Mark 14  

Mark's gospel appears to be targeted at the Roman believers, particularly Gentiles.

He wished for the Romans to have a biographical story of Jesus Christ as Servant of the Lord and Savior of the world in order to strengthen their faith in the face of severe persecution and to teach them what it meant to be His disciples.
W Gospel_of_Mark
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Authorship: (Assumed)
Arrius Calpurnius Piso (circa 73 AD)

The True Authorship of the New Testament, by Abelard Reuchlin 1986
[source]


The gospel of Mark was written in a prototype form before it was later crafted into the form that we are familiar with. The earlier version was called ‘Ur Marcus’ and is also known/called ‘Q’ (for ‘Quelle’, which is German for the ‘source’).

Our latest findings regarding the early version of Mark show that this was written at about the time of Claudius Caesar, by the grandfather of Arrius Piso. That version was apparently only a bare sketch and most likely did not give a name to the ‘messiah’. That appears to have been done later by the person who actually played ‘Jesus’ in the Gospels - Arrius Piso

The version that we are familiar with was written about the year 73 CE by Arrius Calpurnius Piso. Arrius Piso was a Roman on his father’s side, but a descendant of King Herod on his mother’s side and therefore he knew well about the Jewish religion. He was also a close relative to the Flavians and even though secretly he could inherit and use the Flavian name by his mother’s descent from them, he gave a story about receiving it from the emperor Vespasian (in his other identity as Flavius Josephus).
Year Written: (Assumed)
65-75 AD
Manuscript: (Earliest Available)
250 AD - Large fragment - Papyrus(45)
Scripture Type:
New Testament
The New Testament is the second major part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible. The New Testament discusses the teachings and person of Jesus, as well as events in first-century Christianity. Christians regard both the Old and New Testaments together as sacred scripture.

The New Testament consists of 27 books which serve as a source for Christian theology and morality. It is an anthology, a collection of Christian works written in the Greek language within the first 100-years of Jesus, at different times by various writers, who were early Jewish followers of Jesus.
Further Reading:
earlychristianwritings.com/text/mark.html
earlychristianwritings.com/mark.html
www.openbible.info/geo/preview/mark
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   VIDEO (100 ) | MARK
BIBLE CANONS (5) | MARK
BIBLE CANON
A list of Texts a particular religious community regard as authoritative scripture
1. Marcion Canon (140 AD)
Marcionism was a religious movement based on the teachings of the 2nd-century Marcion of Sinope. Marcions Canon lists 14 books out of the 27 books in the New Testament. More specifically, these were Luke and Paul's 13 writings. Marcion even rejected the entire Old Testament of 39 books.

bible.ca/marcion
W Marcion_of_Sinope

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Marcion Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2. Muratorian Canon (170 AD)
The Muratorian Canon is an ancient list of New Testament books - the oldest such list we have found and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

It is noteworthy that the Muratorian Canon omits several epistles that later did win acceptance in the Christian New Testament such as the books of James and 2 Peter.

gotquestions.org/muratorian
W Muratorian_fragment

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Muratorian Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
3. Apostolic Canon (300 AD)
Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons
W Canons_of_the_Apostles

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Apostolic Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
4. Cheltenham/ Mommsen List (360 AD)
The Cheltenham or Mommsen List is a Latin manuscript discovered by the German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen (published 1886) which probably originated in North Africa in the 4th century.

It has 24-book Old Testament and 24-book New Testament which omits Jude and James, and perhaps Hebrews, and questions the epistles of John and Peter.

bible-researcher.com/cheltenham
W Theodor_Mommsen

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
5. Council of Rome (382 AD)
The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, bishop of Rome.

According to a document appended to some manuscripts, the Council of Rome affirmed the authority of the Old and New Testament canon in a decretal or damasine list.
W Council_of_Rome

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Council of Rome
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
W Development_of_the_New_Testament_canon

CHURCH FATHERS (17) | MARK
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
W Development_of_the_New_Testament_canon

TEXTUAL CRITICISM | MARK
CHURCH FATHER
Ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, eminent teachers and great bishops
1. Clement of Rome (97 AD)

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Clement of Rome
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2. Ignatius of Antioch (110 AD)

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Ignatius of Antioch
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
3. Barnabas (130 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Barnabas
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
4. Hermas (140 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Hermas
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
5. Papias of Hierapolis (140 AD)

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Papias of Hierapolis
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
6. Polycarp (150 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Polycarp
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
7. Didache (150 AD)

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Didache
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
8. Diognetus (150 AD)

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Diognetus
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
9. Justin Martyr (155 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Justin Martyr
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
10. Irenaeous (202 AD)

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Irenaeous
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
11. Clement of Alexandria (215 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Clement of Alexandria
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
12. Tertullian (220 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Tertullian
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
13. Origen (254 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Origen
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
14. Eusebius of Caesarea (340 AD)

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Eusebius of Caesarea
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
15. Athanasius of Alexandria (367 AD)

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Athanasius of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
16. Cyril of Jerusalem (386 AD)

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cyril of Jerusalem
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
17. Augustine of Hippo (400 AD)

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Augustine of Hippo
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
And these signs will accompany those who believe: In My name they will drive out demons; they will speak in new tongues; they will pick up snakes with their hands, and if they drink any deadly poison, it will not harm them; they will lay their hands on the sick, and they will be made well

Mark 16:17 exists only in the "longer version" of Mark and was not part of the original gospel of Mark; it was added much later. This verse does not appear in the manuscript evidence in the first 300-years of the common era. The first Bible to include this verse was Codex Washingtonianus dated to the 5th century.

Therefore, 400-years after Jesus and the Bible was finalised, Christian scholars were 'inventing' entire verses and inserting them into the canon Bible.
If any man have ears to hear, let him hear

Displayed as above Missing Verse Missing Verse
But if ye do not forgive, neither will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses

Displayed as above Missing Verse Missing Verse
And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors

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Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils...

Displayed as above Disputed Verse Disputed Verse

Textual Criticism

The Triumphal Entry: Did Jesus request a donkey, take the donkey himself or return the donkey to its owner later? - Comparing the differing accounts in the Gospels
SCRIPTURE TEXT (72) | MARK
Mark   |   Chapter: 14   |   Verses: 72
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
But they said, Not on the feast day, lest there be an uproar of the people.
1 of 72
And being in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at meat, there came a woman having an alabaster box of ointment of spikenard very precious; and she brake the box, and poured it on his head.
2 of 72
And there were some that had indignation within themselves, and said, Why was this waste of the ointment made?
3 of 72
For it might have been sold for more than three hundred pence, and have been given to the poor. And they murmured against her.
4 of 72
And Jesus said, Let her alone; why trouble ye her? she hath wrought a good work on me.
5 of 72
For ye have the poor with you always, and whensoever ye will ye may do them good: but me ye have not always.
6 of 72
She hath done what she could: she is come aforehand to anoint my body to the burying.
7 of 72
Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached throughout the whole world, this also that she hath done shall be spoken of for a memorial of her.
8 of 72
And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went unto the chief priests, to betray him unto them.
9 of 72
And when they heard it, they were glad, and promised to give him money. And he sought how he might conveniently betray him.
10 of 72
And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the passover, his disciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and prepare that thou mayest eat the passover?
11 of 72
And he sendeth forth two of his disciples, and saith unto them, Go ye into the city, and there shall meet you a man bearing a pitcher of water: follow him.
12 of 72
And wheresoever he shall go in, say ye to the goodman of the house, The Master saith, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?
13 of 72
And he will shew you a large upper room furnished and prepared: there make ready for us.
14 of 72
And his disciples went forth, and came into the city, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.
15 of 72
And in the evening he cometh with the twelve.
16 of 72
And as they sat and did eat, Jesus said, Verily I say unto you, One of you which eateth with me shall betray me.
17 of 72
And they began to be sorrowful, and to say unto him one by one, Is it I? and another said, Is it I?
18 of 72
And he answered and said unto them, It is one of the twelve, that dippeth with me in the dish.
19 of 72
The Son of man indeed goeth, as it is written of him: but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! good were it for that man if he had never been born.
20 of 72
And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat: this is my body.
21 of 72
And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them: and they all drank of it.
22 of 72
And he said unto them, This is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many.
23 of 72
Verily I say unto you, I will drink no more of the fruit of the vine, until that day that I drink it new in the kingdom of God.
24 of 72
And when they had sung an hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives.
25 of 72
And Jesus saith unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered.
26 of 72
But after that I am risen, I will go before you into Galilee.
27 of 72
But Peter said unto him, Although all shall be offended, yet will not I.
28 of 72
And Jesus saith unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this day, even in this night, before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice.
29 of 72
But he spake the more vehemently, If I should die with thee, I will not deny thee in any wise. Likewise also said they all.
30 of 72
And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane: and he saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while I shall pray.
31 of 72
And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy;
32 of 72
And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch.
33 of 72
And he went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him.
34 of 72
And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thou wilt.
35 of 72
And he cometh, and findeth them sleeping, and saith unto Peter, Simon, sleepest thou? couldest not thou watch one hour?
36 of 72
Watch ye and pray, lest ye enter into temptation. The spirit truly is ready, but the flesh is weak.
37 of 72
And again he went away, and prayed, and spake the same words.
38 of 72
And when he returned, he found them asleep again, (for their eyes were heavy,) neither wist they what to answer him.
39 of 72
And he cometh the third time, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: it is enough, the hour is come; behold, the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.
40 of 72
Rise up, let us go; lo, he that betrayeth me is at hand.
41 of 72
And immediately, while he yet spake, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders.
42 of 72
And he that betrayed him had given them a token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he; take him, and lead him away safely.
43 of 72
And as soon as he was come, he goeth straightway to him, and saith, Master, master; and kissed him.
44 of 72
And they laid their hands on him, and took him.
45 of 72
And one of them that stood by drew a sword, and smote a servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear.
46 of 72
And Jesus answered and said unto them, Are ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and with staves to take me?
47 of 72
I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and ye took me not: but the scriptures must be fulfilled.
48 of 72
And they all forsook him, and fled.
49 of 72
And there followed him a certain young man, having a linen cloth cast about his naked body; and the young men laid hold on him:
50 of 72
And he left the linen cloth, and fled from them naked.
51 of 72
And they led Jesus away to the high priest: and with him were assembled all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes.
52 of 72
And Peter followed him afar off, even into the palace of the high priest: and he sat with the servants, and warmed himself at the fire.
53 of 72
And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to put him to death; and found none.
54 of 72
For many bare false witness against him, but their witness agreed not together.
55 of 72
And there arose certain, and bare false witness against him, saying,
56 of 72
We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands.
57 of 72
But neither so did their witness agree together.
58 of 72
And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee?
59 of 72
But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?
60 of 72
And Jesus said, I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.
61 of 72
Then the high priest rent his clothes, and saith, What need we any further witnesses?
62 of 72
Ye have heard the blasphemy: what think ye? And they all condemned him to be guilty of death.
63 of 72
And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him, Prophesy: and the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.
64 of 72
And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there cometh one of the maids of the high priest:
65 of 72
And when she saw Peter warming himself, she looked upon him, and said, And thou also wast with Jesus of Nazareth.
66 of 72
But he denied, saying, I know not, neither understand I what thou sayest. And he went out into the porch; and the cock crew.
67 of 72
And a maid saw him again, and began to say to them that stood by, This is one of them.
68 of 72
And he denied it again. And a little after, they that stood by said again to Peter, Surely thou art one of them: for thou art a Galilaean, and thy speech agreeth thereto.
69 of 72
But he began to curse and to swear, saying, I know not this man of whom ye speak.
70 of 72
And the second time the cock crew. And Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said unto him, Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. And when he thought thereon, he wept.
71 of 72
Mark   |   Chapter: 14   |   Verses: 72
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16


WARNING: Before You Read The Torah, Bible, Quran etc.
All SCRIPTURE TEXT has Context and Background. Text should never be read literally or in isolation. Always seek clarification from religious scholars and teachers. In general, to study Text requires four principles:

1. Literal Meaning - What the Text says
2. Historical Setting - The story events; how the Text was understood in its time
3. Grammar - The surrounding sentence and paragraph; textual context
4. Synthesis - A comparison with similar Texts to give a better contextual understanding

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