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Abu Dawud 20
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Narrated Amir ar-Ram:

We were in our country when flags and banners were raised. I said: What is this?

The (the people) said: This is the banner of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him). So I came to him. He was (sitting) under a tree. A sheet of cloth was spread for him and he was sitting on it. His Companions were gathered around him. I sat with them.

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) mentioned illness and said: When a believer is afflicted by illness and Allah cures him of it, it serves as an atonement for his previous sins and a warning to him for the future.

But when a hypocrite becomes ill and is then cured, he is like a camel which has been tethered and then let loose by its owners, but does not know why they tethered it and why they let it loose.

A man from among those around him asked: Messenger of Allah, what are illnesses? I swear by Allah, I never fell ill.

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Get up and leave us. You do not belong to our number. When we were with him, a man came to him. He had a sheet of cloth and something in his hand.

He turned his attention to him and said: Messenger of Allah, when I saw you, I turned towards you. I saw a group of trees and heard the sound of fledglings. I took them and put them in my garment. Their mother then came and began to hover round my head. I showed them to her, and she fell on them. I wrapped them with my garment. They are now with me.

He said: Put them away from you. So I put them away, but their mother stayed with them.

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said to his companions: Are you surprised at the affection of the mother for her young?

They said: Yes, Messenger of Allah. He said: I swear by Him Who has sent me with the Truth, Allah is more affectionate to His servants than a mother to her young ones. Take them back put them and where you took them from when their mother should have been with them. So he took them back.
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Narrated Muhammad ibn Khalid as-Sulami:

on his father's authority said his grandfather reported: He was a Companion of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: When Allah has previously decreed for a servant a rank which he has not attained by his action, He afflicts him in his body, or his property or his children.


Abu Dawud said: Ibn Nufail added in his version: "He then enables him to endure that." The agreed version goes: "So that He may bring him to the rank previously decreed from him by Allah."
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Narrated Abu Musa:

I heard the Prophet (Peach be upon him) many times say: When a servant of Allah is accustomed to do a good work, then becomes ill or goes on journey, what was accustomed to do when he was well and staying at home will be recorded for him.
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Narrated Umm al-Ala:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) visited me while I was sick. He said: Be glad, Umm al-Ala' for Allah removes the sins of a Muslim for his illness as fire removes the dross of gold and silver.
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Narrated 'Aishah:

I said: Messenger of Allah, I know the severest verse in the Qur'an. He asked: What is that verse. A'ishah? She replied: Allah's words: "If anyone does evil, he will be requited for it." He said: Do you know A'ishah, that when a believer is afflicted with a calamity or a thorn, it serves as an atonement for his evil deed. He who is called to account will be punished. She said: Does Allah not say: "He truly will recieve an easy reckoning." He said: This is the presentation, A'ishah. If anyone criticized in reckoning, he will be punished.

Abu Dawud said: This is the version of Ibn Bashshar. He said: Ibn Abi Mulaikah narrated to us.
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Narrated Usamah b. Zaid:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) went out to visit 'Abd Allah b. Ubayy during his illness of which he died. When he entered upon him, he realised death on him. He said: I used to forbid you from the love of Jews. He ('Abd Allah) said: As'ad b. Zurarah hated them. So what (the benefited) ? When he died, his son came and said: Prophet of Allah, 'Abd Allah b. Ubayy has died, give me your shirt, so that I shroud him in it. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) took off his shirt and gave it to him.
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Narrated Anas:

A young Jew became ill. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) went to visit him. He sat down by his head and said to him: Accept Islam. He looked at his father who was beside him near his head, and he said: Obey Abu al-Qasim. So he accepted Islam, and the Prophet (Peach be upon him) stood up saying: Praise be to Allah Who has saved him through me from Hell.
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Narrated Jabir:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) would visit me (during my illness) riding neither a mule nor a pony.
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Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: If anyone performs ablution well and pays a sick-visit to his brother Muslim seeking his reward from Allah, he will be removed a distance of sixty years (kharif) from Hell. I asked: What is kharif, Abu Hamzah? He replied: A year.


Abu Dawud said: Only the people of Basrah have narrated the tradition on visiting the sick after performing ablution.
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Narrated 'Ali:

If a man visits a patient in the evening, seventy thousand angels come along with him seeking forgiveness from Allah for him till the morning, and he will have a garden in the Paradise.
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The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by 'Ali from the Prophet (Peach be upon him) through a different chain of narrators to the same effect. This version does not mention the word "garden" (khartf).

Abu Dawud said:

This tradition has been narrated by Mansur from al-Hakkam as narrated by Shu'bah.
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Narrated Abu Ja'far 'Abd Allah b. Nafi', the slave of al-Hasan b. 'Ali:

Abu Musa paid a sick visit to al-Hasan b. 'Ali.

Abu Dawud said: He narrated the tradition to the same effect as narrated by Shu'bah.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been transmitted by 'Ali from the Prophet (Peach be upon him) without any sound manner.
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Narrated 'Aishah:

When Sa'd b. Mu'adh suffered affliction on the day of Trench (i.e. the battle of Trench) a man shot an arrow in the vein of his hand. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) pitched a tent for him the mosque so that he might visit him from near.
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Narrated Zayd ibn Arqam:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) visited me while I was suffering from pain in my eyes.
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Narrated 'Abd Allah b. 'Abbas:

That 'Abd al-Rahman b.'Awf said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: When you hear that it is breaking out in a certain territory, do not go there. It it breaks out in the territory you are in, do not go out flying away from it. By it he referred to plague.
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Narrated 'Aishah daughter of Sa'd:

That her father said: I had a complaint at Mecca. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) came to pay a sick-visit to me. He put his hand on my forehead, wiped my chest and belly, and then said: O Allah! heal up Sa'd and complete his immigration.
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Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) as saying: Feed the hungry, sick the sick and free the captive. Sufyan said: al-'ani means captive.
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Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: If anyone visits a sick whose time (of death) has not come, and says with him seven times: I ask Allah, the Mighty, the Lord of the mighty Throne, to cure you, Allah will cure him from that disease.
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Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: When a man comes to visit a sick person, he should say: O Allah, cure Thy servant, who may then wreak havoc on an enemy for your sake, or walk at a funeral for your sake.

Abu Dawud said: Ibn As-Sarh (one of the narrators) said: "Ilas-salat (To the Salat)".
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Narrated Anas:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) as saying: No one of you should wish for death for any calamity that befalls him, but he should say: O Allah! cause me to live so long as my life is better for me ; and cause me to die where death is better for me.
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Narrated Anas bin Malik:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) as saying: No one of you should wish for death. He then mentioned the rest of the tradition in a similar manner.
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Narrated Ubayd ibn Khalid as-Sulami,:

A man from the Companions of the Prophet (Peach be upon him), said: The narrator Sa'd ibn Ubaydah narrated sometimes from the Prophet (Peach be upon him) and sometimes as a statement of Ubayd (ibn Khalid): The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Sudden death is a wrathful catching.
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Narrated Jabir ibn Atik:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) came to visit Abdullah ibn Thabit who was ill. He found that he was dominated (by the divine decree). The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) called him loudly, but he did not respond.

He uttered the Qur'anic verse "We belong to Allah and to Him do we return" and he said: We have been dominated against you, AburRabi'. Then the women cried and wept, and Ibn Atik began to silence them. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Leave them, when the divine decree is made, no woman should weep.

They (the people) asked: What is necessary happening, Messenger of Allah? He replied: Death. His daughter said: I hope you will be a martyr, for you have completed your preparations for jihad. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Allah Most High gave him a reward according to his intentions. What do you consider martyrdom?

They said: Being killed in the cause of Allah.

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: There are seven types of martyrdom in addition to being killed in Allah's cause: one who dies of plague is a martyr; one who is drowned is a martyr; one who dies of pleurisy is a martyr; one who dies of an internal complaint is a martyr; one who is burnt to death is a martyr; who one is killed by a building falling on him is a martyr; and a woman who dies while pregnant is a martyr.
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Narrated Abu Hurairah:

Banu al-Harith b. 'Amir b. Nawfal bought Khubaib. Khubaib killed al-Harith b. 'Amir on the day of Badr. Khubaib remained with them as a prisoner until they agreed on his killing. He borrowed razor form the daughter of al-Harith to shave his pubes. She let it to him. A small child of her crept to him while she was inattentive. When she same, she found him alone and the child was on this thigh and the razor was in his hand. She was terrified and he realized its effect on her. He said: Do you fear that I shall kill him ? I am not going to do that.

Abu Dawud said: Shu'aib b. Abi Hamzah transmitted this narrative from al-Zuhri. He said: 'Ubaid Allah b. 'Ayyash told me that the daughter of al-Harith told him that when they gathered for killing him, he borrowed a razor from her to shave (his pubes). She lent it to him.
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Narrated Jabir b. 'Abd Allah:

I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say three days before his death: No one of you dies but he had good faith in Allah.
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Narrated AbuSa'id al-Khudri:

When the time of his death came, he called for new clothes and put on them. He then said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: A deceased will be raised in the clothes in which he died.
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Narrated Umm Salamah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him): When you attend dying man, you should say good words, for the angels say Amin to what you say. When Abu Salamah died, I said: What should I say, Messenger of Allah? He said: O Allah forgive him, and give us something good in exchange. She said: So Allah gave me Muhammad (Peach be upon him) in exchange for him.
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Narrated Mu'adh bin Jabal:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) as saying: If anyone's last words are "There is no god but Allah" he will enter Paradise.
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Narrated Abu Sa'id Al Khudri:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) as saying: Recite to those of you who are dying "There is no god but Allah."
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Narrated Umm Salamah:

When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) entered upon Abu Salamah, his eyes were fixedly open. So he closed them. The members of his family cried. He said: Do not pray for yourself anything but good, for the angels utter Amin to what you say. He then said: O Allah, forgive Abu Salamah, raise his rank among those who are guided, and grant him a succession in his descendants who remain. Forgive both us and him, Lord of the universe. O Allah,make his grave spacious for him, and grant him light in it.

Abu Dawud said: The eyes of the deceased should be closed after his expiry. I heard Muhammad b. al-Nu'man al-Muqri say: I heard a man who was devoted to Allah say: I closed the eyes of Ja'far al-Mu'allim when he was dying. He was a man devoted to Allah. I saw him in a dream on the night he died. He said: The biggest thing for me was closing the eyes by you before I died.
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Narrated Umm Salamah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) as saying: When one of you is afflicted with a calamity, he should say: "We belong to Allah, and to Him we do return." O Allah, I expect reward from Thee from this affliction, so give me reward for it, and give me a better compensation.
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Narrated 'Aishah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) was covered with striped Yemen garment (after his death).
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Narrated Ma'qil ibn Yasar:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Recite Surah Ya-Sin over your dying men. This is the version of Ibn al-Ala'
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Narrated 'Aishah:

When Zaid b. Harithah, Ja'far and 'Abd Allah b. Rawahah were killed, the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sat down in the mosque and grief was visible in his face. Then he (the narrator) mentioned the rest of the tradition.
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Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

We buried a deceased person in the company of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him). When we had finished, the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) returned and we also returned with him. When he approached his door, he stopped, and we saw a woman coming towards him.

He (the narrator) said: I think he recognized her. When she went away, we came to know that she was Fatimah.

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said to her: What brought you out of your house, Fatimah?

She replied: I came to the people of this house, Messenger of Allah, and I showed pity and expressed my condolences to them for their deceased relation.

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: You might have gone to the graveyard with them.

She replied: I seek refuge in Allah! I heard you referring to what you mentioned.

He said: If you had gone to the graveyard...He then mentioned severe words about it.

I then asked Rabi'ah (a narrator of this tradition) about al-kuda (stony land). He replied: I think it means the graves.
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Narrated Anas:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) came upon a woman who was weeping for her child. He said to her: Fear Allah and have patience. She said: What have you to do with my calamity ? She was then told that he was the Prophet (Peach be upon him). She, therefore, came to him. She did not find doorkeepers at his gate. She said: I did not recognize you, Messenger of Allah. He said: Endurance is shown only at a first blow.
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Narrated Usamah b. Zaid:

A daughter of Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sent him message while I and Sa'd were with him and I think Ubayy was also there: My son or daughter (the narrator is doubtful) is dying, so come to us. He sent her greeting, saying at the same time: Say! What Allah has been taken belongs to Him, what He has given (belongs to Him), and He has appointed time for everything. She then sent a message adjuring him (to come to her). So he came to her and the child who was on the point of death was placed in the hearts of those whom He wished. Allah shows compassion only to those of His servants who are compassionate.
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Narrated Anas bin Malik:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) as saying: A child was born to me at night and I named him Ibrahim after his. He then narrated the rest of the tradition. Anas said: I saw it at the point of the death before the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him). Tears began to fall from the eyes of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him). He said: The eye weeps and the heart grieves, but we say only what our Lord is pleased with, and we are grieved for you, Ibrahim.
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Narrated Umm 'Atiyyah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) prohibited us to wail.
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Narrated AbuSa'id al-Khudri:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) cursed the wailing woman and the woman who listens to her.
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Narrated Ibn 'Umar:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) as saying: The dead is punished because of his family's weeping for him. When this was mentioned to 'Aishah, she said: Ibn 'Umar forgot and made a mistake. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) passed by grave and he said: The man in the grave is being punished while his family is weeping for him. She then recited: "No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another."

The narrator Abu Mu'awiyyah said: (The Prophet passed) by the grave of a Jew.
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Yazid ibn Aws said:

I entered upon AbuMusa while he was at the point of death. His wife began to weep or was going to weep. AbuMusa said to her: Did you not hear what the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said? She said: Yes. The narrator said: She then kept silence. When AbuMusa died, Yazid said: I met the woman and asked her: What did AbuMusa mean when he said to you: Did you not hear what the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) and the you kept silence? She replied: The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: He who shaves (his head), shouts and tears his clothing does not belong to us.
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Usayd ibn Abu Usayd, reported on the authority of a woman who took oath of allegiance (to the Prophet):

One of the oaths which the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) received from us about the virtue was that we would not disobey him in it (virtue): that we would not scratch the face, nor wail, nor tear the front of the garments nor dishevel the hair.
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Narrated Abdullah ibn Ja'far:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Prepare food for the family of Ja'far for there came upon them an incident which has engaged them.
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Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

A man had a shot of arrow in his chest or throat (the narrator is doubtful). So he died. He was shrouded in his clothes as he was. The narrator said: We were with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him).
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Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) commanded to remove weapons and skins from the martyrs of Uhud, and that they should be buried with their blood and clothes.
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Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

The martyrs of Uhud were not washed, and they were buried with their blood. No prayer was offered over them.
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Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) passed Hamzah who was killed and disfigured. He said: If Safiyyah were not grieved, I would have left him until the birds and beasts of prey would have eaten him, and he would have been resurrected from their bellies. The garments were scanty and the slain were in great number. So one, two and three persons were shrouded in one garment. The narrator Qutaybah added: They were then buried in one grave. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) asked: Which of the two learnt the Qur'an more? He then advanced him toward the qiblah (direction of prayer).
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Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) passed by Hamzah who was disfigured (after being killed). He did not offer prayer over any martyr except him.
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Narrated Jabir b. 'Abd Allah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) combined two persons from among the martyrs of Uhud (in one garment), and said: Which of the two has learnt the Qur'an more ? When one of them was pointed to him, he advanced him in the grave, saying: I shall be witness to all these (martyrs) on the Day of Judgement. He then ordered them to be buried without being washed.
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The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by al-Laith through a different chain of the same effect. This version adds:

He combined two persons from among the martyrs of Uhud in one garment.
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Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Do not unveil your thigh, and do not look at the thigh of the living and the dead.
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Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

By Allah, we did not know whether we should take off the clothes of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) as we took off the clothes of our dead, or wash him while his clothes were on him. When they (the people) differed among themselves, Allah cast slumber over them until every one of them had put his chin on his chest.

Then a speaker spoke from a side of the house, and they did not know who he was: Wash the Prophet (Peach be upon him) while his clothes are on him. So they stood round the Prophet (Peach be upon him) and washed him while he had his shirt on him. They poured water on his shirt, and rubbed him with his shirt and not with their hands. Aisha used to say: If I had known beforehand about my affair what I found out later, none would have washed him except his wives.
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Narrated Umm 'Atiyyah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) came in when his daughter died, and he said: Wash her with water and lotus leaves three or five times or more than that if you think fit, and put camphor, or some camphor in the last washing, then inform me when you finish. When we had finished we informed him, and he threw us his lower garment saying: Put it next to her body.

Malik's version has: that is, his lower garment (izar); and Musaddad did not say: He entered in.
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The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Umm 'Atiyyah through a different chain of narrators to the same effect. This version adds:

We braided her hair in three plaits.
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The above mentioned has also been transmitted by Umm 'Atiyyah through a different chain of narrators. This version has:

we braided her hair in three plaits and placed them behind her back, one plait of the front side and the two side plaits.
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Narrated Umm 'Atiyyah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said to them while washing her daughter: Begin with her right side, and the places where the ablution is performed.
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The above mentioned tradition has also been transmitted by Umm 'Atiyyah through a different chain of narrators. This version has:

(Wash her) seven times or more if you think fit.
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Narrated Qatadah:

Muhammad b. Sirin used to learn how to wash the dead from Umm 'Atiyyah: he would was with lotus leaves twice and with water and camphor for the third time.
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Narrated Jabir b. 'Abd Allah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) made a speech one day and mentioned a man from among his Companions who died and was shrouded in a shroud of bad quality, and was buried at night. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) rebuked that man be buried at night until prayer was offered over him, except that a man was forced to do that. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: When one of you shrouds his brother, he should use a shroud of good quality.
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Narrated 'Aishah:

That the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was shrouded in a garment of Yemeni stuff, it was then removed from him.
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Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: When one of you dies, and he possesses something, he should be shrouded in the garment of the Yemeni stuff.
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Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was shrouded in three garments of white Yemeni stuff, among which was neither a shirt nor a turban.
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A similar tradition has been transmitted by 'Aishah through a different chain of narrators. This version adds:

"of cotton".

The narrator said: Aisha was told that the people said that he was shrouded in two garments and one cloak. She replied: A cloak was brought but they returned it and did not shroud him in it.
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Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was shrouded in three garments made in Najran: two garments and one shirt in which he died.

Abu Dawud said: The narrator 'Uthman said: In three garments: two red garments and a shirt in which he died.
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Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

Do not be extravagant in shrouding, for I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: Do not be extravagant in shrouding, for it will be quickly decayed.
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Narrated Khabbab:

Mus'ab b. 'Umari was killed on the day of Uhud. He had only a striped cloak. When we covered his head with it, his feet appeared, and when we covered his feet, his head appeared. Thereupon the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Cover his head with it, and cover his feet with some grass.
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Narrated Ubadah ibn as-Samit:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: The best shroud is a lower garment and one which covers the whole body, and the best sacrifice is a horned ram.
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Narrated Layla daughter of Qa'if ath-Thaqafiyyah:

I was one of those who washed Umm Kulthum, daughter of the Prophet (Peach be upon him), when she died. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) first gave us lower garment, then shirt, then head-wear, then cloak (which covers the whole body), and then she was shrouded in another garment. She said: The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was sitting at the door, and he had shroud with him. He gave us the garments one by one.
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Narrated Abu Sa'id Al Khudri:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) as saying: The best of your perfumes is musk.
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Narrated Al-Husayn ibn Wahwah:

Talhah ibn al-Bara' fell ill and the Prophet (Peach be upon him) came to pay him a sick-visit. He said: I think Talhah has died; so tell me (about his death), and make haste, for it is not advisable that the corpse of a Muslim should remain withheld among his family.
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Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) used to take a bath on account of sexual defilement, on Friday, for cupping and washing the dead.
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Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: He who washes the dead should take a bath, and he who carries him should perform ablution.
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The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Abu Hurairah through a different chain of narrators to the same effect.

Abu Dawud said:

This has been abrogated. When Ahmad b. Hanbal was asked about a man taking a bath after his washing the dead, I heard him say: Ablution is sufficient for him.

Abu Dawud said: The narrator Abu Salih made a mention of the narrator Ishaq, the client of Za'idah between him and Abu Hurairah. He said: The tradition of Mus'ab is weak. It contains many things that are not practised.
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Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

I saw the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) that he kissed Uthman ibn Maz'un while he was dead, and I saw that tears were flowing (from his eyes).
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Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The people saw fire (light) in the graveyard and they went there. They found that the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was in a grave and he was saying: Give me your companion. This was a man who used to raise his voice while mentioning the name of Allah.
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Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

On the day of Uhud we brought the martyrs to bury them (at another place), but the crier of the Prophet (Peach be upon him) came and said: The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) has commanded you to bury the martyrs at the place where they fell. So we took them back.
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Narrated Malik ibn Hubayrah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: If any Muslim dies and three rows of Muslims pray over him, it will assure him (of Paradise). When Malik considered those who accompanied a bier to be a few, he divided them into three rows in accordance with this tradition.
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Narrated Umm 'Atiyyah:

We were forbidden accompany the biers, but it was not stressed upon us.
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Narrated Abu Hurairah:

If anyone attends the funeral and prays over (the dead), he will get the reward of one qirat, and if anyone attends the funeral until the completion (of the burial), he will get the reward of two qirats, the smaller of them being equivalent of Uhud, or one of them being equivalent to Uhud.
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Dawud b. 'Amir b. Sa'd b. Abi Waqqas said that his father 'Amir b. Sa'd was with Ibn 'Umar b. al-Khattab when Khabbab, the owner of the closet (maqsurah), came and said:

'Abd Allah b.'Umar dont you hear what Abu Hurairah says ? He heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: If anyone goes out of his house, accompanies bier and prays over it.... He then mentioned the rest of the tradition as narrated by Sufyan. Thereupon Ibn 'Umar sent someone to 'Aishah (asking her about it). She replied: Abu Hurairah spoke the truth.
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Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:

I heard the Prophet (Peach be upon him) say: If any Muslim dies and forty men associate nothing with Allah stand over his bier. Allah will accept them as intercessors for him.
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Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Prophet (said) said: A bier should not be followed by a loud voice (of wailing) or fire.

Abu Dawud said: Harun (one of the narrators) added: "And it should not be preceded (with those) either."
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Narrated 'Amir b. Rabi'ah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) as saying: When you see a funeral, stand up for it till it leaves you behind or it is placed (on the ground).
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Narrated Abu Sa'id Al Khudri:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) as saying: When you follow a funeral, do not sit until the bier is placed (on the ground).

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been narrated by al-Thawri (i.e. Sufyan) from Suhail, from his father on the authority of Abu Hurairah. This version has: until it (the bier) is placed on the ground. It has also been narrated by Abu Mu'wiyah from Suhail. This has: Until it is placed in the grave.

Abu Dawud said: Sufyan's version is more guarded than that of Abu Mu'awiyah.
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Narrated Jabir:

We were with the Prophet (Peach be upon him) when a funeral passed hi and he stood up for it. When we went to carry it, we found that it was a funeral of a Jew. We, therefore said: Messenger of Allah, this is the funeral of a Jew. He said: Death is fearful event, so when you see a funeral, stand up.
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Narrated 'Ali bin Abi Talib:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) stood up for a funeral (to show respect) and thereafter he sat down.
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Narrated Ubadah ibn as-Samit:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) used to stand up for a funeral until the corpse was placed in the grave. A learned Jew (once) passed him and said: This is how we do. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) sat down and said: Sit down and act differently from them.
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Narrated Thawban:

An animal was brought to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) while he was going with a funeral. He refused to ride on it. When the funeral was away, the animal was brought to him and he rode on it. He was asked about it. He said: The angels were on their feet. I was not to ride while they were walking. When they went away, I rode.
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Narrated Jabir b. Samurah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) offered funeral prayer over Ibn al-Dahdah while we were present. He was then brought a horse, and it was tied until he rode it. It then began to gallop and we were running around it.
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Salim reported on the authority of his father:

I saw the Prophet (Peach be upon him) and Abu Bakr and Umar walking before the funeral.
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Narrated Al-Mughirah ibn Shu'bah:

(I think that the people of Ziyad informed me that he reported on the authority of the Prophet (Peach be upon him): A rider should go behind the bier, and those on foot should walk behind it, in front of it, on its right and on its left keeping near it. Prayer should be offered over an abortion and forgiveness and mercy supplicated for its parents.
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Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) as saying: Walk quickly with a funeral, for if the dead person was good it is a good condition to which you are sending him on, but it he was otherwise it is an evil of which you are riding yourselves.
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Uyaynah ibn AbdurRahman reported on the authority of his father that he attended the funeral of Uthman ibn Abul'As. He said:

We were walking slowly. AbuBakrah then joined us and he raised his flog at us and said: You have seen us when we were with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him). We were walking quickly.
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Uyaynah also reported the aforementioned tradition (No. 3176) through a different chain of transmitters. This version goes:

We attended the funeral of AbdurRahman ibn Samurah and he said: He (AbuBakrah) made his mule run quickly and pointed with the flog.
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Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

We asked the Prophet (Peach be upon him) about walking with the funeral. He replied: Not running (but walking quickly). If he (the dead person) was good, send him to it quickly; if he was otherwise, keep away the people of Hell. The bier should be followed and should not follow. Those who go in front of it are not accompanying it.


Abu Dawud said: The narrator Yahya b. 'Abd Allah is weak. He is Yahya al-Jabir


Abu Dawud said: This is from Kufah, and Abu Majidah is from Basrah.


Abu Dawud said: Abu Majidah is obscure.
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Narrated Jabir ibn Samurah:

A man fell ill and a cry was raised (for his death). So his neighbour came to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) and said to him: He has died. He asked: Who told you? He said: I have seen him. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: He has not died. He then returned.

A cry was again raised (for his death). He came to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) and said: He has died. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: He has not died. He then returned.

A cry was again raised over him. His wife said: Go to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) and inform him. The man said: O Allah, curse him.

He said: The man then went and saw that he had killed himself with an arrowhead. So he went to the Prophet (Peach be upon him) and informed him that he had died.

He asked: Who told you? He replied: I myself saw that he had killed himself with arrowheads. He asked: Have you seen him? He replied: Yes. He then said: Then I shall not pray over him.
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Narrated AbuBarzah al-Aslami:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) did not pray over Ma'iz ibn Malik, and he did not prohibit to pray over him.
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Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

Ibrahim, the son of the Prophet (Peach be upon him), died when he was eighteen months old. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) did not pray over him.
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Narrated Al-Bahiyy:

When Ibrahim, the son of the Prophet (Peach be upon him) died, he prayed over him at the place where he used to sit.

Abu Dawud said: I recited to Sa'id b. Ya'qub al-Taliqani saying: Ibn al-Mubarak transmitted to you from Ya'qub b. al-Qa'qa' on the authority of 'Ata that the Prophet (Peach be upon him) prayed over his some Ibrahim when he was seventeen days old.
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Narrated 'Aishah:

I swear by Allah, the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) prayed over Suhail b. al-Baida' in the mosque.
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Narrated 'Aishah:

I swear by Allah, the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) prayed in the mosque over the two sons of al-Baida': Suhail and his brother.
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Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: If anyone prays over the dead in the mosque, there is nothing on him.
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Narrated 'Uqbah bin 'Amir:

There were three times at which the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) used to forbid us to pray or bury our dead - when the sun begins to rise till it is fully up, when the sun is at its height midway till it passes the meridian, and when the sun draws near to setting till it sets, or as he said.
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Yahya ibn Subayh said:

Ammar client of al-Harith ibn Nawfal told me that he attended the funeral of Umm Kulthum, and her son. The body of the boy was placed near the imam. I objected to it. Among the people there were Ibn Abbas, AbuSa'id al-Khudri, AbuQatadah and AbuHurayrah. They said: This is the sunnah (established practice of the Prophet).
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Nafi' AbuGhalib said:

I was in the Sikkat al-Mirbad. A bier passed and a large number of people were accompanying it.

They said: Bier of Abdullah ibn Umayr. So I followed it. Suddenly I saw a man, who had a thin garment on riding his small mule. He had a piece of cloth on his head to protect himself from the sun. I asked: Who is this important man? People said: This is Anas ibn Malik.

When the bier was placed, Anas stood and led the funeral prayer over him while I was just behind him, and there was no obstruction between me and him. He stood near his head, and uttered four takbirs (Allah is Most Great). He neither lengthened the prayer nor hurried it. He then went to sit down. They said: AbuHamzah, (here is the bier of) an Ansari woman. They brought her near him and there was a green cupola-shaped structure over her bier. He stood opposite her hips and led the funeral prayer over her as he had led it over the man. He then sat down.

Al-Ala' ibn Ziyad asked: AbuHamzah, did the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say the funeral prayer over the dead as you have done, uttering four takbirs (Allah is Most Great) over her, and standing opposite the head of a man and the hips of a woman?

He replied: Yes. He asked: AbuHamzah, did you fight with the Messenger of Allah? He replied: Yes. I fought with him in the battle of Hunayn. The polytheists came out and invaded us so severely that we saw our horses behind our backs. Among the people (i.e. the unbelievers) there was a man who was attacking us, and striking and wounding us (with his sword). Allah then defeated them. They were then brought and began to take the oath of allegiance to him for Islam.

A man from among the companions of the Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: I make a vow to myself that if Allah brings the man who was striking us (with his sword) that day, I shall behead him. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) kept silent and the man was brought (as a captive).

When he saw the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), he said: Messenger of Allah, I have repented to Allah. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) stopped (for a while) receiving his oath of allegiance, so that the other man might fulfil his vow. But the man began to wait for the order of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) for his murder. He was afraid of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) to kill him. When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) saw that he did not do anything, he received his oath of allegiance. The man said: Messenger of Allah, what about my vow? He said: I stopped (receiving his oath of allegiance) today so that you might fulfil your vow. He said: Messenger of Allah, why did you not give any signal to me? The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: It is not worthy of a Prophet to give a signal.

AbuGhalib said: I asked (the people) about Anas standing opposite the hips of a woman. They told me that this practice was due to the fact that (in the days of the Prophet) there were no cupola-shaped structures over the biers of women. So the imam used to stand opposite the hips of a woman to hide her from the people.

Abu Dawud said: The saying of the Prophet (Peach be upon him) "I have been commanded to fight against the people until they say: There is no god bu Allah" abrogated this tradition of fulfilling the vow by his remark: "I have repented".
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Narrated Samurah bin Jundab:

I prayed behing the Prophet (Peach be upon him) over a woman who died in childbirth, and he stood opposite her waist.
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Narrated Al-Sha'bi:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) passed a grave dug freshly. They arranged a row and uttered four takbirs over it. I asked al-Sha'bi: Who told you ? He replied: A reliable person whom 'Abd Allah b. 'Abbas attended.
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Narrated Ibn Abi Laila:

Zaid b. Arqam used to utter four takbirs (Allah is Most Great) over our dead person (during prayer). He uttered five takbirs on a dead person. So I asked him. He replied: The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) used to utter those.

Abu Dawud said: I remember the tradition of Ibn al-Muthanna in a more guarded way.
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Narrated Talhah b. 'Abd Allah b. 'Awf:

I prayed over a dead person along with Ibn 'Abbas. He recited Surat al-Fatihah and he said: This is the Sunnah.
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Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: When you pray over the dead, make a sincere supplication for him.
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Ali ibn Shammakh said:

I was present with Marwan who asked AbuHurayrah: Did you hear how the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) used to pray over the dead? He said: Even with the words that you said. (The narrator said: They exchanged hot words between them before that.)

Abu Hurairah said: O Allah, Thou art its Lord. Thou didst create it, Thou didst guide it to Islam, Thou hast taken its spirit, and Thou knowest best its inner nature and outer aspect. We have come as intercessors, so forgive him.

Abu Dawud said: Shu'bah made a mistake in mentioning the name of 'Ali b. Shammakh. He said in his version: 'Uthman b. Shammas.

Abu Dawud said: I heard Ahmad b. Ibrahim al-Mawsili say that Ahmad b. Hanbal said: In every meeting which I attended with Hammad b. Zaid he forbade to narrate this traditions from 'Abd al-Warith and Ja'far b. Sulaiman.
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Narrated AbuHurayrah:

When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) prayed over a dead person, he said: O Allah, forgive those of us who are living and those of us who are dead, those of us who are present and those of us who are absent, our young and our old, our male and our female. O Allah, to whomsoever of us Thou givest life grant him life as a believer, and whomsoever of us Thou takest in death take him in death as a follower of Islam. O Allah, do not withhold from us the reward (of faith) and do not lead us astray after his death.
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Narrated Wathilah ibn al-Asqa':

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) led us in prayer over bier of a Muslim and I heard him say: O Allah, so and so, son of so and so, is in Thy protection, so guard him from the trial in the grave. (AbdurRahman in his version said: "In Thy protection and in Thy nearer presence, so guard him from the trial in the grave) and the punishment in Hell. Thou art faithful and worthy of praise. O Allah, forgive him and show him mercy. Thou art the forgiving and the merciful one." AbdurRahman said: "On the authority of Marwan ibn Janah."
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Narrated Abu Hurairah:

A negress (or a youth) used to sweep the mosque. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) missed him, and when he asked about him the people told him that he had died. He said: Why have you not informed me ? He said: Lead me to his grave. So they led him and he prayed over him.
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Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) gave the people news of death of Negus on the day on which he died, took them out to the place of prayer, drew them up in rows and said: "Allah is Most Great" four times.
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Narrated Abu Burdah:

On the authority of his father: The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) commanded us to proceed to the land of Negus. Mentioning the rest of the tradition he said that Negus said: I bear witness that he is the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), and it is he about whom Christ son of Mary gave good news. It I were not in the land which I am, I would come to him and carry his shoes.
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Narrated Al-Muttalib:

When Uthman ibn Maz'un died, he was brought out on his bier and buried. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) ordered a man to bring him a stone, but he was unable to carry it. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) got up and going over to it rolled up his sleeves.

The narrator Kathir told that al-Muttalib remarked: The one who told me about the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: I still seem to see the whiteness of the forearms of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) when he rolled up his sleeves. He then carried it and placed it at his head saying: I am marking my brother's grave with it, and I shall bury beside him those of my family who die.
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Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Breaking a dead man's bone is like breaking it when he is alive.
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Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: The niche in the side of the grave is for us and the excavation in the middle is for others.
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Narrated Amir:

Ali, Fadl and Usamah ibn Zayd washed the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) and they put him in his grave. Marhab or Ibn AbuMarhab told me that they also made AbdurRahman ibn Awf join them.

When Ali became free, he said: The People of the man serve him.
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Narrated Abu Marhab:

That 'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Awf alighted in the grave of the Prophet (Peach be upon him). He said: I still seem to see the four of them.
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Abu Ishaq said:

Al-Harith left his will that Abdullah ibn Yazid should offer his funeral prayer; so he prayed over him. He then put him in the grave from the side of his legs and said: This is a Sunnah (model practice of the Prophet).
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Narrated Al-Bara' ibn Azib:

We went out with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) to the funeral of a man of the Ansar, but when we reached the grave, the niche in the side had not yet been made, so the Prophet (Peach be upon him) sat down facing the qiblah, and we sat down along with him.
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Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

When the Prophet (Peach be upon him) placed the dead in the grave, he said: In the name of Allah, and following the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him). This is Muslim's version.
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Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

I said to the Prophet (Peach be upon him): Your old and astray uncle has died. He said: Go and bury your father, and then do not do anything until you come to me. So I went, buried him and came to him. He ordered me (to take a bath), so I took a bath, and he prayed for me.
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Narrated Hisham ibn Amir:

The Ansar came to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) on the day of Uhud and said: We have been afflicted with wound and fatigue. What do you command us?

He said: Dig graves, make them wide, bury two or three in a single grave.

He was asked: Which of them should be put first?

He replied: The one who knew the Qur'an most.

He (Hisham) said: My father Amir died on the day and was buried with two or one.
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The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Humaid b. Hilal with a different chain of transmitters and to the same effect. This version adds:

"And deepen (the graves)."
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This tradition has also been transmitted by Sa'd b. Hisham b. 'Amir with a different chain of narrators.
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Narrated Abu Hayyaj al-Asadi:

'Ali said to me: I am sending you on the same mission as the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sent me that I should not leave a high grave without leveling it and an image without obliterating it.
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Narrated Abu 'Ali al-Hamdani:

We were with Fudalah b. 'Ubaid at Rudis in the land of Rome. One of our Companions dies, Fudalah commanded us to dig his grave; it was (dug and) levelled. He then said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) commanding to level them.

Abu Dawud said: Rudis is an island, in the sea.
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Narrated Al-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn AbuBakr:

I said to Aisha! Mother, show me the grave of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) and his two Companions (Allah be pleased with them). She showed me three graves which were neither high nor low, but were spread with soft red pebbles in an open space.

Abu 'Ali said: It is said that the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) is forward, Abu Bakr is near his hed and 'Umar is near is feet. His head is at the feet of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him).
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Narrated Uthman ibn Affan:

Whenever the Prophet (Peach be upon him) became free from burying the dead, he used to stay at him (i.e. his grave) and say: Seek forgiveness for your brother, and beg steadfastness for him, for he will be questioned now.

Abu Dawud said: The full name of the narrator Buhair is Buhair b. Raisan.
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Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: There is no slaughtering (at the grave) in Islam.

'Abd al-Razzaq said: They used to slaughter cows or sheep at grave.
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Narrated 'Uqbah bin 'Amir:

One day the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) went out and prayed over the martyrs of Uhud like his prayer over the dead, and then returned.
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Narrated Yazid b. Habib:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) prayed over the martyrs of Uhud after eight years like a man who bids farewell to the living and dead.
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Narrated Jabir:

I heard the Prophet (Peach be upon him) forbid to sit on the grave, to plaster it with gypsum, and to build any structure over it.
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The tradition mentioned above has also been narrated by Jabir through a different chain of transmitters.

Abu Dawud said:

'Uthman said: "or anything added to it." Sulaiman b. Musa said: "or anything written on it." Musaddad did not mention in his version the words "or anything added to it."

Abu Dawud said: The word "and that" (wa an) remained hidden to me.
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Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) as saying: Allah's curse to be on the Jews, they made the graves of their Prophets mosques.
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Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) as saying: It is better that one of you should sit on the live coals which burns his clothing and come in contact with his skin than that he should sit on a grave.
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Narrated Abu Marthad al-Ghanawi:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) as saying: Do not sit on the graves, and do not pray facing them.
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Narrated Bashir, the Client of the Messenger of Allah:

Bashir's name in pre-Islamic days was Zahm ibn Ma'bad. When he migrated to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him). He asked: What is your name? He replied: Zahm. He said: No, you are Bashir.

He (Bashir) said: When I was walking with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) he passed by the graves of the polytheists. He said: They lived before (a period of) abundant good. He said this three times. He then passed by the graves of Muslims. He said: They received abundant good.

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) suddenly saw a man walking in shoes between the graves. He said: O man, wearing the shoes! Woe to thee! Take off thy shoes. So the man looked (round), When he recognized the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), he took them off and threw them away.
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Narrated Anas:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) as saying: When a servant (of Allah) is placed in his grave, and his Companions depart from him, he hears the stepping sound of their shoes.
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Narrated Jabir:

A man was buried with my father. I had a desire at heart for that (place for my burial). So I took him out after six months. I did not find any change (in his body) except a few hair that touched the earth.
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Narrated AbuHurayrah:

People with a bier passed by the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him). They (the companions) spoke highly of him. He said: Paradise is certain for him. Then some people with another (bier) passed by him. They spoke very badly of him. He said: Hell is certain for him. He then said: Some of you are witness to others.
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Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) visited his mother's grave and wept and cause those around him to weep. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) then said: I asked my Lord's permission to pray for forgiveness for her, but I was not allowed. I then asked His permission to visit her grave, and I was allowed. So visit graves, for they make one mindful of death.
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Narrated Buraidah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) as saying: I forbade you to visit graves, but you may now visit them, for in visiting them there is a reminder (of death).
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Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) cursed women who visit graves, those who built mosques over them and erected lamps (there).
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Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) went out to the graveyard and said: Peace be upon you, inhabitants of the dwellings who are of the community of the believers. If Allah wills we shall join you.
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Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:

To the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was brought man wearing ihram who was thrown by his she-camel and has his neck broken and had died. He then said: Shroud him in his two garments, was him with water and lotus leaves, but do not cover his head, for he will be raised on the Day of Resurrection saying the talbiyah.

Abu Dawud said: I heard Ahmad b. Hanbal say: There are five rules of the law (sunan) in this tradition: "Shroud him in his two garment," that is, the dead should be shrouded in his two garments. "Wash him with water and lotus leaves," that is, washing all times should be with lotus leaves. Do not bring any perfume near him. The shroud will be made from the property (of the dead).
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A similar tradition has also been narrated by Ibn 'Abbas through a different chain of narrators. This version has:

"Shroud him in two garments."

Abu Dawud said: The narrator Sulaiman said the Ayyub said: "his two garments," 'Amr said: "tow garments," Ibn 'Ubaid said that Ayyub said: "in two garments" and Amr said: "in his two garments." Sulaiman alone added: "do not put any perfume on him."
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A similar tradition has also been narrated by Ibn 'Abbas through a different chain of transmitters to the effect as narrated by Sulaiman saying:

"in two garments".
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Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:

A man wearing ihram was thrown by his she-camel and had his neck broken and he died. He was brought to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), and he said: Wash and shroud him, but do not cover his head and do not put any perfume on him, for he will be raised on the Day of Resurrection saying the talbiyah.


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