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BIBLE CANONS (5) | JOHN
BIBLE CANON
A list of Texts a particular religious community regard as authoritative scripture
1. Marcion Canon (140 AD)
Marcionism was a religious movement based on the teachings of the 2nd-century Marcion of Sinope. Marcions Canon lists 14 books out of the 27 books in the New Testament. More specifically, these were Luke and Paul's 13 writings. Marcion even rejected the entire Old Testament of 39 books.

bible.ca/marcion
W Marcion_of_Sinope

John was Rejected (0%) by Marcion Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2. Muratorian Canon (170 AD)
The Muratorian Canon is an ancient list of New Testament books - the oldest such list we have found and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

It is noteworthy that the Muratorian Canon omits several epistles that later did win acceptance in the Christian New Testament such as the books of James and 2 Peter.

gotquestions.org/muratorian
W Muratorian_fragment

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Muratorian Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
3. Apostolic Canon (300 AD)
Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons
W Canons_of_the_Apostles

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Apostolic Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
4. Cheltenham/ Mommsen List (360 AD)
The Cheltenham or Mommsen List is a Latin manuscript discovered by the German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen (published 1886) which probably originated in North Africa in the 4th century.

It has 24-book Old Testament and 24-book New Testament which omits Jude and James, and perhaps Hebrews, and questions the epistles of John and Peter.

bible-researcher.com/cheltenham
W Theodor_Mommsen

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
5. Council of Rome (382 AD)
The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, bishop of Rome.

According to a document appended to some manuscripts, the Council of Rome affirmed the authority of the Old and New Testament canon in a decretal or damasine list.
W Council_of_Rome

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Council of Rome
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
W Development_of_the_New_Testament_canon

CHURCH FATHERS (17) | JOHN
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
W Development_of_the_New_Testament_canon

TEXTUAL CRITICISM | JOHN
CHURCH FATHER
Ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, eminent teachers and great bishops
1. Clement of Rome (97 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Clement of Rome
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
2. Ignatius of Antioch (110 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Ignatius of Antioch
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
3. Barnabas (130 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Barnabas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
4. Hermas (140 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Hermas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
5. Papias of Hierapolis (140 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Papias of Hierapolis
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
6. Polycarp (150 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Polycarp
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
7. Didache (150 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Didache
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
8. Diognetus (150 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Diognetus
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
9. Justin Martyr (155 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Justin Martyr
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
10. Irenaeous (202 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Irenaeous
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
11. Clement of Alexandria (215 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Clement of Alexandria
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
12. Tertullian (220 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Tertullian
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
13. Origen (254 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Origen
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
14. Eusebius of Caesarea (340 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Eusebius of Caesarea
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
15. Athanasius of Alexandria (367 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Athanasius of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
16. Cyril of Jerusalem (386 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cyril of Jerusalem
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
17. Augustine of Hippo (400 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Augustine of Hippo
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
There was considerable controversy over the Gospel of John in the early church councils. Many bishops felt that it should be rejected from the canon
In these lay a great multitude of impotent folk, of blind, halt, withered, waiting for the moving of the water

Bible Translations: Missing/Disputed Verse
Displayed as above
Missing Verse
Disputed Verse
Textual Criticism
The Triumphal Entry: Did Jesus request a donkey, take the donkey himself or return the donkey to its owner later? - Comparing the accounts given in Matthew 21:3, Mark 11:3, Luke 19:31 and John 12:14
E.P. Sanders, The Historical Figure Of Jesus
On the Gospel of John, he said:

It is impossible to think that Jesus spent his short ministry teaching in two such completely different ways, conveying such different contents, and there were simply two traditions, each going back to Jesus, one transmitting 50% of what he said and another one the other 50%, with almost no overlaps. Consequently, for the last 150 or so years scholars have had to choose.

They have almost unanimously, and I think entirely correctly, concluded that the teaching of the historical Jesus is to be sought in the synoptic gospels and that JOHN [Gospel of] represents an advanced theological development, in which meditations on the person and work of Christ are presented in the first person, as if Jesus said them.


E.P. Sanders, The Historical Figure Of Jesus, 1993, Penguin Books, pp. 70-71

BOOKS, CHAPTER & VERSE
CHAPTER: 2 | VERSES: 25

And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the marriage.
1 of 25
And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine.
2 of 25
Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come.
3 of 25
His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it.
4 of 25
And there were set there six waterpots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins apiece.
5 of 25
Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim.
6 of 25
And he saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the governor of the feast. And they bare it.
7 of 25
When the ruler of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and knew not whence it was: (but the servants which drew the water knew;) the governor of the feast called the bridegroom,
8 of 25
And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now.
9 of 25
This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him.
10 of 25
After this he went down to Capernaum, he, and his mother, and his brethren, and his disciples: and they continued there not many days.
11 of 25
And the Jews' passover was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem,
12 of 25
And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting:
13 of 25
And when he had made a scourge of small cords, he drove them all out of the temple, and the sheep, and the oxen; and poured out the changers' money, and overthrew the tables;
14 of 25
And said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make not my Father's house an house of merchandise.
15 of 25
And his disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up.
16 of 25
Then answered the Jews and said unto him, What sign shewest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest these things?
17 of 25
Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.
18 of 25
Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days?
19 of 25
But he spake of the temple of his body.
20 of 25
When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them; and they believed the scripture, and the word which Jesus had said.
21 of 25
Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover, in the feast day, many believed in his name, when they saw the miracles which he did.
22 of 25
But Jesus did not commit himself unto them, because he knew all men,
23 of 25
And needed not that any should testify of man: for he knew what was in man.
24 of 25
John   |   Chapter: 2   |   Verses: 25
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21


   VIDEO (215 ) | JOHN


IMPORTANT: All Scripture text has context and background. Scripture should never be read literally or in isolation. Always seek clarification from religious scholars and teachers. In general, Scripture adheres to four principles: (1) Literal Meaning - What the Scripture says (2) Historical Setting - The story events; how the Scripture was understood in its time (3) Grammar - The surrounding sentence and paragraph; textual context (4) Synthesis - A comparison with similar Scripture to give a better contextual understanding

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