeing the tomb
Mark 16:9

Mary Magdalene and the other Mary.
Leaving the tomb, going to the disciples
Matthew 28:9

Cloepas and unknown follower
Luke 24:15

Mary Magdalene
At the tomb
John 20:14

Appearance 2 11 disciples
At a meal
Mark 16:14-18

11 disciples
Galilee mountain
Matthew 28:16-20

11 disciples
Luke 24:33-51

10 disciples
Jerusalem, behind closed doors
John 20:18-29

Which disciples went to the Tomb?     Peter only
Luke 24:12

Peter and John
John 20:2-8

Who did Jesus appear to first? 2 of them on the road, then to all 11 together
Mark 16:12-14

All 11 together
Matthew 28:17-18

2 of them on the road, then to all 11 together
Luke 24:13-31

To Peter, then the others
1Corinthians 15:5

To 10 of the 11 (minus Thomas) together
John 20:19-24

John 20:25-29

Ascension to Heaven? Jesus ascended to Heaven
Mark 16:14-19

  Jesus ascended to Heaven at Bethany after walking with the disciples some time
Luke 24:50-51

The disciples were at Mount Olivet, a days journey from Jerusalem, when the ascension occurred
Acts 1:9-12

Jesus appeared to the disciples three times near the Sea of Gallilee (Lake Tiberias)
John 21:1-14

Ascension witnessed by? Ascension occurred immediately after an appearance before the 11 disciples
Mark 16:14-19

  Jesus appeared to more than 500 witnesses before his ascent to heaven
1Corinthians 15:5-8

Appearance 3 Two strolling followers
As they walked to the country

Mark 16:12

No mention No mention 11 disciples
Jerusalem, behind closed doors
John 20:18-29

Appearance 4 No mention No mention No mention Peter, Thomas, the two sons of Zebedee (James and John), Nathanael and two other disciples.
The Sea of Tiberias
John 21:1-2

Appearances (according to Paul)
6 appearances
Cephas (Peter); 12 disciples; 500 people (not mentioned in other gospels!); James; all the apostles; and finally to Paul himself

1Corinthians 15:5-8

1Corinthians 16:12

10 hrs ago | 682 views   •   Author: Guest   •   Updated: 06 Oct 2017

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