Imam Abu Dawud was born in Sistan, Iran in 817 CE and died in Basra, Iraq in 889 CE.



During his life, Imam Abu Dawud widely travelled to Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Hijaz, Tihamah, Khurasan, Nishapur and Marv to collect hadith. He was primarily interested in jurisprudence, and so his 4,800 Abu Dawud hadith collection focused on legal rulings.
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Authorship: (Assumed)
Imam Abu Dawud
Year Written: (Assumed)
888 AD
Scripture Type:
Hadith
A hadith is one of various reports describing the words, actions, or habits of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The term comes from Arabic meaning a "report", "account" or "narrative". Hadith are second only to the Quran in developing Islamic jurisprudence, and regarded as important tools for understanding the Quran and commentaries (tafsir) written on it.
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SCRIPTURE TEXT (56) | ABU DAWUD
Abu Dawud   |   Chapter: 15   |   Verses: 56
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42
1 Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: I have been commanded to celebrate festival ('Id) on the day of sacrifice, which Allah, Most High, has appointed for this community. A man said: If I do not find except a she-goat or a she-camel borrowed for milk or other benefits, should I sacrifice it? He said: No, but you should clip your hair , and nails, trim your moustaches, and shave your pubes. This is all your sacrifice in the eyes of Allah, Most High.
Abu Dawud | 3:2783
2 Narrated Hanash:

I saw Ali sacrificing two rams; so I asked him: What is this? He replied. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) enjoined upon me to sacrifice on his behalf, so that is what I am doing.
Abu Dawud | 3:2784
3 Narrated Umm Salamah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) as saying: If anyone has sacrificial animal and intends to sacrifice it, and he sights the new moon of Dhul-Hajjah, he must not take any of his hair and nails until he sacrifices

Abu Dawud said: The name of 'Amr b. Muslim in the chain narrated by Malik and Muhammad b. 'Amr is disputed. Some say that it is 'Umar and the majority holds that it is 'Amr.

Abu Dawud said: He is 'Amr b. Muslim b. Ukaimah al-Laithi al-Jundu'i.
Abu Dawud | 3:2785
4 Narrated 'Aishah:

The Prophet (Saws) ordered a horned ram with black legs, black belly and black round the eyes, and it was brought from him to sacrifice. He said: 'Aishah, get the knife then he said: Sharpen it with a stone. So I did. He took it, then take the ram he placed it on the ground and slaughtered it. He then said: In the name of Allah. O Allah, accept it for Muhammad, Muhammad's family and Muhammad's people. Then he sacrificed it.
Abu Dawud | 3:2786
5 Narrated Anas:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) sacrificed seven camels standing with his own hand, and sacrificed at Medina two horned rams which were white with black markings.
Abu Dawud | 3:2787
6 Narrated Anas:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) sacrificed two horned rams which were white with black markings, slaughtered, and uttered: "Allah is Most Great." and mentioned Allah's name and placed his foot on their sides.
Abu Dawud | 3:2788
7 Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) sacrificed two horned rams which were white with black markings and had been castrated. When he made them face the qiblah, he said: I have turned my face towards Him. Who created the heavens and the earth, following Abraham's religion, the true in faith, and I am not one of the polytheists. My prayer, and my service of sacrifice, my life and my death are all for Allah, the Lord of the Universe, Who has no partner. That is what I was commanded to do, and I am one of the Muslims. O Allah it comes from Thee and is given to Thee from Muhammad and his people. In the name of Allah, and Allah is Most Great. He then made sacrifice.
Abu Dawud | 3:2789
8 Narrated AbuSa'id al-Khudri:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) used to sacrifice a choice, horned ram with black round the eyes, the mouth and the feet.
Abu Dawud | 3:2790
9 Narrated Jabir:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) as saying: Sacrifice only a full-grown animal unless it is difficult for you, in which case sacrifice a lamb.
Abu Dawud | 3:2791
10 Narrated Zayd ibn Khalid al-Juhani:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) distributed sacrificial animals among his Companions. He gave me a kid (of less than a year). I took it to him and said: This is a kid. He said: Sacrifice it. so I sacrificed it.
Abu Dawud | 3:2792
11 Narrated 'Asim b. Kulaib:

On the authority of his father: We were with a man from the Companions of the Prophet (Peach be upon him) called Mujashi' who belonged to Banu Sulaim. There was a scarcity if goats (in those days). He commanded a man to announce (among the people); so he announced that the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) used to say: A lamb may be given as full payent for that for which has full-grown animal is payment.

Abu Dawud said: His name is Mujashi' b. Mas'ud.
Abu Dawud | 3:2793
12 Narrated Al-Bara' bin 'Azib:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) delivered a sermon to us on the day of sacrifice after the prayer. He said: If anyone prays like our prayer, and sacrifices like our sacrifice, his sacrifice is all right. If anyone sacrifices before the prayer (for 'Id), that is goat meant for flesh. Abu Burdah b. Niyar stood up and said: Messenger of Allah, I swear by Allah, I sacrificed before I went for prayer. I thought it was the day of eating and drinking; so I made haste, and ate myself, and supplied flesh to my family and neighbors. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: That is a goat meant for eating flesh. He said: I have a kid (of less than a year) which is better than two goats meant for flesh. Will it be valid from me ? He said: Yes, but it will not be valid for anyone after you.
Abu Dawud | 3:2794
13 Narrated Al-Bara' ibn Azib:

A maternal uncle of mine called AbuBurdah sacrificed before the prayer (for 'Id). The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Your goat is meant for flesh. He said: Messenger of Allah, I have a domestic kid with me. He said: Sacrifice it, but it is not valid for any man other than you.
Abu Dawud | 3:2795
14 Narrated Ubayd ibn Firuz:

I asked al-Bara' ibn Azib: What should be avoided in sacrificial animals? He said: The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) stood among us, and my fingers are smaller than his fingers, and my fingertips are smaller than his fingertips. He said (pointing with his fingers): Four (types of animals) should be avoided in sacrifice: A One-eyed animal which has obviously lost the sight of one eye, a sick animal which is obviously sick, a lame animal which obviously limps and an animal with a broken leg with no marrow. I also detest an animal which has defective teeth. He said: Leave what you detest, but do not make it illegal for anyone.

Abu Dawud said: (By a lean animal mean) and animal which has no marrow.
Abu Dawud | 3:2796
15 Narrated Yazid Dhu Misr:

I came to Utbah ibn AbdusSulami and said: AbulWalid, I went out seeking sacrificial animals. I did not find anything which attracted me except an animal whose teeth have fallen. So I abominated it. What do you say (about it)? He said: Why did you not bring it to me? He said: Glory be to Allah: Is if lawful for you and not lawful for me? He said: Yes, you doubt and I do not doubt. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) has forbidden an animal whose ear has been uprooted so much so that its hole appears (outwardly), and an animal whose horn has broken from the root, and an animal which has totally lost the sight of its eye, and an animal which is so thin and weak that it cannot go with the herd, and an animal with a broken leg.
Abu Dawud | 3:2797
16 Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) enjoined upon us to pay great attention to the eye and both ears, and not to sacrifice a one-eyed animal, and an animal with a slit which leaves something hanging at the front or back of the ear, or with a lengthwise slit with a perforation in the ear. I asked AbuIshaq: Did he mention an animal with broken horns and uprooted ears? He said: No. I said: 'What is the Muqabalah ?' He replied: 'It has been cut from the back of its ear.' I said: 'What about the Sharqa'? He replied: 'The ear has been split.' I said: 'What about the Kharqa'? He replied: 'A hole is made (in its ears) as a distinguishing mark.'"
Abu Dawud | 3:2798
17 Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) prohibited to sacrifice an animal with a slit ear and broken horn.


Abu Dawud said: The narrator Jurayy (b. Kulaib) is Sadusi, and belongs to Basrah. No one narrated traditions from him except Qatadah.
Abu Dawud | 3:2799
18 Narrated Qatadah:

I asked Sa'id b. al-Musayyab: What is meant by animal with a slit ear and broken horn ? He replied: Half and more than half.
Abu Dawud | 3:2800
19 Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:

We performed tamattu' during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), sacrificed a cow for seven and a camel for seven people. We shared them.
Abu Dawud | 3:2801
20 Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: A cow serves for seven, and a camel serves for seven.
Abu Dawud | 3:2802
21 Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

We sacrificed along with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) at al-Hudaybiyyah a camel for seven and a cow for seven people.
Abu Dawud | 3:2803
22 Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

I witnessed sacrificing along with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) at the place of prayer. When he finished his sermon, he descended from his pulpit, and a ram was brought to him. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) slaughtered it with his hand, and said: In the name of Allah, Allah, is Most Great. This is from me and from those who did not sacrifice from my community.
Abu Dawud | 3:2804
23 Narrated Ibn 'Umar:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) used to slaughter his sacrificial animal at the place of prayer. Ibn 'Umar used to do so.
Abu Dawud | 3:2805
24 Narrated 'Aishah:

Some people of desert came at the time of sacrifice in the time of Apostle of Allah (Peach be upon him). The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Store up for three days and give the rest as sadaqah (alms). After than the people said to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him): Messenger of Allah, the people used to benefit from their sacrifices, take and dissolve fat from them, and make water-bags (from their skins). The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: What is that ? or whatever he said: They said: Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), you have prohibited to preserve the meat of sacrifice after three days. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: I prohibited you due to a body of people who came to you. Now eat, give it as sadaqah (alms), and store up.
Abu Dawud | 3:2806
25 Narrated Nubayshah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: We forbade you to eat their meat for more than three days in order that you might have abundance; now Allah has produced abundance, so you may eat, store up and seek reward. Beware, these days are days of eating, drinking and remembrance of Allah, Most High.
Abu Dawud | 3:2807
26 Narrated Thawban:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sacrificed during a journey and then said: Thawban, mend the meat of this goat. I then kept on supplying its meat until we reached Medina.
Abu Dawud | 3:2808
27 Narrated Shaddad b. Aws:

There are two characteristics that I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: Allah has decreed that everything should be done in a good way, so when you kill use a good method. The version of the narrators other than Muslim says: "So kill in a good manner." And when you slaughter, you should use a good method, for one of you should sharpen his knife, and give the animal as little pain as possible.
Abu Dawud | 3:2809
28 Narrated Hisham b. Zaid:

I entered upon al-Hakam b. Ayyub along with Anas. He saw some youths or boys who had set up a hen and shooting at it. Anas said: The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) forbade to kill an animal in confinement.
Abu Dawud | 3:2810
29 Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:

The verse: "So eat of (meats) on which Allah's name hath been pronounced" and the verse: "Eat not of (meats) on which Allah's name hath not been pronounced" were abrogated, meaning an exception was made therein by the verse: "The food of the people of the Book is lawful unto you and yours is lawful unto them."
Abu Dawud | 3:2811
30 Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

explaining the verse "But the evil ones ever inspire their friend to contend with you" They used to say: Do not eat which Allah killed, but eat which you slaughtered. So Allah revealed the verse: "Eat not of (meats) on which Allah's name hath not been pronounced"...to the end of the verse.
Abu Dawud | 3:2812
31 Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Jews came to the Prophet (Peach be upon him) and said: We eat which we kill but we do not eat which Allah kills? So Allah revealed: "Eat not of (meats) on which Allah's name hath not been pronounced." to the end of the verse.
Abu Dawud | 3:2813
32 Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) forbade to eat (the meat of animals) slaughtered by the bedouins for vainglory and pride.

Abu Dawud said: The narrator Ghundar narrated this tradition as a saying of Ibn 'Abbas (and not of the Prophet).
Abu Dawud | 3:2814
33 Narrated Rafi' b. Khadij:

I came to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) and said: Messenger of Allah, we shall meet the enemy tomorrow and we have no knives with us. May we kill with a sharp-edged white stone (flint) and with splinter of a staff ? The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Hasten in slaughtering it. When Allah's name is mentioned you may eat what is killed by anything which causes the blood to flow except tooth and claw. I shall tell you about it. The tooth is a bone, and the claw is the knife of Abyssinians. Some people hastened and went forward, they made haste and got booty, while the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was in the rear and they setup cooking pots. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) passed by over the cooking pots. He ordered to turn them over. He then divided (the spoils of war) between them, and gave them a camel for ten goats in equation. One of the camels of the people ran away, and they had no horses with them at that time. A man shot an arrow at it, and Allah prevented it from escaping. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Among animals (i.e. camels) there are some which bolt like wild animals ; so when any of them does so, do with it like this.
Abu Dawud | 3:2815
34 Narrated Muhammad ibn Safwan or Safwan ibn Muhammad:

I hunted two hares and slaughtered them with a flint. I asked the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) about them. He permitted me to eat them.
Abu Dawud | 3:2816
35 Narrated Ata' ibn Yasar:

A man of Banu Harith was pasturing a pregnant she-camel in one of the ravines of Uhud, (he saw that) it was about to die; he could find nothing to slaughter it; he took a stake and stabbed it in the upper part of its breast until he made its blood flow.

He then came to the Prophet (Peach be upon him) and informed him about that, and he ordered him to eat it.
Abu Dawud | 3:2817
36 Narrated Adi ibn Hatim:

I said: Messenger of Allah, tell me when one of us catches game and has no knife; may he slaughter with a flint and a splinter of stick. He said: Cause the blood to flow with whatever you like and mention Allah's name.
Abu Dawud | 3:2818
37 Narrated AbulUshara':

AbulUshara' reported on the authority of his father: He asked: Messenger of Allah, is the slaughtering to be done only in the upper part of the breast and the throat? The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) replied: If you pierced its thigh, it would serve you.


Abu Dawud said: This is the way suitable for slaughtering an animal which has fallen into a well or runs loose.
Abu Dawud | 3:2819
38 Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

Ibn Isa added: (Ibn Abbas) and AbuHurayrah said: The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) forbade the devil's sacrifice. AbuIsa added in his version: This refers to the slaughtered animal whose skin cut off, and is then left to die without its jugular veins being severed.
Abu Dawud | 3:2820
39 Narrated AbuSa'id al-Khudri:

I asked the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) about the embryo. He replied: Eat it if you wish.

Musaddad's version says: we said: Messenger of Allah, we slaughter a she-camel, a cow and a sheep, and we find an embryo in its womb. Shall we throw it away or eat it? He replied: Eat it if you wish for the slaughter of its mother serves its slaughter.
Abu Dawud | 3:2821
40 Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: The slaughter of embryo is included when its mother is slaughtered.
Abu Dawud | 3:2822
41 Narrated 'Aishah:

(the narrator Musa did not mention the words "from 'Aishah" in his version from Hammad, and al-Qa'nabi also did not mention the word "from 'Aishah" in his version from Malik). They (the people) said: Messenger of Allah, there are people here, recent converts from polytheism, who bring us meat and we do not know whether or not they mentioned Allah's name over it. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Mention Allah's name and eat.
Abu Dawud | 3:2823
42 Narrated Nubayshah:

A man called the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him): We used to sacrifice Atirah in pre-Islamic days during Rajab; so what do you command us? He said: Sacrifice for the sake of Allah in any month whatever; obey Allah, Most High, and feed(the people). He said: We used to sacrifice a Fara' in pre-Islamic days, so what do you command us? He said: On every pasturing animal there is a Fara' which is fed by your cattle till it becomes strong and capable of carrying load.

The narrator Nasr said (in his version): When it becomes capable of carrying load of the pilgrims, you may slaughter it and give its meat as charity (sadaqah).

The narrator Khalid's version says: You (may give it) to the travellers, for it is better. Khalid said: I asked AbuQilabah: How many pasturing animals? He replied: One hundred.
Abu Dawud | 3:2824
43 Narrated Abu Hurairah:

Prophet (Peach be upon him) sa saying: There is no fara' and 'atirah.
Abu Dawud | 3:2825
44 Narrated Sa'id:

Fara' was the first animal born to them (the Arabs) which they sacrificed.
Abu Dawud | 3:2826
45 Narrated 'Aishah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) used to sacrifice goat out of every fifty goats.

Abu Dawud said: Fara' means the first baby camel born (to the Arabs). They used to sacrifice it for their idols, and then eat it, and its skin was thrown on a tree. 'Atira was a sacrifice made during the first ten days of Rajab.
Abu Dawud | 3:2827
46 Narrated Umm Kurz al-Ka'biyyah:

I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: Two resembling sheep are to be sacrificed for a boy and one for a girl.

AbuDawud said: I heard Ahmad (ibn Hanbal) say: The Arabic word mukafi'atani means equal (in age) or resembling each other.
Abu Dawud | 3:2828
47 Narrated Umm Kurz:

I heard the Prophet (nay peace be upon him) say: Let the birds stay in their roosts. She said: I also heard him say: Two sheep are to be sacrificed for a boy and one for a girl, but it does you no harm whether they are male or female.
Abu Dawud | 3:2829
48 Narrated Umm Kurz:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Two sheep which resemble each other are to be sacrificed for a boy and one for a girl.

Abu Dawud said: This is a sound tradition, and the tradition narrated by Sufyan is misunderstanding.
Abu Dawud | 3:2830
49 Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: A boy is in pledge for his Aqiqah. Sacrifice is made for him on the seventh day, his head is shaved and is smeared with blood.

When Qatadah was asked about smearing with blood, how that should be done, he said: When you cut the head (i.e. throat) of the animal (meant for Aqiqah), you may take a few hair of it, place them on its veins, and then place them in the middle of the head of the infant, so that the blood flows on the hair (of the infant) like a threat. Then its head may be washed and shaved off.


Abu Dawud said: In narrating the word "is smeared with blood" (yudamma) there is a misunderstanding on the part of Hammam.

Abu Dawud said: Hammam has been opposed in narrating the words "is smeared with blood". This is misunderstanding of Hammam. They narrated he word "he is given a name (yusamma) and Hammam narrated it "is smeared with blood" (yudamma).

Abu Dawud said: This tradition is not followed.
Abu Dawud | 3:2831
50 Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: A boy is in pledge for his Aqiqah, Sacrifice is made for him on the seventh day, his head is shaved and he is given name.

Abu Dawud said: The word wa yusamma is sounder as narrated by Salam b. Abi Muti' from Qatadah, and narrated by Iyas b. Daghfal and Ash'ath from al-Hassan who narrated wa yusamma (and he is given a name).
Abu Dawud | 3:2832
51 Narrated Salman b. 'Amir al-Dabbi:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) as saying: Along with a boy there is an 'Aqiqah, so shed blood on his behalf, and remove injury from him.
Abu Dawud | 3:2833
52 Narrated Al-Hasan:

To remove the injury is the shaving of the head.
Abu Dawud | 3:2834
53 Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sacrificed a ram for both al-Hasan and al-Husayn each (Allah be pleased with them).
Abu Dawud | 3:2835
54 Narrated 'Amr b. Suh'aib:

On his father's authority, said that his grandfather that the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was asked about the aqiqah. He replied: Allah does not like the breaking of ties (uquq), as though he disliked the name. And he said: If anyone has a child born to him and wishes to offer a sacrifice on its behalf, he may offer two resembling sheep for a boy and one for a girl. And he was asked about fara'. He replied: Fara' is right. If you leave it (i.e. let it grow till it becomes a healthy camel of one year or two years, then you give it to a widow or give it in the path of Allah for using it as a riding beast, it is better than slaughtering it at the age when its meat is stuck to its hair, and you turn over your milking vessel and annoy your she-camel.
Abu Dawud | 3:2836
55 Narrated Buraydah ibn al-Hasib:

When a boy was born to one of us in the pre-Islamic period, we sacrificed a sheep and smeared his head with its blood; but when Allah brought Islam, we sacrificed a sheep, shaved his head and smeared his head with saffron.
Abu Dawud | 3:2837
Abu Dawud   |   Chapter: 15   |   Verses: 56
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42


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