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BIBLE CANONS (5) | MARK
BIBLE CANON
A list of Texts a particular religious community regard as authoritative scripture
1. Marcion Canon (140 AD)
Marcionism was a religious movement based on the teachings of the 2nd-century Marcion of Sinope. Marcions Canon lists 14 books out of the 27 books in the New Testament. More specifically, these were Luke and Paul's 13 writings. Marcion even rejected the entire Old Testament of 39 books.

bible.ca/marcion
W Marcion_of_Sinope

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Marcion Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2. Muratorian Canon (170 AD)
The Muratorian Canon is an ancient list of New Testament books - the oldest such list we have found and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

It is noteworthy that the Muratorian Canon omits several epistles that later did win acceptance in the Christian New Testament such as the books of James and 2 Peter.

gotquestions.org/muratorian
W Muratorian_fragment

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Muratorian Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
3. Apostolic Canon (300 AD)
Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons
W Canons_of_the_Apostles

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Apostolic Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
4. Cheltenham/ Mommsen List (360 AD)
The Cheltenham or Mommsen List is a Latin manuscript discovered by the German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen (published 1886) which probably originated in North Africa in the 4th century.

It has 24-book Old Testament and 24-book New Testament which omits Jude and James, and perhaps Hebrews, and questions the epistles of John and Peter.

bible-researcher.com/cheltenham
W Theodor_Mommsen

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
5. Council of Rome (382 AD)
The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, bishop of Rome.

According to a document appended to some manuscripts, the Council of Rome affirmed the authority of the Old and New Testament canon in a decretal or damasine list.
W Council_of_Rome

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Council of Rome
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
W Development_of_the_New_Testament_canon

CHURCH FATHERS (17) | MARK
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
W Development_of_the_New_Testament_canon

TEXTUAL CRITICISM | MARK
CHURCH FATHER
Ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, eminent teachers and great bishops
1. Clement of Rome (97 AD)

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Clement of Rome
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2. Ignatius of Antioch (110 AD)

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Ignatius of Antioch
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
3. Barnabas (130 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Barnabas
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
4. Hermas (140 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Hermas
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
5. Papias of Hierapolis (140 AD)

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Papias of Hierapolis
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
6. Polycarp (150 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Polycarp
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
7. Didache (150 AD)

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Didache
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
8. Diognetus (150 AD)

Mark was Rejected (0%) by Diognetus
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
9. Justin Martyr (155 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Justin Martyr
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
10. Irenaeous (202 AD)

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Irenaeous
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
11. Clement of Alexandria (215 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Clement of Alexandria
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
12. Tertullian (220 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Tertullian
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
13. Origen (254 AD)

Mark was Approved (75%) by Origen
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
14. Eusebius of Caesarea (340 AD)

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Eusebius of Caesarea
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
15. Athanasius of Alexandria (367 AD)

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Athanasius of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
16. Cyril of Jerusalem (386 AD)

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cyril of Jerusalem
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
17. Augustine of Hippo (400 AD)

Mark was Fully Accepted (100%) by Augustine of Hippo
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
And these signs will accompany those who believe: In My name they will drive out demons; they will speak in new tongues; they will pick up snakes with their hands, and if they drink any deadly poison, it will not harm them; they will lay their hands on the sick, and they will be made well

Mark 16:17 exists only in the "longer version" of Mark and was not part of the original gospel of Mark; it was added much later. This verse does not appear in the manuscript evidence in the first 300-years of the common era. The first Bible to include this verse was Codex Washingtonianus dated to the 5th century.

Therefore, 400-years after Jesus and the Bible was finalised, Christian scholars were 'inventing' entire verses and inserting them into the canon Bible.
If any man have ears to hear, let him hear

Displayed as above Missing Verse Missing Verse
But if ye do not forgive, neither will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses

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And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors

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Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils...

Displayed as above Disputed Verse Disputed Verse

Textual Criticism

The Triumphal Entry: Did Jesus request a donkey, take the donkey himself or return the donkey to its owner later? - Comparing the differing accounts in the Gospels

MARK
CHAPTER: 10 | VERSES: 52

And the Pharisees came to him, and asked him, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife? tempting him.
1 of 52
And he answered and said unto them, What did Moses command you?
2 of 52
And they said, Moses suffered to write a bill of divorcement, and to put her away.
3 of 52
And Jesus answered and said unto them, For the hardness of your heart he wrote you this precept.
4 of 52
But from the beginning of the creation God made them male and female.
5 of 52
For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and cleave to his wife;
6 of 52
And they twain shall be one flesh: so then they are no more twain, but one flesh.
7 of 52
What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.
8 of 52
And in the house his disciples asked him again of the same matter.
9 of 52
And he saith unto them, Whosoever shall put away his wife, and marry another, committeth adultery against her.
10 of 52
And if a woman shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.
11 of 52
And they brought young children to him, that he should touch them: and his disciples rebuked those that brought them.
12 of 52
But when Jesus saw it, he was much displeased, and said unto them, Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God.
13 of 52
Verily I say unto you, Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, he shall not enter therein.
14 of 52
And he took them up in his arms, put his hands upon them, and blessed them.
15 of 52
And when he was gone forth into the way, there came one running, and kneeled to him, and asked him, Good Master, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?
16 of 52
And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God.
17 of 52
Thou knowest the commandments, Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Defraud not, Honour thy father and mother.
18 of 52
And he answered and said unto him, Master, all these have I observed from my youth.
19 of 52
Then Jesus beholding him loved him, and said unto him, One thing thou lackest: go thy way, sell whatsoever thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, take up the cross, and follow me.
20 of 52
And he was sad at that saying, and went away grieved: for he had great possessions.
21 of 52
And Jesus looked round about, and saith unto his disciples, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God!
22 of 52
And the disciples were astonished at his words. But Jesus answereth again, and saith unto them, Children, how hard is it for them that trust in riches to enter into the kingdom of God!
23 of 52
It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.
24 of 52
And they were astonished out of measure, saying among themselves, Who then can be saved?
25 of 52
And Jesus looking upon them saith, With men it is impossible, but not with God: for with God all things are possible.
26 of 52
Then Peter began to say unto him, Lo, we have left all, and have followed thee.
27 of 52
And Jesus answered and said, Verily I say unto you, There is no man that hath left house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my sake, and the gospel's,
28 of 52
But he shall receive an hundredfold now in this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the world to come eternal life.
29 of 52
But many that are first shall be last; and the last first.
30 of 52
And they were in the way going up to Jerusalem; and Jesus went before them: and they were amazed; and as they followed, they were afraid. And he took again the twelve, and began to tell them what things should happen unto him,
31 of 52
Saying, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be delivered unto the chief priests, and unto the scribes; and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles:
32 of 52
And they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him: and the third day he shall rise again.
33 of 52
And James and John, the sons of Zebedee, come unto him, saying, Master, we would that thou shouldest do for us whatsoever we shall desire.
34 of 52
And he said unto them, What would ye that I should do for you?
35 of 52
They said unto him, Grant unto us that we may sit, one on thy right hand, and the other on thy left hand, in thy glory.
36 of 52
But Jesus said unto them, Ye know not what ye ask: can ye drink of the cup that I drink of? and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?
37 of 52
And they said unto him, We can. And Jesus said unto them, Ye shall indeed drink of the cup that I drink of; and with the baptism that I am baptized withal shall ye be baptized:
38 of 52
But to sit on my right hand and on my left hand is not mine to give; but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared.
39 of 52
And when the ten heard it, they began to be much displeased with James and John.
40 of 52
But Jesus called them to him, and saith unto them, Ye know that they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and their great ones exercise authority upon them.
41 of 52
But so shall it not be among you: but whosoever will be great among you, shall be your minister:
42 of 52
And whosoever of you will be the chiefest, shall be servant of all.
43 of 52
For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
44 of 52
And they came to Jericho: and as he went out of Jericho with his disciples and a great number of people, blind Bartimaeus, the son of Timaeus, sat by the highway side begging.
45 of 52
And when he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out, and say, Jesus, thou son of David, have mercy on me.
46 of 52
And many charged him that he should hold his peace: but he cried the more a great deal, Thou son of David, have mercy on me.
47 of 52
And Jesus stood still, and commanded him to be called. And they call the blind man, saying unto him, Be of good comfort, rise; he calleth thee.
48 of 52
And he, casting away his garment, rose, and came to Jesus.
49 of 52
And Jesus answered and said unto him, What wilt thou that I should do unto thee? The blind man said unto him, Lord, that I might receive my sight.
50 of 52
And Jesus said unto him, Go thy way; thy faith hath made thee whole. And immediately he received his sight, and followed Jesus in the way.
51 of 52
Chapter:
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IMPORTANT: All Scripture text has context and background. Scripture should never be read literally or in isolation. Always seek clarification from religious scholars and teachers. In general, Scripture adheres to four principles: (1) Literal Meaning - What the Scripture says (2) Historical Setting - The story events; how the Scripture was understood in its time (3) Grammar - The surrounding sentence and paragraph; textual context (4) Synthesis - A comparison with similar Scripture to give a better contextual understanding

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