Bible vs Quran - Covenant

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Comparison of Old and New Covenants

The covenant is .... (the law established by god on the people???)

The table below compares the covenants made of the people of their time.

Old Covenant

New Covenant

Islam Covenant

1

When established
at Exodusat crucifixion islam

1

Parties: God and
national Israel (Ex. 19-24)Christians (Luke 22:20; John 3:16-21)islam

1

People redeemed from bondage
in Egypt (Ex. 20:2)in sin (Heb. 9:15)islam

1

Mediator of the covenant
Moses (Ex. 20:18-19; Heb. 9:19-20)Jesus Christ (Heb. 8:6; 9:15; 12:24)islam

1

Ratified by blood of
animals (Ex. 24:8; Heb. 9:19-20) Jesus Christ (Matt. 26:28; Rom. 3:25)islam

1

Promises offered
prosperity, national security, become God's treasured nation (Ex. 19:5; Lev. 26) eternal life (John 3:16), children of God (Rom. 8:14-17, 29), know God, law in heart, forgiveness (Heb. 8:10-12), with God forever (Rev. 21:3-7)islam

1

Initiation sign of the covenant
circumcision (Gen. 17:11; Ex. 12:48-49; John 7:22-23) conversion of the heart (Matt. 5:8; Acts 15:8; Rom. 2:28-29)islam

1

Continuing sign of the covenant
observance of the Sabbaths (Ex. 31:16-17; Ezek. 20:12) new life of faith in Christ (Eph. 2:4-10; 4:17; 5:1-2)islam

1

Obligations
obedience to the law that was given through Moses (Ex. 24:3; Lev. 26; Deut. 28) be perfect (Matt. 5:48), believe, obey Christ (Gal. 6:2; 1 John 3:23-24; Rom. 12:1; 2 Cor. 10:5)islam

1

Duration of the covenant
during time of national Israel, temple and Levites (Heb. 8:13) eternity (John 5:24; 6:54-58; Heb. 9:15; 12:22-28; Rev. 21:3-7)islam

1

Priesthood
Aaron and sons (Ex. 29:9; Lev. 8) Jesus Christ (Heb. 4:14-16; 5:5-6), believers (1 Pet. 2:5, 9)islam

1

High Priest entered presence of God
symbolically once a year on the Day of Atonement after offering the required blood sacrifices (Lev. 16; Heb. 9:7) sat down at God's right hand forever, after offering his own blood for all (Heb. 7:20-8:2; 9:11-14)islam

1

Holy place where God can be worshiped
tabernacle in wilderness (Deut. 12), temple in Jerusalem (1 Kings 8:29-30) temple of the Spirit (1 Cor. 3:16), wherever believers are (John 4:21-24; Matt. 18:20)islam

1

Commemorations
weekly Sabbath (Ex. 20:8-11, Deut. 5:12-15) and seasonal festivals (Lev. 23) Lord's Supper (Luke 22:19-20; Cor. 11:26-28)islam

1

Sacrifices
continual offering of animals and food offerings (Lev. 1-7; Heb. 10:1) as a reminder of sins (Heb. 10:30) Christ's one sacrifice (Heb. 9:26-28; 10:12) forgave sins, perfects the worshipper, clears conscience (Heb. 8:12; 10:1-2, 22); Christian's life of service is to be a living sacrifice (Rom. 12:1)islam

1

Law
Ten Commandments (Ex. 20; Deut. 5) and 603 additional laws governing moral, civil and religious affairs, fulfilled by adherence to the letter of numerous rules (Ex., Lev., Deut.) Sermon on the Mount reveals Christian attitude and way of thinking (Matt. 5-7), law of Christ fulfilled by loving God and humans (John 13:34-35; Rom. 3:8-10; Gal. 5:14; 6:2; 1 John 2:3-6; 3:7-10, 21-24)islam
Original sin      

1

Contrast
the letter kills (Rom. 4:14-15; 2 Cor. 3:6), slavery (Gal. 4:24-25; 5:1) The Spirit gives life (John 6:63; 2 Cor. 3:6), freedom (Gal. 4:26; 5:1)islam

1

Main feature
the law was a shadow of the good things to come (Heb. 10:1) Jesus Christ, God in the flesh (Isa. 42:1-7; 49:5-13; Heb. 1; 9:11-15; 10:5-10)islam

1

Contact with God
through priesthood (Lev. 1-7) individual comes to God's throne (Heb. 4:16)islam
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