Acts 23  

The Acts of the Apostles is the fifth book of the New Testament; it tells of the founding of the Christian church and the spread of its message to the Roman Empire.

The emphasis of the book is the importance of the day of Pentecost and being empowered to be effective witnesses for Jesus Christ.

The book of Acts emphasizes the importance of obedience to God's Word and the transformation that occurs as a result of knowing Christ. There are also many references to those that rejected the truth that the disciples preached about Jesus Christ. The lust for power, greed, and many other vices of the devil are evidenced in the book of Acts.
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Authorship: (Assumed)
Arrius Piso, his son Justus and Pliny the Younger (circa 96-100 AD)

The True Authorship of the New Testament, by Abelard Reuchlin 1986
[source]


By the way, there is a portion of Acts that is missing from most English translations/interpretations. That is the 29th Chapter, which has 10 verses.
Year Written: (Assumed)
80-90 AD
Manuscript: (Earliest Available)
200-250 AD - Large fragment - Papyrus(29,38,45,48,53,74,91)
Scripture Type:
New Testament
The New Testament is the second major part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible. The New Testament discusses the teachings and person of Jesus, as well as events in first-century Christianity. Christians regard both the Old and New Testaments together as sacred scripture.

The New Testament consists of 27 books which serve as a source for Christian theology and morality. It is an anthology, a collection of Christian works written in the Greek language within the first 100-years of Jesus, at different times by various writers, who were early Jewish followers of Jesus.
Further Reading:
earlychristianwritings.com/text/acts.html
earlychristianwritings.com/acts.html
www.openbible.info/geo/preview/acts
google.com/search
   VIDEO (26 ) | ACTS
BIBLE CANONS (5) | ACTS
BIBLE CANON
A list of Texts a particular religious community regard as authoritative scripture
1 Marcion Canon (140 AD)
Marcionism was a religious movement based on the teachings of the 2nd-century Marcion of Sinope. Marcions Canon lists 14 books out of the 27 books in the New Testament. More specifically, these were Luke and Paul's 13 writings. Marcion even rejected the entire Old Testament of 39 books.

bible.ca/marcion

Acts was Rejected (0%) by Marcion Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2 Muratorian Canon (170 AD)
The Muratorian Canon is an ancient list of New Testament books - the oldest such list we have found and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

It is noteworthy that the Muratorian Canon omits several epistles that later did win acceptance in the Christian New Testament such as the books of James and 2 Peter.

gotquestions.org/muratorian

Acts was Fully Accepted (100%) by Muratorian Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
3 Apostolic Canon (300 AD)
Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons

Acts was Fully Accepted (100%) by Apostolic Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
4 Cheltenham/ Mommsen List (360 AD)
The Cheltenham or Mommsen List is a Latin manuscript discovered by the German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen (published 1886) which probably originated in North Africa in the 4th century.

It has 24-book Old Testament and 24-book New Testament which omits Jude and James, and perhaps Hebrews, and questions the epistles of John and Peter.

bible-researcher.com/cheltenham

Acts was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
5 Council of Rome (382 AD)
The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, bishop of Rome.

According to a document appended to some manuscripts, the Council of Rome affirmed the authority of the Old and New Testament canon in a decretal or damasine list.

Acts was Fully Accepted (100%) by Council of Rome
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
CHURCH FATHERS (17) | ACTS
CHURCH FATHER
Ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, eminent teachers and great bishops
1 Clement of Rome (97 AD)

Acts was Rejected (0%) by Clement of Rome
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2 Ignatius of Antioch (110 AD)

Acts was Rejected (0%) by Ignatius of Antioch
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
3 Barnabas (130 AD)

Acts was Rejected (0%) by Barnabas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
4 Hermas (140 AD)

Acts was Approved (75%) by Hermas
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
5 Papias of Hierapolis (140 AD)

Acts was Rejected (0%) by Papias of Hierapolis
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
6 Polycarp (150 AD)

Acts was Approved (75%) by Polycarp
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
7 Didache (150 AD)

Acts was Rejected (0%) by Didache
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
8 Diognetus (150 AD)

Acts was Rejected (0%) by Diognetus
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
9 Justin Martyr (155 AD)

Acts was Approved (75%) by Justin Martyr
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
10 Irenaeous (202 AD)

Acts was Fully Accepted (100%) by Irenaeous
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
11 Clement of Alexandria (215 AD)

Acts was Approved (75%) by Clement of Alexandria
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
12 Tertullian (220 AD)

Acts was Approved (75%) by Tertullian
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
13 Origen (254 AD)

Acts was Approved (75%) by Origen
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
14 Eusebius of Caesarea (340 AD)

Acts was Fully Accepted (100%) by Eusebius of Caesarea
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
15 Athanasius of Alexandria (367 AD)

Acts was Fully Accepted (100%) by Athanasius of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
16 Cyril of Jerusalem (386 AD)

Acts was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cyril of Jerusalem
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
17 Augustine of Hippo (400 AD)

Acts was Fully Accepted (100%) by Augustine of Hippo
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
TEXTUAL CRITICISM | ACTS
Bible Translations: Missing/Disputed Verse
And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God
Displayed as above
Missing Verse
Missing Verse

And when he had said these words, the Jews departed, and had great reasoning among themselves
Displayed as above
Missing Verse
Missing Verse
Textual Criticism
SCRIPTURE TEXT (35) | ACTS
Acts   |   Chapter: 23   |   Verses: 35
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
1 And the high priest Ananias commanded them that stood by him to smite him on the mouth.
2 Then said Paul unto him, God shall smite thee, thou whited wall: for sittest thou to judge me after the law, and commandest me to be smitten contrary to the law?
3 And they that stood by said, Revilest thou God's high priest?
4 Then said Paul, I wist not, brethren, that he was the high priest: for it is written, Thou shalt not speak evil of the ruler of thy people.
5 But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, Men and brethren, I am a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee: of the hope and resurrection of the dead I am called in question.
6 And when he had so said, there arose a dissension between the Pharisees and the Sadducees: and the multitude was divided.
7 For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, neither angel, nor spirit: but the Pharisees confess both.
8 And there arose a great cry: and the scribes that were of the Pharisees' part arose, and strove, saying, We find no evil in this man: but if a spirit or an angel hath spoken to him, let us not fight against God.
9 And when there arose a great dissension, the chief captain, fearing lest Paul should have been pulled in pieces of them, commanded the soldiers to go down, and to take him by force from among them, and to bring him into the castle.
10 And the night following the Lord stood by him, and said, Be of good cheer, Paul: for as thou hast testified of me in Jerusalem, so must thou bear witness also at Rome.
11 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse, saying that they would neither eat nor drink till they had killed Paul.
12 And they were more than forty which had made this conspiracy.
13 And they came to the chief priests and elders, and said, We have bound ourselves under a great curse, that we will eat nothing until we have slain Paul.
14 Now therefore ye with the council signify to the chief captain that he bring him down unto you to morrow, as though ye would enquire something more perfectly concerning him: and we, or ever he come near, are ready to kill him.
15 And when Paul's sister's son heard of their lying in wait, he went and entered into the castle, and told Paul.
16 Then Paul called one of the centurions unto him, and said, Bring this young man unto the chief captain: for he hath a certain thing to tell him.
17 So he took him, and brought him to the chief captain, and said, Paul the prisoner called me unto him, and prayed me to bring this young man unto thee, who hath something to say unto thee.
18 Then the chief captain took him by the hand, and went with him aside privately, and asked him, What is that thou hast to tell me?
19 And he said, The Jews have agreed to desire thee that thou wouldest bring down Paul to morrow into the council, as though they would enquire somewhat of him more perfectly.
20 But do not thou yield unto them: for there lie in wait for him of them more than forty men, which have bound themselves with an oath, that they will neither eat nor drink till they have killed him: and now are they ready, looking for a promise from thee.
21 So the chief captain then let the young man depart, and charged him, See thou tell no man that thou hast shewed these things to me.
22 And he called unto him two centurions, saying, Make ready two hundred soldiers to go to Caesarea, and horsemen threescore and ten, and spearmen two hundred, at the third hour of the night;
23 And provide them beasts, that they may set Paul on, and bring him safe unto Felix the governor.
24 And he wrote a letter after this manner:
25 Claudius Lysias unto the most excellent governor Felix sendeth greeting.
26 This man was taken of the Jews, and should have been killed of them: then came I with an army, and rescued him, having understood that he was a Roman.
27 And when I would have known the cause wherefore they accused him, I brought him forth into their council:
28 Whom I perceived to be accused of questions of their law, but to have nothing laid to his charge worthy of death or of bonds.
29 And when it was told me how that the Jews laid wait for the man, I sent straightway to thee, and gave commandment to his accusers also to say before thee what they had against him. Farewell.
30 Then the soldiers, as it was commanded them, took Paul, and brought him by night to Antipatris.
31 On the morrow they left the horsemen to go with him, and returned to the castle:
32 Who, when they came to Caesarea, and delivered the epistle to the governor, presented Paul also before him.
33 And when the governor had read the letter, he asked of what province he was. And when he understood that he was of Cilicia;
34 I will hear thee, said he, when thine accusers are also come. And he commanded him to be kept in Herod's judgment hall.
Acts   |   Chapter: 23   |   Verses: 35
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28


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