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BIBLE CANONS (5) | JOHN
BIBLE CANON
A list of Texts a particular religious community regard as authoritative scripture
1. Marcion Canon (140 AD)
Marcionism was a religious movement based on the teachings of the 2nd-century Marcion of Sinope. Marcions Canon lists 14 books out of the 27 books in the New Testament. More specifically, these were Luke and Paul's 13 writings. Marcion even rejected the entire Old Testament of 39 books.

bible.ca/marcion
W Marcion_of_Sinope

John was Rejected (0%) by Marcion Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2. Muratorian Canon (170 AD)
The Muratorian Canon is an ancient list of New Testament books - the oldest such list we have found and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

It is noteworthy that the Muratorian Canon omits several epistles that later did win acceptance in the Christian New Testament such as the books of James and 2 Peter.

gotquestions.org/muratorian
W Muratorian_fragment

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Muratorian Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
3. Apostolic Canon (300 AD)
Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons
W Canons_of_the_Apostles

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Apostolic Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
4. Cheltenham/ Mommsen List (360 AD)
The Cheltenham or Mommsen List is a Latin manuscript discovered by the German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen (published 1886) which probably originated in North Africa in the 4th century.

It has 24-book Old Testament and 24-book New Testament which omits Jude and James, and perhaps Hebrews, and questions the epistles of John and Peter.

bible-researcher.com/cheltenham
W Theodor_Mommsen

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
5. Council of Rome (382 AD)
The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, bishop of Rome.

According to a document appended to some manuscripts, the Council of Rome affirmed the authority of the Old and New Testament canon in a decretal or damasine list.
W Council_of_Rome

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Council of Rome
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
W Development_of_the_New_Testament_canon

CHURCH FATHERS (17) | JOHN
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
W Development_of_the_New_Testament_canon

TEXTUAL CRITICISM | JOHN
CHURCH FATHER
Ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, eminent teachers and great bishops
1. Clement of Rome (97 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Clement of Rome
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
2. Ignatius of Antioch (110 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Ignatius of Antioch
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
3. Barnabas (130 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Barnabas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
4. Hermas (140 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Hermas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
5. Papias of Hierapolis (140 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Papias of Hierapolis
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
6. Polycarp (150 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Polycarp
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
7. Didache (150 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Didache
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
8. Diognetus (150 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Diognetus
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
9. Justin Martyr (155 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Justin Martyr
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
10. Irenaeous (202 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Irenaeous
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
11. Clement of Alexandria (215 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Clement of Alexandria
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
12. Tertullian (220 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Tertullian
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
13. Origen (254 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Origen
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
14. Eusebius of Caesarea (340 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Eusebius of Caesarea
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
15. Athanasius of Alexandria (367 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Athanasius of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
16. Cyril of Jerusalem (386 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cyril of Jerusalem
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
17. Augustine of Hippo (400 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Augustine of Hippo
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
There was considerable controversy over the Gospel of John in the early church councils. Many bishops felt that it should be rejected from the canon
In these lay a great multitude of impotent folk, of blind, halt, withered, waiting for the moving of the water

Bible Translations: Missing/Disputed Verse
Displayed as above
Missing Verse
Disputed Verse
Textual Criticism
The Triumphal Entry: Did Jesus request a donkey, take the donkey himself or return the donkey to its owner later? - Comparing the accounts given in Matthew 21:3, Mark 11:3, Luke 19:31 and John 12:14
E.P. Sanders, The Historical Figure Of Jesus
On the Gospel of John, he said:

It is impossible to think that Jesus spent his short ministry teaching in two such completely different ways, conveying such different contents, and there were simply two traditions, each going back to Jesus, one transmitting 50% of what he said and another one the other 50%, with almost no overlaps. Consequently, for the last 150 or so years scholars have had to choose.

They have almost unanimously, and I think entirely correctly, concluded that the teaching of the historical Jesus is to be sought in the synoptic gospels and that JOHN [Gospel of] represents an advanced theological development, in which meditations on the person and work of Christ are presented in the first person, as if Jesus said them.


E.P. Sanders, The Historical Figure Of Jesus, 1993, Penguin Books, pp. 70-71

JOHN
CHAPTER: 4 | VERSES: 54

(Though Jesus himself baptized not, but his disciples,)
1 of 54
He left Judaea, and departed again into Galilee.
2 of 54
And he must needs go through Samaria.
3 of 54
Then cometh he to a city of Samaria, which is called Sychar, near to the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph.
4 of 54
Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with his journey, sat thus on the well: and it was about the sixth hour.
5 of 54
There cometh a woman of Samaria to draw water: Jesus saith unto her, Give me to drink.
6 of 54
(For his disciples were gone away unto the city to buy meat.)
7 of 54
Then saith the woman of Samaria unto him, How is it that thou, being a Jew, askest drink of me, which am a woman of Samaria? for the Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans.
8 of 54
Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.
9 of 54
The woman saith unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: from whence then hast thou that living water?
10 of 54
Art thou greater than our father Jacob, which gave us the well, and drank thereof himself, and his children, and his cattle?
11 of 54
Jesus answered and said unto her, Whosoever drinketh of this water shall thirst again:
12 of 54
But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.
13 of 54
The woman saith unto him, Sir, give me this water, that I thirst not, neither come hither to draw.
14 of 54
Jesus saith unto her, Go, call thy husband, and come hither.
15 of 54
The woman answered and said, I have no husband. Jesus said unto her, Thou hast well said, I have no husband:
16 of 54
For thou hast had five husbands; and he whom thou now hast is not thy husband: in that saidst thou truly.
17 of 54
The woman saith unto him, Sir, I perceive that thou art a prophet.
18 of 54
Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.
19 of 54
Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.
20 of 54
Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews.
21 of 54
But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him.
22 of 54
God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
23 of 54
The woman saith unto him, I know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ: when he is come, he will tell us all things.
24 of 54
Jesus saith unto her, I that speak unto thee am he.
25 of 54
And upon this came his disciples, and marvelled that he talked with the woman: yet no man said, What seekest thou? or, Why talkest thou with her?
26 of 54
The woman then left her waterpot, and went her way into the city, and saith to the men,
27 of 54
Come, see a man, which told me all things that ever I did: is not this the Christ?
28 of 54
Then they went out of the city, and came unto him.
29 of 54
In the mean while his disciples prayed him, saying, Master, eat.
30 of 54
But he said unto them, I have meat to eat that ye know not of.
31 of 54
Therefore said the disciples one to another, Hath any man brought him ought to eat?
32 of 54
Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work.
33 of 54
Say not ye, There are yet four months, and then cometh harvest? behold, I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they are white already to harvest.
34 of 54
And he that reapeth receiveth wages, and gathereth fruit unto life eternal: that both he that soweth and he that reapeth may rejoice together.
35 of 54
And herein is that saying true, One soweth, and another reapeth.
36 of 54
I sent you to reap that whereon ye bestowed no labour: other men laboured, and ye are entered into their labours.
37 of 54
And many of the Samaritans of that city believed on him for the saying of the woman, which testified, He told me all that ever I did.
38 of 54
So when the Samaritans were come unto him, they besought him that he would tarry with them: and he abode there two days.
39 of 54
And many more believed because of his own word;
40 of 54
And said unto the woman, Now we believe, not because of thy saying: for we have heard him ourselves, and know that this is indeed the Christ, the Saviour of the world.
41 of 54
Now after two days he departed thence, and went into Galilee.
42 of 54
For Jesus himself testified, that a prophet hath no honour in his own country.
43 of 54
Then when he was come into Galilee, the Galilaeans received him, having seen all the things that he did at Jerusalem at the feast: for they also went unto the feast.
44 of 54
So Jesus came again into Cana of Galilee, where he made the water wine. And there was a certain nobleman, whose son was sick at Capernaum.
45 of 54
When he heard that Jesus was come out of Judaea into Galilee, he went unto him, and besought him that he would come down, and heal his son: for he was at the point of death.
46 of 54
Then said Jesus unto him, Except ye see signs and wonders, ye will not believe.
47 of 54
The nobleman saith unto him, Sir, come down ere my child die.
48 of 54
Jesus saith unto him, Go thy way; thy son liveth. And the man believed the word that Jesus had spoken unto him, and he went his way.
49 of 54
And as he was now going down, his servants met him, and told him, saying, Thy son liveth.
50 of 54
Then enquired he of them the hour when he began to amend. And they said unto him, Yesterday at the seventh hour the fever left him.
51 of 54
So the father knew that it was at the same hour, in the which Jesus said unto him, Thy son liveth: and himself believed, and his whole house.
52 of 54
This is again the second miracle that Jesus did, when he was come out of Judaea into Galilee.
53 of 54
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

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IMPORTANT: All Scripture text has context and background. Scripture should never be read literally or in isolation. Always seek clarification from religious scholars and teachers. In general, Scripture adheres to four principles: (1) Literal Meaning - What the Scripture says (2) Historical Setting - The story events; how the Scripture was understood in its time (3) Grammar - The surrounding sentence and paragraph; textual context (4) Synthesis - A comparison with similar Scripture to give a better contextual understanding

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