James 2  

A particular view called antinomianism, held that through faith in Jesus one is completely free from all Old Testament law, all legalism, all secular law, and all the morality of a society.

The Book of James is directed to Jewish Christians scattered among all the nations.

While Pauline teachings concentrate on our justification with God, James' teachings concentrate on the works that exemplify that justification. James was writing to Jews to encourage them to continue growing in this new Christian faith.

James emphasizes that good actions will naturally flow from those who are filled with the Spirit and questions whether someone may or may not have a saving faith if the fruits of the Spirit cannot be seen.
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Authorship: (Assumed)
Justus C. Piso (circa 110 AD)

The True Authorship of the New Testament, by Abelard Reuchlin 1986
[source]
Year Written: (Assumed)
90-140 AD
Manuscript: (Earliest Available)
250-300 AD - Fragment - Papyrus(20,23,100)
Scripture Type:
Letters - Other
An epistle (or letter) is a writing directed or sent to a person or group of people, usually an elegant and formal didactic letter. Other epistles are known as catholic (or general) epistles.
Further Reading:
earlychristianwritings.com/text/james.html
earlychristianwritings.com/james.html
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   VIDEO (65 ) | JAMES
BIBLE CANONS (5) | JAMES
BIBLE CANON
A list of Texts a particular religious community regard as authoritative scripture
1 Marcion Canon (140 AD)
Marcionism was a religious movement based on the teachings of the 2nd-century Marcion of Sinope. Marcions Canon lists 14 books out of the 27 books in the New Testament. More specifically, these were Luke and Paul's 13 writings. Marcion even rejected the entire Old Testament of 39 books.

bible.ca/marcion

James was Rejected (0%) by Marcion Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2 Muratorian Canon (170 AD)
The Muratorian Canon is an ancient list of New Testament books - the oldest such list we have found and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

It is noteworthy that the Muratorian Canon omits several epistles that later did win acceptance in the Christian New Testament such as the books of James and 2 Peter.

gotquestions.org/muratorian

James was Rejected (0%) by Muratorian Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
3 Apostolic Canon (300 AD)
Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons

James was Fully Accepted (100%) by Apostolic Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
4 Cheltenham/ Mommsen List (360 AD)
The Cheltenham or Mommsen List is a Latin manuscript discovered by the German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen (published 1886) which probably originated in North Africa in the 4th century.

It has 24-book Old Testament and 24-book New Testament which omits Jude and James, and perhaps Hebrews, and questions the epistles of John and Peter.

bible-researcher.com/cheltenham

James was Rejected (0%) by Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
5 Council of Rome (382 AD)
The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, bishop of Rome.

According to a document appended to some manuscripts, the Council of Rome affirmed the authority of the Old and New Testament canon in a decretal or damasine list.

James was Fully Accepted (100%) by Council of Rome
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
CHURCH FATHERS (17) | JAMES
CHURCH FATHER
Ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, eminent teachers and great bishops
1 Clement of Rome (97 AD)

James was Approved (75%) by Clement of Rome
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
2 Ignatius of Antioch (110 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Ignatius of Antioch
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
3 Barnabas (130 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Barnabas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
4 Hermas (140 AD)

James was Approved (75%) by Hermas
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
5 Papias of Hierapolis (140 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Papias of Hierapolis
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
6 Polycarp (150 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Polycarp
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
7 Didache (150 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Didache
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
8 Diognetus (150 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Diognetus
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
9 Justin Martyr (155 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Justin Martyr
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
10 Irenaeous (202 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Irenaeous
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
11 Clement of Alexandria (215 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Clement of Alexandria
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
12 Tertullian (220 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Tertullian
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
13 Origen (254 AD)

James was Rejected (0%) by Origen
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
14 Eusebius of Caesarea (340 AD)

James was Disputed (50%) by Eusebius of Caesarea
(Dubious; useful for inspiration)
15 Athanasius of Alexandria (367 AD)

James was Fully Accepted (100%) by Athanasius of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
16 Cyril of Jerusalem (386 AD)

James was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cyril of Jerusalem
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
17 Augustine of Hippo (400 AD)

James was Fully Accepted (100%) by Augustine of Hippo
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
TEXTUAL CRITICISM | JAMES
Textual Criticism
SCRIPTURE TEXT (26) | JAMES
James   |   Chapter: 2   |   Verses: 26
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5
1 For if there come unto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment;
2 And ye have respect to him that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, Sit thou here in a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou there, or sit here under my footstool:
3 Are ye not then partial in yourselves, and are become judges of evil thoughts?
4 Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?
5 But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?
6 Do not they blaspheme that worthy name by the which ye are called?
7 If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well:
8 But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors.
9 For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.
10 For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law.
11 So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty.
12 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment.
13 What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him?
14 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food,
15 And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what doth it profit?
16 Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone.
17 Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works.
18 Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble.
19 But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
20 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar?
21 Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect?
22 And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God.
23 Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.
24 Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent them out another way?
25 For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.
James   |   Chapter: 2   |   Verses: 26
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5


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