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BIBLE CANONS (5) | JOHN
BIBLE CANON
A list of Texts a particular religious community regard as authoritative scripture
1. Marcion Canon (140 AD)
Marcionism was a religious movement based on the teachings of the 2nd-century Marcion of Sinope. Marcions Canon lists 14 books out of the 27 books in the New Testament. More specifically, these were Luke and Paul's 13 writings. Marcion even rejected the entire Old Testament of 39 books.

bible.ca/marcion
W Marcion_of_Sinope

John was Rejected (0%) by Marcion Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2. Muratorian Canon (170 AD)
The Muratorian Canon is an ancient list of New Testament books - the oldest such list we have found and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

It is noteworthy that the Muratorian Canon omits several epistles that later did win acceptance in the Christian New Testament such as the books of James and 2 Peter.

gotquestions.org/muratorian
W Muratorian_fragment

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Muratorian Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
3. Apostolic Canon (300 AD)
Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons
W Canons_of_the_Apostles

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Apostolic Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
4. Cheltenham/ Mommsen List (360 AD)
The Cheltenham or Mommsen List is a Latin manuscript discovered by the German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen (published 1886) which probably originated in North Africa in the 4th century.

It has 24-book Old Testament and 24-book New Testament which omits Jude and James, and perhaps Hebrews, and questions the epistles of John and Peter.

bible-researcher.com/cheltenham
W Theodor_Mommsen

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
5. Council of Rome (382 AD)
The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, bishop of Rome.

According to a document appended to some manuscripts, the Council of Rome affirmed the authority of the Old and New Testament canon in a decretal or damasine list.
W Council_of_Rome

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Council of Rome
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
W Development_of_the_New_Testament_canon

CHURCH FATHERS (17) | JOHN
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
W Development_of_the_New_Testament_canon

TEXTUAL CRITICISM | JOHN
CHURCH FATHER
Ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, eminent teachers and great bishops
1. Clement of Rome (97 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Clement of Rome
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
2. Ignatius of Antioch (110 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Ignatius of Antioch
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
3. Barnabas (130 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Barnabas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
4. Hermas (140 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Hermas
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
5. Papias of Hierapolis (140 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Papias of Hierapolis
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
6. Polycarp (150 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Polycarp
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
7. Didache (150 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Didache
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
8. Diognetus (150 AD)

John was Rejected (0%) by Diognetus
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
9. Justin Martyr (155 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Justin Martyr
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
10. Irenaeous (202 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Irenaeous
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
11. Clement of Alexandria (215 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Clement of Alexandria
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
12. Tertullian (220 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Tertullian
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
13. Origen (254 AD)

John was Approved (75%) by Origen
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
14. Eusebius of Caesarea (340 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Eusebius of Caesarea
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
15. Athanasius of Alexandria (367 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Athanasius of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
16. Cyril of Jerusalem (386 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cyril of Jerusalem
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
17. Augustine of Hippo (400 AD)

John was Fully Accepted (100%) by Augustine of Hippo
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
There was considerable controversy over the Gospel of John in the early church councils. Many bishops felt that it should be rejected from the canon
In these lay a great multitude of impotent folk, of blind, halt, withered, waiting for the moving of the water

Bible Translations: Missing/Disputed Verse
Displayed as above
Missing Verse
Disputed Verse
Textual Criticism
The Triumphal Entry: Did Jesus request a donkey, take the donkey himself or return the donkey to its owner later? - Comparing the accounts given in Matthew 21:3, Mark 11:3, Luke 19:31 and John 12:14
E.P. Sanders, The Historical Figure Of Jesus
On the Gospel of John, he said:

It is impossible to think that Jesus spent his short ministry teaching in two such completely different ways, conveying such different contents, and there were simply two traditions, each going back to Jesus, one transmitting 50% of what he said and another one the other 50%, with almost no overlaps. Consequently, for the last 150 or so years scholars have had to choose.

They have almost unanimously, and I think entirely correctly, concluded that the teaching of the historical Jesus is to be sought in the synoptic gospels and that JOHN [Gospel of] represents an advanced theological development, in which meditations on the person and work of Christ are presented in the first person, as if Jesus said them.


E.P. Sanders, The Historical Figure Of Jesus, 1993, Penguin Books, pp. 70-71
SCRIPTURE TEXT (38) | JOHN
John   |   Chapter: 13   |   Verses: 38
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;
1 of 38
Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God;
2 of 38
He riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded himself.
3 of 38
After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded.
4 of 38
Then cometh he to Simon Peter: and Peter saith unto him, Lord, dost thou wash my feet?
5 of 38
Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know hereafter.
6 of 38
Peter saith unto him, Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, If I wash thee not, thou hast no part with me.
7 of 38
Simon Peter saith unto him, Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head.
8 of 38
Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all.
9 of 38
For he knew who should betray him; therefore said he, Ye are not all clean.
10 of 38
So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was set down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you?
11 of 38
Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am.
12 of 38
If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet.
13 of 38
For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you.
14 of 38
Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him.
15 of 38
If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them.
16 of 38
I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me.
17 of 38
Now I tell you before it come, that, when it is come to pass, ye may believe that I am he.
18 of 38
Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoever I send receiveth me; and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me.
19 of 38
When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.
20 of 38
Then the disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom he spake.
21 of 38
Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.
22 of 38
Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, that he should ask who it should be of whom he spake.
23 of 38
He then lying on Jesus' breast saith unto him, Lord, who is it?
24 of 38
Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.
25 of 38
And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.
26 of 38
Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake this unto him.
27 of 38
For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor.
28 of 38
He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was night.
29 of 38
Therefore, when he was gone out, Jesus said, Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glorified in him.
30 of 38
If God be glorified in him, God shall also glorify him in himself, and shall straightway glorify him.
31 of 38
Little children, yet a little while I am with you. Ye shall seek me: and as I said unto the Jews, Whither I go, ye cannot come; so now I say to you.
32 of 38
A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.
33 of 38
By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.
34 of 38
Simon Peter said unto him, Lord, whither goest thou? Jesus answered him, Whither I go, thou canst not follow me now; but thou shalt follow me afterwards.
35 of 38
Peter said unto him, Lord, why cannot I follow thee now? I will lay down my life for thy sake.
36 of 38
Jesus answered him, Wilt thou lay down thy life for my sake? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, The cock shall not crow, till thou hast denied me thrice.
37 of 38
John   |   Chapter: 13   |   Verses: 38
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21


   VIDEO (215 ) | JOHN


IMPORTANT: All Scripture text has context and background. Scripture should never be read literally or in isolation. Always seek clarification from religious scholars and teachers. In general, Scripture adheres to four principles: (1) Literal Meaning - What the Scripture says (2) Historical Setting - The story events; how the Scripture was understood in its time (3) Grammar - The surrounding sentence and paragraph; textual context (4) Synthesis - A comparison with similar Scripture to give a better contextual understanding

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