Imam Abu Dawud was born in Sistan, Iran in 817 CE and died in Basra, Iraq in 889 CE.



During his life, Imam Abu Dawud widely travelled to Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Hijaz, Tihamah, Khurasan, Nishapur and Marv to collect hadith. He was primarily interested in jurisprudence, and so his 4,800 Abu Dawud hadith collection focused on legal rulings.
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Authorship: (Assumed)
Imam Abu Dawud
Year Written: (Assumed)
888 AD
Scripture Type:
Hadith
A hadith is one of various reports describing the words, actions, or habits of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The term comes from Arabic meaning a "report", "account" or "narrative". Hadith are second only to the Quran in developing Islamic jurisprudence, and regarded as important tools for understanding the Quran and commentaries (tafsir) written on it.
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SCRIPTURE TEXT (311) | ABU DAWUD
Abu Dawud   |   Chapter: 14   |   Verses: 311
Chapter:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42
1 Miqdan bin Shuraih reported on the authority of his father. I asked A'ishah about settling in the desert (to worship Allaah in loneliness). She said "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) would go out (from Madina) to these torrential streams. Once he intended to go out to the desert (for worshipping Allaah). He sent me a She-Camel from the Camels of sadaqah that was not used as a mount. He said to me "A'ishah be lenient, for leniency makes a thing decorated and when it is removed from a thing it makes it defective.
Abu Dawud | 3:2472
2 Narrated Mu'awiyah:

I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: Migration will not end until repentance ends, and repentance will not end until the sun rises in the west.
Abu Dawud | 3:2473
3 Ibn 'Abbas reported that Apostle of Allah (Peach be upon him) as saying on the day of the conquest of Makkah:

There is no emigration (after the conquest of Makkah, but only Jihad (striving in the path of Allah) and some intention. So when you are summoned to go forth (for Jihad), go forth.
Abu Dawud | 3:2474
4 'Amir said "A man came to 'Abd Allaah bin 'Amr while the people were with him. He sat with him and said "Tell me anything that you heard from the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him)". He said "I hears the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) say "A Muslim is he from whose tongue and hand the Muslims remain safe and an emigrant is he who abandons what Allaah has prohibited.""
Abu Dawud | 3:2475
5 'Abd Allaah bin 'Amr said " I heard the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) say "There will be emigration after emigration and the people who are best will be those who cleave most closely to places which Abraham migrated. The worst of its people will remain in the earth cast out by their lands, abhorred by Allaah, collected along with apes and swine by fire.""
Abu Dawud | 3:2476
6 Narrated Ibn Hawalah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: It will turn out that you will be armed troops, one is Syria, one in the Yemen and one in Iraq. Ibn Hawalah said: Choose for me, Messenger of Allah, if I reach that time. He replied: Go to Syria, for it is Allah's chosen land, to which his best servants will be gathered, but if you are unwilling, go to your Yemen, and draw water from your tanks, for Allah has on my account taken special charge of Syria and its people.
Abu Dawud | 3:2477
7 Narrated Imran ibn Husayn:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: A section of my community will continue to fight for the right and overcome their opponents till the last of them fights with the Antichrist.
Abu Dawud | 3:2478
8 Abu Sa'id (Al Khudri) reported The Prophet(Peach be upon him) was asked "Which believers are most perfect in respect of faith? He replied "A man who strives in the path of Allaah with his life and property and a man who worships Allaah in a mountain valley where he protects the people from his evil.""
Abu Dawud | 3:2479
9 Narrated AbuUmamah:

A man said: Messenger of Allah, allow tourism for me. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: The tourism of my people is striving in the path of Allah, the Exalted.
Abu Dawud | 3:2480
10 Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Returning home is like going on an expedition.
Abu Dawud | 3:2481
11 Narrated Thabit ibn Qays:

A woman called Umm Khallad came to the Prophet (Peach be upon him) while she was veiled. She was searching for her son who had been killed (in the battle) Some of the Companions of the Prophet (Peach be upon him) said to her: You have come here asking for your son while veiling your face? She said: If I am afflicted with the loss of my son, I shall not suffer the loss of my modesty. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: You will get the reward of two martyrs for your son. She asked: Why is that so, Messenger of Allah? He replied: Because the people of the Book have killed him.
Abu Dawud | 3:2482
12 Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: No one should sail on the sea except the one who is going to perform hajj or umrah, or the one who is fighting in Allah's path for under the sea there is a fire, and under the fire there is a sea.
Abu Dawud | 3:2483
13 Anas bin Malik (may Allaah be pleased with him) said "Umm Haram, daughter of Milhan, sister of Umm Sulaim, narrated to me that the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) took a mid day nap with them. He then awoke laughing. She said "I asked the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him), what made you laugh?" He replied "I saw some people who ere sailing in the midst of the sea like kings on thrones. She said "I said the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) beseech Allaah that He may put me among them. He replied "You will be among them." She said "He then slept and awoke laughing. She said "I asked the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him), what made you laugh? He replied as he said in the first reply. She said "I said the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) beseech Allaah that HE may put me amongst them. He replied "You will be among the first. Then 'Ubadah bin Al Samit married her and sailed on the sea on an expedition and took her with him. When he returned, a riding beast was brought near her to ride, but it threw her down. Her neck was broken and she died.
Abu Dawud | 3:2484
14 Anas bin Malik said "Whenever the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) went to Quba, he used to visit Umm Haram daughter of Milhan who was married to 'Ubadah bin Al Samit. One day when he visited her she gave him food an sat clearing his head of lice. The narrator narrated the rest of the tradition.

Abu Dawud said "Daughter of Milhan died in Cyprus".
Abu Dawud | 3:2485
15 Umm Sulaim Al Rumaisa said "The Prophet(Peach be upon him) slept and awoke while she was washing her head." He awoke laughing. She asked "Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) are you laughing at my head?" He replied, No. She then narrated the rest of the tradition enlarging and reducing.

Abu Dawud said:

Al-Rumaisa was the foster sister of Umm Sulaim.
Abu Dawud | 3:2486
16 Umm Haram reported the Prophet(Peach be upon him) as saying "He who becomes sick on a stormy sea and vomits will have the reward of a martyr. And he who is drowned will have a reward of two martyrs.
Abu Dawud | 3:2487
17 Abu Umamat Al Bahili reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "There are three persons who are in the security of Allaah, the Exalted." "A man who goes out on an expedition to fight in the path of Allaah, the Exalted, is in the security of Allaah, until He takes him unto Him(i.e., he dies) and brings him into Paradise or brings him(alive) with reward and booty he obtains and a man who goes to the mosque is in the security of Allaah, until he takes him unto Him(i.e., he dies), and he brings him into Paradise or brings him with reward and spoils he obtains; and a man who enters his house after giving salutation is in the security of Allaah, the Exalted."
Abu Dawud | 3:2488
18 Abu Hurairah reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "An infidel and the one who killed him will never be brought together in Hell."
Abu Dawud | 3:2489
19 Buraidah reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "Respect to be shown by those who stay at home to the women of those who are engaged in jihad is t be like that shown to their mothers. If any man among those who stay at home is entrusted with the oversight of one's family who is engaged in jihad and betrays him, he will be setup for him on the Day of Resurrection and he (the mujahid) will be told "This (man) was entrusted with the oversight of your family, so take what you want from his good deeds. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) turned towards us and said "So what do you think."

Abu Dawud said "Qa'nab (a narrator of this tradition) was a pious man. Ibn Abi Laila intended to appoint him a judge, but he refused and said "If I intend to fulfill my need of a dirham, I seek the help of a person for it. He said "Which of us does not seek the help in his need? He said "Bring me out so that I may see. So he was brought out, and he concealed himself. Sufyan said "While he was concealing himself." Sufyan said "While he was concealing himself the house suddenly fell on him and he died."
Abu Dawud | 3:2490
20 'Abd Allah bin Amr reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "No warlike party will go out to fight in Allaah's path and gain booty without getting beforehand two-thirds of their rewards in the next world and one-third (of their reward) will remain. And if they do not gain booty, they will get their rewards in full.
Abu Dawud | 3:2491
21 Narrated Mu'adh ibn Jabal:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: (The reward of) prayer, fasting and remembrance of Allah is enhanced seven hundred times over (the reward of) spending in Allah's path.
Abu Dawud | 3:2492
22 Narrated AbuMalik al-Ash'ari:

AbuMalik heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: He who goes forth in Allah's path and dies or is killed is a martyr, or has his neck broken through being thrown by his horse or by his camel, or is stung by a poisonous creature, or dies on his bed by any kind of death Allah wishes is a martyr and will go to Paradise.
Abu Dawud | 3:2493
23 Narrated Fadalah ibn Ubayd:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Everyone who dies will have fully complete his action, except one who is on the frontier (in Allah's path), for his deeds will be made to go on increasing till the Day of Resurrection, and he will be safe from the trial in the grave.
Abu Dawud | 3:2494
24 Narrated Sahl ibn al-Hanzaliyyah:

On the day of Hunayn we travelled with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) and we journeyed for a long time until the evening came. I attended the prayer along with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him).

A horseman came and said: Messenger of Allah, I went before you and climbed a certain mountain where saw Hawazin all together with their women, cattle, and sheep, having gathered at Hunayn.

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) smiled and said: That will be the booty of the Muslims tomorrow if Allah wills. He then asked: Who will be on guard tonight?

Anas ibn AbuMarthad al-Ghanawi said: I shall , Messenger of Allah. He said: Then mount your horse. He then mounted his horse, and came to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him).

The Messenger of Allah said to him: Go forward to this ravine till you get to the top of it. We should not be exposed to danger from your side. In the morning the Apostle of of Allah (Peach be upon him) came out to his place of prayer, and offered two rak'ahs. He then said: Have you seen any sign of your horseman?

They said: We have not, Messenger of Allah. The announcement of the time for prayer was then made, and while the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was saying the prayer, he began to glance towards the ravine. When he finished his prayer and uttered salutation, he said: Cheer up, for your horseman has come. We therefore began to look between the trees in the ravine, and sure enough he had come.

He stood beside the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), saluted him and said: I continued till I reached the top of this ravine where the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) commanded me, and in the morning I looked down into both ravines but saw no one.

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) asked him: Did you dismount during the night?

He replied: No, except to pray or to relieve myself. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: You have ensured your entry to (Paradise). No blame will be attached to you supposing you do not work after it.
Abu Dawud | 3:2495
25 Abu Hurairah reported the Prophet (Peach be upon him) as saying "He who dies without having fought or having felt fighting (against the infidels) to be his duty will die guilty of a kind of hypocrisy."
Abu Dawud | 3:2496
26 Narrated AbuUmamah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: He who does not join the warlike expedition (jihad), or equip, or looks well after a warrior's family when he is away, will be smitten by Allah with a sudden calamity. Yazid ibn Abdu Rabbihi said in his tradition: 'before the Day of Resurrection".
Abu Dawud | 3:2497
27 Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Use your property, your persons any your tongues in striving against the polytheists.
Abu Dawud | 3:2498
28 Ibn 'Abbas said "The Qur'anic verse "Unless you go forth, He will punish you with a grievous penalty, and the verse "It is not fitting for the people of Medina"... up to "that Allaah might required their deed with the best (possible reward) have been repealed by the verse. Nor should the believers all go forth together."
Abu Dawud | 3:2499
29 Najdah bin Nufai' said "I asked Ibn 'Abbas about the verse. "Unless you go forth, He will punish you with a grievous penalty." He replied "The rain stopped from them. This was their punishment."
Abu Dawud | 3:2500
30 Zaid bin Thabit said "I was beside the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) when the divinely-inspired calmness overtook him and the thigh of the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) fell on my thigh. I did not find any weightier than the thigh of the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him). He then regained his composure and said "Write down. I wrote on a shoulder. Not equal are thise believers who sit (at home), other than those who have a (disabling) hurt, and those who strive in the way of Allaah. When Ibn Umm Makhtum who was blind heard the excellence of the warriors. He stood up and said "Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) how is it for those believers who are unable to fight (in the path of Allaah)? When he finished his question his divinely-inspired calmness overtook him, and his thigh fell on my thigh and I found its weight the second time as I found the first time." When the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) regained his composure, he said "Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said "Other than those who have a (disabling hurt). Zaid said "Allaah, the exalted, revealed it alone and I appended it." By Him in Whose hands is my life, I am seeing, as it were the place where I put it (i.e., the verse) at the crack in the shoulder."
Abu Dawud | 3:2501
31 Anas bin Malik reported on the authority of his father, The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said " You left behind some people in Madeenah who did not fail to be with you wherever you went and whatever you spent (of your goods) and whatever valley you crossed. They asked Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) how can they be with us when they are still in Madeenah? He replied "They were declined by a valid excuse."
Abu Dawud | 3:2502
32 Zaid bin Khalid al Juhani reported that Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "He who equips a fighter in Allaah's path has taken part in the fighting. And he looks after a fighter's family when he is away has taken part in the fighting."
Abu Dawud | 3:2503
33 Abu Sa'id Al Khudri said "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) sent an expedition towards Banu Lihyan and said "One of the two persons should go forth. He then said to those who sat (at home), If any one of you looks after the family and property of a warrior, he will receive half the reward of the one who goes forth (in jihad)."
Abu Dawud | 3:2504
34 Narrated AbuHurayrah:

I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: What is evil in a man are alarming niggardliness and unrestrained cowardice.
Abu Dawud | 3:2505
35 Narrated AbuAyyub:

AbuImran said: We went out on an expedition from Medina with the intention of (attacking) Constantinople. AbdurRahman ibn Khalid ibn al-Walid was the leader of the company. The Romans were just keeping their backs to the walls of the city. A man (suddenly) attacked the enemy.

Thereupon the people said: Stop! Stop! There is no god but Allah. He is putting himself into danger.

AbuAyyub said: This verse was revealed about us, the group of the Ansar (the Helpers). When Allah helped His Prophet (Peach be upon him) and gave Islam dominance, we said (i.e. thought): Come on! Let us stay in our property and improve it.

Thereupon Allah, the Exalted, revealed, "And spend of your substance in the cause of Allah, and make not your hands contribute to (your destruction)". To put oneself into danger means that we stay in our property and commit ourselves to its improvement, and abandon fighting (i.e. jihad).

AbuImran said: AbuAyyub continued to strive in the cause of Allah until he (died and) was buried in Constantinople.
Abu Dawud | 3:2506
36 Narrated Uqbah ibn Amir:

I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: Allah, Most High, will cause three persons to enter Paradise for one arrow: the maker when he has a good motive in making it, the one who shoots it, and the one who hands it; so shoot and ride, but your shooting is dearer to me than your riding. Everything with which a man amuses himself is vain except three (things): a man's training of his horse, his playing with his wife, and his shooting with his bow and arrow. If anyone abandons archery after becoming an adept through distaste for it, it is a blessing he has abandoned; or he said: for which he has been ungrateful.
Abu Dawud | 3:2507
37 'Uqabah bin Amir Al Juhani said "I heard the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) recite when he was on the pulpit "Against them make ready your strength to the utmost of your power. Beware, strength is shooting, beware strength is shooting, beware strength is shooting."
Abu Dawud | 3:2508
38 Narrated Mu'adh ibn Jabal:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Fighting is of two kinds: The one who seeks Allah's favour, obeys the leader, gives the property he values, treats his associates gently and avoids doing mischief, will have the reward for all the time whether he is asleep or awake; but the one who fights in a boasting spirit, for the sake of display and to gain a reputation, who disobeys the leader and does mischief in the earth will not return credit or without blame.
Abu Dawud | 3:2509
39 Narrated AbuHurayrah:

A man said: Messenger of Allah, a man wishes to take part in jihad in Allah's path desiring some worldly advantage? The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: He will have not reward. The people thought it terrible, and they said to the man: Go back to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), for you might not have made him understand well. He, therefore, (went and again) asked: Messenger of Allah, a man wishes to take part in jihad in Allah's path desiring some worldly advantage? He replied: There is no reward for him. They again said to the man: Return to the Messenger of Allah. He, therefore, said to him third time. He replied: There is no reward for him.
Abu Dawud | 3:2510
40 Abu Musa said "A beduoin came to the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) and said "One man fights for reputation, one fights for being praised, one fights for booty and one for his place to be seen. (Which of them is in Allaah's path?)". The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) replied "The one who fights that Allaah's word may have pre-eminence is in Allaah's path."
Abu Dawud | 3:2511
41 'Amr said "I heard from Abu Wa'il a tradition which surprised me, he then narrated the tradition to the same effect (as mentioned before).
Abu Dawud | 3:2512
42 Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

Messenger of Allah, tell me about jihad and fighting. He replied: Abdullah ibn Amr, if you fight with endurance seeking from Allah your reward, Allah will resurrect you showing endurance and seeking your reward from Him, but, if you fight for vain show seeking to acquire much, Allah will resurrect you making a vain show and seeking to acquire much. In whatever you fight or are killed, Abdullah ibn Amr, in that state Allah will resurrect you.
Abu Dawud | 3:2513
43 Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: When your brethren were smitten at the battle of Uhud, Allah put their spirits in the crops of green birds which go down to the rivers of Paradise, eat its fruit and nestle in lamps of gold in the shade of the Throne. Then when they experienced the sweetness of their food, drink and rest, they asked: Who will tell our brethren about us that we are alive in Paradise provided with provision, in order that they might not be disinterested in jihad and recoil in war? Allah Most High said: I shall tell them about you; so Allah sent down; "And do not consider those who have been killed in Allah's path." till the end of the verse.
Abu Dawud | 3:2514
44 Narrated Hasana' daughter of Mu'awiyah:

She reported on the authority of her paternal uncle: I asked the Prophet (Peach be upon him): Who are in Paradise? He replied: Prophets are in Paradise, martyrs are in Paradise, infants are in Paradise and children buried alive are in Paradise.
Abu Dawud | 3:2515
45 Narrated AbudDarda':

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: The intercession of a martyr will be accepted for seventy members of his family.

Abu Dawud said: The correct name if the narrator is Rabah b. al-Walid (and not al-walid b. Rabah as occurred in the chain of narrators in the text of the tradition)
Abu Dawud | 3:2516
46 Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

When Negus died, we were told that a light would be seen perpetually at his grave.
Abu Dawud | 3:2517
47 Narrated Ubaydullah ibn Khalid as-Sulami:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) made a brotherhood between two men, one of whom was killed (in Allah's path), and a week or thereabouts later the other died, and we prayed at his funeral). The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) asked: What did you say? We replied: We prayed for him and said: O Allah, forgive him, and join him to his companion. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: What about his prayers since the time the other died, and his fasting since the time the other died--the narrator Shu'bah doubted the words, "his fasting--and his deeds since the time the other died. The distance between them is just like the distance between heaven and earth.
Abu Dawud | 3:2518
48 Narrated AbuAyyub al-Ansari:

AbuAyyub heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: Capitals will be conquered at your hands, and you will have to raise companies in large armies. A man will be unwilling to join a company, so he will escape from his people and go round the tribes offering himself to them, saying: Whose place may I take in such and such expedition? Whose place may I take in such and such expedition? Beware: That man is a hireling to the last drop of his blood.
Abu Dawud | 3:2519
49 Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: The warrior gets his reward, and the one who equips him gets his own reward and that of the warrior.
Abu Dawud | 3:2520
50 Narrated Ya'la ibn Munyah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) announced an expedition, and I was a very old man and I had no servant. I, therefore, sought a hireling who would serve instead of me, and I would give him his portion. So I found a man. When the time of departure arrived, he came to me and said: I do not know what would be the portions, and how much would be my portion. So offer something (as wages) to me, whether there would be any portion or not. I offered three dinars (as his wages) for him. When some booty arrived, I wanted to offer him his portion. But I remembered the dinars, so I went to the Prophet (Peach be upon him) and mentioned the matter to him. He said: All I can find for him regarding this expedition of his in this world and the next is three dinars which were offered him.
Abu Dawud | 3:2521
51 Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

A man came to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) and said: I came to you to take the oath of allegiance to you on emigration, and I left my parents weeping. He (the Prophet) said: Return to them and make them laugh as you made them weep.
Abu Dawud | 3:2522
52 'Abd Allah bin 'Amr said "A man came to the Prophet(Peach be upon him) and said "Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him), May I take part in jihad?" He asked "Do you have parents?" He replied "Yes". So, strive for them."

Abu Dawud said:

The name of the narrator Abu al-'Abbas, a poet, is al-Sa'ib b. Farrukh.
Abu Dawud | 3:2523
53 Narrated AbuSa'id al-Khudri:

A man emigrated to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) from the Yemen. He asked (him): Have you anyone (of your relatives) in the Yemen? He replied: My parents. He asked: Did they permit you? He replied: No. He said: Go back to them and ask for their permission. If they permit you, then fight (in the path of Allah), otherwise be devoted to them.
Abu Dawud | 3:2524
54 Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) went on an expedition, he took Umm Sulaym, and he had some women of the Ansar who supplied water and tended the wounded.
Abu Dawud | 3:2525
55 Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Three things are the roots of faith: to refrain from (killing) a person who utters, "There is no god but Allah" and not to declare him unbeliever whatever sin he commits, and not to excommunicate him from Islam for his any action; and jihad will be performed continuously since the day Allah sent me as a prophet until the day the last member of my community will fight with the Dajjal (Antichrist). The tyranny of any tyrant and the justice of any just (ruler) will not invalidate it. One must have faith in Divine decree.
Abu Dawud | 3:2526
56 Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Striving in the path of Allah (jihad) is incumbent on you along with every ruler, whether he is pious or impious; the prayer is obligatory on you behind every believer, pious or impious, even if he commits grave sins; the (funeral) prayer is incumbent upon every Muslim, pious and impious, even if he commits major sins.
Abu Dawud | 3:2527
57 Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

Once the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) intended to go on an expedition. He said: O group of the emigrants (Muhajirun) and the helpers (Ansar), among your brethren there are people who have neither property nor family. So one of you should take with him two or three persons; with me. I also rode on my camel by turns like one of them.
Abu Dawud | 3:2528
58 Narrated Abdullah ibn Hawalah al-Azdi:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sent us on foot to get spoil, but we returned without getting any. When he saw the signs of distress on our faces, he stood up on our faces and said: O Allah, do not put them under my care, for I would be too weak to care for them; do not put them in care of themselves, for they would be incapable of that, and do not put them in the care of men, for they would choose the best things for themselves. He then placed his hand on my head and said: Ibn Hawalah, when you see the caliphate has settled in the holy land, earthquakes, sorrows and serious matters will have drawn near and on that day the Last Hour will be nearer to mankind than this hand of mine is to your head.

Abu Dawud said: 'Abd Allah b. Hawalah belongs to Hims.
Abu Dawud | 3:2529
59 Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Our Lord Most High is pleased with a man who fights in the path of Allah, the Exalted; then his companions fled away (i.e. retreated). But he knew that it was a sin (to flee away from the battlefield), so he returned, and his blood was shed. Thereupon Allah, the Exalted, says to His angels: Look at My servant; he returned seeking what I have for him (i.e. the reward), and fearing (the punishment) I have, until his blood was shed.
Abu Dawud | 3:2530
60 Narrated AbuHurayrah:

Amr ibn Uqaysh had given usurious loans in pre-Islamic period; so he disliked to embrace Islam until he took them. He came on the day of Uhud and asked: Where are my cousins? They (the people) replied: At Uhud. He asked: Where is so-and-so? They said: At Uhud. He asked: Where is so-and-so? They said: At Uhud. He then put on his coat of mail and rode his horse; he then proceeded towards them. When the Muslims saw him, they said: Keep away, Amir. He said: I have become a believer. He fought until he was wounded. He was then taken to his family wounded. Sa'd ibn Mu'adh came to his sister: Ask him (whether he fought) out of partisanship, out of anger for them, or out of anger for Allah. He said: Out of anger of Allah and His Apostle. He then died and entered Paradise. He did not offer any prayer for Allah.
Abu Dawud | 3:2531
61 Salamah bin Al Akwa' said "On the day of the battle of the Khaibar, my brother fought desperately. But his sword fell back on him and killed him. The Companions of the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) talked about him and doubted it (his martyrdom) saying "A man who died with his own weapon". The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said "he died as a warrior striving in the path of Allaah. Ibn Shihab said "I asked the son of Salamah bin Al Akwa'." He narrated to me on the authority of his father similar to that except that he said "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said "They told a lie, he died as a warrior striving in the path of Allaah. There is a double reward for him.""
Abu Dawud | 3:2532
62 Narrated AbuSalam:

AbuSalam reported on the authority of a man from the companion of the Prophet (Peach be upon him). He said: We attacked a tribe of Juhaynah. A man from the Muslims pursued a man of them, and struck him but missed him. He struck himself with the sword. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Your brother, O group of Muslims. The people hastened towards him, but found him dead. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) wrapped him with his clothes and his blood, and offered (funeral) prayer for him and buried him. They said: Messenger of Allah, is he a martyr? He said: Yes, and I am witness to him.
Abu Dawud | 3:2533
63 Narrated Sahl ibn Sa'd:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Two (prayers) are not rejected, or seldom rejected: Prayer at the time of the call to prayer, and (the prayer) at the time of fighting, when the people grapple with each other. Musa said: Rizq ibn Sa'id ibn AbdurRahman reported from AbuHazim on the authority of Sahl ibn Sa'd from the Prophet (Peach be upon him) as saying: And while it is raining.
Abu Dawud | 3:2534
64 Narrated Mu'adh ibn Jabal:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: If anyone fights in Allah's path as long as the time between two milkings of a she-camel, Paradise will be assured for him. If anyone sincerely asks Allah for being killed and then dies or is killed, there will be a reward of a martyr for him. Ibn al-Musaffa added from here: If anyone is wounded in Allah's path, or suffers a misfortune, it will come on the Day of resurrection as copious as possible, its colour saffron, and its odour musk; and if anyone suffers from ulcers while in Allah's path, he will have on him the stamp of the martyrs.
Abu Dawud | 3:2535
65 Narrated Utbah ibn AbdusSulami:

Utbah heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: Do not cut the forelocks, manes, or tails of horse, for their tails are their means of driving flies, their manes provide them with warmth, and blessing is tide to their forelocks.
Abu Dawud | 3:2536
66 Narrated AbuWahb al-Jushami,:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Keep to every dark bay horse with a white blaze and white on the legs, or sorrel with a white blaze and white on the legs , or black with a white blaze and white on the legs.
Abu Dawud | 3:2537
67 Narrated AbuWahb:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Keep to every sorrel horse with a white blaze and white on the legs, or dark bay with a white blaze. He then mentioned something similar. Muhammad ibn al-Muhajir said: I asked him: Why was a sorrel horse preferred? He replied: Because the Prophet (Peach be upon him) had sent a contingent, and the man who first brought the news of victory was the rider of a sorrel horse.
Abu Dawud | 3:2538
68 Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: The most favoured horses are the sorrel.
Abu Dawud | 3:2539
69 Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) used to name a mare a horse.
Abu Dawud | 3:2540
70 Abu Hurairah said "The Prophet (Peach be upon him) disapproved the shikal horses. Shikal are the horses that are white on their right hind leg and white on their left foreleg or white on their right foreleg and left hind leg.


Abu Dawud said "This means alternate legs".
Abu Dawud | 3:2541
71 Narrated Sahl ibn al-Hanzaliyyah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) came upon an emaciated camel and said: Fear Allah regarding these dumb animals. Ride them when they are in good condition and feed them when they are in good condition.
Abu Dawud | 3:2542
72 'Abd Allaah bin Jafar said "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) seated me behind him(on his ride) one day, and told me secretly a thing asking me not to tell it to anyone. The place for easing dearer to the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) was a mound or host of palm trees by which he could conceal himself. He entered the garden of a man from the Ansar(Helpers). All of a sudden when a Camel saw the Prophet (Peach be upon him) it wept tenderly producing yearning sound and it eyes flowed. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) came to it and wiped the temple of its head. So it kept silence. He then said "Who is the master of this Camel? Whose Camel is this? A young man from the Ansar came and said "This is mine, Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him)." He said "Don't you fear Allaah about this beast which Allaah has given in your possession. It has complained to me that you keep it hungry and load it heavily which fatigues it."
Abu Dawud | 3:2543
73 Abu Hurairah reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying " While a man was going on his way, he felt himself thirsty severely. He found a well and e went down in it. He drank water and came out. Suddenly he saw a dog panting and eating soil due to thirst. The man said (to himself) "This dog must have reached the same condition due to thirst as I had reached. So he went down into the well, filled his sock with water, held it with his mouth and came up. He supplied water to the dog. Allaah appreciated this and forgave him." They asked "Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him), Is there any reward for us for these beasts? He replied, For every cool liver there is a reward."
Abu Dawud | 3:2544
74 Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

When we alighted at a station (for stay), we did not pray until we united the saddles of the camels.
Abu Dawud | 3:2545
75 Abu Bashir Al Ansari said that he was with the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) on one of his journeys. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him)sent a messenger. The narrator 'Abd Allah bin Abu Bakr said "I think he said while the people were sleeping. No necklace of bowstring or anything else must be left on a Camels' neck, must be cut off. The narrator Malik said "I think this was due to evil eye."
Abu Dawud | 3:2546
76 Narrated AbuWahb al-Jushami,:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Tie the horses, rub down their forelocks and their buttocks (or he said: Their rumps), and put things on their necks, but do not put bowstrings.
Abu Dawud | 3:2547
77 Narrated Umm Habibah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: The angels do not go with a travelling company in which there is a bell.
Abu Dawud | 3:2548
78 Abu Hurairah reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "The angels do not accompany the fellow travelers who have a dog or bell (with them)."
Abu Dawud | 3:2549
79 Abu Hurairah reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "The bell is a wooden wind musical instrument of Satan."
Abu Dawud | 3:2550
80 Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

It has been prohibited to ride the beast which eats dung.
Abu Dawud | 3:2551
81 Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) prohibited to ride a camel which eats dung.
Abu Dawud | 3:2552
82 Mu'adh said "I was seated behind the Prophet (Peach be upon him) on a donkey that was called 'Ufair".
Abu Dawud | 3:2553
83 Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) named our cavalry "the Cavalry of Allah," when we were struck with panic, and when panic overtook us, the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) commanded us to be united, to have patience and perseverance; and to be so when we fought.
Abu Dawud | 3:2554
84 'Imran bin Hussain said "The Prophet (Peach be upon him) was on a journey. He heard a curse. He asked "What is this? They (the people) said "This is so and so (a woman) who cursed her riding beast. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said "Remove the saddle from it, for it is accursed. So, they removed (the saddle) from it. 'Imran said "As if I am looking at it a grey she Camel."
Abu Dawud | 3:2555
85 Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) prohibited to provoke the beasts for fighting.
Abu Dawud | 3:2556
86 Anas bin Malik said "I brought my brother when he was born to Prophet(Peach be upon him) to chew something for him and rub his palate with it and found him in a sheep pen branding the sheep, I think, on their ears."
Abu Dawud | 3:2557
87 Jabir reported the Prophet (Peach be upon him) as saying when an ass which had been branded on its face passed him. Did it not reach you that I cursed him who branded the animals on their faces or struck them on their faces. So he prohibited it.
Abu Dawud | 3:2558
88 Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was present with a she-mule which he rode, so Ali said: If we made asses cover mares we would have animals of this type. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Only those who do not know do that.
Abu Dawud | 3:2559
89 'Abd Allah bin Ja'far said "When the Prophet (Peach be upon him) arrived after a journey, we were taken for his reception. Any of us who met him first he lifted him in front of him. As I was the first to meet him, he lifted me in front of him. Then Hasan or Hussain was brought to him and he set him behind him. We the entered Madeenah and we (were) riding so (three on one beast)."
Abu Dawud | 3:2560
90 Abu Hurairah reported the Prophet(Peach be upon him) as saying "Do not treat the backs of your beasts as pulpits, for Allaah has made them subject to you only to convey you to a town which you cannot reach without difficulty and He has appointed the earth (a floor to work) for you, so conduct your business on it.
Abu Dawud | 3:2561
91 Abu Hurairah reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "There are Camels which belong to devils and there are houses which belong to devils. As for the Camels of the devils, I have seen them. One of you goes out with his side Camels which he has fattened neither riding any of them nor giving a lift to a tired brother when he meets. As regard the houses of the devils, I have not seen them. The narrator Sa'id says "I think they are those cages (Camel litters) which conceal people with brocade."
Abu Dawud | 3:2562
92 Abu Hurairah reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "When you travel in fertile country, give the Camel their due (from the ground), and when you travel in time of drought make them go quickly. When you intend to encamp in the last hours of the night, keep away from the roads."
Abu Dawud | 3:2563
93 A similar tradition has also been narrated by Jabir bin 'Abd Allaah from the Prophet (Peach be upon him). But this version adds after the phrase "their due" And do not go beyond the destinations.
Abu Dawud | 3:2564
94 Anas reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "Keep to travelling by night, for the earth is traversed (more easily) by night.
Abu Dawud | 3:2565
95 Narrated Buraydah ibn al-Hasib:

While the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was walking a man who had an ass came to him and said: Messenger of Allah, ride; and the man moved to the back of the animal. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: No, you have more right to ride in front on your animal than me unless you grant that right to me. He said: I grant it to you. So he mounted.
Abu Dawud | 3:2566
96 Narrated Abbad ibn Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr:

My foster-father said to me - he was one of Banu Murrah ibn Awf, and he was present in that battle, the battle of Mu'tah: By Allah, as if I am seeing Ja'far who jumped from his reddish horse and hamstrung it; he then fought with the people until he was killed.

Abu Dawud said: The tradition is not strong.
Abu Dawud | 3:2567
97 Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Wagers are allowed only for racing camels, or horses or shooting arrows.
Abu Dawud | 3:2568
98 'Abd Allah bin Umar said "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) held race between the horses which had been made lean by training from Al Hafya'. The goal was Thaniyyat Al Wada' and he held a race between the horses Banu Zuraiq and 'Abd Allaah was one of the racers.
Abu Dawud | 3:2569
99 Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) used to make lean by training horses which he employed in the race.
Abu Dawud | 3:2570
100 Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) used to hold a race between horses and kept the one in the fifth year at a long distance.
Abu Dawud | 3:2571
101 Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

while she was on a journey along with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him): I had a race with him (the Prophet) and I outstripped him on my feet. When I became fleshy, (again) I had a race with him (the Prophet) and he outstripped me. He said: This is for that outstripping.
Abu Dawud | 3:2572
102 Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: If one enters a horse with two others when he is not certain that it cannot be beaten, it is not gambling; but when one enters a horse with two others when he is certain it cannot be beaten, it is gambling.
Abu Dawud | 3:2573
103 The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Al Zuhri with the chain of 'Abbad and to the same affect.

Abu Dawud said "This tradition has also been narrated by Ma'mar, Shu'aib and 'Aqil on the authority of Al Zuhri from a number of scholars and this is the soundest one in our opinion.
Abu Dawud | 3:2574
104 Narrated Imran ibn Husayn:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: There must be no shouting or leading another horse at one's side. Yahya added in his tradition: When racing for a wager.
Abu Dawud | 3:2575
105 Qatadah said "Taking another horse behind one's horse to urge it on and taking another horse at one's side are (done) in a horse race.
Abu Dawud | 3:2576
106 Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

The pommel of the sword of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was of silver.
Abu Dawud | 3:2577
107 Narrated Sa'id ibn AbulHasan:

The pommel of the sword of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was of silver.

Qatadah said: I do not know that anyone has supported him for that (for the tradition narrated by Sa'id b. Abu al-Hasan).
Abu Dawud | 3:2578
108 The tradition mentioned above has also been narrated by Anas bin Malik through a different chain of narrators. He mentioned similar words.


Abu Dawud said "the strongest of these traditions is the one of Sa'id bin Abu Al Hasan. The rest are weak.
Abu Dawud | 3:2579
109 Jabir said "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) ordered a man who was distributing arrows not to pass the mosque with them except that he is holding their heads.
Abu Dawud | 3:2580
110 Abu Musa reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying " When one of you passes our Masjid or our market with an arrow, he should hold its head or hold it with its hand (the narrator is doubtful) so that no harm may be done to any Muslim."
Abu Dawud | 3:2581
111 Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) prohibited to hand the drawn sword.
Abu Dawud | 3:2582
112 Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) prohibited to cut a piece of leather between two fingers.
Abu Dawud | 3:2583
113 Narrated As-Sa'ib ibn Yazid:

As-Sa'ib reported on the authority of a man whom he named: The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) put on two coats of mail during the battle of Uhud as a double protection. (The narrator is doubtful about the word zahara or labisa.)
Abu Dawud | 3:2584
114 Narrated Al-Bara' ibn Azib:

Yunus ibn Ubayd, client of Muhammad ibn al-Qasim, said that Muhammad ibn al-Qasim sent to al-Bara' ibn Azib to ask him about the standard of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him). He said: It was black and square, being made of a woollen rug.
Abu Dawud | 3:2585
115 Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

When the Prophet (Peach be upon him) entered Mecca his banner was white.
Abu Dawud | 3:2586
116 Narrated Simak ibn Harb:

Simak reported on the authority of a man from his people, on the authority of another man from them: I saw that the standard of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was yellow.
Abu Dawud | 3:2587
117 Narrated AbudDarda':

I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: Seek for me weak persons, for you are provided means of subsistence and helped through your weaklings.

Abu Dawud said: Zaid b. Artat is the brother of 'Adi b. Artat.
Abu Dawud | 3:2588
118 Samurah bin Jundub said "The war-cry of the Emigrants was 'Abd Allah and that of the helpers 'Abd Al Rahman."
Abu Dawud | 3:2589
119 Ilyas bin Salamah(bin Al Akwa') said on the authority of his father "We went on an expedition with Abu Bakr (Allaah be pleased with him) in the time of the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) and our war cry was "Put to death" "Put to death"."
Abu Dawud | 3:2590
120 Narrated A man who heard the Prophet:

Al-Muhallab ibn AbuSufrah said: A man who heard the Prophet (Peach be upon him) say: If the enemy attacks you at night, let your war cry be Ha-Mim. They will not be helped.
Abu Dawud | 3:2591
121 Narrated AbuHurayrah:

When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) proceeded on journey, he would say: O Allah, Thou art the Companion in the journey, and the One Who looks after the family; O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee from the difficulty of travelling, finding harm when I return, and unhappiness in what I see coming to my family and property. O Allah, make the length of his journey short for us, and the journey easy for us.
Abu Dawud | 3:2592
122 Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sat on his camel to go out on a journey, he said: "Allah is Most Great" three times. Then he said: "Glory be to Him Who has made subservient to us, for we had not the strength for it, and to our Lord do we return. O Allah, we ask Thee in this journey of ours, uprightness, piety and such deeds as are pleasing to Thee. O Allah, make easy for us this journey of ours and make its length short for us. O Allah, Thou art the Companion in the journey, and the One Who looks after the family and property in our absence." When he returned, he said these words adding: "Returning, repentant, serving and praising our Lord." The Prophet (Peach be upon him) and his armies said: "Allah is Most Great" when they went up to high ground; and when armies said: "Allah is most Great" when they went up to high ground; and when they descended, they said: "Glory be to Allah." So the prayer was patterned on that.
Abu Dawud | 3:2593
123 Qaza'ah said Ibn 'Umar told me "Come, I see off you as the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) saw me off. I entrust to Allaah your religion what you are responsible for and your final deeds."
Abu Dawud | 3:2594
124 Narrated Abdullah al-Khutami:

When the Prophet (Peach be upon him) wanted to say farewell to an army, he would say: I entrust to Allah your religion, what you are responsible for, and your final deeds.
Abu Dawud | 3:2595
125 Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

Ali ibn Rabi'ah said: I was present with Ali while a beast was brought to him to ride. When he put his foot in the stirrup, he said: "In the name of Allah." Then when he sat on its back, he said: "Praise be to Allah." He then said: "Glory be to Him Who has made this subservient to us, for we had not the strength, and to our Lord do we return." He then said: "Praise be to Allah (thrice); Allah is Most Great (thrice): glory be to Thee, I have wronged myself, so forgive me, for only Thou forgivest sins." He then laughed. He was asked: At what did you laugh? He replied: I saw the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) do as I have done, and laugh after that. I asked: Messenger of Allah , at what are you laughing? He replied: Your Lord, Most High, is pleased with His servant when he says: "Forgive me my sins." He know that no one forgives sins except Him.
Abu Dawud | 3:2596
126 Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr:

When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was travelling and night came on, he said: O earth, my Lord and your Lord is Allah; I seek refuge in Allah from your evil, the evil of what you contain, the evil of what has been created in you, and the evil of what creeps upon you; I seek refuge in Allah from lions, from large black snakes, from other snakes, from scorpions, from the evil of jinn which inhabit a settlement, and from a parent and his offspring.
Abu Dawud | 3:2597
127 Jabir bin 'Abd Allaah reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "Do not send out your beasts when the sun has set till the darkness of the night prevails, for the devils grope about in the dark when the sun has set till the darkness of the night prevails."
Abu Dawud | 3:2598
128 Narrated Ka'b ibn Malik:

It was rarely that the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) set out on a journey on any day but on a Thursday.
Abu Dawud | 3:2599
129 Narrated Sakhr al-Ghamidi:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: "O Allah, bless my people in their early mornings." When he sent out a detachment or an army, he sent them at the beginning of the day. Sakhr was a merchant, and he would send off his merchandise at the beginning of the day; and he became rich and had much wealth.

Abu Dawud said: He is Sakhr b. Wada'ah.
Abu Dawud | 3:2600
130 Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: A single rider is a devil, and a pair of riders are a pair of devils, but three are a company of riders.
Abu Dawud | 3:2601
131 Narrated AbuSa'id al-Khudri:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: When three are on a journey, they should appoint one of them as their commander.
Abu Dawud | 3:2602
132 Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: When three are on a journey, they should appoint one of them as their commander. Nafi' said: We said to AbuSalamah: You are our commander.
Abu Dawud | 3:2603
133 'Abd Allaah bin 'Umar said "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) prohibited to travel with a copy of the Qur'an to the enemy territory. The narrator Malik said "(It is) I think lest the enemy should take it.
Abu Dawud | 3:2604
134 Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: The best number of companions is four, the best number in expeditions four hundred, and the best number in armies four thousand; and twelve thousand will not be overcome through smallness of numbers.

Abu Dawud said: What is correct is that this tradition is mursal (i.e. the link of the Companion is missing).
Abu Dawud | 3:2605
135 Sulaiman bin Buraidah reported on the authority of his father. When the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) appointed a Commander over an Army or a detachment, he instructed him to fear Allaah himself and consider the welfare of the Muslims who were with him. He then said "When you meet the polytheists who are your enemy, summon them tone of three things and accept whichever of them they are willing to agree to, and refrain from them. Summon them to Islam and if they agree, accept it from them and refrain from them. Then summon them to leave their territory and transfer to the abode of the Emigrants and tell them that if they do so, they will have the same rights and responsibilities as the Emigrants, but if they refuse and choose their own abode, tell them that they will be like the desert Arabs who are Muslims subject to Allaah's jurisdiction which applies to the believers, but will have no spoil or booty unless they strive with the Muslims. If they refuse demand jizyah (poll tax) from them, if they agree accept it from them and refrain from them. But if they refuse, seek Alaah's help and fight with them. When you invade the fortress and they (its people) offer to capitulate and have the matter referred to Allaah's jurisdiction, do not grant this, for you do not know whether or not you will hit on Allaah's jurisdiction regarding them. But let them capitulate and have the matter refereed to your jurisdiction and make a decision about them later on as you wish.


Sufyan (bin 'Uyainah) said thah 'Alqamah said "I mentioned this tradition to Muqatil bin Habban, He said "Muslim narrated it to me." Abu Dawud said "He is Ibn Haidam narrated from Al Nu'man in Muqqarin from the Prophet (Peach be upon him) like the tradition of Sulaiman bin Buraidah.
Abu Dawud | 3:2606
136 Sulaiman bin Buraidah reported on his father's authority The Prophet(Peach be upon him) said "Fight in the name of Allaah and in the path of Allaah and with him who disbelieves in Allaah fight and do not be treacherous and do not be dishonest about boot yand do not deface (in killing) and do not kill a child."
Abu Dawud | 3:2607
137 Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Go in Allah's name, trusting in Allah, and adhering to the religion of Allah's Apostle. Do not kill a decrepit old man, o a young infant, or a child, or a woman; do not be dishonest about booty, but collect your spoils, do right and act well, for Allah loves those who do well.
Abu Dawud | 3:2608
138 Ibn "umar said "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) burned the palm tree of Banu Al Nadr and cut (them) down at Al Buwairah. So, Allaah the exalted sent down "the palm trees you cut down or left."
Abu Dawud | 3:2609
139 Narrated Usamah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) enjoined upon him to attack Ubna in the morning and burn the place.
Abu Dawud | 3:2610
140 Abu Mishar was told about Ubna. He said "We know it better. This is Yubna of Palestine.
Abu Dawud | 3:2611
141 Anas said "the Prophet(Peach be upon him) sent Busaisah as a spy to see what the caravan of Abu Sufyan was doing."
Abu Dawud | 3:2612
142 Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: When one of you comes to the cattle, he should seek permission of their master if he is there; if he permits, he should milk (the animals) and drink. If he is not there, he should call three times. If he responds, he should seek his permission; otherwise, he may milk (the animals) and drink, but should not carry (with him).
Abu Dawud | 3:2613
143 Narrated Abbad ibn Shurahbil:

I suffered from drought; so I entered a garden of Medina, and rubbed an ear-corn. I ate and carried in my garment. Then its master came, he beat me and took my garment. He came to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) who said to him: You did not teach him if he was ignorant; and you did not feed him if he was hungry. He ordered him, so he returned my garment to me, and gave me one or half a wasq (sixty or thirty sa's) of corn.
Abu Dawud | 3:2614
144 Abu Bishr said "I heard 'Abbad bin 'Shurahbil a man of us from Banu Ghubar. He narrated the reast of the tradition to the same effect."
Abu Dawud | 3:2615
145 Narrated The uncle of AbuRafi ibn Amr al-Ghifari:

I was a boy. I used to throw stones at the palm-trees of the Ansar. So I was brought to the Prophet (Peach be upon him) who said: O boy, why do you throw stones at the palm-trees? I said: eat (dates). He said: Do not throw stones at the palm trees, but eat what falls beneath them. He then wiped his head and said: O Allah, fill his belly.
Abu Dawud | 3:2616
146 'Abd Allah bin Umar reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "One should not milk the cattle of anyone without his permission. Does anyone of you like that any one approaches his corn cell and its storage is broken and then the corn scatters away? Likewise, the teats of their Cattle store their food. Therefore none of you should milk the cattle of anyone without his permission."
Abu Dawud | 3:2617
147 Ibn Juraij said "O ye who believe, Obey Allaah and obey the Apostle and those charged with authority amongst you." This verse was revealed about 'Abd Allaah bin Qais bin 'Adi whom the Prophet (Peach be upon him) sent along with a detachment. Ya'la narrated it to me from Sa'id bin Jubair on the authority of Ibn 'Abbas.
Abu Dawud | 3:2618
148 'Ali (Allaah be pleased with him) said "The Messenger of Allah(Peach be upon him) sent an army and appointed a man as a commander for them and he commanded them to listen to him and obey. He kindled fire and ordered them to jump into it. A group refused to enter into it and said "We escaped from the fire; a group intended to enter into it. When the Prophet (Peach be upon him) was informed about it, he said "Had they entered into it, they would have remained into it. There is no obedience in matters involving disobedience to Allaah. Obedience is in matters which are good and universally recognized.
Abu Dawud | 3:2619
149 'Abd Allaah bin Masud reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "Listening and Obedience are binding on a Muslim whether he likes or dislikes, so long as he is not commanded for disobedience (to Allaah). If he is commanded to disobedience (to Allaah), no listening and disobedience are binding (on him).
Abu Dawud | 3:2620
150 Narrated Uqbah ibn Malik:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) sent a detachment. I gave a sword to a man from among them. When he came back, he said: Would that you saw us how the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) rebuked us, saying: When I sent out a man who does not fulfil my command, are you unable to appoint in his place one who will fulfil my command.
Abu Dawud | 3:2621
151 Narrated AbuTha'labah al-Khushani:

When the people encamped, (the narrator Amr ibn Uthman al-Himsi) said: When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) encamped, the people scattered in the glens and wadis. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Your scattering in these glens and wadis is only of the devil. They afterwards kept close together when they encamped to such an extent that it used to be said that if a cloth were spread over them, it would cover them all.
Abu Dawud | 3:2622
152 Narrated Mu'adh ibn Anas al-Juhani:

I fought along with the Prophet (Peach be upon him) in such and such battles. The people occupied much space and encroached on the road. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) sent an announcer to announce among the people: Those who occupy much space or encroach on the road will not be credited with jihad.
Abu Dawud | 3:2623
153 Sahl bin Mu'adh reported on the authority of his father "We fought along with the Prophet of Allaah(Peach be upon him). The rest of the tradition is to the same effect."
Abu Dawud | 3:2624
154 Salim Abu Al Nadr, client of 'Umar bin 'Ubaid Allaah that is Ibn Ma'mar who Salim was his ('Umar's) secretary reported "When 'Abd Allah bin Abi Afwa went out to the Haruriyyah (Khawarij), he wrote to him ('Umar bin 'Ubaid Allaah), The Messenger of Allah(Peach be upon him) said on a ceratin day when he was fighting with the enemy. O people do not desire to meet the enemy, ask Allaah, Most High, for health and security. When you meet them (the enemy) have patience and endurance, you should know that paradise is under the shade of swords. He then said "O Allaah, Who sends down the Book, makes the cloud to travel and rotes the confederates, tout them and give us victory over them."
Abu Dawud | 3:2625
155 Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) went on an expedition, he said: O Allah, Thou art my aider and helper; by Thee I move, by Thee I attack, and by Thee I fight.
Abu Dawud | 3:2626
156 Ibn 'Awn said "I wrote to Nafi' asking him about summoning the polytheists (to Islam) at the time of fighting. So, he wrote to me "This was in the early days of Islam. The Prophet of Allaah(Peach be upon him) attacked Banu Al Mustaliq while they were inattentive and their cattle were drinking water. So their fighters were killed and the survivors (i.e., women and children) were taken prisoners. On that day Juwairiyyah daughter of Al Harith was obtained. 'Abd Allaah narrated this to me, he was in that army."

Abu Dawud said "This is a good tradition narrtted by Ibn 'Awn from Nafi' and no one shared him in narrating it."
Abu Dawud | 3:2627
157 Anas said "The Prophet (Peach be upon him) used to attack at the time of the dawn prayer and hear. If he heard a call to prayer, he would refrain from them, otherwise would attack (them).
Abu Dawud | 3:2628
158 Narrated Isam al-Muzani:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sent us in a detachment and said (to us): If you see a mosque or hear a mu'adhdhin (calling to prayer), do not kill anyone.
Abu Dawud | 3:2629
159 Jabir reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "War is deception."
Abu Dawud | 3:2630
160 Narrated Ka'b ibn Malik:

When the Prophet (Peach be upon him) intended to go on an expedition, he always pretended to be going somewhere else, and he would say: War is deception.

Abu Dawud said: Only Ma'mar has transmitted this tradition. By this he refers to his statement "War is deception" through this chain of narrators. He narrated it from the tradition of 'Amr b. Dinar from Jabir, and from the tradition of Ma'mar from Hammam b. Munabbih on the authority of Abu Hurairah.
Abu Dawud | 3:2631
161 Narrated Salamah ibn al-Akwa':

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) appointed AbuBakr our commander and we fought with some people who were polytheists, and we attacked them at night, killing them. Our war-cry that night was "put to death; put to death." Salamah said: I killed that night with my hand polytheists belonging to seven houses.
Abu Dawud | 3:2632
162 Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) used to keep to the rear when travelling and urge on the weak. He would take someone up behind him and make supplication for them all.
Abu Dawud | 3:2633
163 Abu Hurairah reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying " I am commanded to fight with men till they testify that there is no god but Allaah, when they do that they will keep their life and property safe from me, except what is due to them. (i.e., life and property) and their reckoning will be at Allaah's hands."
Abu Dawud | 3:2634
164 Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: I am commanded to fight with men till they testify that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His servant and His Apostle, face our qiblah (direction of prayer), eat what we slaughter, and pray like us. When they do that, their life and property are unlawful for us except what is due to them. They will have the same rights as the Muslims have, and have the same responsibilities as the Muslims have.
Abu Dawud | 3:2635
165 Anas bin Malik reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying " I am commanded to fight with the polytheists. The rest of the tradition is to the same effect as mentioned above."
Abu Dawud | 3:2636
166 Usamah bin Zaid said "The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sent us with a detachment to Al Huruqat. They learnt about us and fled away. But we found a man, when we attacked him he uttered "There is no god but Allaah, still we struck him till we killed him." When I mentioned it to the Prophet (Peach be upon him) he said "Who will save you from "There is no god but Allaah" on the Day of Judgment? I said "Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), he uttered it for the fear of the weapon." He said "Did you tear his heart so that you learnt whether he actually uttered it for this or not. Who will support you against "There is no god but Allaah"? He kept on repeating this till I wished I would have embraced Islam on that day.
Abu Dawud | 3:2637
167 Al Miqdad bin Al Aswad reported that he said "Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) tell me if I meet a man who is a disbeliever and he fights with me and cuts off one hand of mine with the sword and then takes refuge by a tree and says "I embraced Islam for Allah's sake. Should I kill him, Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) after he uttered it (the credo of Islam)? The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said "Do not kill him". I said "Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him), he cut off my hand. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said, Do not kill him. I f you kill him, he will become like you before you kill him and you will become like him before he uttered his credo which he has uttered now.
Abu Dawud | 3:2638
168 Narrated Jarir ibn Abdullah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sent an expedition to Khath'am. Some people sought protection by having recourse to prostration, and were hastily killed. When the Prophet (Peach be upon him) heard that, he ordered half the blood-wit to be paid for them, saying: I am not responsible for any Muslim who stays among polytheists. They asked: Why, Messenger of Allah? He said: Their fires should not be visible to one another.


Abu Dawud said: Hushaim, Ma'mar, Khalid b. al-Wasiti and a group of narrators have also narrated it, but did not mention Jarir.
Abu Dawud | 3:2639
169 Ibn 'Abbas said "When the verse "If there are twenty amongst you patient and persevering, they will vanquish two hundred" was revealed. It was heavy and troublesome for Muslims when Allaah prescribed for them that one (fighting Muslim) should not fly from ten (fighting Non-Muslims). Then a light commandment was revealed saying "For the present Allaah hath lightened your (task)." The narrator Abu Tawbah recited the verse to "they will vanquish two hundred." When Allaah lightened the number, patient and perseverance also decreased according to the number lightened from them."
Abu Dawud | 3:2640
170 Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

Ibn Umar was sent with a detachment of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him). The people wheeled round in flight. He said: I was one of those who wheeled round in flight. When we stopped, we said (i.e. thought): How should we do? We have run away from the battlefield and deserve Allah's wrath. Then we said (thought): Let us enter Medina, stay there, and go there while no one sees us. So we entered (Medina) and thought: If we present ourselves before the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), and if there is a change of repentance for us, we shall stay; if there is something else, we shall go away. So we sat down (waiting) for the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) before the dawn prayer. When he came out, we stood up to him and said: We are the ones who have fled. He turned to us and said: No, you are the ones who return to fight after wheeling away. We then approached and kissed his hand, and he said; I am the main body of the Muslims.
Abu Dawud | 3:2641
171 Abu Sa'id said "The verse "If any do turn his back to them on such a day" was revealed on the day of the Battle of Badr."
Abu Dawud | 3:2642
172 Khabbab said "We came to the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) while he was reclining on an outer garment in the shade of the Ka'bah. Complaining to him we said "Do you not ask Allaah for help for us? And do you not pray to Allaah for us? He sat aright turning red in his face and said "A man before you (i.e., in ancient times) was caught and a pit was dug for him in the earth and then a saw was brought placed on his head and it was broken into two pieces but that did not turn him away from his religion. They were combed in iron combs in flesh and sinews above the bones. Even that did not turn them away from their religion. I swear by Allaah, Allaah will accomplish this affair until a rider will travel between San'a and Hadramaut and he will not fear anyone except Allaah, Most High(nor will he fear the attack of) a wolf on his sheep, but you are making haste.
Abu Dawud | 3:2643
173 'Ali said "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) sent me Al Zubair and Al Miqdad and said "Go till you come to the meadow of Khakh for there Is a woman there travelling on a Camel who has a letter which you must take from her. We went off racing one another on our horses till we came to the meadow and when we found the woman, we aid "Bring out the letter. She said "I have no letter". I said "You must bring out the letter else we strip off your clothes". She then brought it out from the tresses and we took it to the Prophet(Peach be upon him). It was addressed from Hatib bin Abi Balta'ah to some of the polytheists(in Makkah) giving them some information about the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him). He asked "What is this, Hatib? He replied, Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) do not be hasty with me. I have been a man attached as an ally to the Quraish and am not one of them while those of the Quraish (i.e. the emigrants) have relationship with them by which they guarded their family in Makkah. As I did not have that advantage I wanted to give them some help for which they might guard my relations. I swear by Allaah I am not guilty of unbelief or apostasy (from my religion). The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said "he has told you the truth. 'Umar said "Let me cut off this hypocrite's head. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said "He was present at Badr and what do you know, perhaps Allaah might look with pity on those who were present at Badr? And said "Do what you wish, I have forgiven you."
Abu Dawud | 3:2644
174 'Ali said "Hatib went and wrote to the people of Makkah that Muhammad (Peach be upon him) is going to proceed to them. This version has "She said "I have no letter. We made her Camel kneel down, but we did not find any letter with her. 'Ali said "By Him in Whose name oath is taken, I shall kill you or you should bring out the letter. He then narrated the rest of the tradition.
Abu Dawud | 3:2645
175 Narrated Furat ibn Hayyan:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) commanded to kill him: he was a spy of AbuSufyan and an ally of a man of the Ansar. He passed a circle of the Ansar and said: I am a Muslim. A man from the Ansar said, Messenger of Allah, he is saying that he is a Muslim. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: There are people among you in whose faith we trust. Furat ibn Hayyan is one of them.
Abu Dawud | 3:2646
176 Ibn Salamah bin Al Akwa' repoted on the authority of his father. A spy of the polytheists came to the Prophet(Peach be upon him) when he was on a journey. He sat near his Companions and then slipped away. The Prophet(Peach be upon him) said "look for him and kill him". He said "I raced to him and killed him. I took his belongings which he (the Prophet) gave me.
Abu Dawud | 3:2647
177 Salamh (bin Al Akwa') said "I went on an expedition with the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) against Hawazin and while we were having a meal in the forenoon and most of our people were on foot and some of us were weak, a man came on a red Camel. He took out a rope from the lion of the Camel and tied his Camel with it and began to take meal with the people. When he saw the weak condition of their people and lack of mounts he went out in a hurry to his Camel, untied it made it kneel down and sat on it and went off galloping it. A man of the tribe of Aslam followed him on a brown she Camel which was best of those of the people. I hastened out and I found him while the head of the she Camel was near the paddock of the she Camel. I then went ahead till I reached near the paddock of the Camel. I then went ahead till I caught the Camel's nose string. I made it kneel. When it placed its knee on the ground, I drew my sword and struck the man on his head and it fell down. I then brought the Camel leading it with (its equipment) on it. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) came forward facing me and asked "Who killed the man? They (the people) said "Salamah bin Akwa'. He said "he gets all his spoil."

Harun said "This is Hashim's version.
Abu Dawud | 3:2648
178 Narrated An-Nu'man ibn Muqarrin:

I was present at fighting along with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), and when he did not fight at the beginning of the day, he waited till the sun had passed the meridian, the winds blew, and help came down.
Abu Dawud | 3:2649
179 Narrated Qays ibn Abbad:

The Companions of the Prophet (Peach be upon him), disliked shouting while fighting.
Abu Dawud | 3:2650
180 A similar tradition has also been transmitted by Abu Bardah on the authority of his father from the Prophet (Peach be upon him).
Abu Dawud | 3:2651
181 Al Bara' said "When the Prophet (Peach be upon him) fought the polytheists in the battle of Hunain, they (the Muslims) retreated, he (the Prophet) came down from his mule and walked on foot.
Abu Dawud | 3:2652
182 Narrated Jabir ibn Atik:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: There is jealousy which Allah loves and jealousy which Allah hates. That which Allah loves is jealousy regarding a matter of doubt, and that which Allah hates is jealousy regarding something which is not doubtful. There is pride which Allah hates and pride which Allah loves. That which Allah loves is a man's pride when fighting and when giving sadaqah and that which Allah hates is pride shown by oppression. The narrator Musa said: "by boasting."
Abu Dawud | 3:2653
183 Abu Hurairah said "The Prophet (Peach be upon him) sent ten persons (on an expedition) and appointed 'Asim bin Thabit their commander. About one hundred men of Hudhail who were archers came out to (attack) them. When 'Asim felt their presence, they took cover in a hillock. They aid to them "Come down and surrender and we make a covenant and pact with you that we shall not kill any of you". 'Asim said "I do not come to the protection of a disbeliever. Then they shot them with arrows and killed 'Asim in a company of seven persons. The other three persons came down to their covenant and pact. They were Khubaib, Zaid bin Al Lathnah and another man. When they overpowered them, they untied their bow strings and tied them with them". The third person said "This is the first treachery. I swear by Allaah, I shall not accompany you. In them (my companions) is an example for me. They pulled him, but he refused to accompany them, so they killed him. Khubaib remained their captive until they agreed to kill him. He asked for a razor to shave his pubes. When they brought him outside to kill him. Khubaib said to them "Let me offer two rak'ahs of prayer". He then said "I swear by Allaah, if you did not think that I did this out of fear. I would have increased (the number of rak'ahs).
Abu Dawud | 3:2654
184 Al Zuhri said "This tradition has been transmitted to me by 'Amr bin Abu Sufyan bin Usaid bin Jariyat Al Thaqafi who was an ally of Banu Zuhrah and a companion of Abu Hurairah. He then narrated the tradition."
Abu Dawud | 3:2655
185 Al bara' bin Azib said "On the day of the battle of Uhud the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) appointed 'Abd Allaah bin Jubair commander of the archers who were fifty(in number). He said "If you see that the birds are snatching at us, do not move from this place of yours until I send for you and if you see that we defeated the people (the enemy) and trod them down, do not move until I send for you. Allaah then defeated them. He (narrator) said "I swear by Allaah, I saw women ascending the mountain. The companions of 'Abd Allaah bin Jubair said "Booty, O People, booty! Your companions vanquished, for what are you waiting?" 'Ad Allaah bin Jubair said "Have you forgotten what the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) had told you?" They said "We swear by Allaah. We shall come to the people and get the booty. So they came to them. Their faces were turned and they came defeated."
Abu Dawud | 3:2656
186 Abu Usaid reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying to us at the battle of Badr when he drew up in rows. When they came near you, shoot arrows at them, but do not use all your arrows.
Abu Dawud | 3:2657
187 Narrated AbuUsayd as-Sa'idi:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said at the battle of Badr: When they come near you shoot arrows at them; and do not draw swords at them until they come near you.
Abu Dawud | 3:2658
188 Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

(At the battle of Badr) Utbah ibn Rabi'ah came forward followed by his son and his brother and cried out: Who will be engaged in single combat? Some young men of the Helpers responded to his call. He asked: Who are you? They told him. He said: We do not want you; we, in fact, want only our cousins. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Get up Hamzah get up Ali; get up Ubaydah ibn al-Harith. Hamzah went forward to Utbah, I went forward to Shaybah; and after two blows had been exchanged between Ubaydah and al-Walid, they wounded one another severely; so we turned against al-Walid and killed him, and we carried Ubaydah away.
Abu Dawud | 3:2659
189 Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: The most merciful of the people in respect of killing are believers (in Allah).
Abu Dawud | 3:2660
190 Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub:

Al-Hayyaj ibn Imran ibn Husayn reported that a slave of Imran ran away. He took a vow to Allah that if he overpowers him, he will cut off his head. He then sent me (to Samurah ibn Jundub) to ask him about this question for him. I came to Samurah ibn Jundub and asked him. He said: The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) used to exhort us to give alms (sadaqah) and forbid us to mutilate (a slain). I then came to Imran ibn Husayn and asked him. He said: The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) used to exhort us to give alms (sadaqah) and forbid us to mutilate (a slain).
Abu Dawud | 3:2661
191 'Abd Allaah bin (mas'ud) said "A woman was found slain in one of the battles of the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him). The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) forbade to kill women and children.
Abu Dawud | 3:2662
192 Narrated Rabah ibn Rabi':

When we were with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) on an expedition, he saw some people collected together over something and sent a man and said: See, what are these people collected around? He then came and said: They are round a woman who has been killed. He said: This is not one with whom fighting should have taken place. Khalid ibn al-Walid was in charge of the van; so he sent a man and said: Tell Khalid not to kill a woman or a hired servant.
Abu Dawud | 3:2663
193 Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Kill the old men who are polytheists, but spare their children.
Abu Dawud | 3:2664
194 Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

No woman of Banu Qurayzah was killed except one. She was with me, talking and laughing on her back and belly (extremely), while the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was killing her people with the swords. Suddenly a man called her name: Where is so-and-so? She said: I I asked: What is the matter with you? She said: I did a new act. She said: The man took her and beheaded her. She said: I will not forget that she was laughing extremely although she knew that she would be killed.
Abu Dawud | 3:2665
195 Al Sa'b bin Jaththamah said that he asked the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) about the polytheists whose settlemnst were attacked at night when some of their offspring and women were smitten. The Prophet(Peach be upon him) "They are of them. 'Amr bin Dinar used to say "they are regarded in the same way as their parents."

Al-Zuhri said:

Thereafter the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) prohibited to kill women and children.
Abu Dawud | 3:2666
196 Narrated Hamzah al-Aslami:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) appointed him commander over a detachment. He said: I went out along with it. He (the Prophet) said: If you find so-and-so, burn him with the fire. I then turned away, and he called me. So I returned to him, and he said: If you find so-and-so, kill him, and do not burn him, for no one punishes with fire except the Lord of the fire.
Abu Dawud | 3:2667
197 Abu Hurairah said:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sent us along with a contingent, and said: If you find so-and-so. He then narrated the rest of the tradition to the same effect.
Abu Dawud | 3:2668
198 Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

We were with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) during a journey. He went to ease himself. We saw a bird with her two young ones and we captured her young ones. The bird came and began to spread its wings. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) came and said: Who grieved this for its young ones? Return its young ones to it. He also saw an ant village that we had burnt. He asked: Who has burnt this? We replied: We. He said: It is not proper to punish with fire except the Lord of fire.
Abu Dawud | 3:2669
199 Narrated Wathilah ibn al-Asqa:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) announced to go on expedition for Tabuk. I went to my family and then proceeded (on journey). The vanguard of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) had already proceeded. So I began to announce loudly in Medina: Is there anyone who takes a man on his ride, and he will get his share (from the booty? An old man from the Ansar (Helpers) spoke loudly: We shall have his share if we take him with us on our mount by turns, and he will have his meal with us. I said: Yes. He said: So go on journey with Allah's blessing. I then proceeded along with my best companion and Allah gave us booty. Some she-camels were given to me as my share of booty. I drove them till I reached him. He came out and sat on the rear part of the saddle of his camel. He then said: Drive them backward. He again said: Drive them forward. He then said: I find your she-camels very gentle. He said: This is your booty which I stipulated for you. He replied: Take your she-camels, my nephew; we did not intend (to get) your portion.
Abu Dawud | 3:2670
200 Abu Hurairah reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "Our Lord Most High is charmed with people who will be led to Paradise in chains."
Abu Dawud | 3:2671
201 Narrated Jundub ibn Makith:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sent Abdullah ibn Ghalib al-Laythi along with a detachment and I was also with them. He ordered them to attach Banu al-Mulawwih from all sides at al-Kadid. So we went out and when we reached al-Kadid we met al-Harith ibn al-Barsa al-Laythi, and seized him. He said: I came with the intention of embracing Islam, and I came out to go to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him). We said: If you are a Muslim, there is no harm if we keep you in chains for a day and night; and if you are not, we shall tie you with chains. So we tied him with chains.
Abu Dawud | 3:2672
202 Abu Hurairah said " The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) sent some horsemen to Najd and they brought a man of the Banu Hanifah called Thumamah bint Uthal who was the chief of the people of Al Yamamah and bound him to one of the pillars of the mosque. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) came out to him and said "What are you expecting, Thumamah?". He replied "I expect good, Muhammad. If you kill (me), you will kill one whose blood will be avenged, if you show favor, you will show it to one who is grateful and if you want property and ask you will be given as much of it as you wish. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) left him till the following day and asked him "What are you expecting, Thumamah?" He repeated the same words (in reply). The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him)left him till the day after the following one and he mentioned the same words. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) then said "Set Thumamah free." He went off to some palm trees near the mosque. He took a bath there and entered the mosque and said "I testify that there is no god but Allaah and I testify that Muhammd is His servant and His apostle. He then narrated the rest of the tradition. The narrator 'Isa said "Al Laith narrated to us". He said "a man of respect and reverence."
Abu Dawud | 3:2673
203 Narrated Sawdah daughter of Zam'ah:

Yahya ibn Abdullah said: When the captives (of the battle of Badr) were brought, Sawdah daughter of Zam'ah was present with the children of Afra' at the halting place of their camels, that is, Awf and Mu'awwidh sons of Afra'.

This happened before the prescription of veil for them. Sawdah said: I swear by Allah, I was with them when I came (from there to the people) and I was told: These are captives recently brought (here). I returned to my house, and the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was there, and AbuZayd Suhayl ibn Amr was in the corner of the apartment and his hands were tied up on his neck with a rope. He then narrated the rest of the tradition.


Abu Dawud said: They (the sons of 'Afra') killed Abu Jahl b. Hisham. They were deputed for him though they did not realize him: and they were killed in the battle of Badr.
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204 Anas said "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) called on his Companions and they proceeded towards Badr. Suddenly they found the watering Camels of the Quraish, there was among them a black slave of Banu Al Hajjaj. The Companions of the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) seized him and began to ask "Where is Abu Sufyan?" He said "I swear by Allaah, I do not know anything about him, but this is the Quraish who have come here, among them are Abu Jahl, 'Utbah, Shaibah the two sons of Rabi'ah and Umayyah bin Khalaf. When he aid this to them, they beat him and he began to say "Leave me, leave me. I shall tell you. When they left him he said "I know nothing about Abu Sufyan, but this is the Quraish who have come (here), among them are Abu Jahl, 'Utbah, Shaibah the two sons of Rab'iah and Umayyah bin Khalaf who have come here. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) was praying and hearing all that (dialogue). When he finished, he said "By Him in Whose hand my soul is, you beat him when he speaks the truth to you and you leave him when he tells a lie. This is the Quraish who have come here to defend Abu Sufyan. Anas said, The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said "This will be the place of falling of so and so tomorrow and he placed his hand on the ground. This will be the place of falling of so and so tomorrow and he put his hand on the ground. And this will be the place of falling of so and so tomorrow and he put his hand on the ground. He (Ansas) said "By Him in Whose hand my soul is, no one fell beyond the place of the hand of the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him), The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) ordered for them, and they were caught by their feet and dragged and thrown in a well at Badr.
Abu Dawud | 3:2675
205 Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

When the children of a woman (in pre-Islamic days) did not survive, she took a vow on herself that if her child survives, she would convert it a Jew. When Banu an-Nadir were expelled (from Arabia), there were some children of the Ansar (Helpers) among them. They said: We shall not leave our children. So Allah the Exalted revealed; "Let there be no compulsion in religion. Truth stands out clear from error."

Abu Dawud said: Muqlat means a woman whose children do not survive.
Abu Dawud | 3:2676
206 Narrated Sa'd:

On the day when Mecca was conquered, the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) gave protection to the People except four men and two women and he named them. Ibn AbuSarh was one of them.

He then narrated the tradition. He said: Ibn AbuSarh hid himself with Uthman ibn Affan. When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) called the people to take the oath of allegiance, he brought him and made him stand before the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him). He said: Messenger of Allah, receive the oath of allegiance from him. He raised his head and looked at him thrice, denying him every time. After the third time he received his oath. He then turned to his Companions and said: Is not there any intelligent man among you who would stand to this (man) when he saw me desisting from receiving the oath of allegiance, and kill him? They replied: We do not know, Messenger of Allah, what lies in your heart; did you not give us an hint with your eye? He said: It is not proper for a Prophet to have a treacherous eye.

Abu Dawud said: 'Abd Allah (b. Abi Sarh) was the foster brother of 'Uthman, and Walid b. 'Uqbah was his brother by mother, and 'Uthman inflicted on him hadd punishment when he drank wine.
Abu Dawud | 3:2677
207 Narrated Sa'id ibn Yarbu' al-Makhzumi:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: on the day of the conquest of Mecca: There are four persons whom I shall not give protection in the sacred and non-sacred territory. He then named them. There were two singing girls of al-Maqis; one of them was killed and the other escaped and embraced Islam.

Abu Dawud said: I could not understand its chain of narrators from Ibn al-'Ala' as I liked.
Abu Dawud | 3:2678
208 Anas bin Malik said "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) entered Makkah in the year of the conquest (of Makkah) wearing a helmet on his head. When he took off it a man came to him and said "Ibn Akhtal is hanging with the curtains of the Ka'bah." He said "Kill him".


Abu Dawud said "The name of Ibn Akhtal is 'Abd Allaah and Abu Barzat Al Aslami killed him.
Abu Dawud | 3:2679
209 Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

Ibrahim said: Ad-Dahhak ibn Qays intended to appoint Masruq as governor. Thereupon Umarah ibn Uqbah said to him: Are you appointing a man from the remnants of the murderers of Uthman? Masruq said to him: Ibn Mas'ud narrated to us, and he was trustworthy in respect of traditions, that when the Prophet (Peach be upon him) intended to kill your father, he said: Who will look after my children? He replied: Fire. I also like for you what the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) liked for you.
Abu Dawud | 3:2680
210 Narrated Ibn Ti'li:

We fought along with AbdurRahman ibn Khalid ibn al-Walid. Four infidels from the enemy were brought to him. He commanded about them and they were killed in confinement.

Abu Dawud said: The narrators other than Sa'id reported from Ibn Wahb in this tradition: "(killed him) with arrows in confinement." When Abu Ayyub al-Ansari was informed about it, he said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) prohibiting to kill in confinement. By Him in Whose hands my soul is, if there were a hen, I would not kill it in confinement. 'Abd al-Rahman b. Khalid b. al-Walid was informed about it (the Prophet's prohibition). He set four slaves free.
Abu Dawud | 3:2681
211 Anas said "Eighty Meccans came down from the mountain of Al Tan'im against the Prophet(Peach be upon him) and his Companions at the (time of the) dawn prayer to kill them. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) took them captive without fighting and the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) set them free. Thereupon Allaah Most High sent down "He it is Who averted their hands from you and your hands from them in the valley of Makkah," till the end of the verse.
Abu Dawud | 3:2682
212 Jubair bin Mut'im reported the Prophet (Peach be upon him) as saying about the prisoners taken at Badr. If Mut'im bin 'Adi had been alive and spoken to me about these filthy ones, I would have left them for him.
Abu Dawud | 3:2683
213 'Umar bin Al Khattab said "During the battle of Badr, the Prophet (Peach be upon him) took ransom". Thereupon Allaah Most High sent down "It is not fitting for an Apostle that he should have prisoners of war until he hath thoroughly subdued the land. You look on the temporal goods of this world, but Allaah looketh to the Hereafter". And Allaah is exalted in might and Wise. Had it not been for a previous ordainment from Allaah, a severe penalty would have reached you for the (ransom) that you took. Allaah then made the spoils of war lawful.


Abu Dawud said "I heard that Ahmad bin Hanbal was asked about the name of Abu Nuh". He said "What will you do with his name? His name is a bad one.


Abu Dawud said "the name of Abu Nuh is Qurad. What is correct is that his name is 'Abd Al Rahman bin Ghazwan.
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214 Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) fixed the ransom of the people of pre-Islamic Arabia at four hundred dirhams per head on the day of the battle of Badr.
Abu Dawud | 3:2685
215 Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

When the people of Mecca sent about ransoming their prisoners Zaynab sent some property to ransom Abul'As, sending among it a necklace of hers which Khadijah had had, and (which she) had given to her when she married Abul'As. When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) saw it, he felt great tenderness about it and said: If you consider that you should free her prisoner for her and return to her what belongs to her, (it will be well). They said: Yes. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) made an agreement with him that he should let Zaynab come to him, and the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sent Zayd ibn Harithah and a man of the Ansar (the Helpers) and said: Wait in the valley of Yajij till Zaynab passes you, then you should accompany her and bring her back.
Abu Dawud | 3:2686
216 Marwan and Al Miswar bin Makhramah told that when the deputation of the Hawazin came to the Muslims and asked the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) to return to them their property, the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said to them "with me are those whom you see". The speech dearest to me is the one which is true, so choose (one of the two) either the captives or the property. They said "We choose our captives. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) stood up, extolled Allaah and then said "To proceed, your brethren have come repentant I have considered that I should return their captives to them, so let those of you who are willing to release the captives act accordingly, but those who wish to hold on to what they have till we give them some of the first booty Allaah gives us may do so. The people said "We are willing for that (to release their captives), Apostle of Allaah. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said "We cannot distinguish between those of you who have granted that and those who have not , so return till your headmen may tell us about your affair. The people then returned and their headmen spoke to them, then they informed that they were agreeable and had given their permission.
Abu Dawud | 3:2687
217 Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) then said: Return to them (Hawazin) their women and their sons. If any of you withholds anything from this booty, we have six camels for him from the first booty which Allah gives us. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) then approached a camel, and taking a hair from its hump said: O people, I get nothing of this booty, not even this (meanwhile raising his two fingers) but the fifth, and the fifth is returned to you, so hand over threads and needles. A man got up with a ball of hair in his hand and said: I took this to repair the cloth under a pack-saddle. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: You can have what belongs to me and to the Banu al-Muttalib. He said: If it produces the result that I now realise, I have no desire for it.
Abu Dawud | 3:2688
218 Abu Talhah said "When the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) prevailed on any people, he stayed three nights in the field. Ibn Al Muthanna said "When he prevailed over people, he liked to stay three nights in the field."


Abu Dawud said "Yahya bin Sa'id used to object to this tradition for this is not from his early traditions because his memory was spoiled at the age of forty five. He narrated this tradition in the last days of his age."


Abu Dawud said " It is said that Waki ' recived this tradition from him when his memory was spoiled."
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219 Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

Ali separated between a slave-girl and her child. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) prohibited it and made the sale transactions withdrawn.


Abu Dawud said: The narrator Maimun (b. Abi Shaib) did not meet 'Ali. He (Maimun) was killed in the battle of Jamajim in 83 A.H.

Abu Dawud said: The battle of Harrah took place in 63 A.H., and Ibn al-Zubair was killed in 73 A.H.
Abu Dawud | 3:2690
220 Salamah said "We went out (on an expedition) with Abu Bakr. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) appointed him commander over us. We attacked Fazarah and took them from all sides. I then saw a group of people which contained children and women. I shot an arrow towards them, but it fell between them and the mountain. They stood; I brought them to Abu Bakr. There was among them a woman of Fazarah. She wore a skin over her and her daughter who was the most beautiful of the Arabs was with her. Abu Bakr gave her daughter to me as a reward. I came back to Madeenah. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) met me and said to me "Give me the woman, Salamah. I said to him, I swear by Allaah, she is to my liking and I have not yet untied he garment. He kept silence, and when the next day came the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) met me in the market and said to me "Give me the woman, Salamah, by Allaah, your father. I said the Apostle of Allaah, I have not yet untied her garment. I swear by Allaah, she is now yours. He sent her to the people of Makkah who had (some Muslims) prisoners in their hands. They released them for this woman.
Abu Dawud | 3:2691
221 Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

Nafi' said that a slave of Ibn Umar ran away to the enemy, and then the Muslims overpowered them. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) returned him to Ibn Umar and that was not distributed (as a part of booty).

Abu Dawud said: The other narrators said: Khalid b. al-Walid returned him to him (Ibd 'Umar).
Abu Dawud | 3:2692
222 Nafi said that a horse of Ibn 'Umar went away and the enemy seized it. The Muslims overpowered them. Khalid bin Walid returned it to him after the Prophet (Peach be upon him).
Abu Dawud | 3:2693
223 Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

Some slaves (of the unbelievers) went out to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) on the day of al-Hudaybiyyah before treaty. Their masters wrote to him saying: O Muhammad, they have not gone out to you with an interest in your religion, but they have gone out to escape from slavery. Some people said: They have spoken the truth, Messenger of Allah, send them back to them. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) became angry and said: I do not see your restraining yourself from this action), group of Quraysh, but that Allah send someone to you who strike your necks. He then refused to return them, and said: They are emancipated (slaves) of Allah, the Exalted.
Abu Dawud | 3:2694
224 Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

In the time of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) an army got food and honey and a fifth was not taken from them.
Abu Dawud | 3:2695
225 'Abd Allaah bin Mughaffal said "On the day of Khaibar a skin of fat was hanging. I came to it and clung to it. I then said (i.e., thought) I shall not give any one any of it today. I then turned round and saw the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) smiling at me.
Abu Dawud | 3:2696
226 Narrated AbdurRahman ibn Samurah ibn Kabul:

AbuLabid said: We were with AbdurRahman ibn Samurah ibn Kabul. The people got booty and plundered it. He stood and addressed (the people): I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) prohibiting getting property from the booty before its distribution. Therefore, they returned what they had taken, He then distributed it among them.
Abu Dawud | 3:2697
227 Narrated Abdullah ibn AbuAwfa:

Muhammad ibn AbulMujahid reported Abdullah ibn AbuAwfa as saying: I asked: Did you set aside the fifth of the food in the time of the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him)? He replied: On the day of Khaybar we captured food and a man would come and take as much food of it as needed and then go away.
Abu Dawud | 3:2698
228 Narrated A man of the Ansar:

Kulayb reported from a man of the Ansar. He said: We went out with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) on a journey. The people suffered from intense need and strain. They gained booty and then plundered it. While our pots were boiling the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) came walking with his bow touching the ground. He turned over our pots with his bow and smeared the meat with the soil, and said: "Plunder is more unlawful than carrion," or he said: "Carrion is more unlawful than plunder." The narrator Hannad was doubtful.
Abu Dawud | 3:2699
229 Narrated One of the Companion:

Al-Qasim, the client of AbdurRahman, quoted one of the Companion of the Prophet (Peach be upon him) as saying: We would eat a camel on an expedition without dividing it, and when we returned to our dwellings our saddle-bags would be full with its flesh.
Abu Dawud | 3:2700
230 Narrated Mu'adh ibn Jabal:

AbdurRahman ibn Ghanam said: We were stationed at the frontiers of the city of Qinnisrin with Shurahbil ibn as-Simt. When he conquered it, he got sheep and cows there. He distributed some of them amongst us, and deposited the rest of them in the spoils of war. I met Mu'adh ibn Jabal and mentioned it to him. Mu'adh said: we went on an expedition of Khaybar along with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) and we got spoils there. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) divided them among us and placed the rest of them in the booty.
Abu Dawud | 3:2701
231 Narrated Ruwayfi' ibn Thabit al-Ansari:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: He who believes in Allah and the Last Day must not ride on packhorse belonging to the booty of the Muslims and put it back when he has emaciated it; and he who believes in Allah and the Last Day must not wear a garment belonging to the booty of the Muslims and put it back when he made it threadbare.
Abu Dawud | 3:2702
232 Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

I passed when AbuJahl had fallen as his foot was struck (with the swords). I said: O enemy of Allah, AbuJahl, Allah has disgraced a man who was far away from His mercy. I did not fear him at that moment. He replied: It is most strange that a man has been killed by his people. I struck him with a blunt sword. But it did not work, and then his sword fell down from his hand, I struck him with it until he became dead.
Abu Dawud | 3:2703
233 Narrated Zayd ibn Khalid al-Juhani:

A man from the Companions of the Prophet (Peach be upon him) died on the day of Khaybar. They mentioned the matter to the Messenger of Allah. He said: Offer prayer over your companion. When the faces of the people looked perplexed, he said: Your companion misappropriated booty in the path of Allah. We searched his belongings and found some Jewish beads not worth two dirhams.
Abu Dawud | 3:2704
234 Abu Hurairah said "We went out along with the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) in the year of Khaibar. We did not get gold or silver in the booty of war except clothes, equipment and property. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) sent (a detachment) towards Wadi Al Qura. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) was presented a black slave called Mid'am. And while they were in Wadi Al Qura and Mid'am was unsaddling a Camel belonging to the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) he was struck by a random arrow which killed him. The people said "Congratulations to him, he will go to paradise. But the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said "Not at all. By Him in Whose hand my soul is the cloak he took on the day of Khaibar from the spoils which was not among the shares divided will blaze with fire upon him. When they (the people) heard that, a man brought a sandal strap or two sandal straps to the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him). The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said "A sandal strap of fire or two sandal straps of fire."
Abu Dawud | 3:2705
235 Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) gained booty he ordered Bilal to make a public announcement. He made a public announcement, and when the people brought their booty, he would take a fifth and divide it. Thereafter a man brought a halter of hair and said: Messenger of Allah, this is a part of the booty we got. He asked: Have you heard Bilal making announcement three times? He replied: Yes. He asked: What did prevent you from bringing it? He made some excuse, to which he said: Be (as you are), you may bring it on the Day of Judgment, for I shall not accept it from you.
Abu Dawud | 3:2706
236 Narrated Umar ibn al-Khattab:

Salih ibn Muhammad ibn Za'idah (AbuDawud said: This Salih is AbuWaqid) said: We entered the Byzantine territory with Maslamah. A man who had been dishonest about booty was brought.

He (Maslamah) asked Salim about him. He said: I heard my father narrating from Umar ibn al-Khattab from the Prophet (Peach be upon him). He said: When you find a man who has been dishonest about booty, burn his property, and beat him. He beat him. He said: We found in his property a copy of the Qur'an. He again asked Salim about it. He said: Sell it and give its price in charity.
Abu Dawud | 3:2707
237 Salih bin Muhammad said "We went out on an expedition with Al Walid bin Hisham and Salim bin 'Abd Allaah bin 'Umat and 'Umar bin 'Abd Al Aziz were with us. A man had been dishonest about booty. Al Walid ordered to burn his property and it was circulated (among the people). He did not give him his share.


Abu Dawud said "This is sounder of the two traditions. Others narrated that Al Walid bin Hashim burnt the Camel saddle of Ziyad bin Sa'd "He had been dishonest about booty and he beat him."
Abu Dawud | 3:2708
238 Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), AbuBakr and Umar burned the belongings of anyone who had been dishonest about booty and beat him.


Abu Dawud said: 'Ali b. Bahr added on the authority of al-Walid, and I did not hear (a tradition) from him: And they denied him his share."

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has also been transmitted by al-Walid b. 'Utbah from 'Abd al-Wahhab b. Najdah; They said: This has been transmitted by al-Walid, from Zuhair b. Muhammad, from 'Amr b. Shu'aib. 'Abd al-Wahhab b. Najdah al-Huti did not mention the words "He denied him his share" (as narrated by 'Ali b. Bahr from al-Walid).
Abu Dawud | 3:2709
239 Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: To begin with, anyone who conceals one who has been dishonest about booty is like him.
Abu Dawud | 3:2710
240 Abu Qatadah said "We went out with the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) in the year of Hunain. And when the armies met, the Muslims suffered a reverse. I saw one of the polytheists prevailing over a Muslim, so I went round him till I came to him from behind and struck him with my sword at the vein between his neck and shoulder. He came towards me and closed with me, so that I felt death was near, but he was overtaken by death and let me go. I then caught upon on "Umar bin Al Khattab and said to him "What is the matter with the people?" He said "It is what Allaah has commanded. Then the people returned and the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him)sat down and said "If anyone kills a man and can prove it, he will get his spoil. I stood up and said "Who will testify for me? I then sat down." He said again "If anyone kills a man and can prove it, he will get his spoil. I stood up and said "Who will testify for me? I then sat down." He then said the same for the third time. I then stood up. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said "What is the matter with you, Abu Qatadah? I told him the story. A man from the people said "He has spoken the truth, and I have this spoil with me, so make him agreeable (to take something in exchange). Abu Bakr said "In that case I swear by Allaah that he must not do so. One of the Allaah's heroes does not fight for Allaah and his Apostle and then give you his spoil. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said "He has spoken the truth, hand it over to him. Abu Qatadah said "he handed it over to me, I sold the coat of mail and brought a garden among Banu Salamh. This was the first property I acquired in the Islamic period.
Abu Dawud | 3:2711
241 Anas reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "He who kills and infidel gets his spoil." Abu Talhah killed twenty men that day meaning the day of Hunain and got their spoils. Abu Talhah met Umm Sulaim who had a dagger with her. He asked "What is with you, Umm Sulaim"? She replied "I swear by Allaah, I intended that if anyone came near me I would pierce his belly with it. Abu Talhah informed the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him)about it.


Abu Dawud said "This is good (hasan) tradition."

Abu Dawud said "By this was meant dagger. The weapon used by the Non - Arabs in those days was dagger."
Abu Dawud | 3:2712
242 'Awf bin malik Al Ashja'I said "I went out with Zaid bin Harith in the battle of Mutah. For the reinforcement of the Muslim army a man from the people of Yemen accompanied me. He had only his sword with him. A man from the Muslims slaughtered a Camel. The man for the reinforcement asked him for a part of its skin which he gave him. He made it like the shape of a shield. We went on and met the Byzantine armies. There was a man among them on a reddish horse with a golden saddle and golden weapons. This Byzantinian soldiers began to attack the Muslims desperately. The man for reinforcement sat behind a rock for (attacking) him. He hamstrung his horse and overpowered him and then killed him. He took his horse and weapons. When Allah, Most High, bestowed victory on the Muslims. Khalid bin Al Walid sent for him and took his spoils. 'Awf said "I came to him and said "Khalid, do you know that the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) had decided to give spoils to the killer? He said "Yes, I thought it abundant. I said "You should return it to him, or I shall tell you about it before the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him). But he refused to return it. 'Awf said "We then assembled with the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him). I told him the story of the man of reinforcement and what Khalid had done. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said "Khalid, what made you do the work you have done?" He said "Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him), I considered it to be abundant. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said "Khalid, return it to him what you have taken from him." 'Awf said "I said to him "here you are, Khalid. Did I not keep my word? The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said "What is that? I then informed him." He said "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) became angry and said "Khalid, do not return it to him. Are you going to leave my commanders? You may take from them what is best for you and eave to them what is worst.
Abu Dawud | 3:2713
243 The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by 'Awf bin Malik Al Ashja'I through a different chain of narrators.
Abu Dawud | 3:2714
244 Narrated Awf ibn Malik al-Ashja'i ; Khalid ibn al-Walid:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) gave judgement that the killer should have what was taken from the man he killed, and did not make this subject to division into fifths.
Abu Dawud | 3:2715
245 Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

At the battle of Badr the Messenger of Allah gave me AbuJahl's sword, as I had killed him.
Abu Dawud | 3:2716
246 Narrated Sa'id ibn al-'As:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sent AbuSa'id ibn al-'As with an expedition from Medina towards Najd. Aban ibn Sa'id and his companions came to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) at Khaybar after it had been captured. The girths of their horses were made of palm fibres. Aban said: Give us a share (from the booty), Messenger of Allah. AbuHurayrah said: I said: Do not give them a share, Messenger of Allah. Aban said: Why are you talking so, Wabr. You have come to us from the peak of Dal. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Sit down, Aban. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) did not give any share to them (from the booty).
Abu Dawud | 3:2717
247 Abu Hurairah said "I came to Madeenah when the Abu Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) was in Khaibar, after it was captured. I asked him to give me a share from the booty. A son of Sa'id bin Al 'As spoke and said "Do not give him any share, Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him). I said "This is the killer of Ibn Qauqal." (The son of) Sa'id bin Al 'As said "Oh, how wonderful! A Wabr who came down to us from the peak of Dal blames me of having killed a Muslim whom Allaah honored at my hands and did not disgrace me at his hands.

Abu Dawud said "They were about ten persons. Six of them were killed and the remaining returned.
Abu Dawud | 3:2718
248 Abu Nusa said "We arrived just at the moment when the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) conquered Khaibar and he allotted us a portion (or he said he gave us some of it). He allotted nothing to anyone who was not present at the conquest of Khaybar, giving shares only to those who were present with him except for those who were in our ship, Ja'far and his companions to whom he gave (a portion) something along with them.
Abu Dawud | 3:2719
249 Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) stood up, i.e. on the day of Badr, and said: Uthman has gone off on the business of Allah and His Apostle, and I shall take the oath of allegiance on his behalf. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) then allotted him a share, but did not do so for anyone else who was absent.
Abu Dawud | 3:2720
250 Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

Yazid ibn Hurmuz said: Najdah wrote to Ibn Abbas asking him about such-and-such, and such-and-such, and he mentioned some things; he (asked) about a slave whether he would get something from the spoils; and he (asked) about women whether they used to go out (on expeditions) along with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), and whether they would be allotted a share, Ibn Abbas said: Had I not apprehended a folly, I would not have written (a reply) to him. As for the slave, he was given a little of the spoils (as a reward from the booty); as to the women, they would treat the wounded and supply water.
Abu Dawud | 3:2721
251 Yazid bin Humruz said "Najdah Al Hururi wrote to Ibn 'Abbas asking him whether the women participated in battle along with the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) and whether they were allotted a share from the spoils. I (Yazid bin Hurmuz) wrote a letter on behalf of Ibn 'Abbas to Najdah. They participated in the battle along with the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him), but no portion (from the spoils) was allotted to them, they were given only a little of it.
Abu Dawud | 3:2722
252 Narrated Umm Ziyad:

Hashraj ibn Ziyad reported on the authority of his grandmother that she went out with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) for the battle of Khaybar. They were six in number including herself.

(She said): When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) was informed about it, he sent for us. We came to him, and found him angry.

He said: With whom did you come out, and by whose permission did you come out?

We said: Messenger of Allah, we have come out to spin the hair, by which we provide aid in the cause of Allah. We have medicine for the wounded, we hand arrows (to the fighters), and supply drink made of wheat or barley.

He said: Stand up. When Allah bestowed victory of Khaybar on him, he allotted shares to us from spoils that he allotted to the men. He (Hashraj ibn Ziyad) said: I said to her: Grandmother, what was that? She replied: Dates.
Abu Dawud | 3:2723
253 Narrated Umayr, client of AbulLahm:

I was present at Khaybar along with my masters who spoke about me to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him). He ordered about me, and a sword was girded on me and I was trailing it. He was then informed that I was a slave. He, therefore, ordered that I should be given some inferior goods.


Abu Dawud said: This means that he (the Prophet) did not allot a portion of the spoils.

Abu Dawud said: Abu 'Ubaid said: As he (the narrator Abi al-Lahm) made eating meat unlawful on himself, he was called Abi al-Lahm (one who hates meat).
Abu Dawud | 3:2724
254 Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

I supplied water to my companions on the day of Badr.
Abu Dawud | 3:2725
255 A'ishah said (this is the version of narrator Yahya). A man from the polytheists accompanied the Prophet (Peach be upon him) to fight along with him. He said "Go back. Both the narrators (Musaddad and Yahya) then agreed. The Prophet said "We do not want any help from a polytheist."
Abu Dawud | 3:2726
256 Ibn 'Umar said "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) allotted three portions for a man and his horse, one for him and two for his horse.
Abu Dawud | 3:2727
257 Narrated AbuUmrah (al-Ansari?):

We four persons, came to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), and we (i.e. each one of us) had horses. He therefore, allotted one portion for each of us, and two portions for his horse.
Abu Dawud | 3:2728
258 The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Abu 'Umrah through a different chain of narrators to the same effect. But this version has "Three Persons" and added "To the horseman three portions."
Abu Dawud | 3:2729
259 Narrated Mujammi' ibn Jariyah al-Ansari:

Mujammi' was one of the Qur'an-reciters (qaris), and he said: We were present with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) at al-Hudaybiyyah. When we returned, the people were driving their camels quickly.

The people said to one another: What is the matter with them?

They said: Revelation has come down to the Prophet (Peach be upon him). We also proceeded with the people, galloping (our camels). We found the Prophet (Peach be upon him) standing on his riding-animal at Kura' al-Ghamim.

When the people gathered near him, he recited: "Verily We have granted thee a manifest victory.

A man asked: Is this a victory, Messenger of Allah? He replied: Yes. By Him in Whose hands the soul of Muhammad is, this is a victory. Khaybar was divided among those who had been at al-Hudaybiyyah, and the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) divided it into eighteen portions. The army consisted of one thousand five hundred men, of which three hundred were cavalry, and he gave two shares to a horseman and one to a foot-soldier.


Abu Dawud said: Abu Mu'awiyah's tradition is sounder, and it is one which is followed. I think the error is in the tradition of Mujammi', because he said: "three hundred horsemen." when there were only two hundred.
Abu Dawud | 3:2730
260 Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said on the day of Badr: He who does such-and-such, will have such-and such. The young men came forward and the old men remained standing near the banners, and they did not move from there. When Allah bestowed victory on them, the old men said: We were support for you. If you had been defeated, you would have returned to us. Do not take this booty alone and we remain (deprived of it). The young men refused (to give), and said: The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) has given it to us. Then Allah sent down: "They ask thee concerning (things taken as) spoils of war, Say: (Such) spoils are at the disposal of Allah and the Apostle......Just as they Lord ordered thee out of thy house in truth, even though a party among the believers disliked it." This proved good for them. Similarly obey me. I know the consequence of this better than you.
Abu Dawud | 3:2731
261 Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said on the day of Badr: He who kills a man will get such-and-such, and he who captivates a man will get such-and-such. The narrator then transmitted the rest of the tradition in a similar manner. The tradition of Khalid is more perfect.
Abu Dawud | 3:2732
262 The tradition mentioned above has been transmitted by Dawud with a different chain of narrators. He said "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) apportioned it (spoils of war) equally. The tradition of Khalid is more perfect.
Abu Dawud | 3:2733
263 Mus'ab bin Sa'd reported on the authority of his father (Sa'ad bin Abi Waqqas) "I brought a sword to the Prophet(Peach be upon him) on the day of the Badr and I said (to him) Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) , Allaah has healed up my breast from the enemy today, so give me this sword. He said "This sword is neither mine nor yours. I then went away saying "today this will be given to a man who has not been put to trial like me. Meanwhile a messenger and came to me and said "Respond, I thought something was revealed about me owing to my speech. I came and the Prophet (Peach be upon him) said to me "You asked me for this sword, but this was neither mine nor yours. Now Allaah has given it to me, hence it is yours. He then recited "they ask thee concerning (things taken as) spoils of war. Say "(Such) spoils are at the disposal of Allaah and the Apostle.


Abu Dawud said "According to the reading of the Qur'an of Ibn Mas'ud the verse goes. They ask thee concerning (things taken as ) spoils of war.
Abu Dawud | 3:2734
264 Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sent us along with an army towards Najd, and he sent a detachment of that army (to face the enemy). The whole army got twelve camels per head as their portion, but he gave the detachment one additional camel (apart from the division made to the army). Thus they got thirteen camels each (as a reward).
Abu Dawud | 3:2735
265 Al Walid bin Muslim said "I narrated this tradition (mentioned above) to Ibn Al Mubarak and said "And similarly it has been narrated by Ibn Abi Farwah to us on the authority of Nafi'(as narrated by Shu'aib). He (Ibn Al Mubarak) said "Those whom you have named cannot be equal to Malik i.e, Malik bin Anas.
Abu Dawud | 3:2736
266 Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) sent a detachment to Najd. I went out along with them, and got abundant riches. Our commander gave each of us a camel as a reward. We then came upon the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) and he divided the spoils of war among us. Each of us received twelve camels after taking a fifth of it. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) did not take account of our companion (i.e. the commander of the army), nor did he blame him for what he had done. Thus each man of us had received thirteen camels with the reward he gave.
Abu Dawud | 3:2737
267 Nafi' reported on the authority of 'Abd Allaah bin 'Umar "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) sent a detachment towards Najd. 'Abd Allaah bin 'Umar also accompanied it. They gained a large number of Camels as a booty. Their portion was twelve Camels each and they were rewarded (in addition) one Camel each. The version of Ibn Mawhab added "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) did not change it"
Abu Dawud | 3:2738
268 'Abd Allaah (bin 'Umar) said "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) sent us along with a detachment. The share of each was twelve Camels. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) gave each one of us a Camel as a reward.


Abu Dawud said "Burd bin Sinan narrated a similar tradition from Nafi' as narrated by 'Ubaid Allaah. Ayyub also narrated from Nafi' a similar tradition, but his version goes "We were rewarded one Camel each. He did not mention the Prophet (Peach be upon him).
Abu Dawud | 3:2739
269 Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) used to give to some of the detachments he sent out (something extra) for themselves in particular apart from the division made to the whole army. The fifth is necessary in all that.
Abu Dawud | 3:2740
270 Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) went out on the day of Badr along with three hundred and fifteen (men). The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: O Allah, they are on foot, provide mount for them; O Allah , they are naked, clothe them; O Allah, they are hungry, provide food for them. Allah then bestowed victory on them. They returned when they were clothed. There was no man of them but he returned with one or two camels; they were clothed and ate to their fill.
Abu Dawud | 3:2741
271 Narrated Habib ibn Maslamah al-Fihri:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) would give a third of the spoils after he would keep off the fifth.
Abu Dawud | 3:2742
272 Narrated Habib ibn Maslamah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) used to give a quarter of the booty as reward after the fifty had been kept off, and a third after the fifth had been kept off when he returned.
Abu Dawud | 3:2743
273 Narrated Habib ibn Maslamah al-Fihri:

Makhul said: I was the slave of a woman of Banu Hudhayl; afterwards she emancipated me. I did not leave Egypt until I had acquired all the knowledge that seemed to me to exist there.

I then came to al-Hijaz and I did not leave it until I had acquired all the knowledge that seemed to be available.

Then I came to al-Iraq, and I did not leave it until I had acquired all the knowledge that seemed to be available.

I then came to Syria, and besieged it. I asked everyone about giving rewards from the booty. I did not find anyone who could tell me anything about it.

I then met an old man called Ziyad ibn Jariyah at-Tamimi. I asked him: Have you heard anything about giving rewards from the booty? He replied: Yes. I heard Maslamah al-Fihri say: I was present with the Prophet (Peach be upon him).

He gave a quarter of the spoils on the outward journey and a third on the return journey.
Abu Dawud | 3:2744
274 Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Muslims are equal in respect of blood. The lowest of them is entitled to give protection on behalf of them, and the one residing far away may give protection on behalf of them. They are like one hand over against all those who are outside the community. Those who have quick mounts should return to those who have slow mounts, and those who got out along with a detachment (should return) to those who are stationed. A believer shall not be killed for an unbeliever, nor a confederate within the term of confederation with him.

Ibn Ishaq did not mention retaliation and equality in respect of blood.
Abu Dawud | 3:2745
275 Salamah (bin Al 'Akwa) said "Abd Al rahman bin 'Uyainah raided the Camels of the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) and killed their herdsman. He and some people who were with him on horses proceeded on driving them away. I turned my face towards Madeenah and shouted three times. A morning raid, I then went after the people shooting arrows at them and hamstringing them (their beasts). When a horseman returned to me, I sat in the foot of a tree till there was no riding beast of the Prophet (Peach be upon him) created by Allaah which I had not kept behind my back. They threw away more than thirty lance and thirty cloaks to lighten themselves. Then 'Uyainah came to them with reinforcement and said "A few of you should go to him. Four of them stood and came to me. They ascended a mountain. Then they came near me till they could hear my voice. I told them "Do you know me?" They said "Who are you? I replied "I am Ibn Al 'Akwa. By Him Who honored the face of Muhammad (Peach be upon him) if any man of you pursues he cannot catch me and if I pursue him, I will not miss him. This went on with me till I saw the horsemen of the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) coming through the trees. Al Akhram Al Asadi was at their head. He then joined 'Abd Al Rahman bin 'Uyainah and 'Abd Al Rahman turned over him. They attacked each other with lances. Al Akhram hamstrung 'Abd Al Rahman's horse and 'Abd Al Rahman pierced a lance in his body and killed him. 'Abd al Rahman then returned on the horse of Al Akhram. I then came to the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) who was present at the same water from where I drove them away and which is known as Dhu Qarad. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) was among five hundred people. He then gave me two portions a horseman's and a footman's.
Abu Dawud | 3:2746
276 Narrated Ma'an ibn Yazid:

AbulJuwayriyyah al-Jarmi said: I found a red pitcher containing dinars in Byzantine territory during the reign of Mu'awiyah. A man from the Companions of the Prophet (Peach be upon him) belonging to Banu Sulaym was our ruler. He was called Ma'an ibn Yazid. I brought it to him. He apportioned it among the Muslims. He gave me the same portion which he gave to one of them. He then said: Had I not heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: There is no reward except after taking the fifth (from the booty), I would have given you (the reward). He then presented his own share to me, but I refused.
Abu Dawud | 3:2747
277 The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by 'Asim bin Kulaib through a different chain of narrators to the same effect.
Abu Dawud | 3:2748
278 Narrated Amr ibn Abasah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) led us in prayer facing a camel which had been taken in booty, and when he had given the salutation, he took a hair from the camel's side and said: I have no right as much as this of your booty, but only to the fifth. and the fifth is returned to you.
Abu Dawud | 3:2749
279 Ibn 'Umar reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "A banner will be hoisted for a treacherous man on the Day of Judgment, it will then be announced. This is a treachery of so and so, son of so and so.
Abu Dawud | 3:2750
280 Abu Hurarirah reported the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) as saying "A Muslim ruler is shield by which a battle is fought."
Abu Dawud | 3:2751
281 Narrated AbuRafi':

The Quraysh sent me to the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), and when I saw the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him), Islam was cast into my heart, so I said: Messenger of Allah, I swear by Allah, I shall never return to them. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) replied: I do not break a covenant or imprison messengers, but return, and if you feel the same as you do just now, come back. So I went away, and then came to the Prophet (Peach be upon him) and accepted Islam.

The narrator Bukair said: He informed me that Abu Rafi' was a Copt.

Abu Dawud said: This was valid in those days, but today it is not valid.
Abu Dawud | 3:2752
282 Narrated Amr ibn Abasah:

Sulaym ibn Amir, a man of Himyar, said: There was a covenant between Mu'awiyah and the Byzantines, and he was going towards their country, and when the covenant came to an end, he attacked them. A man came on a horse, or a packhorse saying, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great; let there be faithfulness and not treachery. And when they looked they found that he was Amr ibn Abasah. Mu'awiyah sent for him and questioned him (about that). He said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: When one has covenant with people he must not strengthen or loosen it till its term comes to an end or he brings it to an end in agreement with them (to make both the parties equal). So Mu'awiyah returned.
Abu Dawud | 3:2753
283 Narrated AbuBakrah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: If anyone kills a man whom he grants protection prematurely, Allah will forbid him to enter Paradise.
Abu Dawud | 3:2754
284 Narrated Nu'aym ibn Mas'ud:

I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say when he read the letter of Musaylimah: What do you believe yourselves? They said: We believe as he believes. He said: I swear by Allah that were it not that messengers are not killed, I would cut off your heads.
Abu Dawud | 3:2755
285 Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

Harithah ibn Mudarrib said that he came to Abdullah ibn Mas'ud and said (to him): There is no enmity between me and any of the Arabs. I passed a mosque of Banu Hanifah. They (the people) believed in Musaylimah. Abdullah (ibn Mas'ud) sent for them. They were brought, and he asked them to repent, except Ibn an-Nawwahah. He said to him: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: Were it not that you were not a messenger, I would behead you. But today you are not a messenger. He then ordered Qarazah ibn Ka'b (to kill him). He beheaded him in the market. Anyone who wants to see Ibn an-Nawwahah slain in the market (he may see him).
Abu Dawud | 3:2756
286 Ibn 'Abbas said "Umm Hani daughter of Abu Talib told me that in the year of the conquest she gave protection to a man from the polytheists. She came to the Prophet (Peach be upon him) and mentioned it to him. He said "We have given security to those to whom you have given it."
Abu Dawud | 3:2757
287 Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

A woman would give security from the believers and it would be allowed.
Abu Dawud | 3:2758
288 Al Miswar bin Makhramah said:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) came out in the year of al-Hudaibbiyyah with over ten hundreds of Companions and when he came to Dhu al Hulaifah. He garlanded and marked the sacrificial animals, and entered the sacred state of Umrah. He then went on with the tradition. The Prophet moved on and when he came to the mountain, pass by which one descends (to Mecca) to them, his riding-beast knelt down, and the people said twice: Go on, go on, al-Qaswa has become jaded. The Prophet (May peace be upon him) said: She has not become jaded and that is not a characteristic of hers, but He Who restrained the elephant has restrained her. He then said: By Him in Whose hand my soul is, they will not ask any me good thing by which they honor which God has made sacred without my giving them it. He then urged her and she leaped up and he turned aside from them, and stopped at the farthest side of al-Hudaibiyyah at a pool with little water. Meanwhile Budail bin Warqa al-Khuza'I came, and 'Urwah bin Mas'ud joined him. He began to speak to the Prophet (Peach be upon him). Whenever he spoke to the Prophet (Peach be upon him), he caught his beard. Al Mughriah bin Shu'bah was standing beside the Prophet (Peach be upon him).He had a sword with him, wearing a helmet. He (Al Mughriah) struck his ('Urwah's) hand with the lower end of his sheath, and said: Keep away your hand from his beard. 'Urwah then raised his hand and asked: Who is this? They replied: Al-Mughirah bin Shu'bah. He said: O treacherous one! Did I not use my offices in your treachery? In pre-Islamic days Al-Mughirah bin Shu'bah accompanied some people and murdered them, and took their property. He then came (to the Prophet) and embraced Islam. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: As for Islam we accepted it, but as to the property, as it has been taken by treachery, we have no need of it. He went on with the tradition the Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Write down: This is what Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, has decided. He then narrated the tradition. Suhail then said: And that a man will not come to you from us, even if he follows your religion, without you sending him back to us. When he finished drawing up the document, the Prophet (Peach be upon him) said to his Companions: Get up and sacrifice and then shave. Thereafter some believing women who were immigrants came. (Allah sent down: O yea who believe, when believing women come to you as emigrants). Allah most high forbade them to send them back, but ordered them to restore the dower. He then returned to Medina. Abu Basir a man from the Quraish (who was a Muslim), came to him. And they sent (two men) to look for him; so he handed him over to the two men. They took him away, and when they reached Dhu Al Hulaifah and alighted to eat some dates which they had, Abu Basir said to one of the men : I swear by Allah so-and-so, that I think this sword of yours is a fine one; the other drew the sword and said : Yes I have tried it. Abu Basir said: Let me look at it. He let him have it and he struck him till he died, whereupon the other fled and came to Medina, and running entered the mosque. The Prophet ( may peace be upon him) said: This man has seen something frightful. He said: I swear by Allah that my Companion has been killed, and im as good as dead. Abu Basir then arrived and said: Allah has fulfilled your covenant. You returned me to them, but Allah saved me from them. The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Woe to his mother, stirrer up of war! Would that he had someone (i.e. some kinsfolk). When he heard that he knew that he would send him back to them, so he went out and came to the seashore. Abu Jandal escaped and joined Abu Basir till a band of them collected.
Abu Dawud | 3:2759
289 Al Miswar bin Makhramah and Marwan bin Al Hakam said "They agreed to abandon war for ten years during which the people which have security on the basis that there should be sincerity between them and that there should be not theft or treachery.
Abu Dawud | 3:2760
290 Narrated Dhu Mikhbar:

Hassan ibn Atiyyah said: Makhul and Ibn Zakariyya went to Khalid ibn Ma'dan, and I also went along with them. He reported a tradition on the authority of Jubayr ibn Nufayr. He said: Go with us to Dhu Mikhbar, a man from the Companions of the Prophet (Peach be upon him). We came to him and Jubayr asked him about peace. He said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) say: You will make a secure peace with the Byzantines, then you and they will fight an enemy behind you.
Abu Dawud | 3:2761
291 Jabir reported:

The Messenger of Allah ( may peace be upon him) said : Who will pursue Ka'b bin Al-Ashraf, for he has caused trouble to Allah and His Apostle? Muhammad bin Maslamah stood up and said: I (shall do), Messenger of Allah. Do you want that I should kill him? He said: Yes. He said: So permit me to say something (against you). He said: Yes say. He then came to him (Ka'b b. al-Ashraf) and said to him: This man has asked us for sadaqah (alms) and has put us into trouble. He (Ka'b) said: You will be more grieved. He (Muhammad bin Maslamah) said: We have followed him and we do not like to forsake him until we see what will be the consequences of his matter. We wished if you could lend us one or two wasqs. Ka'b said: What will you mortgage with me? He asked: what do you want from us? He replied : your Women. They said: Glory be to Allah: You are the most beautiful of the Arabs. If we mortgage our women with you, that will be a disgrace for us. He said "The mortgage your children." They said "Glory be to Allaah, a son of us may abuse saying "You were mortgaged for one or two wasqs." They said "We shall mortgage or coat of mail with you. By this he meant arms". He said "Yes, when he came to him, he called him and he came out while he used perfume and his head was spreading fragrance. When he at with him and he came there accompanied by three or four persons who mentioned his perfume. He said "I have such and such woman with me. She is most fragrant of the women among the people. He (Muhammad bin Maslamah) asked "Do you permit me so that I may smell? He said "Yes. He then entered his hand through his hair and smell it." He said "May I repeat?" He said "Yes. He again entered his hand through his hair. When he got his complete control, he said "Take him. So he struck him until they killed him."
Abu Dawud | 3:2762
292 Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: Faith prevented assassination. A believer should not assassinate.
Abu Dawud | 3:2763
293 'Abd Allah bin 'Umar said "When the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) returned from an expedition, Hajj or 'Umrah on every rising piece of ground he would say three times "Allaah is Most Great" and he would say "There is no god bt Allaah alone who has no partner, to Whom the dominion belongs, to Whom praise is due, and Who is Omnipotent, serving, prostrating ourselves before our Lord and expressing praise. Allaah alone has kept his word, helped His servant and routed the confederate.
Abu Dawud | 3:2764
294 Ibn 'Abbas said "The verse "Those who believe in Allaah and the Last Day ask thee for no exemption from fighting with their goods and persons" was abrogated by the verse "Only those are believers who believe in Allaah and His Apostle....For Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful."
Abu Dawud | 3:2765
295 Jarir (bin 'Abd Allaah) said "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) said to me "Why do you not give me rest from Dhu Al Khulasah? He went there and burned it. He then sent a man from Ahmas to the Prophet (Peach be upon him) to give him good tidings. His surname was Artah.
Abu Dawud | 3:2766
296 Ka'ab bin Malik said "When the Prophet(Peach be upon him) arrived from a journey, he first went to a mosque where he prayed two rak'ahs after which he sat in it and gave audience to the people. The narrator Ibn Al Sarh then narrated the rest of the tradition. He said "The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) forbade the Muslims to speak to any three of us. When considerable time had passed on me, I ascended the wall of Abu Qatadah who was my cousin. I saluted him, but, I swear by Allaah he did not return my salutation. I then offered the dawn prayer on the fiftieth day on the roof of one of our houses. I then hear d a crier say "Ka'ab bin Mailk, have good news". When the man whose voice I heard came to me giving me good news, I took off my garments and clothed him. I went on till I entered the mosque. The Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) was sitting there. Talhah bin 'Ubaid Allaah stood up and hastened to me till he shook hands with me and greeted me.
Abu Dawud | 3:2767
297 Narrated AbuBakrah:

When anything came to the Prophet (Peach be upon him) which caused pleasure (or, by which he was made glad), he prostrated himself in gratitude to Allah.
Abu Dawud | 3:2768
298 Narrated Sa'd ibn AbuWaqqas:

We went out with the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) from Mecca making for Medina. When we were near Azwara', he alighted, then raised his hands, and made supplication to Allah for a time, after which he prostrated himself, remaining a long time in prostration. Then he stood up and raised his hands for a time, after which he prostrated himself, remaining a long time in prostration.

He then stood up and raised his hands for a time, after which he prostrated himself. Ahmad mentioned it three times.

He then said: I begged my Lord and made intercession for my people, and He gave me a third of my people, so I prostrated myself in gratitude to my Lord. Then I raised my head and begged my Lord for my people, and He gave me a third of my people, so I prostrated myself in gratitude to my Lord. Then I raised my head and begged my Lord for my people and He gave me the remaining third, so I prostrated myself in gratitude to my Lord.

Abu Dawud said: When Ahmad b. Salih narrated this tradition to us, he omitted the name of Ash'ath b. Ishaq, but Musa b. Sahl al-Ramli narrated it to us through him.
Abu Dawud | 3:2769
299 Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) disapproved that a man should come to his family during the night (after returning from a journey).
Abu Dawud | 3:2770
300 Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Prophet (Peach be upon him) said: The best time for a man to go in to his family on return from a journey is at the beginning of the night.
Abu Dawud | 3:2771
301 Jabir bin 'Abd Allaah said "We were on a journey with the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him). When we were going to come to our family, he said "Stay till we enter during the night, so that the disheveled woman combs herself and the woman whose husband has been away cleans herself.


Abu Dawud aid "Al Zuhri said "(this prohibition applies) when one arrives after the night prayer.


Abu dawud said "There is no harm in coming (to one's family) after the sunset prayer.
Abu Dawud | 3:2772
302 Al Sai'ib bin Yazid said "When the Prophet(Peach be upon him) turned from the battle of Tabuk to Madeenah, the people received him, I met him along with the children at Thaniyyat Al Wada'.
Abu Dawud | 3:2773
303 Anas bin Malik said "A youth of Aslam said "Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him), I wish to go on an expedition, but I have no property to make myself equipped. He said "go to so and so Ansari who prepared equipment(for the battle), but he fell ill and tell him that the Apostle of Allaah(Peach be upon him) has conveyed his regards to you, and then tell him "Give him all the equipment you have made. He came to him and told him that. He said to his wife "O so and so, give him all the equipment I have made and do not detain anything from him. I swear by Allaah, if you detain anything from him, Allaah will not bless it.
Abu Dawud | 3:2774
304 Ka'ab bin Malik said "The Prophet (Peach be upon him) used to arrive from a journey in the daytime. Al Hasan said "During the forenoon." When he arrived from a journey he went first to the mosque where he prayed two rak'ahs after which he sat in it and gave audience to the people.
Abu Dawud | 3:2775
305 Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) arrived from his hajj, he entered Medina, and made (his camel) kneel down at the gate of his mosque; and he entered it and offered two rak'ahs of prayer; he then returned to his home. Nafi' said: Ibn Umar also used to do so.
Abu Dawud | 3:2776
306 Narrated AbuSa'id al-Khudri:

The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Beware of the wages of a distributor of booty (qusamah). We asked: What is qusamah (wages of a distributor)? He said: It means a thing which is shared by the people, and then it is reduced.
Abu Dawud | 3:2777
307 Narrated Ata' ibn Yasar:

Ata' reported a similar tradition (to No 2777) from the Prophet (Peach be upon him).

This version adds: a man is appointed on groups of people, and takes (wages) from the share of this, and from the share of this.
Abu Dawud | 3:2778
308 Narrated A man from the Companions of the Prophet:

Ubaydullah ibn Salman reported on the authority of a man from the Companions of the Prophet (Peach be upon him): When we conquered Khaybar, they (the people) took out their spoils which contained equipment and captives. The people began to buy and sell their spoils. When the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) prayed, a man came to him and said: Messenger of Allah, I have gained today so much so that no one gained from this valley. He asked: Woe unto you, how much did you gain? He replied: I kept on selling and buying until I gained three hundred uqiyahs. The Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: I tell you a man who gained better than you. He asked: What is that, Messenger of Allah? He replied! Two rak'ahs (of supererogatory prayer) after the (obligatory) prayer.
Abu Dawud | 3:2779
309 Narrated Dhul-Jawshan:

A man of ad-Dabab, said: When the Prophet (Peach be upon him) became free from the people of Badr I brought to him a colt of my mare called al-Qarha' I said: Muhammad, I have brought a colt of a al-Qarha' , so that you may take it. He said: I have no need of it. If you wish that I give you a select coat of mail from (the spoils of) Badr, I shall do it. I said: I cannot give you today a colt in exchange. He said: Then I have no need of it.
Abu Dawud | 3:2780
310 Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub:

To proceed, the Messenger of Allah (Peach be upon him) said: Anyone who associates with a polytheist and lives with him is like him.
Abu Dawud | 3:2781
Abu Dawud   |   Chapter: 14   |   Verses: 311
Chapter:
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WARNING: Before You Read The Torah, Bible, Quran etc.
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1. Literal Meaning - What the Text says
2. Historical Setting - The story events; how the Text was understood in its time
3. Grammar - The surrounding sentence and paragraph; textual context
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