1 John 4  

John's purpose is not to present a chronological narrative of the life of Jesus, but to display his deity.

John was not only seeking to strengthen the faith of second-generation believers and bring about faith in others, but he also sought to correct a false teaching that was spreading.

John emphasized Jesus Christ as "the Son of God", fully God and fully man, contrary to the doctrine which saw the Christ-spirit as coming upon the human Jesus at His baptism and leaving him at the crucifixion.
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Authorship: (Assumed)
Julius Calpurnius Piso, son of Arrius Calpurnius Piso (circa 110-115 AD)

The True Authorship of the New Testament, by Abelard Reuchlin 1986
[source]
Year Written: (Assumed)
90-110 AD
Manuscript: (Earliest Available)
250 AD - Fragment - Papyrus(9)
Scripture Type:
Letters - Other
An epistle (or letter) is a writing directed or sent to a person or group of people, usually an elegant and formal didactic letter. Other epistles are known as catholic (or general) epistles.
Further Reading:
earlychristianwritings.com/text/1john.html
earlychristianwritings.com/1john.html
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   VIDEO (83 ) | 1 JOHN
BIBLE CANONS (5) | 1 JOHN
BIBLE CANON
A list of Texts a particular religious community regard as authoritative scripture
1 Marcion Canon (140 AD)
Marcionism was a religious movement based on the teachings of the 2nd-century Marcion of Sinope. Marcions Canon lists 14 books out of the 27 books in the New Testament. More specifically, these were Luke and Paul's 13 writings. Marcion even rejected the entire Old Testament of 39 books.

bible.ca/marcion

1 John was Rejected (0%) by Marcion Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2 Muratorian Canon (170 AD)
The Muratorian Canon is an ancient list of New Testament books - the oldest such list we have found and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

It is noteworthy that the Muratorian Canon omits several epistles that later did win acceptance in the Christian New Testament such as the books of James and 2 Peter.

gotquestions.org/muratorian

1 John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Muratorian Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
3 Apostolic Canon (300 AD)
Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons

1 John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Apostolic Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
4 Cheltenham/ Mommsen List (360 AD)
The Cheltenham or Mommsen List is a Latin manuscript discovered by the German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen (published 1886) which probably originated in North Africa in the 4th century.

It has 24-book Old Testament and 24-book New Testament which omits Jude and James, and perhaps Hebrews, and questions the epistles of John and Peter.

bible-researcher.com/cheltenham

1 John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
5 Council of Rome (382 AD)
The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, bishop of Rome.

According to a document appended to some manuscripts, the Council of Rome affirmed the authority of the Old and New Testament canon in a decretal or damasine list.

1 John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Council of Rome
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
CHURCH FATHERS (17) | 1 JOHN
CHURCH FATHER
Ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, eminent teachers and great bishops
1 Clement of Rome (97 AD)

1 John was Rejected (0%) by Clement of Rome
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2 Ignatius of Antioch (110 AD)

1 John was Rejected (0%) by Ignatius of Antioch
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
3 Barnabas (130 AD)

1 John was Rejected (0%) by Barnabas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
4 Hermas (140 AD)

1 John was Approved (75%) by Hermas
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
5 Papias of Hierapolis (140 AD)

1 John was Rejected (0%) by Papias of Hierapolis
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
6 Polycarp (150 AD)

1 John was Approved (75%) by Polycarp
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
7 Didache (150 AD)

1 John was Rejected (0%) by Didache
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
8 Diognetus (150 AD)

1 John was Rejected (0%) by Diognetus
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
9 Justin Martyr (155 AD)

1 John was Rejected (0%) by Justin Martyr
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
10 Irenaeous (202 AD)

1 John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Irenaeous
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
11 Clement of Alexandria (215 AD)

1 John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Clement of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
12 Tertullian (220 AD)

1 John was Approved (75%) by Tertullian
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
13 Origen (254 AD)

1 John was Rejected (0%) by Origen
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
14 Eusebius of Caesarea (340 AD)

1 John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Eusebius of Caesarea
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
15 Athanasius of Alexandria (367 AD)

1 John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Athanasius of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
16 Cyril of Jerusalem (386 AD)

1 John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cyril of Jerusalem
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
17 Augustine of Hippo (400 AD)

1 John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Augustine of Hippo
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
TEXTUAL CRITICISM | 1 JOHN
Textual Criticism
SCRIPTURE TEXT (21) | 1 JOHN
1 John   |   Chapter: 4   |   Verses: 21
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5
1 Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God:
2 And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.
3 Ye are of God, little children, and have overcome them: because greater is he that is in you, than he that is in the world.
4 They are of the world: therefore speak they of the world, and the world heareth them.
5 We are of God: he that knoweth God heareth us; he that is not of God heareth not us. Hereby know we the spirit of truth, and the spirit of error.
6 Beloved, let us love one another: for love is of God; and every one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God.
7 He that loveth not knoweth not God; for God is love.
8 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.
9 Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins.
10 Beloved, if God so loved us, we ought also to love one another.
11 No man hath seen God at any time. If we love one another, God dwelleth in us, and his love is perfected in us.
12 Hereby know we that we dwell in him, and he in us, because he hath given us of his Spirit.
13 And we have seen and do testify that the Father sent the Son to be the Saviour of the world.
14 Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwelleth in him, and he in God.
15 And we have known and believed the love that God hath to us. God is love; and he that dwelleth in love dwelleth in God, and God in him.
16 Herein is our love made perfect, that we may have boldness in the day of judgment: because as he is, so are we in this world.
17 There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love.
18 We love him, because he first loved us.
19 If a man say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is a liar: for he that loveth not his brother whom he hath seen, how can he love God whom he hath not seen?
20 And this commandment have we from him, That he who loveth God love his brother also.
1 John   |   Chapter: 4   |   Verses: 21
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5


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