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BIBLE CANONS (5) | MARK
BIBLE CANON
A list of Texts a particular religious community regard as authoritative scripture
1. Marcion Canon (140 AD)
Marcionism was a religious movement based on the teachings of the 2nd-century Marcion of Sinope. Marcions Canon lists 14 books out of the 27 books in the New Testament. More specifically, these were Luke and Paul's 13 writings. Marcion even rejected the entire Old Testament of 39 books.

bible.ca/marcion
W Marcion_of_Sinope

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Marcion Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2. Muratorian Canon (170 AD)
The Muratorian Canon is an ancient list of New Testament books - the oldest such list we have found and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

It is noteworthy that the Muratorian Canon omits several epistles that later did win acceptance in the Christian New Testament such as the books of James and 2 Peter.

gotquestions.org/muratorian
W Muratorian_fragment

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Muratorian Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
3. Apostolic Canon (300 AD)
Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons
W Canons_of_the_Apostles

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Apostolic Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
4. Cheltenham/ Mommsen List (360 AD)
The Cheltenham or Mommsen List is a Latin manuscript discovered by the German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen (published 1886) which probably originated in North Africa in the 4th century.

It has 24-book Old Testament and 24-book New Testament which omits Jude and James, and perhaps Hebrews, and questions the epistles of John and Peter.

bible-researcher.com/cheltenham
W Theodor_Mommsen

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
5. Council of Rome (382 AD)
The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, bishop of Rome.

According to a document appended to some manuscripts, the Council of Rome affirmed the authority of the Old and New Testament canon in a decretal or damasine list.
W Council_of_Rome

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Council of Rome
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
W Development_of_the_New_Testament_canon

CHURCH FATHERS (17) | MARK
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
W Development_of_the_New_Testament_canon

TEXTUAL CRITICISM | MARK
CHURCH FATHER
Ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, eminent teachers and great bishops
1. Clement of Rome (97 AD)

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Clement of Rome
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2. Ignatius of Antioch (110 AD)

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Ignatius of Antioch
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
3. Barnabas (130 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Barnabas
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
4. Hermas (140 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Hermas
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
5. Papias of Hierapolis (140 AD)

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Papias of Hierapolis
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
6. Polycarp (150 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Polycarp
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
7. Didache (150 AD)

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Didache
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
8. Diognetus (150 AD)

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Diognetus
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
9. Justin Martyr (155 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Justin Martyr
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
10. Irenaeous (202 AD)

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Irenaeous
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
11. Clement of Alexandria (215 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Clement of Alexandria
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
12. Tertullian (220 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Tertullian
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
13. Origen (254 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Origen
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
14. Eusebius of Caesarea (340 AD)

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Eusebius of Caesarea
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
15. Athanasius of Alexandria (367 AD)

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Athanasius of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
16. Cyril of Jerusalem (386 AD)

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cyril of Jerusalem
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
17. Augustine of Hippo (400 AD)

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Augustine of Hippo
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
And these signs will accompany those who believe: In My name they will drive out demons; they will speak in new tongues; they will pick up snakes with their hands, and if they drink any deadly poison, it will not harm them; they will lay their hands on the sick, and they will be made well

Mark 16:17 exists only in the "longer version" of Mark and was not part of the original gospel of Mark; it was added much later. This verse does not appear in the manuscript evidence in the first 300-years of the common era. The first Bible to include this verse was Codex Washingtonianus dated to the 5th century.

Therefore, 400-years after Jesus and the Bible was finalised, Christian scholars were 'inventing' entire verses and inserting them into the canon Bible.
If any man have ears to hear, let him hear

Displayed as above Missing Verse Missing Verse
But if ye do not forgive, neither will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses

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And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors

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Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils...

Displayed as above Disputed Verse Disputed Verse

Textual Criticism

The Triumphal Entry: Did Jesus request a donkey, take the donkey himself or return the donkey to its owner later? - Comparing the differing accounts in the Gospels
SCRIPTURE TEXT (44) | MARK
Mark   |   Chapter: 12   |   Verses: 44
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant, that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruit of the vineyard.
1 of 44
And they caught him, and beat him, and sent him away empty.
2 of 44
And again he sent unto them another servant; and at him they cast stones, and wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully handled.
3 of 44
And again he sent another; and him they killed, and many others; beating some, and killing some.
4 of 44
Having yet therefore one son, his wellbeloved, he sent him also last unto them, saying, They will reverence my son.
5 of 44
But those husbandmen said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance shall be our's.
6 of 44
And they took him, and killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard.
7 of 44
What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard do? he will come and destroy the husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others.
8 of 44
And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner:
9 of 44
This was the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
10 of 44
And they sought to lay hold on him, but feared the people: for they knew that he had spoken the parable against them: and they left him, and went their way.
11 of 44
And they send unto him certain of the Pharisees and of the Herodians, to catch him in his words.
12 of 44
And when they were come, they say unto him, Master, we know that thou art true, and carest for no man: for thou regardest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God in truth: Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not?
13 of 44
Shall we give, or shall we not give? But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye me? bring me a penny, that I may see it.
14 of 44
And they brought it. And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? And they said unto him, Caesar's.
15 of 44
And Jesus answering said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's. And they marvelled at him.
16 of 44
Then come unto him the Sadducees, which say there is no resurrection; and they asked him, saying,
17 of 44
Master, Moses wrote unto us, If a man's brother die, and leave his wife behind him, and leave no children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.
18 of 44
Now there were seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed.
19 of 44
And the second took her, and died, neither left he any seed: and the third likewise.
20 of 44
And the seven had her, and left no seed: last of all the woman died also.
21 of 44
In the resurrection therefore, when they shall rise, whose wife shall she be of them? for the seven had her to wife.
22 of 44
And Jesus answering said unto them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the scriptures, neither the power of God?
23 of 44
For when they shall rise from the dead, they neither marry, nor are given in marriage; but are as the angels which are in heaven.
24 of 44
And as touching the dead, that they rise: have ye not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush God spake unto him, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?
25 of 44
He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living: ye therefore do greatly err.
26 of 44
And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment of all?
27 of 44
And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:
28 of 44
And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.
29 of 44
And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these.
30 of 44
And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he:
31 of 44
And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.
32 of 44
And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that durst ask him any question.
33 of 44
And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the son of David?
34 of 44
For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
35 of 44
David therefore himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he then his son? And the common people heard him gladly.
36 of 44
And he said unto them in his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, which love to go in long clothing, and love salutations in the marketplaces,
37 of 44
And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts:
38 of 44
Which devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation.
39 of 44
And Jesus sat over against the treasury, and beheld how the people cast money into the treasury: and many that were rich cast in much.
40 of 44
And there came a certain poor widow, and she threw in two mites, which make a farthing.
41 of 44
And he called unto him his disciples, and saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That this poor widow hath cast more in, than all they which have cast into the treasury:
42 of 44
For all they did cast in of their abundance; but she of her want did cast in all that she had, even all her living.
43 of 44
Mark   |   Chapter: 12   |   Verses: 44
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16


   VIDEO (100 ) | MARK


IMPORTANT: All Scripture text has context and background. Scripture should never be read literally or in isolation. Always seek clarification from religious scholars and teachers. In general, Scripture adheres to four principles: (1) Literal Meaning - What the Scripture says (2) Historical Setting - The story events; how the Scripture was understood in its time (3) Grammar - The surrounding sentence and paragraph; textual context (4) Synthesis - A comparison with similar Scripture to give a better contextual understanding

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