James 5  

A particular view called antinomianism, held that through faith in Jesus one is completely free from all Old Testament law, all legalism, all secular law, and all the morality of a society.

The Book of James is directed to Jewish Christians scattered among all the nations.

While Pauline teachings concentrate on our justification with God, James' teachings concentrate on the works that exemplify that justification. James was writing to Jews to encourage them to continue growing in this new Christian faith.

James emphasizes that good actions will naturally flow from those who are filled with the Spirit and questions whether someone may or may not have a saving faith if the fruits of the Spirit cannot be seen.
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Authorship: (Assumed)
Justus C. Piso (circa 110 AD)

The True Authorship of the New Testament, by Abelard Reuchlin 1986
[source]
Year Written: (Assumed)
90-140 AD
Manuscript: (Earliest Available)
250-300 AD - Fragment - Papyrus(20,23,100)
Scripture Type:
Letters - Other
An epistle (or letter) is a writing directed or sent to a person or group of people, usually an elegant and formal didactic letter. Other epistles are known as catholic (or general) epistles.
Further Reading:
earlychristianwritings.com/text/james.html
earlychristianwritings.com/james.html
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   VIDEO (65 ) | JAMES
BIBLE CANONS (5) | JAMES
BIBLE CANON
A list of Texts a particular religious community regard as authoritative scripture
1 Marcion Canon (140 AD)
Marcionism was a religious movement based on the teachings of the 2nd-century Marcion of Sinope. Marcions Canon lists 14 books out of the 27 books in the New Testament. More specifically, these were Luke and Paul's 13 writings. Marcion even rejected the entire Old Testament of 39 books.

bible.ca/marcion

James was Rejected (0%) by Marcion Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2 Muratorian Canon (170 AD)
The Muratorian Canon is an ancient list of New Testament books - the oldest such list we have found and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

It is noteworthy that the Muratorian Canon omits several epistles that later did win acceptance in the Christian New Testament such as the books of James and 2 Peter.

gotquestions.org/muratorian

James was Rejected (0%) by Muratorian Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
3 Apostolic Canon (300 AD)
Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons

James was Fully Accepted (100%) by Apostolic Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
4 Cheltenham/ Mommsen List (360 AD)
The Cheltenham or Mommsen List is a Latin manuscript discovered by the German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen (published 1886) which probably originated in North Africa in the 4th century.

It has 24-book Old Testament and 24-book New Testament which omits Jude and James, and perhaps Hebrews, and questions the epistles of John and Peter.

bible-researcher.com/cheltenham

James was Rejected (0%) by Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
5 Council of Rome (382 AD)
The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, bishop of Rome.

According to a document appended to some manuscripts, the Council of Rome affirmed the authority of the Old and New Testament canon in a decretal or damasine list.

James was Fully Accepted (100%) by Council of Rome
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
CHURCH FATHERS (17) | JAMES
CHURCH FATHER
Ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, eminent teachers and great bishops
1 Clement of Rome (97 AD)

James was Approved (75%) by Clement of Rome
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
2 Ignatius of Antioch (110 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Ignatius of Antioch
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
3 Barnabas (130 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Barnabas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
4 Hermas (140 AD)

James was Approved (75%) by Hermas
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
5 Papias of Hierapolis (140 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Papias of Hierapolis
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
6 Polycarp (150 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Polycarp
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
7 Didache (150 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Didache
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
8 Diognetus (150 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Diognetus
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
9 Justin Martyr (155 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Justin Martyr
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
10 Irenaeous (202 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Irenaeous
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
11 Clement of Alexandria (215 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Clement of Alexandria
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
12 Tertullian (220 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Tertullian
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
13 Origen (254 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Origen
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
14 Eusebius of Caesarea (340 AD)

James was Disputed (50%) by Eusebius of Caesarea
(Dubious; useful for inspiration)
15 Athanasius of Alexandria (367 AD)

James was Fully Accepted (100%) by Athanasius of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
16 Cyril of Jerusalem (386 AD)

James was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cyril of Jerusalem
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
17 Augustine of Hippo (400 AD)

James was Fully Accepted (100%) by Augustine of Hippo
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
TEXTUAL CRITICISM | JAMES
Textual Criticism
SCRIPTURE TEXT (20) | JAMES
James   |   Chapter: 5   |   Verses: 20
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5
1 Your riches are corrupted, and your garments are motheaten.
2 Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have heaped treasure together for the last days.
3 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.
4 Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter.
5 Ye have condemned and killed the just; and he doth not resist you.
6 Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter rain.
7 Be ye also patient; stablish your hearts: for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh.
8 Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the judge standeth before the door.
9 Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience.
10 Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.
11 But above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and your nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation.
12 Is any among you afflicted? let him pray. Is any merry? let him sing psalms.
13 Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord:
14 And the prayer of faith shall save the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he have committed sins, they shall be forgiven him.
15 Confess your faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.
16 Elias was a man subject to like passions as we are, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain: and it rained not on the earth by the space of three years and six months.
17 And he prayed again, and the heaven gave rain, and the earth brought forth her fruit.
18 Brethren, if any of you do err from the truth, and one convert him;
19 Let him know, that he which converteth the sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins.
James   |   Chapter: 5   |   Verses: 20
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5


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