Matthew 12  

Matthew intends to prove to the Jews that Jesus Christ is the promised Messiah.

More than any other Gospel, the Gospel of Matthew quotes the Old Testament to show how Jesus fulfilled the words of the Jewish prophets. Matthew describes in detail the lineage of Jesus from David, and uses many forms of speech that Jews would have been comfortable with. Matthew’s love and concern for his people is apparent through his meticulous approach to telling the gospel story.
W Gospel_of_Matthew
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Authorship: (Assumed)
Arrius Calpurnius Piso (circa 75 AD)

The True Authorship of the New Testament, by Abelard Reuchlin 1986
[source]
Year Written: (Assumed)
75-100 AD
Manuscript: (Earliest Available)
150-250 AD - Large fragment - Papyrus (1,19,21,25,37,45,53,64,67,70,77,101,103,104)
Scripture Type:
New Testament
The New Testament is the second major part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible. The New Testament discusses the teachings and person of Jesus, as well as events in first-century Christianity. Christians regard both the Old and New Testaments together as sacred scripture.

The New Testament consists of 27 books which serve as a source for Christian theology and morality. It is an anthology, a collection of Christian works written in the Greek language within the first 100-years of Jesus, at different times by various writers, who were early Jewish followers of Jesus.
Further Reading:
earlychristianwritings.com/text/matthew.html
earlychristianwritings.com/matthew.html
www.openbible.info/geo/preview/matt
google.com/search
   VIDEO (92 ) | MATTHEW
BIBLE CANONS (5) | MATTHEW
BIBLE CANON
A list of Texts a particular religious community regard as authoritative scripture
1. Marcion Canon (140 AD)
Marcionism was a religious movement based on the teachings of the 2nd-century Marcion of Sinope. Marcions Canon lists 14 books out of the 27 books in the New Testament. More specifically, these were Luke and Paul's 13 writings. Marcion even rejected the entire Old Testament of 39 books.

bible.ca/marcion
W Marcion_of_Sinope

Matthew was Rejected (0%) by Marcion Canon
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
2. Muratorian Canon (170 AD)
The Muratorian Canon is an ancient list of New Testament books - the oldest such list we have found and lists 22 of the 27 books that were later included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

It is noteworthy that the Muratorian Canon omits several epistles that later did win acceptance in the Christian New Testament such as the books of James and 2 Peter.

gotquestions.org/muratorian
W Muratorian_fragment

Matthew was Fully Accepted (100%) by Muratorian Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
3. Apostolic Canon (300 AD)
Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons
W Canons_of_the_Apostles

Matthew was Fully Accepted (100%) by Apostolic Canon
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
4. Cheltenham/ Mommsen List (360 AD)
The Cheltenham or Mommsen List is a Latin manuscript discovered by the German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen (published 1886) which probably originated in North Africa in the 4th century.

It has 24-book Old Testament and 24-book New Testament which omits Jude and James, and perhaps Hebrews, and questions the epistles of John and Peter.

bible-researcher.com/cheltenham
W Theodor_Mommsen

Matthew was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cheltenham/ Mommsen List
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
5. Council of Rome (382 AD)
The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, bishop of Rome.

According to a document appended to some manuscripts, the Council of Rome affirmed the authority of the Old and New Testament canon in a decretal or damasine list.
W Council_of_Rome

Matthew was Fully Accepted (100%) by Council of Rome
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
W Development_of_the_New_Testament_canon

CHURCH FATHERS (17) | MATTHEW
Bible Canon (367 AD)
In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria, first gave a list of the 27-books to become the New Testament 'Bible Canon'
W Development_of_the_New_Testament_canon

TEXTUAL CRITICISM | MATTHEW
CHURCH FATHER
Ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, eminent teachers and great bishops
1. Clement of Rome (97 AD)

Matthew was Approved (75%) by Clement of Rome
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
2. Ignatius of Antioch (110 AD)

Matthew was Rejected (0%) by Ignatius of Antioch
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
3. Barnabas (130 AD)

Matthew was Approved (75%) by Barnabas
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
4. Hermas (140 AD)

Matthew was Approved (75%) by Hermas
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
5. Papias of Hierapolis (140 AD)

Matthew was Rejected (0%) by Papias of Hierapolis
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
6. Polycarp (150 AD)

Matthew was Approved (75%) by Polycarp
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
7. Didache (150 AD)

Matthew was Approved (75%) by Didache
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
8. Diognetus (150 AD)

Matthew was Rejected (0%) by Diognetus
(No mention; no quotes; opinion unknown)
9. Justin Martyr (155 AD)

Matthew was Approved (75%) by Justin Martyr
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
10. Irenaeous (202 AD)

Matthew was Fully Accepted (100%) by Irenaeous
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
11. Clement of Alexandria (215 AD)

Matthew was Approved (75%) by Clement of Alexandria
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
12. Tertullian (220 AD)

Matthew was Approved (75%) by Tertullian
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
13. Origen (254 AD)

Matthew was Approved (75%) by Origen
(Citation; approving quotation; alluded to; acceptable with changes)
14. Eusebius of Caesarea (340 AD)

Matthew was Fully Accepted (100%) by Eusebius of Caesarea
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
15. Athanasius of Alexandria (367 AD)

Matthew was Fully Accepted (100%) by Athanasius of Alexandria
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
16. Cyril of Jerusalem (386 AD)

Matthew was Fully Accepted (100%) by Cyril of Jerusalem
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
17. Augustine of Hippo (400 AD)

Matthew was Fully Accepted (100%) by Augustine of Hippo
(Fully accepted; true scripture; quoted approvingly)
Bible Translations: Missing/Disputed Verse
Howbeit this kind goeth not out but by prayer and fasting
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Missing Verse
Missing Verse

For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost
Displayed as above
Missing Verse
Missing Verse

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation
Displayed as above
Missing Verse
Missing Verse
Textual Criticism

The Triumphal Entry: Did Jesus request a donkey, take the donkey himself or return the donkey to its owner later? - Comparing the accounts given in Matthew 21:3, Mark 11:3, Luke 19:31 and John 12:14
SCRIPTURE TEXT (50) | MATTHEW
Matthew   |   Chapter: 12   |   Verses: 50
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath day.
1 of 50
But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him;
2 of 50
How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the shewbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests?
3 of 50
Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?
4 of 50
But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple.
5 of 50
But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.
6 of 50
For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day.
7 of 50
And when he was departed thence, he went into their synagogue:
8 of 50
And, behold, there was a man which had his hand withered. And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath days? that they might accuse him.
9 of 50
And he said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out?
10 of 50
How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.
11 of 50
Then saith he to the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it forth; and it was restored whole, like as the other.
12 of 50
Then the Pharisees went out, and held a council against him, how they might destroy him.
13 of 50
But when Jesus knew it, he withdrew himself from thence: and great multitudes followed him, and he healed them all;
14 of 50
And charged them that they should not make him known:
15 of 50
That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying,
16 of 50
Behold my servant, whom I have chosen; my beloved, in whom my soul is well pleased: I will put my spirit upon him, and he shall shew judgment to the Gentiles.
17 of 50
He shall not strive, nor cry; neither shall any man hear his voice in the streets.
18 of 50
A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto victory.
19 of 50
And in his name shall the Gentiles trust.
20 of 50
Then was brought unto him one possessed with a devil, blind, and dumb: and he healed him, insomuch that the blind and dumb both spake and saw.
21 of 50
And all the people were amazed, and said, Is not this the son of David?
22 of 50
But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, This fellow doth not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils.
23 of 50
And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand:
24 of 50
And if Satan cast out Satan, he is divided against himself; how shall then his kingdom stand?
25 of 50
And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your children cast them out? therefore they shall be your judges.
26 of 50
But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you.
27 of 50
Or else how can one enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods, except he first bind the strong man? and then he will spoil his house.
28 of 50
He that is not with me is against me; and he that gathereth not with me scattereth abroad.
29 of 50
Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men.
30 of 50
And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come.
31 of 50
Either make the tree good, and his fruit good; or else make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt: for the tree is known by his fruit.
32 of 50
O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
33 of 50
A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things.
34 of 50
But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.
35 of 50
For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.
36 of 50
Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee.
37 of 50
But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas:
38 of 50
For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
39 of 50
The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here.
40 of 50
The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.
41 of 50
When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest, and findeth none.
42 of 50
Then he saith, I will return into my house from whence I came out; and when he is come, he findeth it empty, swept, and garnished.
43 of 50
Then goeth he, and taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter in and dwell there: and the last state of that man is worse than the first. Even so shall it be also unto this wicked generation.
44 of 50
While he yet talked to the people, behold, his mother and his brethren stood without, desiring to speak with him.
45 of 50
Then one said unto him, Behold, thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to speak with thee.
46 of 50
But he answered and said unto him that told him, Who is my mother? and who are my brethren?
47 of 50
And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren!
48 of 50
For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother.
49 of 50
Matthew   |   Chapter: 12   |   Verses: 50
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28


WARNING: Before You Read The Torah, Bible, Quran etc.
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1. Literal Meaning - What the Text says
2. Historical Setting - The story events; how the Text was understood in its time
3. Grammar - The surrounding sentence and paragraph; textual context
4. Synthesis - A comparison with similar Texts to give a better contextual understanding

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