2 Esdras (4 Ezra)
2 Esdras is the name of an apocalyptic book in many English versions of the Bible. It is reckoned among the apocrypha by Roman Catholics, Protestants, and most Orthodox Christians. Critics question whether even the main body of the book has a single author. Kalisch, De Faye, and Charles hold that no fewer than five people worked on the text. However, Gunkel holds that the book is written by a single author.
Critics have widely debated the origin of the book. Hidden under two layers of translation it is impossible to determine if the author was Roman, Alexandrian, or Palestinian.
The book is considered one of the gems of Jewish apocalyptic literature.
Year: 90-96 AD
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IMPORTANT: All Scripture text has context and background. Scripture should never be read literally or in isolation. Always seek clarification from religious scholars and teachers. In general, Scripture adheres to four principles: (1) Literal Meaning - What the Scripture says (2) Historical Setting - The story events; how the Scripture was understood in its time (3) Grammar - The surrounding sentence and paragraph; textual context (4) Synthesis - A comparison with similar Scripture to give a better contextual understanding