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ABU DAWUD
CHAPTER: 4 | VERSES: 52

1 Narrated Ya'la b. Umayyah:

I remarked to 'Umar al-Khattab: Have you seen the shortening of the prayer by the people today while Allah has said: "If you fear that those who are infidels may afflict you", whereas those days are gone now? He replied: I have wondered about the same matter for which you wondered. So I mentioned this to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him). He said: It is an act of charity which Allah has done to you, so accept his charity.
Abu Dawud | 3:1195
2
The above mentioned tradition has also been narrated through a different chain of transmitters by 'Abd Allah b. Abi 'Ammar who narrated it in like manner.

Abu Dawud said:

This has been transmitted by Abu 'Asim and Hammad b. Mas'adah as transmitted by Ibn Bakr.
Abu Dawud | 3:1196
3 Narrated Yahya b. Yazid al-Hannani:

I asked Anas b. Malik about the shortening of the prayer (while travelling). He said: When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) went out on a journey of three miles or three farsakh (the narrator Shu'bah doubted), he used to pray two rak'ahs.
Abu Dawud | 3:1197
4 Narrated Anas b. Malik:

I prayed along with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) four rak'ahs at the noon prayer at Medina and two rak'ahs at the afternoon prayer in Dhu al-Hulaifah.
Abu Dawud | 3:1198
5 Narrated Uqbah ibn Amir:

I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: Allah is pleased with a shepherd of goats who calls to prayer at the peak of a mountain, and offers prayer, Allah, the Exalted, says: Look at this servant of Mine; he calls to prayer and offers it and he fears Me. So I forgive him and admit him to paradise.
Abu Dawud | 3:1199
6 Narrated Mishaj b. Musa:

I asked Anas b. Malik: Narrate to us what you heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say. He said: When we travelled along with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), we would say: Did the sun pass the meridian or not? But he (the Prophet) would offer the noon prayer and then proceed.
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7 Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) halted at a certain place (while on a journey), he would not leave that place till he offered the noon prayer. A man said to him: Even if in the middle of the day? He replied: Even if in the middle of the day.
Abu Dawud | 3:1201
8 Narrated Mu'adh bin Jabal:

They (the Companions) proceeded on the expedition of Tabuk along with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him). He combined the noon and afternoon prayers and the sunset and night prayers. One day he delayed the prayer and came out (of his dwelling) and combined the noon and the afternoon prayers. He then went it and then came out and combined the sunset and the night prayers.
Abu Dawud | 3:1202
9 Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

Ibn Umar was informed about the death of Safiyyah (the wife of the Prophet) when he was at Mecca. He proceeded till the sun set and the stars shined. He said: When the Prophet (Peach be upon him) was in a hurry about something while on a journey, he would combine both these prayers. He proceed till twilight had disappeared. He then combined both of them (the prayers).
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10 Narrated Mu'adh ibn Jabal:

On the expedition to Tabuk if the sun had passed the meridian before the apostle of Allah (Peach be upon him) moved off, he combined the noon and the afternoon prayers; but if he moved off before the sun had passed the meridian, he delayed the noon prayer till he halted for the afternoon prayer. He acted similarly for the sunset prayer; if the sun set before he moved off, he combined the sunset and the night prayers, but if he moved off before sunset, he delayed the sunset prayer till he halted for the night prayer and then combined them.

Abu Dawud said: Hisham b. 'Urwah narrated this tradition from Husain b. 'Abd Allah, from Kuraib on the authority of Ibn 'Abbas from the Prophet (Peach be upon him) like the tradition narrated by Mufaddal and al-Laith.
Abu Dawud | 3:1204
11 Narrated Ibn 'Umar:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) never combined the sunset and night prayers while on a journey except once.

Abu Dawud said: This has been narrated by Ayyub from Nafi' from Ibn 'Umar as a statement of Ibn 'Umar. Ibn 'Umar was never seen combining these two prayers except on the night he was informed about the death of Safiyyah. The tradition narrated by Makhul from Nafi' indicates that he (Nafi') saw Ibn 'Umar doing so once or twice.
Abu Dawud | 3:1205
12 Narrated 'Abd Allah b. 'Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) combined the noon and the afternoon prayers, and combined the sunset and night prayers without any danger or journey. Malik said: I think it so happened during rain.

Abu Dawud said: Hammad b. Salamah narrated it like manner from Abu al-Zubair, it has also been narrated by Qurrah b. Khalid from Abu al-Zubair. He said: It is so happened in a journey that we made to Tabuk.
Abu Dawud | 3:1206
13 Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) combined the noon and afternoon prayers, and the sunset and night prayers at Medina without any danger and rain. He was asked: What did he intend by it ? He replied: He intended that his community might not fall into hardship.
Abu Dawud | 3:1207
14 Narrated Abdullah ibn Waqid:

The mu'adhdhin of Ibn Umar said: prayer (i.e. the time of prayer has come). He said: Go ahead. He then alighted before the disappearance. He then offered the night prayer. He then said: When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was in a hurry about something, he would do as I did. Then he travelled and covered a distance of three days' journey on the day.


Abu Dawud said: A similar tradition has been transmitted by Ibn Jabir from Nafi' with the same chain.
Abu Dawud | 3:1208
15
This tradition has also been transmitted by Ibrahim b. Musa al-Razi, from 'Isa, on the authority of Ibn Jabir to the same effect.

Abu Dawud said:

'Abd Allah b. al-'Ala' narrated on the authority of Nafi' saying: When the twilight was about to disappear, he alighted and combined both (the prayers).
Abu Dawud | 3:1209
16 Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) led us in prayer at Medina eight of seven rak'ahs, in the noon and afternoon prayers, and the sunset and night prayers. The narrator Sulaiman and Musaddad did not say the words "led us".

Abu Dawud said: The aforesaid tradition has also been narrated by Salih, the client of Tu'mah on the authority if Ibn 'Abbas saying: "Not during rain."
Abu Dawud | 3:1210
17 Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

When the sun set at Mecca, the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) combined the two prayers at Sarif.
Abu Dawud | 3:1211
18 Narrated Hisham b. Sa'd:

There was a distance of ten miles between them, that is, Mecca and Sarif.
Abu Dawud | 3:1212
19 Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

Abdullah ibn Dinar said: The sun set when I was with Abdullah ibn Umar. We proceeded, and when we saw that the evening came, we said prayer. He went on travelling until the twilight disappeared and the stars became thick. He then slighted and combined the two prayers. Then he said: I saw the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him); when he hastened his travelling, he would pray like this prayer of mine. He said: He would combine the two prayers after the passing of a part of night. AbuDawud said: This has been transmitted by Asim ibn Muhammad from his brother on the authority of Salim and this has also been narrated by Ibn AbuNajih from Isma'il ibn AbdurRahman ibn Dhuwayb saying that Ibn Umar would combine the two prayers after the disappearance of twilight.
Abu Dawud | 3:1213
20 Narrated Anas b. Malik:

When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) proceeded before the sun had declined, he delayed the noon prayer till the time of the afternoon prayer, he would then alight and combine the two prayers. If the sun declined before he moved off, he would offer the noon prayer and rode (the beast) - may peace be upon him.

Abu Dawud said: The narrator Mufaddal was the judge of Egypt. His supplication was accepted by Allah; he was the son of Fudalah.
Abu Dawud | 3:1214
21 The above mentioned tradition has also been reported by 'Uqail through a different chain of narrators. He said:

He would delay the evening prayer till he combined the evening and the night prayers when the twilight disappeared.
Abu Dawud | 3:1215
22 Narrated Mu'adh ibn Jabal:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) was engaged in the Battle of Tabuk. If he moved off before the sun had declined, he would delay the noon prayer till he would combine it with the afternoon prayer and would offer them together. If he moved off after the sun had declined, he would combine the noon and afternoon prayers, and then he proceeded; if he moved off before the evening prayer, he would delay the evening prayer; he would offer it along with the night prayer, he would delay the evening prayer; he would offer it along with the night prayer. If he moved off after the evening prayer, he would offer the night prayer earlier and offer it along with the evening prayer.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has not been narrated by anyone except by Qutaibah.
Abu Dawud | 3:1216
23 Narrated Al-Bara':

We went out on a journey along with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him). He led us in the night prayer and he recited in one of the rak'ahs: "By the fig and the olive."
Abu Dawud | 3:1217
24 Narrated Al-Bara' ibn Azib:

I accompanied the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) on eighteen journeys and I never saw him fail to pray two rak'ahs when the sun had passed the meridian before offering the noon prayer.
Abu Dawud | 3:1218
25 Narrated Hafs b. 'Asim:

I accompanied Ibn 'Umar on the way (on a journey). He led us in two rak'ah's of (the noon) prayer. Then he proceeded and saw some people standing. He asked: What are they doing ? I replied: They are glorifying Allah (i.e. offering supererogatory prayer). He said: If I had offered the supererogatory prayer (while travelling), I would have completed prayer, my cousin. I accompanied the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) during the journey, he did not pray more than two raka'at until his death. I also accompanied Abu Bakr, and he prayed two raka'at and nothing more until he died. I also accompanied 'Umar, and he prayed two raka'at and nothing more until he died. I also accompanied 'Uthman, and he prayed two raka'at and nothing more until he died. Indeed Allah, the Exalted, said: "Certainly you have in the Messenger of Allah an excellent exemplar"
Abu Dawud | 3:1219
26 Narrated Ibn 'Umar:

While travelling the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) would pray voluntary prayer on his riding beast in whatever direction it turned; and he would observe witr prayer, but he did not offer the obligatory prayers upon it.
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27 Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was on a journey and wished to say voluntary prayer, he made his she-camel face the qiblah and uttered the takbir (Allah is most great), then prayed in whatever direction his mount made his face.
Abu Dawud | 3:1221
28 Narrated 'Abd Allah b. 'Umar:

I saw the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) praying on a donkey while he was facing Khaibar.
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29 Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sent me on some business, and when I came to him he was praying on (the back of) his riding beast (moving) towards the east and making the prostration lower than the bowing.
Abu Dawud | 3:1223
30 Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

Ata' ibn AbuRabah asked Aisha: Can women offer prayer on a riding beast? She replied: They were not permitted to do so in hardship or comfort. Muhammad ibn Shu'ayb said: This (prohibition) applies to the obligatory prayers.
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31 Narrated Imran ibn Husayn:

I went on an expedition with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), and I was present with him at the conquest. He stayed eighteen days in Mecca and prayed only two rak'ahs (at each time of prayer). And he said: You who live in the town must pray four; we are travellers.
Abu Dawud | 3:1225
32 Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) had a stop of seventeen days in Mecca and he shortened the prayer (i.e. prayed two rak'ahs at each time of prayer). Ibn Abbas said: He who stays seventeen days should shorten the prayer; and who stays more than that should offer complete prayer.


Abu Dawud said: The other version transmitted by Ibn 'Abbas through a different chain adds: He (the Prophet) had a stop of nineteen days (in Mecca).
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33 Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) stayed fifteen days in Mecca in the year of Conquest. Shortening the prayer.


Abu Dawud said: This tradition has also been transmitted by 'Abdah b. Sulaiman, Ahmad b. Khalid al-Wahbi, and Salamah b. Fadli on the authority of Ibn Ishaq ; but they did not mention the name of Ibn 'Abbas.
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34 Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) stayed in Mecca seventeen days and prayed two rak'ahs (at each time of prayer).

Da'if Munkar, and the Sahih version is 19 days as in a previous hadith.
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35 Narrated Anas b. Malik:

We went out from Medina to Mecca with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) and he prayed two rak'ahs (at each time of prayer) till we returned to Medina. We (the people) said: Did you stay there for some time ? He replied: We stayed there ten days.
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36 Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib ; Anas ibn Malik:

Muhammad reported from his father, Umar, on the authority of his grandfather, Ali ibn AbuTalib: When Ali travelled, he continued to travel till it became nearly dark. He then alighted and offered the sunset prayer. Then he would call for his dinner and eat it. Then he prayed the night prayer and then moved off.

He would say: This is how the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) used to do.

Usamah ibn Zayd reported from Hafs ibn Ubaydullah, the son of Anas ibn Malik: Anas would combine them (the evening and night prayer) when the twilight disappeared.

He said: The Prophet (Peach be upon him) used to do so. Az-Zuhri also reported similarly on the authority of Anas from the Prophet (Peach be upon him).
Abu Dawud | 3:1230
37 Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) stayed at Tabuk twenty days; he shortened the prayer (during his stay).


Abu Dawud said: No one narrates this tradition with continuous chain except Ma'mar.
Abu Dawud | 3:1231
38 Narrated AbuAyyash az-Zuraqi:

We accompanied the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) at Usfan, and Khalid ibn al-Walid was the chief of unbelievers. We offered the noon prayer.

Thereupon, the unbelievers said: We suffered from negligence; we became careless. We should have attacked them while they were praying. Thereupon the verse was revealed, relating to the shortening of the prayer (in time of danger) between the noon and afternoon (prayer).

When the time of the afternoon prayer came, the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) stood facing the qiblah, and the unbelievers were standing in front of him. The people stood in a row behind the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) and there was another row behind this row. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) bowed and all of them bowed. He then prostrated and also the row near him prostrated. The other people in the second row remained standing and stood guard over them. When they performed two prostrations and stood up, those who were behind them prostrated. The people in the front row near him then stepped backward taking the place of the people in the second row and the second row took the place of the first row.

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) then bowed and all of them bowed together. Then he and the row near him prostrated themselves. The other people in the second row remained standing and stood guard over them. When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) and the row near him (i.e. the front row) were seated, the people in the second row behind them prostrated themselves. Then all of them were seated. (He (the Prophet) then uttered the salutation upon all of them. He prayed in his manner at Usfan as well as at the territory of Banu Sulaym.


Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been narrated by Ayyub and Hisham from Abu al-Zubair on the authority of Jabir to the same effect from the Prophet (Peach be upon him). Similarly, this has been transmitted by Dawud b. Husain from 'Ikrimah, on the authority of Ibn 'Abbas. This has also been reported by 'Abd al-Malik, from 'Ata' from Jabir in like manner. This has also been narrated by Qatadah from al-Hasan from Hittan on the authority of Abu Musa in a similar way. Similarly, this has been reported by 'Ikrimah b. Khalid from Mujahid from the Prophet (Peach be upon him). This has also been reported by Hisham b. 'Urwah from his father from the Prophet (Peach be upon him). This is the opinion of al-Thawri.
Abu Dawud | 3:1232
39 Narrated Sahl b. Abi Hathmah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) prayed in time of danger and divided them (the people) behind him in two rows. He then led those who were near him in one rak'ah. Then he stood and remained standing till those who were in second row offered one rak'ah. Thereafter they came forward and those who were in front of them (in the first row) stepped backward. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) led them in one rak'ah of prayer. He sat down till those who were in the second row completed on rak'ah. He then uttered the salutation.
Abu Dawud | 3:1233
40 Narrated Salih b. Khawwat:

On the authority of a person who offered the prayer in time of danger along with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) at the battle of Dhat al-Riqa. One section of people stood in the row of prayer along with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) and the other section remained standing in front of the enemy. He led those who were with him in one rak'ah and remained standing (in his place) and they completed (the second rak'ah) by themselves. Then they turned away and arrayed before the enemy. Thereafter the other section came and he led them in the rak'ah which remained from his prayer. He then remained sitting (in his place) and they completed their one rak'ah by themselves. He then uttered the salutation along with them.

Malik said: I like the tradition reported by Yazid b. Ruman (i.e. the present tradition) more than (other versions) I heard.
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41 Narrated Sahl b. Abi Hathmah al-Ansari:

The prayer time of danger should be offered in the following way: The imam should stand (for prayer) and a section of the people should stand along with him. The other section should stand facing the enemy. The imam should perform bowing and prostrate himself along with those who are with him. He then should stand (after prostration) and, when he stands straight, he should remain standing. They (the people) should (in the meantime) complete their remaining rak'ah (i.e. the second one). They they should utter the salutation, and turn away while the imam should remain standing. They should go before the enemy. Thereafter those who did not pray should come forward and utter the takbir (Allah is most great) behind imam. He should bow and prostrate along with them and utter the salutation. Then they should stand and completed their remaining rak'ah, and utter the salutation.

Abu Dawud said: The tradition reported by Yahya b. Sa'id from al-Qasim is similar to the one transmitted by Yazid b. Ruman except that he differed with him in salutation. The tradition reported by 'Ubaid Allah is like the one reported by Yahya b. Sa'id, saying: He (the Prophet) remained standing.
Abu Dawud | 3:1235
42 Urwah ibn az-Zubayr reported that Marwan ibn al-Hakam asked AbuHurayrah:

Did you pray in time of danger with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him)?

AbuHurayrah replied: Yes. Marwan then asked: When? AbuHurayrah said: On the occasion of the Battle of Najd. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) stood up to offer the afternoon prayer. One section stood with him (to pray) and the other was standing before the enemy, and their backs were towards the qiblah. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) uttered the takbir and all of them too uttered the takbir, i.e. those who were with him and those who were facing the enemy. Then the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) offered one rak'ah and the section that was with him also prayed one rak'ah. He then prostrated himself and those who were with him also prostrated, while the other section was standing before the enemy.

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) then stood up and the section with him also stood up. They went and faced the enemy and the section that was previously facing the enemy stepped forward. They bowed and prostrated while the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was standing in the same position. Then they stood up and the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon) prayed another rak'ah and all of them bowed and prostrated along with him. After that the section that was standing before the enemy came forward and they bowed and prostrated, while the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) remained seated and also those who were with him. The salutation then followed. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) uttered the salutation and all of them uttered it together. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) prayed two rak'ahs and each of the two sections prayed one rak'ah with him (and the other by themselves).
Abu Dawud | 3:1236
43 Narrated Abu Hurairah:

We went out with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) to Najd. When we reached Dhat ar-Riqa at Nakhl (or in a valley with palm trees) he met a group of the tribe of Ghatafan. The narrator then reported the tradition to the same effect, but his version is other than that of Haywah. He added to the words "when he bowed along with those who were with him and prostrated" the words "when they stood up, they retraced their footsteps to the rows of their companions". He did not mention the words "their back was towards the qiblah".
Abu Dawud | 3:1237
44
Abu Dawud said:

This tradition has been transmitted by 'Aishah through a different chain of narrators. She said: The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) uttered the takbir and the section that was in the same row with him also uttered the takbir. He then bowed and they also bowed, and he prostrated and they also prostrated. Then he raised his head and they also raised (their heads). The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) then remained seated. They prostrated alone and stood up and retraced their footsteps and stood behind them.

Then the other section came; they stood up and uttered the takbir and bowed by themselves. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) prostrated himself and they also prostrated with him. Then the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) stood up and they performed the second prostration by themselves. Then both the sections stood up and prayed with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him). He bowed and they also bowed, and then he prostrated himself and they also prostrated themselves. Then he returned and performed the second prostration and they also prostrated with him as quickly as possible, showing no slackness in quick prostration. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) then uttered the salutation. After that the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) stood up. Thus everyone participated in the entire prayer.
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45 Narrated Ibn 'Umar:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) led one section in one rak'ah of prayer and the other section was facing the enemy. Then they turned away and took the position of the other section. They (the other section) came and he (the Prophet) led them in the second rak'ah. He then uttered the salutation. Thereafter they stood up and completed the remaining rak'ah, they went away and the other section completed their remaining rak'ah.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been narrated by Nafi' and Khalid b. Ma'dan from Ibn 'Umar in like manner from the Prophet (Peach be upon him). This has also been transmitted similarly by Masruq ad Yusuf b. Mihran on the authority of Ibn 'Abbas. This has been narrated by Yunus from al-Hasan from Abu Musa something similarly, saying that Abu Musa has done so.
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46 Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) led us in prayer in the time of danger. They (the people) stood in two rows. One row was behind the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) and the other faced the enemy. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) led them in one rak'ah,and then the other section came and took their place; they went and faced the enemy. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) led them in one rak'ah and uttered the salutation. They stood up and prayed the second rak'ah by themselves and uttered the salutation and went away; they took the place of the other section facing the enemy. They came back and took their place. They prayed one rak'ah by themselves and then uttered the salutation.
Abu Dawud | 3:1239
47
This tradition has been transmitted by Kushaif with a different chain of narrators and to the same effect. This version adds:

The Prophet of Allah (Peach be upon him) uttered takbir and both rows uttered takbir together.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been narrated by al-Thawri to the same effect on the authority of Khusaif. 'Abd al-Rahman b. Samurah also prayed in like manner. But the section which he (the Prophet) led in one rak'ah and then uttered the salutation and went and took the place of their companions. They came and prayed one rak'ah by themselves. Then they returned to their place and they prayed (one rak'ah) by themselves.

Abu Dawud said: Muslim b. Ibrahim reported from 'Abd al-Samad b. Habib on the authority of his father that they had fought a battle at Kabul along with 'Abd al-Rahman b. Samurah. He led us in prayer in time of danger.
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48 Narrated Hudhayfah:

Tha'labah ibn Zahdam said: We accompanied Sa'd ibn al-'As at Tabaristan. He stood and said: Which of you prayed along with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) in time of danger? Hudhayfah said: I then he led one section in one rak'ah and the other section in one rak'ah. They did not pray the second rak'ah by themselves.


Abu Dawud: This tradition has been transmitted by 'Ubaid Allah b. 'Abd Allah and Mujahid on the authority of Ibn 'Abbas from the Prophet (Peach be upon him) in like manner. This has also been narrated by 'Abd Allah b. Shaqiq from Abu Hurairah from the Prophet (Peach be upon him). Yazid al-Faqir and Abu Musa also narrated this tradition from Jabir from the Prophet (Peach be upon him). Some of the narrators said in the version narrated by Yazid al-Faqir that they completed their second rak'ah. This has also been narrated by Simak al-Hanafi on the authority of Ibn 'Umar from the Prophet (Peach be upon him) something similar. Zaid b. Thabit also narrated from the Prophet (Peach be upon him) in like manner. This version adds: The people prayed on rak'ah and the Prophet (Peach be upon him) prayed two rak'ahs.
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49 Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:

Allah, the Exalted, prescribed prayer for you, through the tongue of your Prophet (Peach be upon him), four rak'ahs while resident, two rak'ahs while travelling and one rak'ah in time of danger.
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50 Narrated AbuBakrah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) offered the noon prayer in time of danger. Some of the people formed a row behind him and others arrayed themselves against the enemy. He led them in two rak'ahs and then he uttered the salutation. Then those who were with him went away and took the position of their companions before the enemy. Then they came and prayed behind him. He led them in two rak'ahs and uttered the salutation. Thus the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) offered four rak'ahs and his companions offered two rak'ahs.

Al-Hasan used to give legal verdict on the authority of this tradition.

Abu Dawud said: This will be so in the sunset prayer. The imam will offer six rak'ahs and the people three rak'ahs.

Abu Dawud said: Yahya b. Abi Kathir narrated from Abu Salamah from Jabir from the Prophet (Peach be upon him) something similar. Sulaiman al-Yashkuri reported it from the Prophet (Peach be upon him) in like manner.
Abu Dawud | 3:1243
51 Narrated 'Abd Allah b. Unais:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sent me to Khalid b. Sufyan al-Hudhail. This was towards 'Uranah and 'Arafat. He (the Prophet) said: Go and kill him. I saw him when the time of the afternoon prayer had come. I said: I am afraid if a fight takes place between me and him (Khalid b. Sufyan), that might delay the prayer. I proceeded walking towards him while I was praying by making a sign. When I reached near him, he said to me: Who are you ? I replied: A man from the Arabs; it came to me that you were gathering (any army) for this man (i.e. Prophet). Hence I came to you in connection with this matter. He said: I am (engaged) in this (work). I then walked along with him for a while ; when it became convenient for me, I dominated him with my sword until he became cold (dead).
Abu Dawud | 3:1244
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IMPORTANT: All Scripture text has context and background. Scripture should never be read literally or in isolation. Always seek clarification from religious scholars and teachers. In general, Scripture adheres to four principles: (1) Literal Meaning - What the Scripture says (2) Historical Setting - The story events; how the Scripture was understood in its time (3) Grammar - The surrounding sentence and paragraph; textual context (4) Synthesis - A comparison with similar Scripture to give a better contextual understanding

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MuslimProphets.com is an educational website on the lives and teachings of 'Prophets of God': Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad, who established the Abrahamic faiths of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. MuslimProphets.com presents evidence, scripture, photo, video, maps, news headlines, public debate and 'alternative' viewpoints held by Theologians, Apologists, Scholars and Street Preachers. Take a Site Tour

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