1 Peter  


1 Peter is a letter from Peter to the believers who had been dispersed throughout the ancient world and were under intense persecution.

If anyone understood persecution, it was Peter. He was beaten, threatened, punished and jailed for preaching the Word of God. He knew what it took to endure without bitterness, without losing hope and living an obedient, victorious life. This knowledge of living hope in Jesus was the message.
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Authorship: (Assumed)Peter
Year Written: (Assumed)90-95 AD
Manuscript: (Earliest Available)300 AD - Fragment - Papyrus(24,81,72)
Scripture Type:Letters - Other
An epistle (or letter) is a writing directed or sent to a person or group of people, usually an elegant and formal didactic letter. Other epistles are known as catholic (or general) epistles.
Further Reading: earlychristianwritings.com/text/1peter.html
earlychristianwritings.com/1peter.html
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   VIDEO (3) | 1 PETER
BIBLE CANONS (5) | 1 PETER
BIBLE CANON
A list of Texts a particular religious community regard as authoritative scripture
YEAR
1 Marcion Canon
Marcionism was a religious movement based on the teachings of the 2nd-century Marcion of Sinope. Marcions Canon lists 14 books out of the 27 books in the New Testament. More specifically, these were Luke and Paul's 13 writings. Marcion even rejected the entire Old Testament of 39 books.

bible.ca/marcion

1 Peter was Rejected (0%) by Marcion Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

140 AD

2 Muratorian Canon
The Muratorian Canon is an ancient list of New Testament books - the oldest such list we have found and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

It is noteworthy that the Muratorian Canon omits several epistles that later did win acceptance in the Christian New Testament such as the books of James and 2 Peter.

gotquestions.org/muratorian

1 Peter was Rejected (0%) by Muratorian Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

170 AD

3 Apostolic Canon
Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons

1 Peter was Fully Accepted (100%) by Apostolic Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

300 AD

4 Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
The Cheltenham or Mommsen List is a Latin manuscript discovered by the German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen (published 1886) which probably originated in North Africa in the 4th century.

It has 24-book Old Testament and 24-book New Testament which omits Jude and James, and perhaps Hebrews, and questions the epistles of John and Peter.

bible-researcher.com/cheltenham

1 Peter was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

360 AD

5 Council of Rome
The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, bishop of Rome.

According to a document appended to some manuscripts, the Council of Rome affirmed the authority of the Old and New Testament canon in a decretal or damasine list.

1 Peter was Fully Accepted (100%) by Council of Rome
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

382 AD

Bible Canon
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'

367 AD

CHURCH FATHERS (17) | 1 PETER
CHURCH FATHER
Ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, eminent teachers and great bishops
YEAR
1 Clement of Rome

1 Peter was Rejected (0%) by Clement of Rome
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

97 AD

2 Ignatius of Antioch

1 Peter was Rejected (0%) by Ignatius of Antioch
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

110 AD

3 Barnabas

1 Peter was Approved (75%) by Barnabas
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)

130 AD

4 Hermas

1 Peter was Approved (75%) by Hermas
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)

140 AD

5 Papias of Hierapolis

1 Peter was Rejected (0%) by Papias of Hierapolis
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

140 AD

6 Polycarp

1 Peter was Approved (75%) by Polycarp
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)

150 AD

7 Didache

1 Peter was Rejected (0%) by Didache
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

150 AD

8 Diognetus

1 Peter was Rejected (0%) by Diognetus
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)

150 AD

9 Justin Martyr

1 Peter was Approved (75%) by Justin Martyr
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)

155 AD

10 Irenaeous

1 Peter was Fully Accepted (100%) by Irenaeous
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

202 AD

11 Clement of Alexandria

1 Peter was Fully Accepted (100%) by Clement of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

215 AD

12 Tertullian

1 Peter was Approved (75%) by Tertullian
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)

220 AD

13 Origen

1 Peter was Fully Accepted (100%) by Origen
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

254 AD

14 Eusebius of Caesarea

1 Peter was Fully Accepted (100%) by Eusebius of Caesarea
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

340 AD

15 Athanasius of Alexandria

1 Peter was Fully Accepted (100%) by Athanasius of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

367 AD

16 Cyril of Jerusalem

1 Peter was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cyril of Jerusalem
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

386 AD

17 Augustine of Hippo

1 Peter was Fully Accepted (100%) by Augustine of Hippo
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)

400 AD

Bible Canon
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'

367 AD

TEXTUAL CRITICISM | 1 PETER
Textual Criticism
SCRIPTURE TEXT (25) | 1 PETER
1 Peter   |   Chapter: 1   |   Verses: 25
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5
1 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.
2 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
3 To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,
4 Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
5 Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations:
6 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:
7 Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:
8 Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls.
9 Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you:
10 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.
11 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.
12 Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ;
13 As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance:
14 But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation;
15 Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.
16 And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning here in fear:
17 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers;
18 But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:
19 Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,
20 Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.
21 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervently:
22 Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.
23 For all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away:
24 But the word of the Lord endureth for ever. And this is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you.
1 Peter   |   Chapter: 1   |   Verses: 25
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5


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