Council of Nicaea 325 AD

nicaea christianity

At the Council Of Nicaea (325 AD), the Christian doctrine was democratically 'voted' on and Jesus' status was decided.

The Council of Nicaea was called by Emperor Constantine to bring together the main warring Christian factions led by Arius and Bishop Athanasius to finalize Orthodox Christan doctrine.


Arian Athanasian
Bishop Arius
250-336 AD

Bishop Arius was an proficient orator, writer, Christian presbyter of Libyan birth.
Bishop Athanasius
296-373 AD

Bishop Athanasius a reknowned Christian thologian, a Church Father and defender of Trinitarianism against Arianism. Egyptian of 4th century.
Agenda 1: Jesus' Nature (major)

The focus of the Council of Nicaea was the nature of the Son of God and his precise relationship to God the Father.

Arius said: A creation is less than its creator. The Son is less than the Father that 'begot' him. In the Beginning was the Creator God and the Son did not exist.
Arius, 4th CE, Alexandria
In a letter, Arius said: We are persecuted, because we say that the Son has a beginning, but that God is without beginning. This is the cause of our persecution, and likewise, because we say that he is of the non-existent. And this we say, because he is neither part of God, nor of any essential being.
Theodoret, Church History 1:4 (NPNF 3:41); NE 293/283


Jesus was divine because he had been created by God the Father before the world existed and Jesus was subordinate to God the Father.

  • Arius claimed, the Son (Jesus) was not to be identified with God himself but is the first and greatest of God's creatures.
  • Arius also affirmed that all of the rest of God's creation was made through the Son.
  • Since time is an aspect of the created universe, which was made through the Son, the latter existed before all time. But he is not eternal and 'before his generation he was not.'
  • Jesus was co-eternal (had always existed) and had absolute equality with God the Father.

  • Jesus and God the Father are of the same "substance" and "essence"
  • The terms "Jesus" and "God" were to be used in a synonymous and interchangeable way.
  • The full deity of Jesus to be maintained. The deity was one component of the Trinity which was resolved after 500-years of further controversy.
  • Agenda 2: 20 Canons (minor)
    Canon 1    PASSED
    On the admission, or support, or expulsion of clerics mutilated by choice or by violence.
    Canon 2    PASSED
    Rules to be observed for ordination, the avoidance of undue haste, the deposition of those guilty of a grave fault.
    Canon 3    PASSED
    All members of the clergy are forbidden to dwell with any woman, except a mother, sister, or aunt.
    Canon 4    PASSED
    Concerning episcopal elections.
    Canon 5    PASSED
    Concerning the excommunicate.
    Canon 6    PASSED
    Concerning patriarchs and their jurisdiction.
    Canon 7    PASSED
    Confirms the right of the bishops of Jerusalem to enjoy certain honours.
    Canon 8    PASSED
    Concerns the Novatians.
    Canon 9    PASSED
    Certain sins known after ordination involve invalidation.
    Canon 10    PASSED
    Lapsi who have been ordained knowingly or surreptitiously must be excluded as soon as their irregularity is known.
    Canon 11    PASSED
    Penance to be imposed on apostates of the persecution of Licinius.
    Canon 12    PASSED
    Penance to be imposed on those who upheld Licinius in his war on the Christians.
    Canon 13    PASSED
    Indulgence to be granted to excommunicated persons in danger of death.
    Canon 14    PASSED
    Penance to be imposed on catechumens who had weakened under persecution.
    Canon 15    PASSED
    Bishops, priests, and deacons are not to pass from one church to another.
    Canon 16    PASSED
    All clerics are forbidden to leave their church. Formal prohibition for bishops to ordain for their diocese a cleric belonging to another diocese.
    Canon 17:    PASSED
    Clerics are forbidden to lend at interest.
    Canon 18:    PASSED
    Recalls to deacons their subordinate position with regard to priests.
    Canon 19:    PASSED
    Rules to be observed with regard to adherents of Paul of Samosata who wished to return to the Church.
    Canon 20:    PASSED
    On Sundays and during the Paschal season prayers should be said standing.
    Who Voted?

    Emperor Constantine invited 2048 Bishops of the Christian church, but only 318 attended.

    Out of the 2048 Bishops invited, Constantine disqualified 1730 Bishops from voting due to their political views.

    Council of Nicaea critics argue the election was un-democratic, controlled and 'rigged'. It is not possible to verify the critics claim, as Emperor Constantine ordered the immediate destruction of the council minutes, records and texts.
    Voting Result
    Arius - LOST
    Received 2 votes

    Having lost the theological battle at Nicaea, Arius is exiled to Illyria (north of Greece on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea). 

    Today, the Arian position continues to be influential within the Eastern Mediterranean churches. 

    EMPEROR CONSTANTINE
    At the feet of Emperor Constantine: "Arian heretics condemned" and their books are burnt.
    MS CLXV, Biblioteca Capitolare, Vercelli, 9th century)
    Bishop Athanasius - WON
    Received 316 votes

    The Christian doctrine that Jesus and the Father were of the same substance, was adopted. Athanasius become Bishop of Alexandria, a very influential post.

    Today, the Western branches of the church lean toward Athanasius' position.
    Nicene Creed
    After a long and bitter debate at the Council of Nicaea, Bishop Athanasius prevailed and was adopted by the council with a written Nicene Creed.

    The Nicene Creed
    "We believe in one God the Father All-Sovereign, maker of all things visible and invisible;

    "And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, begotten of the Father, only-begotten, that is, of the substance of the Father, God of God, Light of Light, true God of true God, begotten, not made, of one substance with the Father, through whom all things were made, things in heaven and on earth; who for us men and for our salvation came down and was made flesh, and became man, suffered, and rose on the third day, ascended into the heavens, is coming to judge living and dead.

    "And (we believe) in the Holy Spirit.

    "But those who say, 'There was (a time) when he (Jesus) was not (in existence),' and 'Before he (Jesus) was begotten he was not (in existence),' or that 'He (Jesus) came into being from what-is-not,' or those that allege, that the Son of God is 'Of a different substance or essence' or 'created' or 'changeable' or 'alterable,' these the Catholic and Apostolic Church anathematizes (condemns)."


    CREDIT
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arius
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Council_of_Nicaea
    http://www.debate.org.uk/debate-topics/theological/council_nicaea
    http://www.jesusneverexisted.com/arianism.html
      Share Article if you found it useful
    3082 views · 13 hrs ago |   Author: Guest   •   Updated: 11 Jun 2019
    ALL ARTICLES ARE INTENDED FOR GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY. ALL INFORMATION IS BELIEVED TO BE CORRECT, ACCURATE AND TRUTHFUL. YOU ARE ADVISED TO DO YOUR OWN RESEARCH. ARTICLES ARE LIVE DOCUMENTS AND MAY BE UPDATED WITH NEW CONTENT AT ANY TIME. WHERE AVAILABLE, SOURCES AND REFERENCES ARE CREDITED. IF YOU SPOT ANY ERRORS, OMISSIONS OR GIVE FEEDBACK KINDLY CONTACT US WITH DETAILS
    47-council-of-nicaea

    30  Videos with 'Nicaea'
    Video: 9:30
    2308 views · 1 day ago | 5 years ago
    1 of 30   
    Video: 8:06
    1885 views · 3 hrs ago | 4 years ago
    2 of 30   
    Video: 1:04:32
    1993 views · 5 hrs ago | 4 years ago
    3 of 30   
    Video: 11:24
    2018 views · 1 day ago | 4 years ago
    4 of 30   
    Video: 51:30
    6285 views · 26 mins ago | 4 years ago
    5 of 30   
    Video: 4:46
    1715 views · 5 hrs ago | 4 years ago
    6 of 30   
    Video: 32:34
    2653 views · 17 hrs ago | 4 years ago
    7 of 30   
    Video: 27:05
    1814 views · 1 hr ago | 4 years ago
    8 of 30   
    Video: 55:53
    2721 views · 11 hrs ago | 4 years ago
    9 of 30   
    Video: 6:10
    3062 views · 10 hrs ago | 4 years ago
    10 of 30   
    Video: 50:14
    1951 views · 58 mins ago | 3 years ago
    11 of 30   
    Video: 1:51
    3616 views · 2 days ago | 3 years ago
    12 of 30   
    Video: 2:10
    1904 views · 1 day ago | 3 years ago
    13 of 30   
    Video: 2:00
    1659 views · 1 day ago | 3 years ago
    14 of 30   
    Video: 1:52
    1096 views · 4 hrs ago | 3 years ago
    15 of 30   
    Video: 1:48
    2037 views · 33 mins ago | 3 years ago
    16 of 30   
    Video: 1:46
    1358 views · 15 hrs ago | 3 years ago
    17 of 30   
    Video: 0:56
    1715 views · 1 day ago | 3 years ago
    18 of 30   
    Video: 1:50
    1828 views · 21 hrs ago | 3 years ago
    19 of 30   
    Video: 5:56
    1733 views · 1 day ago | 3 years ago
    20 of 30   
    Video: 1:02:30
    1718 views · 4 hrs ago | 3 years ago
    21 of 30   
    Video: 1:06:39
    1333 views · 8 hrs ago | 3 years ago
    22 of 30   
    Video: 9:15
    1526 views · 8 hrs ago | 3 years ago
    23 of 30   
    Video: 18:25
    1582 views · 11 hrs ago | 3 years ago
    24 of 30   
    Video: 5:21
    1914 views · 13 hrs ago | 3 years ago
    25 of 30   
    Video: 12:38
    2908 views · 12 hrs ago | 2 years ago
    26 of 30   
    Video: 1:00:25
    1243 views · 18 hrs ago | 2 years ago
    27 of 30   
    Video: 3:04
    1288 views · 8 hrs ago | 2 years ago
    28 of 30   
    Video: 2:14
    1836 views · 10 hrs ago | 2 years ago
    29 of 30   
    Video: 4:24
    1240 views · 4 hrs ago | 2 years ago
    30 of 30   


    News on 'Council of nicaea'

    Results: 2 News Items
    Displayed in Date Order (most recent first)
    1.   The Messed Up Truth of The Council Of Nicaea - Grunge
    Published: 15 Sep 2020   |   101 views · 5 hrs ago
    Watch Video 
    NAVIGATE ARTICLES
    ORDER: Article Title A-Z
    Articles
    All Articles (154)
    10 Commandments - Bible vs Quran
    12559 views · 1 hr ago
    10 Commandments - Christian vs Muslim
    5849 views · 53 mins ago
    10 Red Heifers (Cows)
    4657 views · 40 mins ago
    5 reasons Abraham sacrificed Ishmael
    5642 views · 3 hrs ago
    Abrahamic Religions
    10161 views · 27 mins ago
    Angels - 41 Angels from the Abrahamic Religions
    8532 views · 1 hr ago
    Are you a Muslim?
    34431 views · 8 hrs ago
    Arius vs Bishop Athanasius
    8628 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible - 12% of New Testament copied from Old Testament
    5074 views · 2 hrs ago
    Bible - 18 Ego Eimi (I AM) statements, like John 8:58
    7545 views · 9 mins ago
    Bible - 27 Verses on Yahweh, Elohim(s) and The Gods
    7242 views · 10 mins ago
    Bible - 400 NT Jesus Prophecies copied from OT
    2831 views · 57 mins ago
    Bible - 75 Verses on drinking Wine & Alcohol
    7272 views · 12 hrs ago
    Bible - Exodus 3:14 Translations
    4679 views · 1 hr ago
    Bible - King James (KJV) & 37 'Disputed' Verses
    2848 views · 3 mins ago
    Bible - Lost Books of the Bible
    3832 views · 20 hrs ago
    Bible - Mark 16:9-20 Text Analysis
    3635 views · 53 mins ago
    Bible - Matthew 28:19: Greek vs Hebrew
    9141 views · 2 hrs ago
    Bible - Pagan Texts in the Bible
    3326 views · 23 mins ago
    Bible - Revelation, A Forgery
    3526 views · 43 mins ago
    Bible - Scholars on John's Gospel
    3012 views · 2 hrs ago
    Bible - The Synoptic Problem
    3701 views · 45 mins ago
    Bible - Violence & Killings
    3363 views · 2 hrs ago
    Bible Authors: Who Wrote It?
    3336 views · 8 mins ago
    Bible Errors - 672 Variants
    3445 views · 5 hrs ago
    Bible History - KJV vs NIV
    3825 views · 2 hrs ago
    Bible NT - 55% of New Testament Papyrus contain under 3% of Biblical Text
    2212 views · 7 hrs ago
    Bible NT - Codex Sinaiticus exposes 312 year gap since Jesus crucifixion
    2968 views · 24 mins ago
    Bible NT Canons - Church Fathers, Councils & Apocrypha
    2287 views · 10 mins ago
    Bible OT - Dead Sea Scrolls expose a 1303 year gap since Moses life
    2333 views · 16 hrs ago
    Bible OT Canons - Church Fathers, Councils & Apocrypha
    1778 views · 18 hrs ago
    Bible Verses - KJV vs NIV
    5104 views · 3 hrs ago
    Blasphemy Laws in 35 Christian Countries
    1781 views · 52 mins ago
    Book Burnings in Roman, Catholic and Protestant society
    3323 views · 5 hrs ago
    Catholic vs Protestant - Bible
    3617 views · 5 hrs ago
    Catholic vs Protestant - Christianity
    3836 views · 23 mins ago
    Child Abuse & Grooming Gangs (UK)
    2056 views · 58 mins ago
    Child Abuse, Sexual Crimes & Prison Figures (UK)
    2357 views · 11 hrs ago
    Child Marriage - Muhammad married 9-year old Aisha
    7898 views · 2 hrs ago
    Christian Heresies
    2875 views · 4 hrs ago
    Christian: 28 Heretical Sects
    4074 views · 1 hr ago
    Christian: 32 Church Denominations
    1914 views · 8 hrs ago
    Christianity: Founded by Paul on Road to Damascus, Syria
    2487 views · 13 hrs ago
    Church Councils
    2637 views · 1 day ago
    Church Fathers - Quotes from 18 Men of God
    3009 views · 1 hr ago
    Church Fathers on Jesus Divinity
    3483 views · 14 hrs ago
    Codex Sinaiticus & Vaticanus - Corruption in the KJV Bible books
    6155 views · 12 mins ago
    Codex Sinaiticus & Vaticanus - Corruption in the KJV Bible verses
    4500 views · 7 mins ago
    Constantine and Christianity
    5269 views · 19 hrs ago
    Constantine, Nicaea and History
    3535 views · 38 mins ago
    Council of Nicaea 325 AD
    3082 views · 13 hrs ago
    COVID deaths vs Other Causes
    823 views · 29 mins ago
    COVID: 7 Medical Studies on why Face Masks fail
    712 views · 5 hrs ago
    COVID: Lockdowns & Contact Tracing in 78 Countries
    1578 views · 7 hrs ago
    COVID: Monthly UK deaths compared over 5 Years (2015-20)
    696 views · 1 day ago
    COVID: Weekly UK deaths compared over 5-Years (2015-20)
    703 views · 1 day ago
    Did Jesus pray to God or Allah?
    9344 views · 29 mins ago
    God (Allah) - His Names & Attributes
    6760 views · 1 hr ago
    God vs Allah
    4907 views · 1 hr ago
    God, Evidence For
    2518 views · 8 mins ago
    Gods & Roman Emperors
    1852 views · 1 day ago
    Gods - 6 Dying & Rising Mythical Gods
    4183 views · 25 mins ago
    Gods - 60 Pagan deities in the Bible
    12267 views · 14 mins ago
    How do Muslims pray?
    6225 views · 5 hrs ago
    Ishmael and Isaac in Bible and Quran
    7946 views · 12 hrs ago
    Islam: Biggest Threat to Europe?
    1536 views · 26 mins ago
    Islamic Countries. Who are they?
    1668 views · 14 hrs ago
    Jesus - 91% chance he was a fictitous Mythical-Hero (Raglan Scale)
    2223 views · 1 day ago
    Jesus - 17 'Crucified' Savior Gods
    2375 views · 54 mins ago
    Jesus - Crucifixion in the Gospels
    3183 views · 3 mins ago
    Jesus - Crucifixion Timing
    3221 views · 33 mins ago
    Jesus - God of 99 Faces
    6171 views · 11 hrs ago
    Jesus - God with No Face
    1684 views · 15 hrs ago
    Jesus - Resurrection in the Gospels
    2773 views · 2 days ago
    Jesus - Resurrection Theories
    2992 views · 49 mins ago
    Jesus - Sons of God
    5295 views · 36 mins ago
    Jesus and the 12 Disciples
    6792 views · 3 hrs ago
    Jesus in the Quran
    3446 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus on the Cross or Tree?
    5990 views · 7 hrs ago
    Jesus the God
    5513 views · 1 day ago
    Jesus the Jewish Prophet
    4469 views · 1 day ago
    Jesus the Muslim
    4129 views · 11 hrs ago
    Jesus the Son of God
    2665 views · 12 hrs ago
    Jesus the Sun-God over 12 Zodiac Star Gods
    14092 views · 27 mins ago
    Jesus vs Isaac - The Sacrifice
    5091 views · 9 hrs ago
    Jesus vs Jonah & Whale
    4110 views · 17 hrs ago
    Jesus vs Krishna
    6391 views · 6 hrs ago
    Jesus vs Paul
    5548 views · 3 days ago
    Jesus vs Romulus - 50 Reasons both are Mythical Gods
    4278 views · 1 hr ago
    Jesus vs Zeus
    16677 views · 22 mins ago
    Jesus was 30, 40 or 50 years old?
    5024 views · 9 hrs ago
    Jesus, 12 Disciples and Paul Interview
    3591 views · 3 hrs ago
    Jesus, from Iesous and Yeshua
    5308 views · 46 mins ago
    Jesus, Serapis & 7 Pagan Gods
    16656 views · 12 mins ago
    Jewish Laws & Rituals
    2236 views · 1 day ago
    Judaism - Maimonides 13 Principles of Jewish Belief
    4446 views · 7 hrs ago
    Mark, Matthew, Luke and John
    5794 views · 12 hrs ago
    Messiah - His Aims & Objectives
    2263 views · 6 hrs ago
    Messiah - Jesus?
    2791 views · 9 hrs ago
    Monotheism vs Polytheism
    3180 views · 11 mins ago
    Muhammad - Most Influential Man in History
    4448 views · 19 hrs ago
    Muhammad in Bible: He is is altogether lovely - Song 5:16
    9420 views · 1 min ago
    Muhammad in Bible: Kedar rejoice and Sela sing - Isaiah 41/42
    10277 views · 20 mins ago
    Muhammad in Bible: Prophet like unto Moses - Deuteronomy 18:18
    13881 views · 19 mins ago
    Muhammad in Bible: Select Verses
    5975 views · 8 hrs ago
    New Age - Alice Bailey's 10 Point Charter
    6328 views · 1 hr ago
    Nicene Creed - Council of Nicaea 325 AD
    3576 views · 7 mins ago
    Nicene Creed - Foundation of Christianity
    2117 views · 3 mins ago
    Noahide Laws
    3421 views · 1 hr ago
    Palestine and Creation of Israel in 1948
    4134 views · 1 day ago
    Paul - 50% of his Writings are Inauthentic Forgeries
    2305 views · 1 hr ago
    Paul copied 152 Old Testament verses
    1491 views · 59 mins ago
    Paul vs James
    3303 views · 1 hr ago
    Prophets - Sinful Beings in the OT Bible
    1928 views · 30 mins ago
    Prophets of God
    45350 views · 56 mins ago
    Prophets were Sinners?
    5753 views · 3 hrs ago
    Purpose of Life
    4119 views · 9 hrs ago
    Quran - 5 Recitations: Hafs, Warsh, Hisham, Qalun & Al-Duri
    5567 views · 21 mins ago
    Quran - A Mathematical Miracle
    10019 views · 1 hr ago
    Quran - Chapter & Verse Miracle
    2540 views · 5 hrs ago
    Quran - Comparing Hafs & Warsh for 51 textual variants
    26944 views · 2 hrs ago
    Quran and Violence
    4995 views · 6 mins ago
    Quran refers to Torah & Gospel
    5208 views · 11 hrs ago
    Quran vs Science
    4318 views · 9 hrs ago
    Roman Calendar
    5283 views · 3 hrs ago
    Roman Emperors in Bible
    809 views · 2 days ago
    Rome, Caesar & Emperors in the Bible
    2332 views · 38 mins ago
    Sin Atonement: Jesus Blood vs 21 Offerings
    1004 views · 2 days ago
    Terrorism, the Risk to Americans
    1795 views · 2 days ago
    The Lost Gospels
    5633 views · 22 hrs ago
    The Prophets Prayer
    4666 views · 51 mins ago
    Timeline of Bible
    2249 views · 34 mins ago
    Timeline of Church Councils
    2616 views · 16 hrs ago
    Timeline of Muhammad
    2434 views · 1 day ago
    Timeline of New Testament Bible
    2973 views · 47 mins ago
    Timeline of Old Testament Bible
    2919 views · 2 hrs ago
    Timeline of Prophets
    15134 views · 22 mins ago
    Timeline of Quran
    6565 views · 47 mins ago
    Timeline of Roman Empire
    2291 views · 5 hrs ago
    Timeline of Trinity
    2705 views · 9 hrs ago
    Torah - Did Moses Write It?
    3436 views · 9 hrs ago
    Torah - Wellhausen/JEDP Theory
    3655 views · 32 mins ago
    Trinity - 13 Three God Pagan concepts
    4196 views · 5 hrs ago
    Trinity - 27 Attributes of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost
    7216 views · 2 mins ago
    Trinity - 4 Creeds: Apostles, Nicene, Athanasian to Chalcedon over 418 years
    5051 views · 14 mins ago
    Trinity - Different Views
    3770 views · 14 mins ago
    Trinity - Three Are One
    4434 views · 20 hrs ago
    Trinity in the Bible
    2964 views · 2 days ago
    UN Agenda 21/2030: 17 Sustainable Goals of the New World Order
    714 views · 23 hrs ago
    War - 46 Major Conflicts ranked by Religion
    3548 views · 1 day ago
    War - 67 Bloody Christian Conflicts
    1650 views · 9 hrs ago
    War - From Yinon, 9/11 to Springs, Invasions, ISIS & 6M Dead
    3923 views · 1 hr ago
    What does LGBTQ+ mean?
    1651 views · 7 mins ago
    Women in Religion
    4729 views · 11 hrs ago

    Submit Article


    Latest videos  •  5,889 videos  •  0 viewed/24 hour

    SCRIPTURE

    Torah 5   BOOKS
    Psalms 1   BOOK
    Old Testament 32   BOOKS
    New Testament 27   BOOKS
    Apocrypha 1885 14   BOOKS
    Gospels/Texts 367   BOOKS
    Codex 120   BOOKS
    Quran 1   BOOK
    Hadith 10   BOOKS
    SCRIPTURES   580

    NEWS

    0 viewed · 24 hour
      COVID-19 Testing & Tracing Action Plan - Rockefeller Foundation
    1354 views · 19 mins ago · 01 Jul
    Covid Crisis: Australians returning from India may be jailed for 5 [...] - The Guardian
    391 views · 28 mins ago · 01 May
    Coronavirus: Abu Dhabi police urge reports of illegal Ramadhan [...] - The National
    427 views · 5 mins ago · 25 Apr
    Upto 5-years jail for anyone who transmits COVID in public in Saudi [...] - Arab News
    510 views · 6 mins ago · 25 Apr
    Pakistan targets 30% Electric Vehicle adoption by 2030 in Climate [...] - Newsweek
    365 views · 37 secs ago · 23 Apr
    European Commission Introduces EU-Wide COVID Passports - Technocracy
    405 views · 1 hr ago · 23 Apr
    NEWS   1,562
    About Us  |  Help/FAQ  |  Contact Us    •    Terms  |  Privacy/Disclaimer
    Be Informed on Social :      Facebook Page  |    Twitter  |    Youtube
    MuslimProphets.com is an educational website on the Prophets of God: Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad, who established the Abrahamic faiths of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. MuslimProphets.com explores contemporary social themes through Scripture, Evidences, Photo, Video, Maps, Current Affairs, Debate and 'alternative' Views held by Theologians, Apologists, Scholars and Street Preachers. Take a Site Tour

    In accordance with Islamic etiquette, all prophet names should be followed with 'Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH)'. This is omitted to minimise text.

    DISCLAIMER: All website content is for general information and educational purposes only and available in the public domain. Whilst all information comes from sources believed to be reliable, this cannot be guaranteed. External links are provided as a convenience and for informational purposes only. They do not constitute endorsement or approval for any products, services or comments by organizations or individuals. External links text may be edited to improve internal site and keyword search options. We bear no responsibility for the accuracy, legality, or content found on any external website or its subsequent links. Unless indicated, all images and content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License distributed by Wikipedia, Wikimedia Commons, Pixabay, Pxhere, Pexels, Unsplash or Flickr. All Torah, Psalms, Old and New Testament Bible quotes are from the King James Version (KJV) Holy Bible in the public domain. All Quran quotes are from Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali/Muhsin Khan English Quran translation. You are invited to always conduct your own research. If you spot any mistake, error or omission of information, contact us so we can correct it.
    Clustrmaps