Christian Doctrine: Catholic vs Others

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What do the main Christian denominations believe?

The table below presents the various beliefs held by Catholic and non-Catholic Christians.

CATHOLIC EVANGELICAL EASTERN ORTH. BAPTIST ANGLICAN/ EPISCOPAL METHODIST REFORMED/ PRESBYTERIAN LUTHERAN
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1,300M
ADHERENTS (millions)
619M 230M 100M 85M 80M 75M 74M
325 AD
YEAR (c.)
1738 AD 325 AD 1609 AD 1215 AD 1735 AD 1560 AD 1521 AD
1. Trinity Father, Son, Holy Spirit Trinity is the doctrine that God is one, but in three different Persons. Catholics believe the three distinct Persons form a unity in One God.
2. Redemption Jesus' Redemptive Death Jesus' Crucifixion was an inevitable mystery in God's divine plan of salvation. His Son, Jesus paid the 'ultimate price' for universal redemption, to free men from the slavery of sin.
3. Diety Jesus is both God and Man Jesus took on human nature without ceasing to be God. He is true God and true Man.
4. Salvation Salvation Salvation by grace through faith, not by works, is central to Christianity. This is the gift of God.
5. Salvation Anyone can attain Salvation Salvation is attained through baptism and supported by good works. A person can attain and lose salvation due to sins many times.
6. Sacrifice Sacrifice of Mass The Mass is the liturgical ritual in the Roman Catholic Church where bread and wine become the sacrificial body and blood of Jesus.
7. Order Ordination of Priests Ordination is where individuals are elevated from laity to clergy. They perform religious rites and ceremonies.
8. Order Eucharist and belief in Real Presence The words of Jesus at the Last Supper are pronounced at the altar: 'This is my body'; 'This is the chalice of my blood'. The bread-wine are transubstantiated into the body-blood of Jesus, who is both lead and victim of the sacrificial ritual.

Real presence is the belief Jesus is actually present at the Eucharist, not merely symbolically or metaphorically pronounced.
9. Honour Loyalty to Pope as teacher of Faith Affirmation that every successor Roman Pontiff after Peter (i.e. Pope Benedict, John Paul, Francis etc.) have full ('Papal') authority, given by Jesus over all doctrine and discipline.
10. Honour Loyalty to Pope as Apostolic Primate Primate is a title or rank bestowed on some archbishops. It is either a Jurisdictional authority (title of authority), or Ceremonial precedence (title of honour).
11. Salvation Ability to lose Salvation Salvation can be lost through mortal sin. These are the major sins often preceeded by deliberate thought and intention.
12. Sin Sin (mortal and venial) Mortal sin destroys charity in the hearts by violation of God's law; it turns man away from God.
Venial sin weakens charity and merits temporal punishment. If unchecked, venial sin can lead to Mortal sin.
13. Church Tradition Equality of Holy Scripture and Holy Tradition (Deposit of Faith) Holy tradition, refers to the foundation of the Church and Bible. These are the teachings of Jesus and his disciples preserved in the Bible, and transmitted down the generations.
14. Church Councils Recognition of all 21 Church Ecumenical Councils There were 21 Ecumenical Councils of the bishops of the Catholic Church. A council is recognized as ecumenical once their works are approved by the pope.
15. Bible Canon Bible contains 73 books In 367 AD, Bishop Athanasius wrote a list of 73 'divinely inspired' texts to include in the Christian Bible. The 73 texts were approved by Christian authority in 382, 393, 397, 405, 419 and 1546 AD.
16. Baptism Baptism is normatively necessary for salvation Baptism is required for salvation. This can be a water baptism, 'baptism of blood' (martyrdom for Christ) or a 'baptism of desire'.
17. Sacraments Seven sacraments of the Church
  1. Baptism
  2. Confirmation
  3. Eucharist
  4. Penance
  5. Anointing of the sick
  6. Marriage
  7. Holy orders
The sacraments are celebratory, outward signs of the relationship Christians have with God. Teachings to help live His word; ceremonies to show devotion; to help us achieve salvation.


TABLE KEY
Agreement with Catholic position
Disagreement with Catholic position
Unresolved matter, or one that cannot be answered with a simple Agree or Disagree answer.



CREDIT
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catholic_Church
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_Orthodox_Church
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglicanism
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lutheranism
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baptists
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methodism
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Presbyterianism
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evangelicalism
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordination
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primate_(bishop)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sacred_tradition
http://www.saintaquinas.com/christian_comparison.html
https://www.catholic.com/tract/assurance-of-salvation
https://www.catholic.com/tract/the-necessity-of-baptism
https://www.britannica.com/topic/consecration
https://ronconte.com/profession-of-fidelity-to-pope-francis/
https://www.personalcreations.com/blog/seven-sacraments
https://www.learnreligions.com/presbyterian-church-denomination-701366
http://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/p122a4p2.htm
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News on 'Catholic'

Results: 39 News Items
Displayed in Date Order (most recent first)
1.   Vatican: Catholics can take COVID Vaccine using aborted Baby Cells - New American
Published: 21 Dec 2020   |   289 views · 3 days ago
8.   Catholic priest speaks out against 'Pagan rituals' at Vatican - LifeSite
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10.   Amazon removes books on Conversion Therapy by Catholic author, Joseph Nicolosi - Huffington
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26.   Pope: Be more accepting of divorced Catholics, gays and lesbians - CNN
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27.   US Catholic church incurs $4 Billion costs of sex abuse crisis in past 65 years - NCR
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33.   100 US Anglican parishes convert to Roman Catholic Church - Telegraph
Published: 13 Jul 2015   |   1368 views · 3 days ago
35.   Why Latin America's Catholics are leaving the flock - Al-Jazeera
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36.   Catholic bishop condemns arson attack on Israel church by Jewish zealots - The Guardian
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37.   Why Pope Francis could be facing a Catholic schism - The Spectator
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38.   Catholic Cardinal McCarrick Embraces Islam - Daily Caller
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39.   Do Catholics Worship Mary? - Patheos
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ARTICLES   154

SCRIPTURE

Torah 5   BOOKS
Psalms 1   BOOK
Old Testament 32   BOOKS
New Testament 27   BOOKS
Apocrypha 1885 14   BOOKS
Gospels/Texts 367   BOOKS
Codex 120   BOOKS
Quran 1   BOOK
Hadith 10   BOOKS
SCRIPTURES   580

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