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BIBLE CANONS (5) | JOHN
BIBLE CANON
A list of Texts a particular religious community regard as authoritative scripture
1. Marcion Canon (140 AD)
Marcionism was a religious movement based on the teachings of the 2nd-century Marcion of Sinope. Marcions Canon lists 14 books out of the 27 books in the New Testament. More specifically, these were Luke and Paul's 13 writings. Marcion even rejected the entire Old Testament of 39 books.

bible.ca/marcion
W Marcion_of_Sinope

John was Rejected (0%) by Marcion Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2. Muratorian Canon (170 AD)
The Muratorian Canon is an ancient list of New Testament books - the oldest such list we have found and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

It is noteworthy that the Muratorian Canon omits several epistles that later did win acceptance in the Christian New Testament such as the books of James and 2 Peter.

gotquestions.org/muratorian
W Muratorian_fragment

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Muratorian Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
3. Apostolic Canon (300 AD)
Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons
W Canons_of_the_Apostles

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Apostolic Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
4. Cheltenham/ Mommsen List (360 AD)
The Cheltenham or Mommsen List is a Latin manuscript discovered by the German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen (published 1886) which probably originated in North Africa in the 4th century.

It has 24-book Old Testament and 24-book New Testament which omits Jude and James, and perhaps Hebrews, and questions the epistles of John and Peter.

bible-researcher.com/cheltenham
W Theodor_Mommsen

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
5. Council of Rome (382 AD)
The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, bishop of Rome.

According to a document appended to some manuscripts, the Council of Rome affirmed the authority of the Old and New Testament canon in a decretal or damasine list.
W Council_of_Rome

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Council of Rome
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
W Development_of_the_New_Testament_canon

CHURCH FATHERS (17) | JOHN
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
W Development_of_the_New_Testament_canon

TEXTUAL CRITICISM | JOHN
CHURCH FATHER
Ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, eminent teachers and great bishops
1. Clement of Rome (97 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Clement of Rome
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
2. Ignatius of Antioch (110 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Ignatius of Antioch
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
3. Barnabas (130 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Barnabas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
4. Hermas (140 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Hermas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
5. Papias of Hierapolis (140 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Papias of Hierapolis
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
6. Polycarp (150 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Polycarp
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
7. Didache (150 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Didache
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
8. Diognetus (150 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Diognetus
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
9. Justin Martyr (155 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Justin Martyr
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
10. Irenaeous (202 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Irenaeous
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
11. Clement of Alexandria (215 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Clement of Alexandria
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
12. Tertullian (220 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Tertullian
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
13. Origen (254 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Origen
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
14. Eusebius of Caesarea (340 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Eusebius of Caesarea
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
15. Athanasius of Alexandria (367 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Athanasius of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
16. Cyril of Jerusalem (386 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cyril of Jerusalem
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
17. Augustine of Hippo (400 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Augustine of Hippo
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
There was considerable controversy over the Gospel of John in the early church councils. Many bishops felt that it should be rejected from the canon
In these lay a great multitude of impotent folk, of blind, halt, withered, waiting for the moving of the water

Bible Translations: Missing/Disputed Verse
Displayed as above
Missing Verse
Disputed Verse
Textual Criticism
The Triumphal Entry: Did Jesus request a donkey, take the donkey himself or return the donkey to its owner later? - Comparing the accounts given in Matthew 21:3, Mark 11:3, Luke 19:31 and John 12:14
E.P. Sanders, The Historical Figure Of Jesus
On the Gospel of John, he said:

It is impossible to think that Jesus spent his short ministry teaching in two such completely different ways, conveying such different contents, and there were simply two traditions, each going back to Jesus, one transmitting 50% of what he said and another one the other 50%, with almost no overlaps. Consequently, for the last 150 or so years scholars have had to choose.

They have almost unanimously, and I think entirely correctly, concluded that the teaching of the historical Jesus is to be sought in the synoptic gospels and that JOHN [Gospel of] represents an advanced theological development, in which meditations on the person and work of Christ are presented in the first person, as if Jesus said them.


E.P. Sanders, The Historical Figure Of Jesus, 1993, Penguin Books, pp. 70-71

JOHN
CHAPTER: 6 | VERSES: 71

And a great multitude followed him, because they saw his miracles which he did on them that were diseased.
1 of 71
And Jesus went up into a mountain, and there he sat with his disciples.
2 of 71
And the passover, a feast of the Jews, was nigh.
3 of 71
When Jesus then lifted up his eyes, and saw a great company come unto him, he saith unto Philip, Whence shall we buy bread, that these may eat?
4 of 71
And this he said to prove him: for he himself knew what he would do.
5 of 71
Philip answered him, Two hundred pennyworth of bread is not sufficient for them, that every one of them may take a little.
6 of 71
One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, saith unto him,
7 of 71
There is a lad here, which hath five barley loaves, and two small fishes: but what are they among so many?
8 of 71
And Jesus said, Make the men sit down. Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, in number about five thousand.
9 of 71
And Jesus took the loaves; and when he had given thanks, he distributed to the disciples, and the disciples to them that were set down; and likewise of the fishes as much as they would.
10 of 71
When they were filled, he said unto his disciples, Gather up the fragments that remain, that nothing be lost.
11 of 71
Therefore they gathered them together, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves, which remained over and above unto them that had eaten.
12 of 71
Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said, This is of a truth that prophet that should come into the world.
13 of 71
When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again into a mountain himself alone.
14 of 71
And when even was now come, his disciples went down unto the sea,
15 of 71
And entered into a ship, and went over the sea toward Capernaum. And it was now dark, and Jesus was not come to them.
16 of 71
And the sea arose by reason of a great wind that blew.
17 of 71
So when they had rowed about five and twenty or thirty furlongs, they see Jesus walking on the sea, and drawing nigh unto the ship: and they were afraid.
18 of 71
But he saith unto them, It is I; be not afraid.
19 of 71
Then they willingly received him into the ship: and immediately the ship was at the land whither they went.
20 of 71
The day following, when the people which stood on the other side of the sea saw that there was none other boat there, save that one whereinto his disciples were entered, and that Jesus went not with his disciples into the boat, but that his disciples were gone away alone;
21 of 71
(Howbeit there came other boats from Tiberias nigh unto the place where they did eat bread, after that the Lord had given thanks:)
22 of 71
When the people therefore saw that Jesus was not there, neither his disciples, they also took shipping, and came to Capernaum, seeking for Jesus.
23 of 71
And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said unto him, Rabbi, when camest thou hither?
24 of 71
Jesus answered them and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Ye seek me, not because ye saw the miracles, but because ye did eat of the loaves, and were filled.
25 of 71
Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed.
26 of 71
Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might work the works of God?
27 of 71
Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent.
28 of 71
They said therefore unto him, What sign shewest thou then, that we may see, and believe thee? what dost thou work?
29 of 71
Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
30 of 71
Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
31 of 71
For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world.
32 of 71
Then said they unto him, Lord, evermore give us this bread.
33 of 71
And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.
34 of 71
But I said unto you, That ye also have seen me, and believe not.
35 of 71
All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.
36 of 71
For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me.
37 of 71
And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day.
38 of 71
And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.
39 of 71
The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the bread which came down from heaven.
40 of 71
And they said, Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? how is it then that he saith, I came down from heaven?
41 of 71
Jesus therefore answered and said unto them, Murmur not among yourselves.
42 of 71
No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.
43 of 71
It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.
44 of 71
Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he hath seen the Father.
45 of 71
Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life.
46 of 71
I am that bread of life.
47 of 71
Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead.
48 of 71
This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die.
49 of 71
I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.
50 of 71
The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
51 of 71
Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you.
52 of 71
Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.
53 of 71
For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed.
54 of 71
He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him.
55 of 71
As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me.
56 of 71
This is that bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever.
57 of 71
These things said he in the synagogue, as he taught in Capernaum.
58 of 71
Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard this, said, This is an hard saying; who can hear it?
59 of 71
When Jesus knew in himself that his disciples murmured at it, he said unto them, Doth this offend you?
60 of 71
What and if ye shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
61 of 71
It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.
62 of 71
But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were that believed not, and who should betray him.
63 of 71
And he said, Therefore said I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father.
64 of 71
From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him.
65 of 71
Then said Jesus unto the twelve, Will ye also go away?
66 of 71
Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.
67 of 71
And we believe and are sure that thou art that Christ, the Son of the living God.
68 of 71
Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil?
69 of 71
He spake of Judas Iscariot the son of Simon: for he it was that should betray him, being one of the twelve.
70 of 71
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